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  • 1. Alm, A
    et al.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för naturvetenskap och biomedicin. Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Oral hälsa.
    Koch, G
    Birkhed, D
    Prevalence of approximal caries in posterior teeth in 15-year-old Swedish teenagers in relation to their caries experience at 3 years of age2007Ingår i: Caries Research, ISSN 0008-6568, E-ISSN 1421-976X, Vol. 41, nr 5, s. 392-398Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2. Alm, Anita
    et al.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Oral hälsa.
    Koch, Göran
    Birkhed, Dowen
    Oral hygiene and parent-related factors during early childhood in relation to approximal caries at 15 years of age2008Ingår i: Caries Research, ISSN 0008-6568, E-ISSN 1421-976X, Vol. 42, nr 1, s. 28-36Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 3.
    Isaksson, H.
    et al.
    Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping.
    Alm, A.
    Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Kärnsjukhuset, Skövde.
    Koch, G.
    Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping.
    Birkhed, D.
    Department of Cariology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Oral hälsa.
    Caries prevalence in Swedish 20-year-olds in relation to their previous caries experience2013Ingår i: Caries Research, ISSN 0008-6568, E-ISSN 1421-976X, Vol. 47, nr 3, s. 234-242Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Background/Aim: There are few studies of caries development and caries-related factors from early age to young adulthood. The aim of the present study is to analyse caries prevalence in 20-year-olds in relation to their previous caries experience. Method: Oral health from 3 to 20 years of age was followed longitudinally in a cohort of 499 individuals. The clinical and radiographic incidence of caries and restorations in 494 20-year-olds was related to caries data at 3, 6 and 15 years of age. Results: Twenty-six per cent of the 20-year-olds were caries-free. The mean number of initial and manifest lesions and restorations (Di + mFS) was 5.8. Initial lesions comprised 40% of the Di + mFS. Of the occlusal surfaces of molars and premolars, 12 and 4%, respectively, had manifest caries or restorations. Compared with individuals who had been caries-free during childhood (primary dentition) and adolescence, those with a history of caries activity while growing up had statistically significantly more approximal lesions at the age of 20 (DmFSa 0.6 vs. DmFSa 4.6, respectively). Those with manifest caries during childhood but caries-free at 15 years had a low caries prevalence at 20 years of age (DmFSa 1.3). Few new lesions developed after age 15. However, 50% of initial lesions at this age had progressed to manifest lesions at age 20. Conclusion: There is a relationship between caries prevalence at age 20 and early caries experience.

  • 4.
    Stensson, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Oral hälsa.
    Koch, G.
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping.
    Coric, S.
    Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping.
    Abrahamsson, T. R.
    Division of Pediatrics, Department of Clinical, Linköping University, Linköping.
    Jenmalm, M. C.
    Division of Inflammation Medicine, Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping.
    Birkhed, D.
    Department of Cariology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Oral hälsa.
    Oral Administration of Lactobacillus reuteri during the First Year of Life Reduces Caries Prevalence in the Primary Dentition at 9 Years of Age2014Ingår i: Caries Research, ISSN 0008-6568, E-ISSN 1421-976X, Vol. 48, nr 2, s. 111-117Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect on oral health, at age 9 years, of daily oral supplementation with the probiotic Lactobacillus reuteri, strain ATCC 55730, to mothers during the last month of gestation and to children through the first year of life. The study was a single-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter trial involving 113 children: 60 in the probiotic and 53 in the placebo group. The subjects underwent clinical and radiographic examination of the primary dentition and carious lesions, plaque and gingivitis were recorded. Saliva and plaque were sampled for determination of mutans streptococci (MS) and lactobacilli (LB) in saliva and plaque as well as salivary secretory IgA (SIgA). Forty-nine (82%) children in the probiotic group and 31 (58%) in the placebo group were caries-free (p < 0.01). The prevalence of approximal caries lesions was lower in the probiotic group (0.67 ± 1.61 vs. 1.53 ± 2.64; p < 0.05) and there were fewer sites with gingivitis compared to the placebo group (p < 0.05). There were no significant differences between the groups with respect to frequency of toothbrushing, plaque and dietary habits, but to intake of fluoride supplements (p < 0.05). There were no intergroup differences with respect to L. reuteri, MS, LB or SIgA in saliva. Within the limitation of this study it seems that daily supplementation with L. reuteri from birth and during the first year of life is associated with reduced caries prevalence and gingivitis score in the primary dentition at 9 years of age.

  • 5.
    Stensson, Malin
    et al.
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för naturvetenskap och biomedicin.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ, Avd. för naturvetenskap och biomedicin.
    Koch, Göran
    Oldaeus, Göran
    Lingström, Peter
    Birkhed, Dowen
    Caries prevalence, caries-realted factors and plaque pH in adolescents with long-term asthma2010Ingår i: Caries Research, ISSN 0008-6568, E-ISSN 1421-976X, Vol. 44, nr 6, s. 540-546Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the present case-control study was to investigate dental caries, various caries-related factors as well as gingival condition, in 12- to 16-year-olds with long-term asthma (n = 20) and a matched healthy control group (n = 20). Data on dietary and oral hygiene habits, numbers of mutans streptococci and lactobacilli in saliva were also obtained. The plaque pH drop after a sucrose rinse was measured up to 40 min at 2 approximal tooth sites. A lower salivary flow rate was found in the asthma group compared to the control group (p < 0.05). The mean (± SD) of DFS, including manifest and initial caries, was 4.9 ± 5.5 in the asthma and 1.4 ± 2.3 (p < 0.01) in the control group. Only 1 adolescent in the asthma group was caries free compared to 13 in the control group. Concerning pH in plaque, adolescents with asthma had a lower initial value (p < 0.01) and final pH (p < 0.05) than the control group. The Cariogram data showed that 55% of the subjects in the control group had ‘a high chance of avoiding caries’ compared to 10% in the asthma group (p < 0.01). The asthmatic adolescents had higher numbers of sites with gingival bleeding (p < 0.01). To conclude, adolescents with long-term asthma had a higher total DFS and caries risk (according to Cariogram), decreased salivary rate, more gingival bleeding and lower plaque pH than adolescents without asthma.

  • 6. Wernersson, Josephine
    et al.
    Danielsson Niemi, Lisa
    Einarson, Susanne
    Högskolan i Jönköping, Hälsohögskolan, HHJ. Oral hälsa.
    Hernell, O
    Johansson, Ingegerd
    Effects of human milk on adhesion of Streptococcus mutans to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite in vitro2006Ingår i: Caries Research, ISSN 0008-6568, E-ISSN 1421-976X, Vol. 40, nr 5, s. 412-417Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Adhesion of bacteria to pellicle-coated tooth surfaces is the first step in biofilm formation on teeth. The aim of this study was to explore whether human milk prevents or promotes adhesion of cariogenic Streptococcus mutans to saliva-coated hydroxyapatite (HA) using an in vitro model system. S. mutans binding to HA coated with human parotid saliva (s-HA) or human milk was studied, in addition to binding inhibition to s-HA by human milk. S. mutans did not bind to HA coated with milk. S. mutans binding to s-HA was inhibited by milk from 15 (71 %) of 21 women, whereas milk from the remaining 6 mothers enhanced binding of S. mutans to s-HA. Inhibition of S. mutans binding correlated with bacterial binding to s-HA (r = 0.76). Human milk does not mediate adhesion of S. mutans to HA in vitro, but affects adhesion in an individually varying fashion. Phenotypic variations in milk and saliva glycosylation may explain the inhibitory capacity and possibly affect susceptibility to colonization by S. mutans in childhood. Copyright 2006 S. Karger AG, Basel.

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