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  • 1.
    Allwood, Jens
    SCCIIL Interdisciplinary Center, Dept. of AIT University of Gothenburg, 412 96 Göteborg, Sweden .
    Cognition, communication, and readiness for language2012In: Pragmatics & Cognition, ISSN 0929-0907, Vol. 20, no 2, 334-355 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This review article discusses some problems and needs for clarification that are connected with the use of the concepts culture, language, tool, and communication in Daniel Everett’s recently published book, Language: The Cultural Tool. It also discusses whether the idea of biological readiness and preparedness for language (rather than grammar) can really be disposed of as a result of Everett’s very convincing arguments against a specific genetic predisposition for the syntactic component of a grammar. Finally, it calls into question whether Everett really is true to his professed ideology of scientific ideographical pragmatism. ©2012 John Benjamins Publishing Company.

  • 2.
    Allwood, Jens
    Institutionen för lingvistik & Kollegium SSKKII.
    Language survival kits2006In: Lesser-Known Languages Of South Asia: Status And Policies, Case Studies And Applications Of Information Technology / [ed] Saxena, A; Borin, L, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2006, Vol. 175, 279-292 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 3.
    Allwood, Jens
    University of Gothenburg.
    Meaning potentials and context: Some consequences for the analysis of variation in meaning2003In: Cognitive Approaches To Lexical Semantics, 2003, Vol. 23, 29-65 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to suggest a view of word meaning on the type level which is based on “meaning potentials” rather than on reified type meanings founded on either of the two traditional approaches of abstract generalization (Gesamtbedeutung) and typical or basic meaning (Grundbedeutung). It is suggested that actual meaning on the occurrence level is produced by context-sensitive operations of meaning activation and meaning determination which combine meaning potentials with each other and with contextually given information rather than by some simple compositionality operations yielding phrase and sentence meaning from simple type meanings of one of the two traditional kinds. To establish this goal, I first present the traditional notions and discuss some problems which arise when trying to handle variation in meaning. I then specifically discuss the relation of homonymy and polysemy to the traditional notions. In section 3, 1 introduce the notion of “meaning potentials” as an alternative to the traditional notions and then discuss in section 4 how this notion might be used to handle problems of meaning variation, focusing especially on homonymy and polysemy.

  • 4.
    Allwood, Jens
    Institutionen för lingvistik & Kollegium SSKKII.
    Multimodal corpora2008In: Corpus Linguistics, Part 1 / [ed] Ludeling, A; Kyto, M, Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 2008, Vol. 29, 207-225 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Allwood, Jens
    Department of Linguistics and SSKKII, Center for Cognitive Studies, University of Gothenburg, Box 200, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Some remarks on the relationship between the semantic and the pragmatic web2008In: Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on the Pragmatic Web: Innovating the Interactive Society / [ed] Pär J. Ågerfalk, New York: ACM Press, 2008, Vol. 363, 35-39 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper discusses the relations between the semantic and the pragmatic web. After recapitulating some characterizations and definitions of the semantic and the pragmatic web two main tasks of pragmatics and of the pragmatic web are distinguished. The nature of the first of these tasks is then briefly discussed, leaving a further explication for future work. The paper ends by relating both tasks of the pragmatic web to the semantic web. Copyright 2008 ACM.

  • 6.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    SCCIILL Interdisciplinary Center, Department of Applied IT, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Chindamo, M.
    Ahlsen, E.
    On identifying conflict related stances in political debates2012In: Proceedings - 2012 ASE/IEEE International Conference on Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust and 2012 ASE/IEEE International Conference on Social Computing, SocialCom/PASSAT 2012, 2012, 918-925 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this paper is to discuss some problems in identifying stances and the features that express these stances in televised political debates where there is conflict escalation. The study is based on an analysis of video-recorded political debates in different European languages (Italian (1), German (2) and US-American English (1)) and consists of a qualitative analysis of the videos in order to understand the similarities and differences in the use of social signals for stances in conflict situations in a similar setting (televised political debate) in three western cultures. ©2012 IEEE.

  • 7.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg.
    Groqvist, L
    Ahlsén, E
    Gunnarsson, M
    Annotations and tools for an activity based Spoken Language Corpus2003In: Current And New Directions In Discourse And Dialogue, Dordrecht: Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2003, Vol. 22, 1-18 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Department of Linguistics, University of South Africa, PO Box 392, Pretoria 0003, South Africa.
    Grönqvist, L.
    Hendrikse, A. P.
    Developing a tagset and tagger for the African languages of South Africa with special reference to Xhosa2003In: Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies, ISSN 1607-3614, E-ISSN 1727-9461, Vol. 21, no 4, 223-237 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    There are currently two distinct but not necessarily mutually exclusive approaches to the retrieval of information from linguistic corpora. ’Corpus-driven’ approaches rely solely on the corpus itself to yield significant patterns. With the exception of orthographic spacing, no additional annotations to a ’raw’ corpus are used to guide searches and the retrieval of information from the corpus. Typically, key word in context (KWIC) analyses are applied to relevant concordance lines to extract statistically significant lexical and grammatical patterns. In ’corpus-based’ approaches, on the other hand, information is retrieved from an enriched corpus on the basis of annotations in the form of linguistic tags and annotations. That is, the annotations are used to direct the searches to specific grammatical and lexical phenomena in a corpus. In this article, we propose a corpus-based approach and a tagset to be used on a corpus of spoken language for the African languages of South Africa. A number of problematic linguistic phenomena such as fixed expressions, agglutination, morphemic merging and spoken language phenomena such as interrupted words etc., often have some effect on tagging principles. These problematic phenomena are discussed and illustrated. The development of the tagset is based on the morphosyntactic properties of Xhosa for reasons that are outlined in the article. Manual tagging of a large corpus would be quite a daunting and time-consuming task, not to mention the potential for various kinds of errors. This problem is solved in a two-step process. Firstly, a computer-based drag-and-drop tagger was developed to facilitate the manual tagging of a so-called training corpus. This training corpus then forms the input to the development of an automatic tagger. The principles and procedures for the development of an automatic tagger for African languages are also discussed. ©2003 NISC Pty Ltd.

  • 9.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Department of Linguistics, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Hendrikse, A. P.
    Spoken language corpora for the nine official African languages of South Africa2003In: Southern African Linguistics and Applied Language Studies, ISSN 1607-3614, E-ISSN 1727-9461, Vol. 21, no 4, 189-201 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this paper we give an outline of a corpus planning project which aims to develop linguistic resources for the nine official African languages of South Africa in the form of corpora, more specifically spoken language corpora. In the course of the article, we will address issues such as spoken language vs. written language, register vs. activity and normative vs. non-normative approaches to corpus planning. We then give an outline of the design of a spoken language corpus for the nine official African languages of South Africa. We consider issues such as representativity and sampling (urban-rural, dialects, gender, social class and activities), transcription standards and conventions as well as the problems emanating from widespread loans and code switching and other forms of language mix characteristic of spoken language. Finally, we summarise the status of the project at present and plans for the future. ©2003 NISC Pty Ltd.

  • 10.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    SSKKII/SCCIIL, Dept. of Applied IT, Chalmers and University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Lindström, N. B.
    Lu, J.
    Intercultural dynamics of fist acquaintance: Comparative study of Swedish, Chinese and Swedish-Chinese first time encounters2011In: Universal access in human-computer interaction : 6th International Conference, UAHCI 2011, held as part of HCI International 2011, Orlando, FL, USA, July 9-14, 2011, proceedings / [ed] Constantine Stephanidis, Berlin: Springer, 2011, Vol. 6768 LNCS, no PART 4, 12-21 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Today, intercultural first acquaintance meetings are becoming more and more frequent. The aim of this study is to describe, analyze and compare Swedish, Chinese and Swedish-Chinese first acquaintance interactions. Our focus lies on a classification of the topics in mono- and intercultural first-time encounters. The analysis is based on 12 arranged face-to-face first acquaintance interactions between Chinese-Chinese, Swedish-Swedish and Swedish-Chinese students (4 of each dyad). The interactions are video-recorded and transcribed. In addition, semi-structured interviews with the participants have been conducted to get a better understanding of their communication. The method of activity-based communication analysis is used to analyze the data. The result of the study is a classification and a cross-cultural comparison of topics and the order of their occurrence in first time encounters. In addition, the study sheds light on the similarities and differences between Chinese and Swedish communication patterns. ©2011 Springer-Verlag.

  • 11.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    Department of Linguistics University of Göteborg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Nivre, J.
    Ahlsén, E.
    On the semantics and pragmatics of linguistic feedback1992In: Journal of Semantics, ISSN 0167-5133, E-ISSN 1477-4593, Vol. 9, no 1, 1-26 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is an exploration in the semantics and pragmatics of linguistic feedback, i. e. linguistic mechanisms which enable the participants in spoken interaction to exchange information about basic communicative functions, such as contact, perception, understanding, and attitudinal reactions to the communicated content. Special attention is given to the type of reaction conveyed by feedback utterances, the communicative status of the information conveyed (i. e. the level of awareness and intentionality of the communicating sender), and the context sensitivity of feedback expressions. With regard to context sensitivty, which is one of the most characteristic features of feedback expressions, the discussion focuses on the way in which the type of speech act (mood), the factual polarity, and the information status of the preceding utterance influence the interpretation of feedback utterances. The different content dimensions are exemplified by data from recorded dialogues and by data given through linguistic intuition. Finally, two different ways of formalizing the analysis are examined, one using attribute-value matrices and one based on the theory of situation semantics. ©1992 N.I.S. Foundation (1992).

  • 12.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden .
    Regmi, B. N.
    Dhakhwa, S.
    An activity based spoken language corpus of Lohorung2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Social activities are an important part of the context of language use and provide many keys to understanding linguistic and communicative features. Such features can be well understood only if they are observed in their natural setting which to some extent is possible using a multimodal corpus as linguistic communication itself is multimodal. In order to study naturalistic multimodal communication using a corpus, the corpus should contain a combination of recordings, documentation, and transcription of multimodal communication from different social activities in naturalistic settings, preserving unedited conversation. This paper presents a brief account of the principles, methodology, current status, and further issues, based on an incrementally growing and multimodal activity based spoken language corpus of Lohorung.

  • 13.
    Allwood, Jens
    et al.
    University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Regmi, B. N.
    Dhakhwa, S.
    Uranw, R. K.
    An activity based spoken language corpus of Nepali2012In: 2013 International Conference Oriental COCOSDA Held Jointly with 2013 Conference on Asian Spoken Language Research and Evaluation, O-COCOSDA/CASLRE 2013, 2012, 24-29 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Language is used for communication and communication facilitates social activities. If we want to capture this, linguistic investigation has to be carried out within a wider context. Examination of linguistic communication in a wider context shows that it is multimodal. In order to study naturalistic multimodal communication using a corpus, the corpus should contain a combination of recordings, documentation, and transcription of multimodal communication from different social activities in naturalistic settings, preserving unedited conversation. This paper presents a brief account of the principles, methodology, current status, and preliminary findings, based on an incrementally growing and multimodal activity based spoken language corpus of Nepali. ©2012 IEEE.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    I jättens grepp?: En undersökning av morfemet jätte i svenska skriftspråket2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study has been to see the conventionalisation and use of the Swedish word jätte (giant) in newspapers and texts written by pupils in the Upper Secondary School, primarily when used as an intensifier in compound words. The question forming the basis of the study is: “How, by whom and to what extent is jätte used in newspapers and texts written by pupils?”To answer the question two corpora have been analysed. The results show that jätte is quite common compared to other Swedish intensifiers as “tok” and “super”. Usually it is used together with adjectives. When used in newspapers it is most commonly used in direct speech, but it is also used in more formal parts of the paper as the editorial. In the texts written by the pupils it is mostly used in sections with narrative elements.The people who use jätte in newspapers can be divided into two groups, journalists and interviewees. The word is widely spread among people and it is used by both women and men of different ages and with different socio-economical backgrounds. Among the pupils it is mostly used by girls. The word is used in different subject areas, although it is more common in sports and entertainment. The wide range of subjects and users indicate that the word is accepted to use in the written language, although it is more common in informal contexts.

  • 15.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Analytical framings on dis/abilities, participation and inclusion. Going beyond dichotomized hegemonies in the domains of Language and Identity2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Languaging and Isms of reinforced boundaries across settings: Multidisciplinary ethnographical explorations2017In: Isms in language education: Oppression, intersectionality and emancipation / [ed] Damian J. Rivers, Karin Zotzmann, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter, 2017, 203-229 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Messina Dahlberg, Giulia
    Languaging, diversity and neologisms. Reflections on the mobilization of terminologies in the 21st century2017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 18.
    Besic, Medina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Kapasi, Tayyeba
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Flerspråkiga barn och deras språkutveckling i förskolan2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka förskollärarnas syn på flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling i yngre åldrar i förskolan. I studien har vi utgått från följande frågeställningar: Vilken syn förskollärare har om strategier som används vid flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling? Hur använder förskollärare miljön för att utveckla flerspråkiga barns språk?

     

    I studien har kvalitativa intervjuer gjorts med sex förskollärare i en medelstor kommun. Anledningen att vi valde använda oss av kvalitativa intervjuer var att uppnå vårt syfte och få svar på våra frågeställningar. Denna metod lämpar sig för vår studie då vi vill undersöka förskollärarnas syn på vårt syfte. Vår studie genomsyras av sociokulturellt perspektiv.

     

    Det vi har kommit fram till är att förskollärarna tycker att flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling är lika komplex som de enspråkigas. Den är beroende av olika faktorer såsom förskollärarnas kompetens, miljön, hem och barns begåvning. Förskollärarna tycker inte att de skiljer sig från de andra förskolorna i sitt arbetssätt, bemötande och material som de använder på sina förskolor. Fast de tillämpar sitt arbetssätt och sin miljö till den barngrupp de har. De anser att de flerspråkiga barn som har goda kunskaper i sitt modersmål är lika duktiga på svenska.

  • 19.
    Bulut, Dilber
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Keskin, Özlem
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Barns flerspråkighet: En studie om hur förskollärare uppfattar barns språkutveckling2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att undersöka förskollärares uppfattningar om flerspråkiga barn och ele-vers språkutveckling i förskolan och i förskoleklass. I studien har vi utgått från två frågeställ-ningar som är följande; vilka strategier använder förskollärare för att utveckla språkutveckling hos flerspråkiga barn och elever? Vilken betydelse har miljön för flerspråkiga barn och elever och deras språkutveckling i förskola respektive förskoleklass?

    Kvalitativa intervjuer har använts, vilket innebär att åtta förskollärare intervjuats för att besvara frågeställningarna i studien. Ett sociokulturellt perspektiv genomsyrar studien. Resultatet visade på att de olika förskolorna och förskoleklasserna arbetade på olika sätt med flerspråkighet. En del arbetade medvetet med flerspråkighet medan andra arbetade mindre medvetet. Responden-terna ansåg att det finns många faktorer som påverkar både förskollärarnas förmåga att arbeta medvetet med flerspråkighet och även de flerspråkiga barnens språkutveckling. Resultatet visar att de olika faktorerna som påverkar förskollärares förmåga till medvetet arbete är kopplade till vilka resurser som finns, hur miljön ser ut och vilket förhållningssätt förskolläraren har mot barnen.

  • 20. Chindamo, M.
    et al.
    Allwood, Jens
    SCCIIL Interdisciplinary Center, Department of Applied IT, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Ahlsen, E.
    Some suggestions for the study of stance in communication2012In: Proceedings - 2012 ASE/IEEE International Conference on Privacy, Security, Risk and Trust and 2012 ASE/IEEE International Conference on Social Computing, SocialCom/PASSAT 2012, 2012, 617-622 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Interlocutors, express not only information in the form of spoken words but also their feelings and commitments with regard to what is being said. In face-to-face communication participants interact in such a way that they react to one another’s multimodal positioning in the conversation. Often this means that they take a ’stance’. The goal of this paper is to explore the notion of stance through a review and discussion of some of the relevant literature and then relate this to research on social signal processing (SSP). The main focus of the review is on the notion of stance in linguistics, as the point of departure for exploring other fields. Consideration of the relation between gestural communication and expression of emotions will give a more complete view of how a stance is taken and upheld. ©2012 IEEE.

  • 21.
    Denke, Annika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    Fant, Lars
    Stockholm University.
    Negotiating with the Boss: An Inter- and Crosscultural Perspective on Problematic Talk2014Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 22. Dhakhwa, S.
    et al.
    Allwood, Jens
    SSKKII Interdisciplinary Center, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Self documentation of endangered languages2012In: 2012 8th International Symposium on Chinese Spoken Language Processing, ISCSLP 2012; Hong Kong; China; 5 December 2012 through 8 December 2012, 2012, 392-395 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Several minority languages are on the verge of extinction in Nepal, especially when they don’t have a generally accepted writing system and occur in an area where Nepali (the official language) is predominantly used. Lohorung is an example, which is spoken among the Lohroung Rai communities of Sankhuwasabha, a hilly district of eastern Nepal. Older generations of Lohorung are experts in Lohorung but they have limitations in reading and writing English or Nepali. The documentation of Lohorung and other similar endangered languages is important. If the right tools and techniques are used, we believe that self documentation is one of the best ways, to document a language. We have developed an online platform which community members can use to collaboratively self document their language. The platform is a multimodal dictionary authoring and browsing tool and it has been developed with a focus on usability, ease of use and productivity. ©2012 IEEE.

  • 23.
    Erman, Britt
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Denke, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media.
    Fant, Lars
    Stockholm University.
    Forsberg Lundell, Fanny
    Stockholm University.
    Nativelike expression in the speech of long-residency L2 users: A study of multiword structures in L2 English, French and Spanish2015In: International Journal of Applied Linguistics, ISSN 0802-6106, E-ISSN 1473-4192, Vol. 25, no 2, 160-182 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Nativelike expression in L2 speech is investigated by comparing quantity and distribution of different types of multiword structures (MWSs) in the speech of very advanced L2 speakers with native speakers. Swedish speakers of L2 English, L2 French and L2 Spanish (average LOR in the UK, France and Chile 7–10 years) performing two oral tasks, a role play, and an online retelling task, are compared with matching native speakers, totalling 140,000 words. The L2 groups were nativelike in their use of MWSs as social routines in the role play. Collocations, the dominant category in the retelling task, were underrepresented in all three L2 groups compared to the native groups. Furthermore, the English NNSs were nativelike on more measurements of MWSs than the French and Spanish NNSs.

  • 24.
    Fant, Lars
    et al.
    Stockholm University.
    Denke, Annika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Negotiating with the boss: An inter- and crosscultural perspective on problematic talk2016In: Pragmatics and Society, ISSN 1878-9714, E-ISSN 1878-9722, Vol. 7, no 4, 540-569 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Elicited conversations with participants engaged in a problematic negotiation with their boss were analyzed in groups of native speakers of British English, Chilean Spanish and Swedish, and in groups of Swedish speakers of L2 English and L2 Spanish (longtime residents in their host community and highly proficient in their L2). Two planes of comparison were involved: cross-culturally, addressing differences between the native groups, and, inter-culturally, addressing interaction between natives and non-natives. Results show considerable distance between the three L1 groups, especially regarding how power distance and social distance are managed both by the ‘employees’ and the ‘bosses’. As regards L2 speaker behavior, alignment with target community patterns largely prevails and few instances of L1 transfer occur. Communicative clashes are found to take place more often in the Swedish-Spanish encounters than in the Swedish-English ones, arguably due to the wider cultural distance between the Chilean and Swedish socio-cultures.

  • 25. Henrichsen, P. J.
    et al.
    Allwood, Jens
    University of Gothenburg.
    Swedish and Danish, spoken and written language: A statistical comparison2005In: International Journal of Corpus Linguistics, ISSN 1384-6655, Vol. 10, no 3, 367-399 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of much linguistic research is to determine the grammar and the lexicon of a certain language L. The spoken variant of L - in so far as it is considered at all - is generally taken to be just another projection of the same grammar and lexicon. We suspect that this assumption may be wrong. Our suspicion derives from our contrastive analyses of four corpora, two Swedish and two Danish (covering spoken as well as written language), suggesting that - in the dimensions of frequency distribution, word type selection, and distribution over parts of speech - the mode of communication (spoken versus written) is much more significant as a determining factor than even the choice of language (Swedish versus Danish). ©John Benjamins Publishing Company.

  • 26.
    Holmqvist, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Idiomatic Expressions in Fiction: A Textual Analysis of the Use and Effects of Idioms in Donna Tartt's The Secret History2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 27.
    Huang, Aijun
    et al.
    Soochow University, Shanghai, China.
    Ursini, Francesco-Alessio
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    The acquisition of the wh-pronoun duo-shao 'much-little' in child Mandarin2016In: A Festschrift for Stephen Crain / [ed] Nakayma, M. Ching, Y. Su & A. Huang, John Benjamins , 2016, 170-198 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Mandarin Chinese wh-pronouns ji-ge ‘how many-CL’ and duo-shao ‘a lot-a little’ can be roughly translated in English as 'how-many' and 'how-much', respectively. When these two wh-pronouns interact with the negation operator mei ‘not’, there derive similar but not identical readings: while the negative ji-ge structure conveys a ‘smallness’ in number (i.e., ‘small-number’), the negative duo-shao structure conveys a ‘smallness’ in quantity (i.e., ‘small-amount’). Huang and Crain (2014a) studied Mandarin-speaking children’s acquisition of the ‘small-number’ reading of the negative ji-ge structure. It was found that children undergo three developmental stages in the acquisition of the ‘small-number’ reading of the negative ji-ge structure, exhibiting the emergence of the full range of the meanings of ji-ge in the course of language development. The present study extends the inquiry of Huang and Crain (2014a) and investigates the acquisition of the ‘small-amount’ reading of the negative duo-shao structure. The experimental data exhibit two developmental stages, which are argued to reflect the development of the semantic and pragmatic properties of the wh-pronoun duo-shao.  In short, the acquisition scenario of the negative duo-shao structure is different from that of the negative ji-ge structure, but both studies suggest that the semantic and pragmatic properties of Chinese wh-pronouns determine the acquisition of Chinese wh-pronouns in negative structures.  

  • 28.
    Hålén, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Johansson, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Flerspråkighet i förskolan: Åtta förskollärares syn på samarbetet med modersmålslärare2010Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    I läroplanen för förskolan betonas modersmålets betydelse både i förskolans uppdrag och i förskolans mål. Barnen ska ges möjlighet att utveckla både det svenska språket och sitt modersmål, sin kulturella identitet samt förmågan att kommunicera på både modersmålet och svenska.  Det är viktigt att redan i förskolan arbetar aktivt för att stötta barn med annat modersmål än svenska för att främja språkutvecklingen och stärka deras självkänsla.

    Studien syftar till att undersöka hur åtta förskollärare ser på samarbetet med modersmålslärare i förskolan. Våra frågeställningar är följande:

    -          Hur beskriver förskollärarna samarbetet med modersmålslärarna?

    -          Hur ser förskollärarna på vikten av samarbete med modersmålslärarna?

    För att få svar på våra frågeställningar genomförde vi kvalitativa intervjuer med åtta förskollärare i åtta olika förskolor. Vi utgick från en hermeneutisk syn i vår analysering av materialet vi fick fram genom de kvalitativa intervjuerna med förskollärarna. Urvalet av förskolorna gjorde vi medvetet med utgångspunkt att det skulle finnas minst ett par flerspråkiga barn i barngruppen.

    Resultatet av analysen visar att alla förskollärare utom en ser att det finns ett stort behov av samarbete med modersmålslärare i förskolan. Däremot menar de att det finns hinder som tid och resurser som gör att samarbetet inte är genomförbart. Främst lyfts avsaknaden av tid för gemensam planering och bristen på modersmålslärare i kommunerna. I undersökningen finns det två förskolor som har ett väl fungerande samarbete med modersmålslärare när det gäller planering, men det finns inte modersmålsstöd till alla språk. På de övriga förskolorna fanns det inget fungerande samarbete mellan förskollärare och modersmålslärare.  

  • 29.
    Issa, Issa
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Didaktisk fonetik i andraspråksinlärning: En litteraturstudie om uttal2016Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det svenska samhället blir allt mer mångkulturellt och i takt med den ökade invandringen förändras klassrummen i de svenska skolorna. När individer flyttar till Sverige och börjar i skolan blir de andraspråkselever samt en del av det svenska samhället och måste lära sig det svenska språket. I min litteraturstudie har jag intresserat mig för faktorer som har betydelse för uttalsundervisning för elever med svenska som andraspråk. Syftet med denna litteraturstudie är att identifiera faktorer som i forskningen lyfts fram som väsentliga gällande uttalsundervisning bland elever med svenska som andraspråk. Dessutom syftar studien till att sammanställa och presentera på vilka sätt uttalsundervisning kan användas i klassrummet för att möjliggöra andraspråkselevers utveckling i uttal och förståelse av svenskans fonologi. I litteraturstudien har nationella och internationella forskningstexter samlats för att kunna ge en helhetsbild av vilka faktorer som är av betydelse när elever lär  sig ett nytt språk. Resultatet av litteraturstudien visar att lärare bör undervisa andraspråkselever i fonetik, vilket är läran om uttal och de minsta betydelseskiljande enheterna fonem och därefter arbeta med artikulation. Fonetik-utbildning leder till fonemisk medvetenhet och kan spela en viktig roll i undervisningen om uttal för att elever ska kunna komma vidare till ord- och frasnivå. Målet med den svenska uttalsundervisningen är att eleverna ska undvika att överföra strukturer från modersmålet och istället utveckla ett brytningsfritt uttal och lära sig svenska språkets prosodi.

  • 30.
    Johansson, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Thou Shalt Not Split...?: A Corpus-Based Study on Split Infinitives in American English2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay aims to shed light on the prevalence of the to + adverb + verb and to not + verb split infinitives in American English, both in a historical perspective and in present day usage, and how it varies in different contexts where different levels of formality are expected. Although students are taught to avoid splitting constructions, numerous grammarians and linguists question this prescriptive viewpoint. Two extensive corpora, the Corpus of Historical American English (COHA) and the Corpus of Contemporary American English (COCA), were used to gather data. The results revealed how the frequency of the split infinitive was, and still is, rising rapidly, and becoming more and more a standard and accepted feature in American English. The most common context in which to find a split infinitive was that of informal spoken language. However, it was in the most formal of settings, that of academic texts, where the largest increase in prevalence of the split infinitive was seen.

  • 31.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    Biolinguistics or Physicolinguistics? Is The Third Factor Helpful Or Harmful In Explaining Language?2013In: Biolinguistics, ISSN 1450-3417, Vol. 7, 249-275 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Noam Chomsky (2005) proposed that a ‘third factor’, consisting of general principles and natural laws, may explain core properties of language in a principled manner, minimizing the need for either genetic endowment or experience. But the focus on third-factor patterns in much recent bio-linguistic work is misguided for several reasons: First, ‘the’ third factor is a vague and disparate collection of unrelated components, useless as an analytical tool. Second, the vagueness of the third factor, together with the desire for principled explanations, too often leads to sweeping claims, such as syntax “coming for free, directly from physics”, that are unwarranted without a case-by-case causal analysis. Third, attention is diverted away from a proper causal analysis of language as a biological feature. The point with biolinguistics is to acknowledge the language faculty as a biological feature. The best way forward towards an understanding of language is to take the biology connection seriously, instead of dabbling with physics.

  • 32.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    Constraining the time when language evolved2011In: Linguistic and Philosophical Investigations, ISSN 1841-2394, Vol. 10, 45-59 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The precise timing of the emergence of language in human prehistory cannot be resolved. But the available evidence is sufficient to constrain it to some degree. This is a review and synthesis of the available evidence, leading to the conclusion that the time when speech in some form became important for our ancestors can be constrained to be not less than 400,000 years ago, thus excluding several popular theories involving a late transition to speech.

  • 33.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Evolutionary constraints on language and speech2009Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 34.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    How can a social theory of language evolution be grounded in evidence?2011Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    How can a social theory of language evolution be grounded in evidence?2014In: The Social Origins of Language / [ed] Daniel Dor, Chris Knight, Jeremy Lewis, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014, 56-65 p.Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    How language did not evolve2011Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 37.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    I-language is not what evolved biologically, and E-language is not what evolved culturally.2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 38.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    Neanderthals between Man and Beast: A Comment on the Comments of Barceló-Coblijn & Benítez-Burraco (2013)2013In: Biolinguistics, ISSN 1450-3417, Vol. 7, 217-227 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 39.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Origins of language: Constraints on hypotheses2005Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Sverker Johansson has written an unusual book on language origins, with its emphasis on empirical evidence rather than theory-building. This is a book for the student or researcher who prefers solid data and well-supported conclusions, over speculative scenarios. Much that has been written on the origins of language is characterized by hypothesizing largely unconstrained by evidence. But empirical data do exist, and the purpose of this book is to integrate and review the available evidence from all relevant disciplines, not only linguistics but also, e.g., neurology, primatology, paleoanthropology, and evolutionary biology. The evidence is then used to constrain the multitude of scenarios for language origins, demonstrating that many popular hypotheses are untenable. Among the issues covered: (1) Human evolutionary history, (2) Anatomical prerequisites for language, (3) Animal communication and ape "language", (4) Mind and language, (5) The role of gesture, (6) Innateness, (7) Selective advantage of language, (8) Proto-language.

  • 40.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Seeking compositionality in holistic proto-language without substructure – do counterexamples overwhelm the fractionation process?2008In: The Evolution of Language: Proceedings of the 7th International Conference on the Evolution of Language / [ed] Smith & Smith & Ferrer i Cancho, Singapore: World Scientific Publishing , 2008, 171-178 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In holistic theories of protolanguage, a vital step is the fractionation process where holistic utterances are broken down into segments, and segments associated with semantic components. One problem for this process may be the occurrence of counterexamples to any segment-meaning connection. The actual abundance of such counterexamples is a contentious issue \cite{smith06,taller07}. Here I present calculations of the prevalence of counterexamples in model languages.  It is found that counterexamples are indeed abundant, much more numerous than positive examples for any plausible holistic language.

  • 41.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    The case for Neanderthal language. How strong is it?2012In: The evolution of language : proceedings of the 9th international conference (EVOLANG9), Kyoto, Japan, 13 - 16 March 2012 / [ed] Thomas C Scott-Phillips, Mónica Tamariz, Erica A Cartmill & James R Hurford, Hackensack, N.J.: World Scientific, 2012, 173-180 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Did Neanderthals have language? This issue has been debated back and forth for decades,without resolution. But in recent years new evidence has become available. New fossils andarchaeological finds cast light on relevant Neanderthal anatomy and behaviour. New DNA evidence,both fossil and modern, provides clues both to the relationship between Neanderthals andHomo sapiens, and to the genetics of language. In this paper, I review and evaluate the availableevidence. My conclusion is that the preponderance of the evidence supports the presenceof some form of language in Neanderthals.

  • 42.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    The Talking Neanderthals: What do Fossils, Genetics and Archeology Say?2013In: Biolinguistics, ISSN 1450-3417, Vol. 7, 035-074 p.Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Did Neanderthals have language? This issue has been debated back and forth for decades, without resolution. But in recent years new evidence has become available. New fossils and archeological finds cast light on relevant Neanderthal anatomy and behavior. New DNA evidence, both fossil and modern, provides clues both to the relationship between Neanderthals and Homo sapiens, and to the genetics of language. In this paper, I review and evaluate the available evidence. My conclusion is that the preponderance of the evidence supports the presence of some form of language in Neanderthals.

  • 43.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    The Third Factor does not come for free2012Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 44.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics.
    What, if anything, can Chomsky's Third Factor contribute to the understanding of language?2013Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 45.
    Karlsson, Beatrice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Henrysson, Sylvia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Other School Based Research.
    Spelar modersmålsundervisningen någon roll?: Andraspråkselevers förutsättningar för språkutveckling2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Antalet andraspråkselever i skolan ökar och dessa elever utgör nu en stor del av det heterogena klassrummet. Det är därför viktigt att lärare vet hur undervisningen av dessa elever på ett effektivt sätt ska utformas. Syftet med litteraturstudien är att undersöka, sammanställa och presentera vad forskning säger om förutsättningarna för andraspråkselevers språkutveckling i skolan. Med detta syfte som utgångspunkt formulerades följande forskningsfråga:

    ● Vilka möjligheter och hinder lyfter forskning fram för språkutveckling i skolan för andraspråkselever?

    Materialet som ingår i studiens urval består av både internationell och nationell forskning i form av vetenskapliga artiklar, avhandlingar, forskningsrapporter, konferensbidrag och en bok. Ur resultaten framgår att tillgång till modersmålet är den faktor som har störst betydelse för inlärningen av ett andraspråk. Resultaten visar också att lärarens förhållningssätt, kompetens och stöd är viktigt för andraspråkselevers språkliga framgång. Slutligen har tidigare kunskap och erfarenhet samt undervisningsspråket betydelse i andraspråkselevers lärprocess.

  • 46.
    Karlsson, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Den offentliga dagboken: Vilka uttrycksmedel använder sig gymnasieungdomar av på dagboksbloggar?2008Student paper other, 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

     

    Internet has since the beginning widened the form of communication. In recent times one of the most popular form is via blogs.

    To express yourself has become more than words. The blogs give you the ability to add pictures, videos, colors and more. You are also able to use typological medium like italic and bold types. All these elements contribute to how the text is read and interpreted.

    From 14 different diary blogs written by high school students and 289 posts in total my thesis intend to study which method of fabrications these blogs use.

    The question formulations I have based my thesis on are:

    ·         How do high school students use different ways of expressions to esthetical and creatively create posts at the so called diary blogs?

    -          How does headlining, pictures, film, colour and different typological medium being used to create communication and different expression on the posts?

    ·         How does the diary blog relate to the traditional diary regarding the formation and forms of communication?

    Through a structuralistic analysis method based on Jurij Lotman’s analysis I’ve approached the posts on different levels, where I examine details in the text but also the structure. I’ve found that the diary blog and the diary separate from each other on several plans, foremost the way of communication which is overt in a diary blog. Linguistically the diary blog distinguish itself from diaries by the way to be able to emphasize words or a sentence with italic and bold types. Smileys and different kinds of emotional forms of expressions are used by the blogger to avoid misconceptions.

    The thesis has proven that a widening way of looking at linguistic and communications are necessary due to the new medium that comes with the IT.

     

  • 47. Kyriacou, Andreas
    et al.
    Johansson, Sverker
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Contributions  of aphasiology to language evolution research2010In: The Evolution of Language: Proceedings of the 8th International Conference on the Evolution of Language / [ed] Smith & Schouwstra & Smith & De Boer, 2010, 433-434 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 48. Mohan, S.
    et al.
    Bagga-Gupta, Sangeeta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Communication, Culture & Diversity @ JU (CCD@JU).
    Boundaries in the areas of ”Languages” and “Disabilities” in the nation-state of India. A case study of the period 1881-20162017Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 49. Regmi, B. N.
    et al.
    Allwood, Jens
    Department of Linguistics, Gothenburg University, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Own communication management in Nepali2013Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper studies multimodality in Own Communication Management (OCM) focusing on how linguistic communication involves gestures in order to manage communication. OCM is a basic function in face-to-face communication and concerns how a speaker, on the basis of feedback needs to be able to plan his or her contributions and to modify earlier content or expressions. Thus OCM has two major functions namely ’choice’ and ’change’ both of which are realized with OCM related expressions and operations. This paper reports on studies of the expressions, and operations in both of the OCM functions and their distribution patterns. It also reports on interaction between OCM expressions, and between OCM operation and other communicative functions (Interactive Communication Management (ICM) and main message (MM)). Some of the main findings from the study are that about 66% of all OCM expressions involve gestures, and that the distribution of choice and change function of OCM is about 90% to 10%. The OCM expressions have multiple functions and interact with other communicative functions including ICM and the main message resulting in a complex system. ©2013 IEEE.

  • 50.
    Sjöström, Jonas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Goldkuhl, Göran
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    The semiotics of user interfaces: A socio-pragmatic perspective2004In: Virtual, Distributed and Flexible Organisations: Studies in Organisational Semiotics, Netherlands: Springer , 2004, 217-236 p.Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Within the IS research field, there are many views on how to understand the use of IT systems. Within the community of organisational semiotics, Stamper’s semiotic framework has been used as a tool to understand information systems at different abstraction levels. Another theory related to organisational semiotics, Information Systems Actability Theory (ISAT), argues that social action theories and speech act theory are needed for a thorough understanding of the use of IT systems in organisations. The use of IT systems is considered to be performance of action within a social context. The purpose of this paper is to elaborate on user interfaces of information systems as a means to understand socio-pragmatic and communicative aspects of IS use. The theoretical foundation is based on semiotic and socio-pragmatic theories, and findings from a case study are presented and discussed in order to clarify the argumentation.

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