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  • 1. Abrahamsson, K H
    et al.
    Berggren, U
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Carlsson, S G
    Phobic avoidance and regular dental care in fearful dental patients: a comparative study.2001In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 59, no 5, 273-279 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 2. Ahlqwist, M
    et al.
    Bengtsson, C
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hägglin, C
    Dental status of women in a 24-year longitudinal and cross-sectional study: Results from a population study of women in Göteborg.1999In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 57, no 3, 162-167 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Anastassaki, Alkisti
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Patients referred to a specialist clinic because of suspected temporomandibular disorders: a survey of 3194 patients in respect of diagnoses, treatments, and treatment outcome.2004In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 62, no 4, 183-192 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aims were to study the patient population at a temporomandibular disorders (TMD) specialist clinic over time, and to try to find variables of importance for treatment outcome. The material consisted of 3194 consecutive patients who were referred to the clinic and underwent a clinical examination during the period 1995-2002. A number of patient and treatment-related variables that had been collected in an electronic database were analyzed retrospectively. The age and sex distribution of the present patient material was in line with several previous investigations of TMD patients. The mean age of both men and women was 42 years, and there was a large preponderance of women. A vast majority of the patients responded positively, and in few visits, on traditional conservative treatment methods. In line with previous studies, no strong predictors for treatment outcome were found. However, the diagnoses of disk displacement without reduction, arthritis in TMJs, and myalgia in masticatory muscles were predictors for a significant improvement, while the diagnosis orofacial pain of unspecified origin predicted a poorer prognosis.

  • 4.
    Anastassaki Köhler, Alkisti
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Prevalence of symptoms indicative of temporomandibular disorders in adults: cross-sectional epidemiological investigations covering two decades2012In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 70, no 3, 213-223 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. The aims were (1) to study possible secular trends in the prevalence of temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms in adults and (2) to analyse possible associations between TMD symptoms and background factors. Materials and methods. The investigation has a repeated cross-sectional design. Three independent, randomly selected samples of 100 individuals in the age groups of 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70 years, a total of 1704 subjects, participated in the Jönköping studies in 1983, 1993 and 2003. All the subjects were evaluated using a questionnaire and a structured interview relating to the presence of TMD symptoms. Associations between symptoms and the Anamnestic Dysfunction Index (Ai) as dependent variables and each of the independent variables, age group, gender, reported bruxism, trauma (1983), self-perceived health impairment and the year of investigation were analysed in binary logistic regression models. Results. The prevalence of the separate symptoms, apart from for TMJ clicking, did not vary to any statistically significant degree between the different examination years. However, the prevalence of recurrent headache in 20-year-old subjects rose remarkably in 2003 and an increase in the Ai I and Ai II for the whole population was observed during the 20-year period. Reported bruxism, which increased during the study period, and self-perceived health impairment were associated with most of the TMD symptoms and the Ai. Conclusions. An increase in the prevalence of TMD symptoms expressed as Anamnestic Dysfunction Index I and II has been noted over a 20-year period.

  • 5.
    Bergendal, Birgitta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. National Oral Disability Centre for Rare Disorders, The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    McAllister, Anita
    CLINTEC, Division of Speech and Language Pathology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Orofacial function and monitoring of oral care in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis2017In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 75, no 3, 179-185 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: The aim was to assess orofacial function and monitor oral care in patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) to maintain oral comfort and oral health.

    MATERIALS AND METHODS: A case series of 14 patients newly diagnosed with ALS accepted to participate in a quality improvement project. After initial examinations, baseline oral conditions were obtained and the patients were seen every 3 months. Nordic Orofacial Test-Screening (NOT-S) was used for evaluation of orofacial function.

    RESULTS: Patients were grouped according to initial symptoms in a bulbar group and a spinal group with eight and six patients, respectively. The mean age at diagnosis was 62.8 years. All were dentate with a mean of 26.7 natural teeth. Most patients had very good oral and dental conditions. As expected, orofacial functions were differently affected in the two groups; at initial NOT-S registration, the mean total score was 5.6 (range 3-8 domains) in the bulbar group and 0.7 (0-2 domains) in the spinal group. At final registration, the corresponding figures were 6.1 and 3.2. Oral and dental aids were introduced according to need.

    CONCLUSIONS: In the bulbar group, several orofacial functions became impaired at an early stage of disease development, and at final registrations many vital orofacial functions were severely compromised. The spinal group was less severely affected orally. However, all individuals irrespective of type of initial symptoms needed assistance in performing oral hygiene measures in the latter part of the disease period. Good oral health and oral comfort could be maintained in all participants and no other dental treatment was needed.

  • 6. Berggren, U
    et al.
    Carlsson, S G
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hägglin, C
    Samsonowitz, V
    Assessment of patients with phobic dental anxiety.1997In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 55, no 4, 217-222 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7. Bergström, Ingalill
    et al.
    List, Thomas
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    A follow-up study of subjective symptoms of temporomandibular disorders in patients who received acupuncture and/or interocclusal appliance therapy 18-20 years earlier2008In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 66, no 2, 88-92 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the presence of symptoms of temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) in patients referred to a specialist clinic because of muscular problems 18-20 years earlier and who had received mainly acupuncture and/or interocclusal appliance therapy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty-five subjects who had received therapy at a TMD specialist clinic 18-20 years earlier were mailed a questionnaire with questions about TMD symptoms, their attitude towards the therapy, and their opinion about the outcome. Fifty-five subjects (85%) answered and returned the questionnaire. RESULTS: Before therapy, 87% had had severe TMD symptoms, but this figure decreased to 38% at the long-term follow-up. The mean values of the subjects' complaints at worst and at best before treatment, measured with a visual analog scale, were 66 (range 26-100) and 31 (range 0-100), respectively. The corresponding figures at the long-term follow-up were 32 (range 0-96) and 16 (range 0-70). Headache at least once a week was originally reported by 73% of the women and by 77% of the men. Headache prevalence 18-20 years later was 35% in women and 54% in men. The majority of patients were positive about the therapy they had received, and would recommend it to a friend with similar complaints. CONCLUSIONS: A majority of the patients reported a lasting improvement in their symptoms. Patients' overall opinions of the therapy received were positive.

  • 8. Carlsson, Gunnar E
    et al.
    Egermark, Inger
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Predictors of signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders: a 20-year follow-up study from childhood to adulthood.2002In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 60, no 3, 180-185 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 9. Egermark, I
    et al.
    Carlsson, G E
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    A 20-year longitudinal study of subjective symptoms of temporomandibular disorders from childhood to adulthood.2001In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 59, no 1, 40-48 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 10.
    Einarson, Susanne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Wärnberg Gerdin, Elisabeth
    Oral health impact on quality of life in an adult Swedish population.2009In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 67, no 2, 85-93 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objectives. Oral health has a major impact on general quality of life. The aspects of oral health that are most important for each individual vary, and quality of life is a construct and not a measurable variable. The aim of this study was to describe the impact of oral health on quality of life in an adult Swedish population. Material and methods. The study comprised a stratified random sample of 519 individuals. The OHIP-14 questionnaire was used and the answers were rated on a scale of 0-4. Results. Twenty-one percent of the respondents stated that they had no oral problems related to well-being, and 79% had some form of problem related to quality of life. The mean value for the entire population was 6.4 (SD=7.1); 5.9 (SD=7.1) for men and 6.8 (SD=7.2) for women. Of individuals who stated that they had oral problems, the majority were women aged 20 years. Nineteen percent of 30-year-old men and 53% of 70-year-old women stated that they had had problems that had made life less satisfactory. Individuals who frequently experienced problems related to oral health, with scores of 16-41 points, accounted for 10%. Conclusion. In this Swedish population, a number of individuals, young and old, experienced oral problems that had an impact on their well-being.

  • 11.
    Ericsson, Iréne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Aronsson, Kerstin
    Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum., Landstinget Östergötland.
    Cedersund, Elisabet
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Jonsson, Margareta
    Landstinget Jönköpings län.
    Wärnberg Gerdin, Elisabeth
    Folkhälsovetenskapligt centrum., Landstinget Östergötland.
    The meaning of oral health-related quality of life for elderly persons with dementia2009In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 67, no 4, 212-221 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 12. Forslund, Heléne Bertéus
    et al.
    Lindroos, Anna Karin
    Blomkvist, Klas
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Berggren, Ulf
    Jontell, Mats
    Torgerson, Jarl S
    Number of teeth, body mass index, and dental anxiety in middle-aged Swedish women.2002In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 60, no 6, 346-352 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 13. Frisk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Socio-economic risk indicators for apical periodontitis2006In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 64, no 2, 123-128 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 14. Frisk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Ahlqwist, Margareta
    Bengtsson, Calle
    Endodontic variables and coronary heart disease2003In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 61, no 5, 257-262 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 15. Frisk, Fredrik
    et al.
    Merdad, Khalid
    Reit, Claes
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Birkhed, Down
    Root-filled teeth and recurrent caries: A study of three repeated crodd-sectional samples from the city of Jönköping, Sweden2011In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 69, no 6, 401-405 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The aim of the study was to test the hypothesis that root-filled teeth are at a higher caries risk than non-root-filled teeth. Materials and methods. Two sub-samples from epidemiologically obtained data collected in 1983, 1993 and 2003 in the city of Jönköping, Sweden, were analysed. All the participants were examined clinically and radiographically and the type of filling and the presence or absence of caries were recorded. Sub-sample 1 comprised 832 individuals (9202 teeth) aged 20–70 years with at least eight premolars/molars. In sub-sample 2, 163 subjects (577 teeth) with only one or two decayed tooth surfaces and at least one tooth with full crown coverage were analysed. Results . Logistic regression analysis found that root-filled teeth were predictive of recurrent caries when controlling for the type of restoration in sub-sample 1 (OR = 1.68; 1.41–2.0; CI 95%) and sub-sample 2 (OR = 2.20; 1.07–4.52; CI 95%). Conclusion . In support of the suggested hypothesis, the data revealed a significant association between root-filled teeth and recurrent caries.Read More: http://informahealthcare.com/doi/abs/10.3109/00016357.2011.572291

  • 16.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Berggren, U
    Dimensions of the Dental Fear Survey among patients with dental phobia.1997In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 55, no 5, 314-318 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Berggren, U
    Carlsson, S G
    Gustafsson, J E
    Repeated measurements of mood during psychologic treatment of dental fear.1997In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 55, no 6, 378-383 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Cunha, Luciette
    Dental anxiety and pain related to dental hygienist treatment2008In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 66, no 6, 374-379 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To evaluate different groups of patients' self-reported assessments of dental anxiety and pain related to various routine dental hygienist treatment procedures, and to investigate the relationship between anxiety concerning dental and dental hygienist treatment. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A consecutive sample of 393 patients participated in the study (59.7% F, age range 20 to 85 years, mean 47.6 years). Periodontology (PC), oral medicine (OM), student and general practice (GP) clinics were included. Each patient was asked to answer a questionnaire which included different demographic information, self-reported levels of dental anxiety, and experience of pain in relation to different dental hygienist treatments. RESULTS: Higher dental anxiety was found in relation to gender (women), dentist treatment, and PC and OM patients. Experiences of high or extreme pain were reported by between 7.1% and 9.7% of participants for all dental hygienist procedures except polishing (0.8%). There were significant correlations between dental hygienist fear levels and reported extreme pain experiences among all five treatment procedures. Patients treated at the PC clinic scored significantly higher on pain compared with patients at the other clinics, with the exception of the OM clinic. CONCLUSIONS: Patients reported higher dental anxiety levels for dentist treatment as compared with dental hygienist treatment. Moreover, dental anxiety was significantly associated with perceived pain related to different dental hygienist treatment procedures.

  • 19.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Heidari, E
    Norinder, M
    Berggren, U
    A Swedish version of the Dental Visit Satisfaction Scale.2000In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 58, no 1, 19-24 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hägglin, C
    Berggren, U
    Carlsson, S G
    Structural relationships of dental anxiety, mood, and general anxiety.2001In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 59, no 2, 99-103 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 21.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Klingberg, G
    Noren, J G
    Berggren, U
    Swedish dentists' perceptions of their patients.1992In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 50, no 4, 245-252 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Dental caries in relation to smoking and the use of Swedish snus: epidemiological studies covering 20 years (1983-2003)2012In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 70, no 4, 289-296 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The aim of this study was to evaluate some intra-oral caries-associated variables and tobacco use on dental caries. Materials and methods. The participants were randomly recruited from three cross-sectional studies in Jönköping, Sweden, in 1983, 1993 and 2003. Each study consisted of 130 individuals in each of the 20, 30, 40, 50, 60 and 70-year age groups. Of these, 550, 552 and 523 dentate individuals attended respective year of examination. They were all examined both clinically and radiographically. A questionnaire was completed in conjunction with the examination. In the studies, 345 were smokers, 104 snus users and 1142 non-tobacco users, in total 1591 individuals. Results. In 1983 and 1993, there were no significant differences in mean DFS between non-users and smokers, but a statistically significantly higher mean DFS in comparison with snus users. In 2003, there was no statistically significant difference in mean DFS between the groups. Multiple regressions showed that, after adjusting for age, gender and socio-demographic variables, there was a statistically significant association between DFS and smoking in 1983 (smoking excluded in favour of lactobacilli when further analysed) and DFS and plaque index (PLI) in 1993. In 2003, there was no association, apart from buffer capacity (Power rising) between DFS and the examined intra-oral caries-associated variables and tobacco use. Conclusions. The results of these epidemiological studies, performed in 1993 and 2003, indicate that daily smoking or snus use does not increase the risk of dental caries.

  • 23.
    Hugoson, Anders
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Ekfeldt, A
    Koch, G
    Hallonsten, A L
    Incisal and occlusal tooth wear in children and adolescents in a Swedish population.1996In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 54, no 4, 263-270 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The material consisted of 527 randomly selected children and adolescents from the community of Jönköping, Sweden, who in 1983 reached the age of 3, 5, 10, 15, or 20 years. The degree of incisal or occlusal tooth wear was evaluated for each single tooth in accordance with the following criteria: score 0 = no wear or negligible wear of enamel; score 1 = obvious wear of enamel or wear through the enamel to the dentin in single spots; score 2 = wear of the dentin up to one-third of the crown height; and score 3 = wear of the dentin more than one-third of the crown height. In the age groups 3 and 5 years the primary dentition was studied, and in the age groups 10, 15, and 20 years the permanent dentition. In the 3-year-old children 63% and in the 5-year-olds 19% had no or slight incisal or occlusal wear in the primary dentition. In the permanent dentition the corresponding figures for the 10-, 15-, and 20-year-olds were 78%, 51%, and 35%, respectively. The 5-year-olds had the highest percentage of primary teeth with incisal or occlusal wear related to existing teeth in accordance with criteria 1-3 (32.2%), and the 10-year-olds had the lowest score for permanent teeth (2.5%). There were small or no differences in tooth wear between the sexes in these age groups. Eighteen children (17%) among the 5-year-olds had one or more teeth with wear scored 2 in the primary dentition, and one individual had 4 primary teeth scored 3. The corresponding figures for the 3-, 10-, 15-, and 20 year-olds were 2%, 1%, 7% and 6%, respectively. No permanent teeth with wear scored 3 were found in these age groups. The number of teeth with incisal or occlusal wear increased with age both in the primary and in the permanent dentition.

  • 24.
    Isaksson, Helén
    et al.
    Department of Paediatric Dentistry, The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Birkhed, Dowen
    Department of Cariology, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Alm, Anita
    Department of Paediatric Dentistry, Kärnsjukhuset, Skövde, Sweden.
    Nilsson, Mats
    Futurum – The Academy of Healthcare, County Hospital, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Koch, Göran
    Department of Paediatric Dentistry, The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Prevalence of dental erosion and association with lifestyle factors in Swedish 20-year olds2014In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 72, no 6, 448-457 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To investigate the prevalence, distribution and severity of dental erosion and its association with lifestyle, oral and general health in young adults. Materials and methods. Four hundred and ninety-four individuals, 20-years of age, participated. Dental erosion in molars and maxillary incisors was evaluated. Caries, plaque and gingivitis were registered. Saliva samples were taken and the subjects were interviewed about behavioural and dietary habits and oral and general health. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated. The individuals were sub-divided into two groups according to the presence and absence of dental erosion: within the group with erosion was a sub-group of individuals with extensive erosion. Results. Of the individuals 25% had no erosion, 75% had erosion and 18% had extensive erosion. Erosion was found in molars in 74% of the individuals and on buccal and palatal surfaces in maxillary incisors in 4% and 7%, respectively. Cupping was seen in 65% of individuals and severe erosion in molars in 1.6%. Compared to subjects with no erosion, those with extensive erosion had a higher consumption of soft drinks (p = 0.05), caries prevalence (p < 0.01), prevalence of mutans Streptococci (p < 0.01) and BMI (p < 0.05). Furthermore, subjects with erosion had higher caries prevalence (p < 0.01) and BMI (p < 0.01) than those with no erosion. Conclusions. Swedish young adults have a high prevalence of dental erosion, but the level of severe erosion is low. The study disclosed a relationship between dental erosion and behavioural factors, oral health and BMI.

  • 25.
    Josefsson, Eva
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Lindsten, Rune
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hallberg, Lillemor R-M.
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    A qualitative study of the influence of poor dental aesthetics on the lives of young adults2010In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 68, no 1, 19-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: Although many countries offer some publicly funded orthodontic treatment for children, not all conditions receive treatment and some adolescents enter adulthood with persisting poor dental aesthetics or malocclusions. The aim of this study was to generate a theory highlighting the main concerns of young adults, either native-born or of immigrant background, with poor dental aesthetics and the measures they adopt to manage their condition in everyday life.

    Material and methods: A qualitative method, classic grounded theory, was applied in order to generate a substantive theory highlighting the main concerns and managing mechanisms of 13 strategically selected 19- and 20-year-olds with poor dental aesthetics. Open interviews were conducted with each participant, the topics covering different aspects of social and dental conditions.

    Results: A core category and three conceptual categories were generated. The core category was labelled "Being under the pressure of social norms" and was related to categories explaining three different ways in which these young adults handle their main concern: (1) avoiding showing their teeth; (2) minimizing the importance of appearance; and (3) seeking orthodontic treatment. The theory offers the potential for improved understanding of young adults who, despite poor dental aesthetics, are managing well with life, and also of those who have not adjusted well.

    Conclusions: In early adolescence it may be problematic to make decisions about orthodontic treatment. Undisclosed dental fear can be an important barrier. Some of the young adults in the present study would probably benefit from treatment.

  • 26.
    Lindfors, Erik
    et al.
    Department of Stomatognathic Physiology, Public Dental Health Service, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Tegelberg, Åke
    Department of Orofacial Pain and Jaw Function, Faculty of Odontology, Malmö University, Malmö, Sweden.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Ernberg, Malin
    Department of Dental Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Scandinavian Center for Orofacial Neuroscience (SCON), Huddinge, Sweden.
    Treatment of temporomandibular disorders – knowledge, attitudes and clinical experience among general practising dentists in Sweden2016In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 6, 460-465 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of the study was to investigate the self-perceived level of knowledge, attitudes and clinical experience in treatment of temporomandibular disorders (TMD) among general practising dentists (GPDs).

    Material and methods: A web-based questionnaire was sent to all GPDs in the public dental health service in the County of Uppsala in 2010 (n = 128) and 2014 (n = 113). The GPDs were asked to answer questions in the following categories: Demographic information, Quality assurance, Clinical experience and treatment, Need for specialist resources in the field of TMD and Attitudes. Between the two questionnaires, the GPDs were offered TMD education and an examination template including three TMD questions was introduced in the computer case files. The results were also compared with a previous questionnaire from 2001.

    Results: The response rate was 71% (2010) and 73% (2014). The majority of the GPDs were women (70% in 2010 and 72% in 2014). The reported frequency of taking a case history of facial pain and headache increased between 2010 and 2014. In 2014, the GPDs were more secure and reported higher frequency of good clinical routines in treatment with jaw exercises and pharmacological intervention compared to 2001. Interocclusal appliance was the treatment with which most dentists felt confident and reported good clinical routines.

    Conclusions: The GPDs felt more insecure concerning TMD diagnostics, therapy decisions and treatment in children/adolescents compared to adults. There is a high need for orofacial pain/TMD specialists and a majority of the GPDs wants the specialists to offer continuing education in TMD.

  • 27.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    2Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry, Institute of Odontology, Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Sense of coherence and oral health status in an adult Swedish population2010In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 69, 12-20 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To investigate sense of coherence in relation to oral health status in an adult Swedish population in order to better understand the determinants of positive oral health-promoting behavior and differences in oral health.

    Material and methods. A stratified random sample of 910 individuals from Jönköping, Sweden aged 20, 30, 40, 50, 60, 70 and 80 years was obtained. The investigation used the Swedish short version of the Sense of Coherence (SOC) questionnaire comprising 13 items and a self-report questionnaire to elicit demographic information. In addition, a clinical and radiographic oral examination was performed.

    Results. A total of 525 individuals, 261 men and 264 women, consented to participate in the study. Bivariate analysis revealed that higher mean SOC scores were statistically significantly associated with more decayed and filled surfaces (DFS) and filled surfaces (FS), fewer decayed surfaces (DS), fewer teeth with calculus and periodontal health. Multivariate analysis showed that higher SOC scores represented a predictor of fewer occurrences of a periodontal probing pocket depth of ‡4 mm and a lower risk of plaque in different regression models.

    Conclusions. Higher SOC scores may be a protective determinant of plaque and periodontal disease, indicating an association between SOC and oral health.

  • 28. Magnusson, C
    et al.
    Nilsson, M
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Degenerative changes in human temporomandibular joints in relation to occlusal support.2010In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 68, 305-311 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 29.
    Magnusson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Public Dental Health, Jönköping County Council, Jönköping , Sweden.
    Nilsson, Mats
    Futurum, The Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County, Jönköping , Sweden.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Degenerative changes of the temporomandibular joint. Relationship to ethnicity, sex and occlusal supporting zones based on a skull material2012In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 70, no 3, 207-212 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. The first aim of this study was to examine a contemporary human skull material for possible ethnic differences in respect of degenerative changes in the temporomandibular joints (TMJs). A second aim was to see if there was any correlation between such changes and occlusal support in any of the two groups and, if so, if this correlation was sex-related. Materials and methods: The material consisted of 129 Caucasian skulls and 76 skulls from Afro-Americans. Ninety-four of the Caucasian skulls came from males (73%) and the corresponding figure for the Afro-Americans was 40 (53%). Their mean age at death was 46 years (range: 19–89 years) and 37 years (range: 18–70 years), respectively. Results. Dental status was in general poor and 13% of the Afro-Americans and 26% of the Caucasians were edentulous. Form and surface changes of the TMJs were more common in the present material compared to most previous studies. No differences could be found between the two ethnic groups in respect of degenerative joint changes in the TMJs. In men, no correlation of clinical relevance could be found between severity of joint changes and occlusal support. However, in both Caucasian and Afro-American women, such a correlation was obvious, especially in higher age. Conclusions. The present findings give no evidence for any differences in the prevalence of degenerative changes in the TMJs in Caucasians and Afro-Americans. The strong correlation found between such changes and occlusal support in women but not in men might be explained by hormonal differences.

  • 30.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Carlsson, G E
    Changes in recurrent headaches and mandibular dysfunction after various types of dental treatment.1980In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 38, no 5, 311-320 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 31.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Carlsson, G E
    Recurrent headaches in relation to temporomandibular joint pain-dysfunction.1978In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 36, no 6, 333-338 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 32.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Egermarki, Inger
    Carlsson, Gunnar E
    A prospective investigation over two decades on signs and symptoms of temporomandibular disorders and associated variables: A final summary.2005In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 63, no 2, 99-109 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 33.
    Magnusson, Tomas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Enbom, L
    Signs and symptoms of mandibular dysfunction after introduction of experimental balancing-side interferences.1984In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 42, no 3, 129-135 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 34. Paulsson, G
    et al.
    Söderfeldt, B
    Nederfors, T
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Högskolan i Halmstad.
    Nursing personnel's views on oral health from a health promotion perspective: a grounded theory analysis2002In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 60, no 1, 42-49 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 35.
    Rolander, Bo
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Sweden.
    Wåhlin, Charlotte
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Johnston, Venerina
    Intervention and Implementation Research Unit, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health.
    Changes in division of labour and tasks within public dentistry: relationship to employees work demands, health and work ability2016In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850, Vol. 74, no 6, 471-479 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: By 2023, fewer dentists are expected in Sweden, at the same time as the demand for dental care is expected to increase. Older people, in particular, are expected to require more dental health than previous generations. To meet this demand, the public sector dentistry in Sweden is moving towards changes in division of labour among dental professionals, including dentists, dental hygienists and dental nurses. However, the impact of this reallocation on the physical and psychosocial wellbeing of employees is unknown. The aim of this study was to compare workplaces with an equal or larger proportion of dental hygienists than dentists (HDH) with workplaces with a larger proportion of dentists than dental hygienists (HD) on the physical and psychosocial work load, musculoskeletal and psychosomatic disorders and sickness presence.

    Material: A total of 298 persons employed in the Public Dental Service in a Swedish County Council participated in this study.

    Conclusion: The medium large clinics HDH reported 85% of employee’s with considerably more high psychosocial demands compared to employees in medium HD (53%) and large HD (57%). Employees in medium large clinics HDH also reported sleep problems due to work (25%) compared with employees in medium large clinics HD (6%), large clinics HD (11%) and small clinics HDH (3%). Clinic size does not seem to influence the outcome of the HD and HD clinics to any great extent. Of all employees, about 94–100% reported high precision demands and 78–91% poor work postures.

  • 36.
    Rolander, Bo
    et al.
    Futurum, Academy for Health and Care, Jönköping County Council, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Wåhlin, Charlotte
    Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Occupational and Environmental Medicine Center, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Lindmark, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Task reorganization within the public dental professions impacts on the health and workability of employeesIn: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, E-ISSN 1502-3850Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Stenebrand, Agneta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Wide Boman, Ulla
    Odontologen Göteborg.
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Odontologen Göteborg.
    Dental anxiety and temperament in 15-year olds2013In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 71, no 1, 15-21 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective: The aim of the present study was to analyse the prevalence of dental anxiety and its association with temperament, sociodemographic factors and previous painful and unpleasant experiences of dental care among 15-year old individuals. Material and methods: The sample included 263 randomly selected 15-year old individuals living in the municipality of Jönköping, Sweden. The school, parental and adolescent consent was acquired. Three self-reported questionnaires were used, one included items of sociodemography, while the others dealt with dental anxiety assessed by the Dental Fear Survey (DFS) and temperament assessed by an adapted version of The EAS Temperament Survey for Children modified for adults, the EASI temperament survey. Results: The results showed that 6.5 % of the  adolescents were classified as dentally anxious and with girls proportionally more fearful than boys. The three temperaments activity, impulsivity and emotionality were significantly correlated with dental anxiety. A hierarchical multiple linear regression analysis showed that pain at the last dental appointment or previous pain experiences during dental care treatment were the strongest predictors regarding dental anxiety in 15-year olds. The temperament dimensions activity and impulsivity were also significantly predictive of dental anxiety. Conclusions: Although some of the temperament dimensions are correlated with dental anxiety, which may emphasize an important finding with regard to personality, this study showed that previous pain experiences during dental care treatment is a strong predictor for high dental anxiety in 15-year olds.

  • 38. Stenman, U
    et al.
    Wennstrom, A
    Ahlqwist , M
    Bengtsson, C
    Bjorkelund, C
    Lissner, L
    Hakeberg, Magnus
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Association between periodontal disease and ischemic heart disease among Swedish women: A cross-sectional study2009In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Stensson, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
    Koch, Göran
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Oldaeus, Göran
    Paediatric Department, County Hospital, Ryhov, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Ramberg, Per
    Department of Periodontology, Institute of Odontology at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Birkhed, Dowen
    Department of Cariology, Institute of Odontology at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Oral health in young adults with long-term, controlled asthma2011In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 69, no 3, 158-164 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Objective. To study oral health in young adults with long-term, controlled asthma. Material and methods. Twenty 18- to 24-year-olds with a mean duration of asthma of 13.5 [standard deviation (SD) 5.4] years and 20 matched healthy controls were included. A clinical examination was performed and the prevalences of caries, erosions, gingival inflammation, cervicular fluid and periodontal pockets and the plaque formation rate were registered. The salivary flow rate and the numbers of mutans Streptococci and Lactobacilli in saliva were determined. Plaque pH was measured after a sucrose rinse for up to 40 min at two approximal sites. The participants were interviewed regarding dietary and oral hygiene habits. Results. The mean (SD) DFS, including manifest and initial caries, was 8.6 (10.6) in the asthma group and 4.0 (5.2) in the control group (P = 0.09). Initial caries lesions were more common in the asthma group than in the control group: 6.0 (8.1) and 1.3 (2.0), respectively (P = 0.02). The asthma group had more gingivitis (P = 0.01) and a lower stimulated salivary secretion rate than the controls (P = 0.01). The asthmatics also had a somewhat, although not statistically significant, lower initial pH value in plaque and a more pronounced pH drop compared with the controls. In the asthma group, 65% reported frequent mouthbreathing, compared with 10% of the controls (P = 0.01). No differences were found in tooth-brushing or dietary habits between the groups. Conclusion. Young adults with long-term, controlled asthma had more initial caries, more gingival inflammation and a lower stimulated salivary secretion rate than individuals without asthma.

  • 40. Sundqvist, Bertil
    et al.
    Wenneberg, Bengt
    Magnusson, Tomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Validation and improvement of a predictive model for treatment outcome in patients with temporomandibular disorders2007In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 65, no 2, 109-18 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 41. Thorstensson, B
    et al.
    Hugoson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Prevalence of some oral complaints and their relation to oral health variables in an adult Swedish population.1996In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 54, no 4, 257-262 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the study was to determine, in a randomly selected 20- to 70-year-old Swedish population, the prevalence of oral burning sensations and taste disturbances and their possible correlation to salivary factors, the presence of mandibular dysfunction, the prevalence of teeth, restorative procedures, caries and periodontal disease, and smoking habits. Of a total of 533 dentate individuals, 112 reported a total of 139 symptoms. Eleven of the 40 edentulous individuals reported a total of 14 symptoms. Burning sensations were reported by 18 (3.4%) of the dentate and 1 (2.5%) of the edentulous individuals. The symptoms of pricking and burning were significantly correlated to mandibular dysfunction and negatively correlated to the number of teeth. The symptom of bad taste was correlated to the number of amalgam-filled surfaces and to cigarette smoking. No other statistically significant correlation could be found.

  • 42.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Birkhed, D
    Dietary habits related to caries development and immigrant status in infants and toddlers living in Sweden.1995In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 53, no 6, 339-344 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 43.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Carlsson, E
    Hallonsten, A L
    Birkhed, D
    Early dental caries risk assessment and prevention in pre-school children: evaluation of a new strategy for dental care in a field study.2001In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 59, no 5, 261-266 p.Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Wendt, Lill-Kari
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Oral health.
    Hallonsten, A L
    Koch, G
    Birkhed, D
    Analysis of caries-related factors in infants and toddlers living in Sweden.1996In: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6357, Vol. 54, no 2, 131-137 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
1 - 44 of 44
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