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  • 1.
    Adler, Niclas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Elmquist, Maria
    Norrgren, Flemming
    The challenge of managing boundary-spanning research activities: Experiences from the Swedish context2009In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 38, no 7, p. 1136-1149Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Royal Inst Technol KTH, Ctr Excellence Sci & Innovat Studies CESIS, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden .
    Baltzopoulos, Apostolos
    Nordregio, Nord Ctr Spatial Dev, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Lööf, Hans
    Royal Inst Technol KTH, Ctr Excellence Sci & Innovat Studies CESIS, SE-10044 Stockholm, Sweden .
    R&D strategies and entrepreneurial spawning2012In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 41, no 1, p. 54-68Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes how different R&D strategies of incumbent firms affect the quantity and quality of their entrepreneurial spawning. When examining entrepreneurial ventures of ex-employees of firms with different R&D strategies, three things emerge: First, firms with persistent R&D investments and a general superiority in sales, exports, productivity, profitability and wages are less likely to generate entrepreneurs than firms with temporary or no R&D investments. Second, start-ups from knowledge intensive business service (RIBS) firms with persistent R&D investments have a significantly increased probability of survival. No corresponding association between the R&D strategies of incumbents and survival of entrepreneurial spawns is found for incumbents in manufacturing sectors. Third, spin-outs from KIBS-firms are more likely to survive if they start in the same sector, indicating the importance of inherited knowledge. These findings suggest that R&D intensive firms are less likely to generate employee start-ups, but their entrepreneurial spawns tend to be of higher quality.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Martin
    et al.
    Blekinge Tekniska Högskola, Karlskrona, Sweden.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Department of Land Economy, University of Cambridge, United Kingdom.
    Wernberg, Joakim
    Swedish Entreprenurship Fourm and CIRCLE, Lund University, Sweden.
    The economic microgeography of diversity and specialization externalities – firm-level evidence from Swedish cities2019In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We employ finely geo-coded firm-level panel data to assess the long-standing question whether agglomeration economies derive from specialization (within-industry), diversity (between-industry) or overall density. Rather than treating the city as a single unit, we focus our analysis on how the inner industry structures of cities influence firm-level productivity. Our results illustrate the co-existence of several externalities that differ in their spatial distribution and attenuation within cities. First, we find robust positive effects of neighborhood-level specialization on TFP as well as a small effect of diversity at the same fine spatial level. These effects are highly localized and dissipate beyond the immediate within-city neighborhood level. Second, we also find that firms benefit from the overall density of the wider city. The results emphasize the relevance of “opening up” cities to study the workings of their inner organization and support the idea that location in a within-city industry cluster in a diversified and dense city boosts productivity. 

  • 4. Fritsch, Michael
    et al.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Regionalization of Innovation Policy: Introduction to the special issue2005In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 34, no 8, p. 1123-1127Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 5.
    Grillitsch, Markus
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet, Department of Human and Economic Geography and the Centre for Innovation, Lund, Sweden.
    Hansen, Teis
    Lunds Universitet, Lund, Sweden.
    Coenen, Lars
    Melbourne Sustainable Society Institute, University of Melbourne, Australia.
    Miörner, Johan
    Lunds Universitet, Lund, Sweden.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Innovation policy for system-wide transformation: The case of Strategic Innovation Programmes (SIPs) in Sweden2019In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 1048-1061Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The orientation towards grand societal challenges can be seen as a new wave or paradigm for innovation policy. Such policy aims at system-wide transformation and is often referred to as system innovation policy. While insights from transition studies have provided novel and useful rationales for innovation policy targeting system-wide transformation, it remains unclear how to design, implement and evaluate such policies. The contribution of this paper is to translate and concretize the challenges of system innovation policy towards scope for policy action and analysis. Building on insights from transition studies we group the challenges into four domains: directionality, experimentation, demand articulation, and policy coordination and learning. We relate challenges within the four domains to three generic features of innovation systems: interests and capabilities of actors, networks, and institutions. The derived framework is applied in a case study on the strategic innovation programmes, a recent policy initiative by Vinnova, Sweden's Innovation Agency, targeting system innovation. 

    The full text will be freely available from 2021-10-16 00:01
  • 6.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Institutet för näringslivsanalys.
    Ejermo, Olof
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Interregional inventor networks as studied by patent coinventorships2006In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 35, no 3, p. 412-430Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Larsson, Johan P.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Sweden.
    Wennberg, Karl
    Institute for Analytical Sociology (IAS), Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Whitman School of Management, Syracuse University, United States.
    Wright, Mike
    Imperial College London, England, UK.
    Location choices of graduate entrepreneurs2017In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 46, no 8, p. 1490-1504Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We review complementary theoretical perspectives on location choices of university graduate entrepreneurs derived from the individual-opportunity nexus and local embeddedness perspectives on entrepreneurship. Analysis of the full population of 215,388 graduates from Swedish institutions of higher education between 2002 and 2006 provides support for both location choice perspectives. Overall, 63% of graduate entrepreneurs start businesses locally in their region of graduation while 37% start businesses elsewhere. The likelihood of starting locally is substantially higher in metropolitan regions, if the graduate was born locally or has university peer entrepreneurs and entrepreneurial family members in the region of graduation. Implications for theory and public policy are discussed. 

  • 8.
    Lopez-Vega, Henry
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet.
    Tell, Fredrik
    Uppsala universitet, Linköpings universitet.
    Vanhaverbeke, Wim
    Hasselt University, ESADE Business School, National University of Singapore.
    Where and how to search?: Search paths in open innovation2016In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 45, no 1, p. 125-136Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Search for external knowledge is vital for firms’ innovative activities. To understand search, we propose two knowledge search dimensions: search space (local or distant) and search heuristics (experiential or cognitive). Combining these two dimensions, we distinguish four search paths – situated paths, analogical paths, sophisticated paths, and scientific paths – which respond to recent calls to move beyond “where to search” and to investigate the connection with “how to search.” Also, we highlight how the mechanisms of problem framing and boundary spanning operate within each search path to identify solutions to technology problems. We report on a study of 18 open innovation projects that used an innovation intermediary, and outline the characteristics of each search path. Exploration of these search paths enriches previous studies of search in open innovation by providing a comprehensive, but structured, framework that explains search, its underlying mechanisms, and potential outcomes.

  • 9.
    Tavassoli, Sam
    et al.
    Lund University.
    Karlsson, Charlie
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
    Persistence of various types of innovation analyzed and explained2015In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 44, no 10, p. 1887-1901Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper analyzes the persistency in innovation behavior of firms. Using five waves of the Community Innovation Survey in Sweden, we have traced the innovative behavior of firms over a ten-year period, i.e., between 2002 and 2012. We distinguish between four types of innovations: process, product, marketing, and organizational innovations. First, using transition probability matrix, we found evidence of (unconditional) state dependence in all types of innovation, with product innovators having the strongest persistent behavior. Second, using a dynamic probit model, we found evidence of "true" state dependency among all types of innovations, except marketing innovators. Once again, the strongest persistency was found for product innovators.

  • 10. Wennberg, Karl
    et al.
    Wiklund, Johan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, ESOL (Entrepreneurship, Strategy, Organization, Leadership).
    Wright, Mike
    The effectiveness of university knowledge spillovers: performance differences between university spinoffs and corporate spinoffs2011In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 40, no 8, p. 1128-1143Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While much prior research has focused upon how the Technology Transfer Offices (TTOs) and other contextual characteristics shape the level of university spinoffs (USO), there is little research on entrepreneurial potential among individual academics, and to the best of our knowledge, no comparative studies with other types of spinoffs exist to date. In this paper we focus on an important but neglected aspect of knowledge transfer from academic research involving the indirect flow to entrepreneurship by individuals with a university education background who become involved in new venture creation by means of corporate spinoffs (CSO) after gaining industrial experience, rather than leaving university employment to found a new venture as an academic spinoff. We argue that the commercial knowledge gained by industry experience is potentially more valuable for entrepreneurial performance compared to the academic knowledge gained by additional research experience at a university. This leads us to posit that the average performance of CSOs will be higher than comparable USOs, but the gains from founder‘s prior experiences will be relatively higher among USOs whose founders lack the corporate context. We investigate these propositions in a comparative study tracking the complete population of USOs and CSOs among the Swedish knowledge-intensive sectors between 1994 and 2002.

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