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  • 1.
    Starck, Sven-Åke
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Båth, Magnus
    Carlsson, Sten
    The use of detective quantum efficiency (DQE) in evaluating the performance of gamma camera systems2005In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 50, no 7, p. 1601-1609Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The imaging properties of an imaging system can be described by its detective quantum efficiency (DQE). Using the modulation transfer function calculated from measured line spread functions and the normalized noise power spectrum calculated from uniformity images, DQE was calculated with the number of photons emitted from a plane source as a measure for the incoming SNR2. Measurements were made with 99mTc, using three different pulse height windows at 2 cm and 12 cm depths in water with high resolution and all purpose collimators and with two different crystal thicknesses. The results indicated that at greater depths a 15% window is the best choice. The choice of collimator depends on the details in the organ being investigated. There is a break point at 0.5 cycles cm-1 and 1.2 cycles cm-1 at 12 cm and 2 cm depths, respectively. A difference was found in DQE between the two crystal thicknesses, with a slightly better result for the thick crystal for measurements at 12 cm depth. At 2 cm depth, the thinner crystal was slightly better for frequencies over 0.5 cm-1. The determination of DQE could be a method to optimize the parameters for different nuclear medicine investigations. The DQE could also be used in comparing different gamma camera systems with different collimators to obtain a figure of merit.

  • 2.
    Starck, Sven-Åke
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Carlsson, Sten
    The determination of the effective attenuation coefficient from effective organ depth and modulation transfer function in gamma camera imaging1997In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 42, no 10, p. 1957-1964Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Absolute measurement of activity implies a determination of effective depths and effective attenuation coefficients. In order to define restoration filters, it is necessary to measure the transfer function, i.e. position a line source at an effective depth for the specific measurement situation. A phantom was designed which can simulate an organ with a certain thickness at a certain depth. The phantom was used to measure transfer functions and a comparison was made with transfer functions from a line source to determine effective depths. Effective attenuation coefficients were calculated for 99mTc, 111In and 201Tl for different organ thicknesses and depths of simulated organs. The effective attenuation coefficient for 99mTc was found to be 0.124 +/- 0.006 cm-1, in good agreement with previously published values. For 111In, the attenuation coefficient decreased with the depth of an organ due to the use of two energy windows in the measurements and a corresponding change in mean photon energy by depth. For 201Tl, the attenuation coefficient decreased with increasing organ thickness due to the increasing fraction of scattered radiation in the 40% energy window used. Using attenuation coefficients of 0.124, 0.184 and 0.11 cm-1 for 99mTc, 201Tl and 111In respectively, the derived equations can be used to calculate the position of a conventional line source for measurements of transfer functions for a specific organ with a certain thickness at a certain depth for definition of different types of restoration filter.

  • 3.
    Widman, Erik
    et al.
    KTH, Medicinsk bildteknik.
    Maksuti, Elira
    KTH, Medicinsk bildteknik.
    Larsson, David
    KTH, Medicinsk bildteknik.
    Urban, M W
    Bjällmark, Anna
    KTH, Medicinsk bildteknik.
    Larsson, Matilda
    KTH, Medicinsk bildteknik.
    Shear wave elastography plaque characterization with mechanical testing validation: a phantom study.2015In: Physics in Medicine and Biology, ISSN 0031-9155, E-ISSN 1361-6560, Vol. 60, no 8, p. 3151-3174Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Determining plaque vulnerability is critical when selecting the most suitable treatment for patients with atherosclerotic plaque. Currently, clinical non-invasive ultrasound-based methods for plaque characterization are limited to visual assessment of plaque morphology and new quantitative methods are needed. In this study, shear wave elastography (SWE) was used to characterize hard and soft plaque mimicking inclusions in six common carotid artery phantoms by using phase velocity analysis in static and dynamic environments. The results were validated with mechanical tensile testing. In the static environment, SWE measured a mean shear modulus of 5.8±0.3kPa and 106.2±17.2kPa versus 3.3±0.5kPa and 98.3±3.4kPa measured by mechanical testing in the soft and hard plaques respectively. Furthermore, it was possible to measure the plaques' shear moduli throughout a simulated cardiac cycle. The results show good agreement between SWE and mechanical testing and indicate the possibility for in vivo arterial plaque characterization using SWE.

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