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  • 1.
    Abdalla, Jack
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Al-Najem, Tony
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Implementering av det biofila fenomen i utformningen av skolbyggnader2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Today, humanity is trying to develop in all areas of life, so that we can reach a cleaner, more modern, and more sustainable world. This study highlights the importance of architecture to improve areas of life. This report talks about a type of architectural design. It is called biophilic design which means to combine nature with buildings. This study is about biophilic design in school buildings.

    Method: To perform the survey, three different methods were chosen. The first method was a questionnaire sent to college students and high school students, the second method was interviews conducted with knowledgeable architects who have extensive experience in the subject of biophilic design and the last method was literature studies.

    Results: All data collected from the questionnaire, the interviews and literature studies are summarized as follows:Most college students and high school students think that when you are closer to nature it makes you feel better and that it would help improve the teaching process. Architects who were interviewed thought that biophilic design in school buildings has both advantages and disadvantages, but in general they support the idea of using and spreading the idea more in Sweden.

    Analysis: The analyzed data have shown that it is possible to implement biophilic design on the inside and outside of a school building in unusual ways. But many problems will arise, and one must have the will to continue to maintain these materials. It turned out that having these natural elements in school will contribute to a positive effect on the learning environment and the students themselves. For example, as a more creative, calm, and de-stressing environment. Having a green roof seems like an innovative idea but it requires a lot of maintenance.

    Discussion: This study focuses on how to implement biophilic design in a school building and what impact it has on the learning environment. The study addressed what is required to integrate the qualities of nature in the right way to maximize its effects. Studying biophilic design, nature and how it affects people and architecture and its impact on people has helped to lead to a clear result.

  • 2. Abrahamsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Mansour, Mariebelle
    Flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling i förskolan: En kvalitativ studie om hur förskollärare främjar flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte är att bidra med kunskap om hur förskollärare stimulerar språkutvecklingen hos flerspråkiga barn. Studien har haft ett fokus på hur förskollärare beskriver arbetet kring språkutvecklingen hos flerspråkiga barn i förskolan. Studiens frågeställningar är: Vilka metoder beskriver förskollärare att de använder för att stötta flerspråkiga barn i sin språkutveckling? Hur beskriver förskollärare sina möjligheter att stötta flerspråkiga barns språkutveckling? Det sociokulturella perspektivet som grundas i Vygotskijs teorier om hur barnet utvecklas, lär sig genom språk och tar till sig olika kulturer har förankrats i denna studie. Studien har utgått från en kvalitativ metod och semistrukturerade intervjuer valdes där sex yrkesverksamma förskollärare intervjuades för att besvara våra frågeställningar. Resultatet har påvisat att förskollärarna skapar olika strategier för flerspråkigheten att synas i förskolans verksamhet och stöttar barnen till att utveckla det svenska språket oberoende på barnens modersmål. Slutsatsen är att samarbetet med vårdnadshavarna och förskolorna har en betydelsefull roll i att utveckla barnens flerspråkighet, däremot upplever förskollärarna en viss utmaning i hur de ska främja flerspråkighet.

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  • 3.
    Abyan, Abyan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Kontroversiella frågor i undervisningen: En litteraturstudie om undervisningsstrategier i undervisningen om kontroversiella frågor i klassrummet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is based on a qualitative content analysis that problematizes views on controversial issues in teaching. The purpose of this study is to analyze the pedagogical strategies proposed by research in the teaching of controversial issues. The qualitative method gives me the opportunity to describe and examine the content of the text. This study is based on eight scientific articles and the information on these articles are not meant to be generalize controversial issues in teaching, since the articles do not represent all researchers' opinions on which strategies are most suitable in a classroom. This study problematizes the articles in relation to terms of prejudice, multiculturalism and diversity. These terms will help to explain why controversial issues occur and why it is important to have an open and inclusive environment in the classroom. The result shows that some teachers, in the research in question, discuss controversial issues from an ethnocentric perspective and conflicts are explained by ethnic diversity. The result also shows that some teachers embrace different strategies to meet the controversial questions that occurs in the classroom. One strategy that the articles highlight is the teacher’s willingness to raise different perspectives for nuancing the image of Islam and Judaism. Another strategy that the articles highlight is to tone down the conflict perspective by highlighting similarities between the Abrahamic religions. Furthermore, the results show that there is a controversial perception among the students in the research that Muslims are portrayed as terrorists, religious fanatics in the media. For this reason, students need to be taught controversial issues to balance the one-sided picture of religions that the media provides, where the teachers uphold an intersectional perspective in their teaching.

  • 4.
    Abyan, Mona
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Faktatexter som redskap för läsutveckling: En studie om hur lärare i årskurs 3 och 4 arbetar med faktatexter för att utveckla sina elevers läsförståelse2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    International studies have shown that students perform equally well in both fiction and factual reading. Although the studies show this result pupils, when they start grade 4, have difficulties in reading fact-based texts. For this reason, the present study is about how teachers work with expository texts as tools for developing reading comprehension. The study is limited to teachers in grades 3 and 4. The study's research questions are as follows:

    • How do the teachers select expository texts for teaching?
    • What opportunities and difficulties do the teachers experience in using expository texts?
    • How do the teachers support their student’s development towards a bigger reading comprehension, with the help of expository texts?

    To obtain the results of the study, a survey and an interview study were conducted. The result shows that teachers mainly choose teaching material when choosing expository texts. The result shows that the two most common difficulties with expository texts for students are to understand topic-specific words and the content of expository texts. Teachers support their students' reading development in different ways. A large proportion use reading comprehension strategies in connection with reading expository texts, especially in grade 4. However, expository texts are primarily seen as a tool for learning content.

  • 5.
    Acs, Zoltán J.
    et al.
    George Mason University, Arlington, VA, United States.
    Lappi, Emma
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics. Swedish Entrepreneurship Forum, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Entrepreneurship, culture, and the epigenetic revolution: a research note2021In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 56, no 4, p. 1287-1307Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    We show how the type of alcohol consumed is related to the type of entrepreneurship present for economies in Europe. We differentiate between beer-, wine-, and spirit-drinking countries and distinguish between productive, unproductive, and destructive entrepreneurship. The underlying links do not emerge from drinking per se but rather the drinking habits and taste for beverage types capture deep cultural features and cultural similarities amongst the countries. Societies that prefer to drink beer are closer to each other culturally than those which prefer drinking wine or spirits. Therefore, the taste for alcohol type is merely an instrument in explaining cultural and institutional differences across entrepreneurship. Broadly speaking, beer-drinking countries are characterized by higher shares of productive entrepreneurship, wine-drinking countries with unproductive entrepreneurship, and spirit-drinking countries with destructive entrepreneurship. We discuss mechanisms in which the results are found and highlight a new research agenda, emphasizing the potential role of epigenetics. 

  • 6. Adolfsson, Evelina
    Min broder har blivit en kristus för mig: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av teologin kring uppenbarelsen och kyrkan i Dietrich Bonhoeffers bok Liv i gemenskap2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    In this essay I focus my study on Bonhoeffer’s book Life Together, published in 1939; the book contains Bonhoeffer’s thoughts of the church. The objective is to explore how the concept of revelation relate to Bonhoeffer’s theology of church. The Dutch theologian Michael P. DeJonge has studied Bonhoeffer’s theology of revelation. He argues that Bonhoeffer’s thoughts on the matter differentiates from the influential and contemporary thoughts of Karl Barth. Bonhoeffer speaks of revelation in terms of “a person”, specifically Jesus Christ. Bonhoeffer’s intepretation of how the human and the divine come together in the person of Chirst is the foundation of his idea of revelation. DeJonge’s conclusions are of great importance to my analysis. I have used his compilation as a lens in my study, thus making the theology of revelation made visible in Life Together. In my study I come to the conclusion that Bonhoeffer’s theology of “a person” is very much present in Life Together. Bonhoeffer’s understanding of human and divine in Jesus Christ is what makes the church possible. Bonhoeffer considers this union to be what gives the church authority to act as the remaining body of Christ on earth. My conclusions also indicate that Bonhoeffer speaks of the church members as revelation. Revelation comes in the shape of the Church; the Christians together constitutes the body of Christ. This is expressed by Bonhoeffer as if other Christians has become “Christ to me”. At the same time, it is clear that Bonhoeffer wants to separate the church from all other kinds of communities. To Bonhoeffer, the Church must be seen as nothing but the body of Christ. 

  • 7.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    ICF-CY lupp på vardagssituationer2009In: Kvalitetsdagar för Svensk Barn- och ungdomshabilitering: Växjö, maj 2009, 2009Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 8.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Identification of ICF-CY categories for participation focused code sets for pre-schoolers: A Delphi process2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    WHO:s Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in Child- and Youth Habilitation2007In: Good practice in rehabilitation of children and young - in practise 2007-2011: Helsingfors, November 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 10.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, M
    ICF-CY based forms for use in problem-solving for children with disabilities2007In: The 10 years anniversary research conference of Nordic Network on Disability Research (NNDR, Göteborg, Sweden, 10-12th May, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 11.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, M
    ICF-CY based forms for use in problem-solving for children with disabilities2007In: 7th International Scientific Conference Research in Education an Rehabilitation Sciences: Zagreb, June 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 12.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Is ICF a valid tool for structuring health information?2007In: 5th Scandinavian Conference on Health Informatics and 11th Swedish National Term Conference: Kalmar, October 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 13.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Ibragimova, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Pless, Mia
    Uppsala universitet.
    Om ICF/ICF-CY i egna rutiner och daglig samverkan: Workshop2008In: Att använda ICF-CY: Västerås sept, 2008, 2008Conference paper (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 14.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, M
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Ibragimova, N
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    WHO:s Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in Child- and Youth Habilitation2007In: Presentation at The 5th conference on International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Oslo, June 2007, 2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Ibragimova, Nina
    Mälardalens högskola.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Införande av ICF-CY i habiliteringsverksamhet2008In: Att använda ICF-CY: Västerås,  sept 2008, 2008Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 16.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala universitet.
    Malmqvist, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Everyday Life Situations for Child Participation2011In: / [ed] Michael Guralnick, 2011Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Child Participation is defined by the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health forChildren and Youth (ICF-CY) as involvement in life situations but knowledge on children´s specific everydaylife situations (EDLs) is lacking. Professionals in early intervention services need a structured tool to identifyand assess child participation in everyday life situations. It should support children with disabilities indescribing what matters most for them in intervention planning. With the long term goal to create ICF-CY codesets, EDLs were identified by a systematic literature search for measures of performance or participation andby collecting professional opinions on EDL and participation. Information was linked to the ICF-CY andtriangulated with research exploring family opinions. Most items in measures were linked to moving around,play, and recreation and leisure. The six measures of performance and six of participation differed regardingcontent and content dependent on age group.Descriptions on EDLs from 297 professionals were linked to ICF-CY codes. Frequent linkages were Self-care,such as eating and hygiene; Major life areas, such as play and education; and Relationships, but also sleep. Byrelating EDLs directly to predefined ICF-CY categories in the ICF-CY component Activities and Participation,five EDLs across categories were identified based on responses from 207 professionals. These concernedsleep, communication, dressing, family relationships and play. Some differences emerged dependent onparticipants’ culture and on age group. A triangulation between professional and family opinions concerningEDL’s revealed relatively high agreement. As a final result, a set of approximately 12-15 everyday lifesituations is expected to be identified in this study to be used for development of code sets.

  • 17.
    Adolfsson, Olivia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sustainable livelihood for farmers: A study presenting both challenges and opportunities for local small-scale farmers in Alluriquin, Ecuador2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary sector is of high importance to the economy and wellbeing of many countries. This is especially true for Ecuador, where 51 percent of the population living in rural areas earn their living through agriculture, livestock and fishing activities. Unfortunately, inequality has been growing between the rural and urban population, most noticeably in rural small-scale farmers that have less social capital and access to resources. Therefore, this study focuses on small-scale farmers, in a small town called Alluriquin, and how their way of farming can contribute to sustainable livelihoods. The empirical data has been collected through semi-structured interviews, where eleven different individuals have been interviewed. Previous research together with the theory of Amartya Sen will serve as the framework for this study.

    In Alluriquin, the results show that crops such as sugarcane, yucca, cacao, plantain and bananas as well as the big interest in both cattle raising and dairy farming, helps the locals to maintain a sustainable livelihood. It can be learned from the results of this study and previous research that farmers are facing a lot of different challenges on a daily basis, and even though they had different methods of dealing with these issues, the challenges seem to be manageable. The outcome of this study shows how these eleven individuals are able to maintain a sustainable livelihood, and how this way of farming is influenced by both internal and external factors that might be harmful if they are not considered. This way of life does provide the local community with a blueprint to follow so that they can guarantee their immediate wellbeing and prepare themselves and their families for any unforeseen circumstances, achieving sustainable livelihoods inside rural communities.

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  • 18.
    Agebjörn, Anders
    et al.
    Malmö universitet, Institutionen för kultur, språk och medier (KSM).
    Bokander, Lars
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Communication, Culture and Diversity (CCD).
    Exploring the relationship between educational background, vocabulary learning strategy use, and vocabulary knowledge in immigrants learning L2 Swedish2023In: EUROSLA 32: Book of abstract, University of Birmingham , 2023, p. 42-43Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Research in SLA has traditionally involved mainly well-educated language learners. Therefore, scholars have recently pointed out the need to investigate more diverse populations of L2 learners (Andringa & Godfroid 2019). The present project responds to this call by examining the role of educational background in vocabulary-learning-strategy use and vocabulary knowledge in immigrants studying L2 Swedish. Research on individual differences in SLA suggests that strategy use may affect learning outcomes and that strategies might also be successfully instructed (Griffiths, 2022). Hence one can speculate that well-educated learners have generally more efficient strategies, giving them an advantage compared to less educated learners. However, findings are inconclusive with regard to the relationship between educational background and strategic behavior (LaBontee 2019). The present study addresses this knowledge gap.

    In this ongoing project, a questionnaire was distributed to 42 adult immigrants studying L2 Swedish at the A2 level. The group was heterogeneous with regard to age (Mdn = 35; IQR = 2545), length of residence in Sweden (Mdn = 4; IQR = 2–5), years of education (Mdn = 10; IQR = 9–14), and language background; the most represented L1s among the participants were Arabic, Kurdish and Farsi. Vocabulary knowledge was measured with a modified version of Bokander’s (2016) SweLT test, with items selected to match the participants’ level of L2 Swedish. Use of vocabulary-learning strategies was examined with a modified version of Labontee’s (2019) SVLSS 2.0 test. Together, these data enable us to explore interactions between educational background, vocabulary knowledge, and strategy use, while controlling for participants’ age, time of residence, and language background.

    Data collected so far indicate that learners with a shorter education generally use fewer vocabulary-learning strategies, compared to learners with longer education. Importantly, learners with shorter education also appear to prefer basic strategies, like writing and rehearsing wordlists, and this preference is negatively correlated with vocabulary knowledge. In contrast, learners with longer education prefer contextual strategies, like guessing the meaning of new words, and this preference is positively correlated with vocabulary knowledge. In other words, while lesseducated learners appear to focus on rehearsing words, more well-educated learners strive to learn new words in an autonomous way, which may enable them to acquire a larger vocabulary. These results suggest that research on vocabulary-learning-strategy use in well-educated L2 learners cannot be directly generalised to other populations. In addition, the findings may be helpful for L2 teachers aiming at individualising their strategy-use instruction. 

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  • 19. Ahlgren, Jennie
    et al.
    Görman, Ulf
    Mathers, John C
    Grimaldi, Keith A
    Nordström, Karin
    Do we know enough?: A scientific and ethical analysis of the basis for genetic-based personalized nutrition2013In: Genes & Nutrition, ISSN 1555-8932, E-ISSN 1865-3499, no 8, p. 373-381Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Ahlgren, Jennie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Görman, Ulf
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Nordström, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Ethical considerations in relation to personalised nutrition: An overview of Work Package 5, with respect to ethics2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The objectives of Food4Me work package 5 included a baseline assessment of the ethical and legal aspects of personalised nutrition at the start of the project in 2011, as well as a final assessment at the end of the project (2015), taking into account results achieved in other work packages. The initial assessment made a number of ethical issues visible, most of them relating to the consumer of personalised nutrition service. The results depicted in this publication indicate that many of the questions raised in relation to these issues remain unsolved, and in some cases they seem to be neglected in relation to the services offered by internet companies.

  • 21. Ahlgren, Jennie
    et al.
    Görman, Ulf
    Nordström, Karin
    Nordgren, Anders
    Perrudin, Maud
    Ronteltap, Amber
    Savigny, Jean
    van Trijp, Hans
    Consumers on the Internet: ethical and legal aspects of commercialization of personalized nutrition2012In: Genes & Nutrition, ISSN 1555-8932, E-ISSN 1865-3499, no 4, p. 349-355Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 22. Ahlgren, Jennie
    et al.
    Görman, Ulf
    Savigny, Jean
    Nordström, Karin
    Perrudin, Maud
    Nordgren, Anders
    van Trijp, Hans
    Ronteltap, Amber
    Consumers on the Internet: Ethical and legal aspects of commercialization of personalized nutrition2013In: Genes & Nutrition, ISSN 1555-8932, E-ISSN 1865-3499Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 23. Ahlgren, Jennie
    et al.
    Görman, Ulf
    Önning, Gunilla
    Ska generna styra vad vi äter?2008In: Miljöforskning: Formas tidning för ett uthålligt samhälle, no 3Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 24. Ahlgren, Jennie
    et al.
    Görman, Ulf
    Önning, Gunilla
    Ska generna styra vad vi äter?2005In: Miljöforskning, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 25.
    Ahlgren, Jennie
    et al.
    Ethics Unit, Centre for Theology and Religious Studies, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Nordgren, Anders
    Centre for Applied Ethics, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Perrudin, Maud
    Keller and Heckman LLP, Brussels, Belgium.
    Ronteltap, Amber
    LEI, Wageningen University and Research Centre, Wageningen, The Netherlands.
    Savigny, Jean
    Keller and Heckman LLP, Brussels, Belgium.
    van Trijp, Hans
    Marketing and Consumer Behaviour, Group Wageningen University and Research .
    Nordström, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Görman, Ulf
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Consumers on the Internet: ethical and legal aspects of commercialization of personalized nutrition2013In: Genes & Nutrition, ISSN 1555-8932, E-ISSN 1865-3499, Vol. 8, no 4, p. 349-355Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Consumers often have a positive attitude to the option of receiving personalized nutrition advice based upon genetic testing, since the prospect of enhancing or maintaining one’s health can be perceived as empowering. Current direct-to-consumer services over the Internet, however, suffer from a questionable level of truthfulness and consumer protection, in addition to an imbalance between far-reaching promises and contrasting disclaimers. Psychological and behavioral studies indicate that consumer acceptance of a new technology is primarily explained by the end user’s rational and emotional interpretation as well as moral beliefs. Results from such studies indicate that personalized nutrition must create true value for the consumer. Also, the freedom to choose is crucial for consumer acceptance. From an ethical point of view, consumer protection is crucial, and caution must be exercised when putting nutrigenomic-based tests and advice services on the market. Current Internet offerings appear to reveal a need to further guaranty legal certainty by ensuring privacy, consumer protection and safety. Personalized nutrition services are on the borderline between nutrition and medicine. Current regulation of this area is incomplete and undergoing development. This situation entails the necessity for carefully assessing and developing existing rules that safeguard fundamental rights and data protection while taking into account the sensitivity of data, the risks posed by each step in their processing, and sufficient guarantees for consumers against potential misuse.

  • 26.
    Ahlkvist, Fanny
    Jönköping University.
    Traditionellt eller digitalt?: En kvalitativ studie om för- och nackdelar med traditionell skrivinlärning och ASL2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the study is to investigate how teachers describe opportunities and barriers with traditional writing acquisition through WTR. The goal is to provide knowledge about how the methods can be used in teaching. Four research questions were asked based on the aim:

    • How do teachers describe that they work with traditional writing acquisition?
    • How do teachers describe that they work with WTR?
    • What are the advantages of the methodes according to teachers?
    • What are the disadvantages of the methodes according to teachers?

    The study is based on the socio-cultural perspective. A qualitative method has been used to collect data through semi-structured interviews. The respondents were of five teachers who work in primary schools. The collected material was analyzed with the help of a thematic analysis method in which the collected material was color-coded according to how it respondse to the questions of the study. The findings shows how teachers work with traditional writing and digital writing in school, as well as what there are for opportunities and barriers there are in connection with the two methodes.

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    Traditionellt eller digitalt?
  • 27. Ahlkvist, Fanny
    et al.
    Larsson, Sophia
    "Din tid kommer": En litteraturstudie om multimodala verktyg i elevers skrivinlärning2018Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 28.
    Ahlnér, Matilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media.
    "Vi tar in hela världen i klassrummet": En studie om hur lärare beskriver att de arbetar för att ta vara på flerspråkiga elevers språkliga och kulturella erfarenheter i undervisningen2017Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    According to the Swedish curriculum the teaching in school must proceed from the pupils’ earlier experiences, language and knowledge (Skolverket, 2016b). The aim with this study is to examine how teachers in grade 1-3 work to make use of multilingual pupils’ linguistic and cultural experiences in a classroom where several languages and cultures are represented. In fulfilling the aim of this study, following questions where given: How do teachers describe that they are working to give the pupils’ linguistic and cultural experiences space in their teaching and in the physical classroom environment?  Which approach is expressed about how much space the pupils’ linguistic and cultural experiences should be offered in the teaching?

    This study is a qualitative study where four teachers have been interviewed, classroom environments have been photographed and educational planning has been reviewed. The material has been analysed by an intercultural and post-structural perspective. The result shows that to gain knowledge about the pupils’ earlier experiences teachers must build relationships with the pupils, which often happens outside the classroom environment. Digital tools and mother tongue tutors are important in the work in making use of the pupils´ different languages in the classroom. The teachers in the study see multilingual and multiculturalism as a resource and they mean that several cultures and languages in a class enrich the teaching. Lastly the result shows that the teachers experience difficulties when it comes to making use of pupils’ earlier experiences in mathematics

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  • 29.
    Ahlrichs, Linus
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Bein a idiot is no box of chocolates": Funktionsnedsättning i litteratur och samhälle under 1900-talet i USA2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Can we create a historical timeline of disability by using works of fiction during the twentieth century?  Or rather, how do authors use society in their works of fiction, and to what extent, both positively and negatively, is this relevant to disability history? These are the fundamental questions of this essay, to examine three works of fiction in their portrayals of disabled characters, and the society they live in. The books chosen for this essay are: To Kill a Mockingbird, Forrest Gump and Of Mice and Men. The books are examined from both an internalist and externalist point of view. To determine how writers portray disabled characters, and how the treatment the disabled characters compare to the treatment of disabled people in the society the writers lived in. To better understand the subject in question, I chose to use Ervin Goffmans’ stigma theory. The earlier research I found mostly consisted of studies with another theoretical starting point, or about another form of art, mostly film. This essay concludes that the portrayal of disabled characters in the books mostly conformed to the society the writers lived in when writing the books. In other words: society had a large influence on the writers of the books. However, there were cases where the books distinctively separated from societal norms. In all these cases, the disabled characters were shown in a better light than society would allow at the time. The reason for this is difficult to pinpoint, however I discuss that it might be because the writers’ thoughts might be ahead of their time. The twentieth century regarding disability rights were in constant change, and the writers could have been influenced by the disability rights movement. 

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  • 30. Ahlskog, Christian
    En evig svensk idol [recension av Anders Dybelius doktorsavhandling Ett hållbart minne? Historiebruk kring Georg Carl von Döbeln 1848-2009]2013Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 31.
    Ahlstedt, Angela
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Eriksson, Julia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Dialogisk högläsning ur ett flerspråkigt perspektiv: –Dialogisk högläsning som språkutvecklande arbetssätt med flerspråkiga elever i årskurs F – 32023Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    fulltext
  • 32.
    Ahltoft, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design, JTH, Industrial design.
    Development of a toaster for use on induction stoves2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This report covers the development process of an induction powered toaster for the company C3. This included its interior function as well as its exterior design. The project resulted in a functional prototype of an induction powered toaster bearing a design language that fits into C3s existing product catalogue.

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  • 33. Ahmeti, Marigona
    Hur tidigare forskning har beskrivit den transatlantiska slavhandeln från 1940-tal fram till 2000-tal2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    fulltext
  • 34.
    Ahnberg, Nikolina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Teaching and Learning Language, Literature and Media.
    Engelskundervisning genom skönlitterära texter i åk 4–6: Skönlitterära texters för- och nackdelar i engelskundervisningen i åk 4–62018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att granska vad samtida forskning säger om användningen av skönlitteratur i undervisning i engelska som främmande språk i mellanstadiet. Forskningsfrågorna fokuserar på för- och nackdelar med användningen av skönlitteratur, samt hur dessa förhåller sig till kunskapskraven i engelska i mellanstadiet. Bakgrunden berör olika begrepp viktiga för förståelse av detta ämne, skönlitteraturens betydelse allmänt och i skolans värld samt de delarna i styrdokumentet Lgr 11 som pekar på behov av ett komplext undervisningsmaterial i engelska som främmande språk. Resultatdelen lyfter fram olika forskningsresultat som rör användningen av skönlitteratur i de yngre och äldre årskurserna. Här berörs för- och nackdelar när det gäller inlärning av nya ord, grammatik samt utveckling av andra aspekter såsom empati, kritiskt tänkande och interkulturell kompetens. Det lyfts även fram olika aspekter av arbetet med skönlitteratur som till exempel att förberedelse, genomförande och uppföljning av lektioner kräver mer tid av en lärare, än undervisning som endast följer en kursbok. Granskningen är baserad på forskningsartiklar, samt böcker som behandlar temat skönlitteraturens betydelse allmänt samt skönlitteraturens betydelse för inlärning av främmande- och andraspråk. Eftersom denna granskning är inriktad mot grundskolans mellanstadium, och i avsaknad av ytterligare material som behandlar mellanstadieålder, har jag även använt mig av undersökningar som omfattar äldre elever. Genom en noga granskning av forskningsmaterialen återger studien en bild av skönlitterära texters för- och nackdelar för språkundervisning i engelska som främmande språk i mellanstadiet.

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  • 35.
    Ahnberg, Nikolina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Leder engelskundervisning till Trafalgar Square?: Undersökning av autentisk engelsk litteratur för årskurs 4-6 i skolbibliotek i Jönköpings kommun2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka tillgången till autentisk engelsk litteratur i skolbibliotek i Jönköpings kommun. Syftet är också att tolka litteraturens lämplighet för engelskundervisning i årskurs 4-6, samt tolka skolornas val vid inskaffandet av böckerna. Detta syfte uppfylls med hjälp av följande forskningsfrågor:

    1. Hur många exemplar av autentiska texter ämnade för årskurs 4-6 finns på biblioteket?

    2. Vilka teman behandlar de autentiska texterna?

    3. Vilka olika genrer är representerade?

    Teorin som denna studie utgår ifrån är autentiska engelska texters fördelar när de används för inlärning av engelska språket. Begreppet autentisk text i denna studie beskriver autentisk litteratur skriven av och för dem som har engelska språket som sitt modersmål. Metod som används i denna studie är hermeneutik. Utgångspunkten i hermeneutiken är att det som är skapat av människor bär ett budskap, och därför kan tolkas. Resultatet av denna studie visar en stor variation i utbudet av autentiska engelska böcker i skolbibliotek i Jönköpings kommun.

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  • 36.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Tepe, Yeliz Kındap
    Cumhuriyet University,Sivas, Turkey.
    Persson, Roland S.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Investigating Turkish university students’ attitudes towards refugees in a time of Civil War in neighboring Syria2021In: Current Psychology, ISSN 1046-1310, E-ISSN 1936-4733, Vol. 40, no 2, p. 553-562Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thousands of refugees have immigrated to Turkey because of the current Civil War in neighboring Syria. This is causing tensions between refugees and locals. These increasingly negative attitudes towards the incoming victims of conflict are of particular interest. The present study, therefore, aimed at determining the premises of the emergence of such negative attitudes. The research sample consisted of university students who all studied at various faculties at Cumhuriyet University in the Turkish province of Sivas. Data were collected by the Attitude Scale Towards Refugees, the Patriotism Attitude Scale, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, and the Cirhinlioğlu Religiosity Scale. Data were analyzed by Independent Sample t-tests as well as using Stepwise Regression Analyses. Results showed that the feeling of empathy correlated negatively with negative attitudes towards refugees, while blind patriotism, religiosity, and having nationalist/conservative orientations, correlated positively. Men were found to be more negative than women. The feeling of empathy was the most prominent factor in predicting the nature of attitudes towards refugees. Religious doctrine and distancing oneself from conservative and patriotic perspectives appeared to be effective in potentially preventing the development of negative attitudes. In conclusion, research results are discussed in the light of relevant literature.

  • 37.
    Akıner, İ.
    et al.
    Akdeniz Univ, Fac Architecture, Dept Architecture, TR-07058 Antalya, Turkey.
    Yitmen, Ibrahim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering and Lighting Science.
    Akıner, M. E.
    Akdeniz Univ, Vocat Sch Tech Sci, TR-07058 Antalya, Turkey.
    Akıner, N.
    Akdeniz Univ, Fac Commun, Dept Radio TV & Film, TR-07058 Antalya, Turkey.
    The memetic evolution of latin american architectural design culture2021In: Buildings, E-ISSN 2075-5309, Vol. 11, no 7, article id 288Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Architecture is an evolutionary field. Through time, it changes and adapts itself according to two things: the environment and the user, which are the touchstones of the concept of culture. Culture changes in long time intervals because of its cumulative structure, so its effects can be observed on a large scale. A nation displays itself with its culture and uses architecture as a tool to convey its cultural identity. This dual relationship between architecture and culture can be observed at various times and in various lands, most notably in Latin American designers. The geographical positions of Latin American nations and their political situations in the twentieth century leads to the occurrence of a recognizable cultural identity, and it influenced the architectural design language of that region. The nonlinear forms in architecture were once experienced commonly around Latin America, and this design expression shows itself in the designers’ other works through time and around the world. The cultural background of Latin American architecture investigated within this study, in terms of their design approach based upon the form and effect of Latin American culture on this architectural design language, is examined with the explanation of the concept of culture by two leading scholars: Geert Hofstede and Richard Dawkins. This paper nevertheless puts together architecture and semiology by considering key twentieth century philosophers and cultural theorist methodologies. Cultural theorist and analyst Roland Barthes was the first person to ask architects to examine the possibility of bringing semiology and architectural theory together. Following an overview of existing semiological conditions, this paper analyzed Roland Barthes and Umberto Eco’s hypothesis of the semiological language of architectural designs of Latin American designers by examining their cultural origin. The work’s findings express the historical conditions that enabled the contemporary architecture and culture study of Latin America between 1945 and 1975 to address the “Latin American model” of architectural modernism.

  • 38.
    Albayatti, Aje
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Historia som det medvetna och omedvetna: Elevers förmåga till historiskt tänkande2022Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, the teaching of history tends to focus on content, where historical learning is reflected in memorizing important dates, events, and concepts about the past. In recent decades, research has drawn attention to a new way of approaching historical learning through understanding causes and effects as well as making connections between different events and stories about the past. Such an approach to historical learning implies a developed capacity for historical thinking. To shed light on this, this survey aimed to investigate the interest students have in history, how they perceive the purpose of history and how they experience the content and implementation of history teaching in upper secondary school. This study is based on semi-structured focus group interviews with 12 students in upper secondary school. The focus group interviews were based on the didactic questions of what, how, and why to achieve developed and qualified answers. The outcomes of the interviews were further interpreted and analysed according to the six sub-components advocated in the Anglo-Saxon history teaching tradition to categorize students' historical thinking skills. The results revealed that students' interest in history has a major impact on how they perceive the purpose of history and how they experience the content and conduct of history teaching insecondary school. Findings also showed that using historical sources is completely excluded from students' responses. The present study forms a foundation for future studies interested in a more practical history teaching approach. Furthermore, it renders insights into the complexities of teaching history from a student perspective, while at the same time points to some opportunities for development towards the teaching practitioner in creating a good history educational plan.

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    History as conscious and unconscious – students' ability to historically thinking. 2022. Albayatti
  • 39.
    Albayatti, Aje
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Religious Education in a Multicultural Classroom.: Seven students' experiences of religious education in Sweden.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aimed to investigate how students in upper secondary school experience religious education in a secularizedand multicultural society. This study was conducted using a qualitative method in the form of semi-structured interviews with seven students in upper secondary school. The students that participated in thissurvey positioned themselves as atheists, Muslims, and Christians. The interviews were constructed with the aim of producing a result that reflects the students' experiences of religiouseducation in upper secondary school while considering the students' own experiences of religion. The students' experiences were analyzed and discussed in relation to the Swedish curriculum's description of the purpose of religious education and previous research on religious education in a multicultural and secularized Sweden. Thisresearch shows that there are varied perceptions of how religious education is perceived by studentsbased on their knowledge and experience of religion.Those students who identified themselves as religious, and whose environment consists of a majority with a cultural background other than Swedish, find that religious education tends to deal with aspects that differ from their knowledge and experience of religion. This study also shows that religious education in Sweden is experienced as dealing with religions and cultures on a general level. A common factor identified in the survey is that students findit important to learn about religion through increased discussion and integration whichcontributes to a deeper understandingof religion. This is perceived as a need forreligious education in a multicultural and secularizedsociety. The result presented in this study is also reflected in previous studies conducted in the discipline of religious didactics. This indicates that there are some challenges as well as some opportunities for development regarding religious educationin a multicultural and secularizedsociety. 

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  • 40.
    Albayatti, Aje
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Teachers’ use of cultural diversity in Swedish schools and its effect on students’ identity2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna undersökning behandlar gymnasielärares arbete med att möta den kulturella mångfalden som finns i den svenska skolan idag, samt hur de arbetar med elevers identitetsbildning i historieundervisningen. Lärarnas sätt att arbeta med elevers historiemedvetande är avgörande för hur de formar undervisningen till att skapa möjligheter för elever att bilda och utveckla sin identitet. I studien framställs detta i form av kvalitativa intervjuer med tre verksamma lärare. Studien syftar till att undersöka hur lärare undervisar i historia utifrån elevers olika identiteter, samt hur lärare nyttjar elevers bakgrund och berättelser i undervisningen. Uppsatsen bygger på tidigare forskning kring historiemedvetande, identitet och mångkultur. I undersökningen visas de utmaningar som lärarna ställs inför vad det gäller att tolka begreppet historiemedvetande och kunna tillämpa ett arbetssätt utifrån styrdokumenten. Detta förblir problematiskt eftersom begreppet anses som otydligt definierat i styrdokumenten. Undersökningen visar även att lärare utmanas med att möta den kulturella mångfalden som finns i det svenska samhället. Utifrån de intervjuade lärarnas beskrivningar kring sitt sätt att undervisa i historia visas en del faktorer som spelar roll i att skapa ett interkulturellt lärande och att motverka de utmaningar som dem ställs inför. Dessa faktorer kan uppfattas bero på elevernas saknade färdigheter från grundskolan och lärarnas begränsade undervisningstid, men även deras saknade färdigheter i att undervisa i ett mångkulturellt klassrum och medvetenhet kring sitt urval av ämnesstoff vars syfte är tydligt anpassat för elevers identitetsbildning. Dessa faktorer har en avgörande roll för att ett interkulturellt lärande ska tillämpas. Utifrån dessa orsaker resulterar lärarna att utmanas med att möta den kulturella mångfalden och där historieundervisningen förhåller sig till ett eurocentriskt perspektiv.

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    Albayatti, Aje (2020).
  • 41.
    Albinsson, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "Nu läser vi bara": En studie om lärares användning av litteratur och läsprojekt i grundskolans senare år2008Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med den här undersökningen är att ta reda på hur lärare använder sig av läsprojekt och litteratur i sin undervisning i grundskolans senare år. Frågeställningarna som är utgångspunkt för studien är:-Hur argumenterar lärare för användningen av litteratur i grundskolans senare år?-Vilka likheter eller skillnader mellan lärares användning av litteratur och läsprojekt finns i olika skolor?-Vilken effekt har läsprojekten, enligt lärarna, haft på eleverna?

    Undersökningen innefattar 3 stycken intervjuer gjorda med fyra lärare och en bibliotekarie på skolor i Jönköpings kommun. Lärarna har svarat på frågor rörande arbetsmetoder, målbeskrivning, litteraturval och effekter rörande de läsprojekt de arbetat med. Alla lärare arbetar på liknande sätt med litteraturen i sina läsprojekt och har mål som liknar varandra. Det som mest skiljer sig åt mellan lärarna är bakgrunden till att de startat läsprojekt. Det finns olika faktorer som påverkat lärarna till att starta projekten. En av lärarna hade startat sitt projekt på grund av att hennes elever hade dåligt självförtroende och dåliga resultat i svenskan. En annan för att hon tyckte det skulle vara kul att samarbeta med någon med ett litteraturintresse. En skola hade sedan en längre tid haft läsprojektet som ett stående moment i undervisningen. Studien visar att effekterna av läsprojekten var något lärarna inte reflekterat närmare över. En av lärarna hade dock sett en skillnad i elevernas beteende och självförtroende i klassrummet. Effekterna av ett läsprojekt är dock något som kan vara svårt att mäta.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 42.
    Albrecht, Matthew A.
    et al.
    School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Foster, Jonathan K.
    School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Joosten, Annette
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Tang, Julia
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Leung, Denise
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Ordqvist, Anna
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Visual search strategies during facial recognition in children with ASD2014In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ISSN 1750-9467, E-ISSN 1878-0237, Vol. 8, no 5, p. 559-569Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Facial recognition is a complex skill necessary for successful human interpersonal and social interactions. Given that the most prevalent disorder of social interaction is autism spectrum disorder (ASD), a number of studies have investigated and found impaired facial recognition abilities in people with ASD. Further, this impairment may be critically involved in mediating the deficits in interpersonal and social interactions in people with ASD. We sought to address the question of whether face processing is impaired in children with ASD in the current study. While there were a number of differences in visual search behaviours between the 19 children with ASD and the 15 controls, this did not manifest in deficits in facial recognition accuracy. In addition, there were notable differences with respect to eye fixation behaviours and recognition accuracy in this study compared to the findings in a previous similar study conducted in adults with ASD. These differences suggest a performance enhancing developmental trajectory in facial processing in controls that may not be present in individuals with ASD.

  • 43.
    Albrecht, Matthew A.
    et al.
    School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Stuart, Geoffrey W.
    Olga Tennison Autism Research Centre, School of Psychological Science, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Ordqvist, Anna
    Faculty of Health Sciences, Department of Medicine and Health Sciences (IMH), Rehabilitation Medicine, Linköping University and Pain and Rehabilitation Centre, UHL, County Council, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Leung, Denise
    Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Foster, Jonathan K.
    School of Psychology and Speech Pathology, Curtin Health Innovation Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Brief Report: Visual Acuity in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders2014In: Journal of autism and developmental disorders, ISSN 0162-3257, E-ISSN 1573-3432, Vol. 44, no 9, p. 2369-2374Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, there has been heightened interest in suggestions of enhanced visual acuity in autism spectrum disorders (ASD) which was sparked by evidence that was later accepted to be methodologically flawed. However, a recent study that claimed children with ASD have enhanced visual acuity (Brosnan et al. in J Autism Dev Disord 42:2491–2497, 2012) repeated a critical methodological flaw by using an inappropriate viewing distance for a computerised acuity test, placing the findings in doubt. We examined visual acuity in 31 children with ASD and 33 controls using the 2 m 2000 Series Revised Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study chart placed at twice the conventional distance to better evaluate possible enhanced acuity. Children with ASD did not demonstrate superior acuity. The current findings strengthen the argument that reports of enhanced acuity in ASD are due to methodological flaws and challenges the reported association between visual acuity and systemising type behaviours.

  • 44.
    Albunayah, Razan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    C Lindén, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Construction Engineering and Lighting Science.
    PERCEIVED BRIGHTNESS OF COLORED LIGHT: A study about the perceived brightness of near-monochromatic light in comparison to neutral white light2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Recently, there has been a notable rise in the use of colored lighting for both indoor andoutdoor spaces. This trend necessitates a clear understanding of the principles behindselecting lighting levels that are both ergonomic and energy efficient. The objective ofthis study was to establish guidelines for planning colored light. An experiment wasconducted where the perceived brightness of three different near-monochromatic lightswere compared to white light. The stimuli covered a narrow visual field. 33 personsaged 18-40Y participated. Through the measurement of the participants' perception ofthe amount of colored light required -to achieve the same level of brightness as withwhite light- the study was able to determine a percentage-based relationship betweencolored and white light. The result showed that there were clear differences in theperceived brightness of the different colored lights, in line with earlier research withsimilar conditions. This implicates that the results may be used as a foundation whenplanning colored light.

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  • 45.
    Alfredsson, Antonia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Herrens måltid: En komparativ litteraturstudie om nattvardsfirandet i Svenska kyrkan, Pingst och Jehovas vittnen2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to examine the eucharist in three denominations of Christianity, namely Svenska kyrkan, Pingst and Jehovah’s witnesses. These groups are examined individually, followed by a comparison of the different views of the eucharist. The information the examination is based on are different official documents provided by the named denominations’ theologians and elders for both members of the church as well as the public. The comparison is followed by a discussion about the relationship between the denominations’ view on eucharist and their ecclesiology, i.e. their view of the church. 

     

    The results show that the differences between them are much due to the sources they use to support their claims as well as their individual history. The similarities are found to be due to a general desire to unite all members of the congregation and to let everyone take part in a collective connection with Christ regardless of whether or not the partakers roles in the church. The discussion about the relationship between the three denominations’ relationships between eucharist and ecclesiology show that the eucharist is a somewhat good representation of the general denominations’ views. This conclusion aligns with the view of Scott W. Bullard’s research about the relationship between the eucharist and the church, where the result is that the eucharist is a foundation of the church’s construction and organization. 

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    Herrens måltid
  • 46.
    Alfredsson, Antonia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    The Impact of Preconceived Notions: A Literary Study of Moral Complexity in the Harry Potter Series2020Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay examines the use of the character Harry Potter as focalizer in the Harry Potter series. The objective is to see how Harry’s preconceived notions are caused by his inability to grasp moral complexity. The study is conducted by a close reading of the novels with the focus on the relationship between Harry and the character Severus Snape. The study is based on the theoretical foundation of narratology by Gérard Genette, as well as Wolfgang Iser’s explanation of the implied reader. Many instances of interaction between Harry and Snape in the book series are dependent on Harry’s viewpoint and his preconceived notions. Harry as the focalizer of the text affects the implied reader’s given view of Snape, while the real reader sees other parts of his personality due to the independence from the focalizer’s point-of-view. Snape’s moral complexity shows by the choices he makes is the cause of the misconceptions held by Harry and the implied reader. 

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  • 47.
    Alfredsson, Antonia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "What Variety Do You Think I Should Use?": Seven Swedish EFL Teachers' views on language varieties in the classroom2021Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this essay is to gain knowledge about attitudes towards the use of different varieties of English in the classroom from the perspective of seven English teachers in Swedish upper secondary school. The study was carried out through interviews with teachers from different upper secondary schools in Sweden. Qualitative interviews were used to gain information from the teachers. The results showed that the language varieties most of the teachers used were American English and British English, which had to do with what variety they were more exposed to. When asked about their students’ choices of language variety in the classroom, the teachers said that they used American English because of the frequent presence of the variety in films and television. The teachers worked with language varieties in the classroom by incorporating different varieties into the teaching using films, clips or listening comprehensions with speakers of, for example, Indian English or Australian English. Regarding the significance of working with language varieties in the classroom, the teachers said that it could develop knowledge and understanding of other people and that it could expand knowledge about the English-speaking world. In conclusion, the results showed that, even though American English and British English are the most commonly used English varieties in Swedish upper secondary schools, there are many ways teachers try to incorporate other language varieties to help students develop their English.  

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  • 48.
    Algurén, Beatrix
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Fridlund, Bengt
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Quality Improvement and Leadership in Health and Welfare.
    Cieza, Alarcos
    Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany .
    Sunnehagen, Katharina S
    University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Christensson, Lennart
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Factors Associated With Health-Related Quality of Life After Stroke: A 1-Year Prospective Cohort Study2012In: Neurorehabilitation and Neural Repair, ISSN 1545-9683, E-ISSN 1552-6844, Vol. 26, no 3, p. 266-274Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. In line with patient-centered health care, it is necessary to understand patients’ perceptions of health. How stroke survivors perceive their health at different time points after stroke and which factors are associated with these feelings provide important information about relevant rehabilitation targets. Objective. This study aimed to identify the independent factors of health-related quality of life (HRQoL) from a biopsychosocial perspective using the methods of multivariate regression at 3 different time points poststroke. Methods. Included in the study were 99 patients from stroke units with diagnosed first-ever stroke. At admission and at 6 weeks, 3 months, and 1 year poststroke, HRQoL was assessed using the EuroQoL-5D Visual Analogue Scale (EQ-5D VAS). Consequences in Body Functions and Activities and Participation, and Environmental Factors were documented using 155 categories of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) Core Set for Stroke. Results. For a period of 1 year, problems with recreation and leisure, personality functions, energy and drive functions, and gait pattern functions were repeatedly associated with worse HRQoL. Whereas Body Functions and Activities and Participation explained more than three-fourths of the variances of HRQoL at 6 weeks and 3 months (R 2 = 0.80-0.93), the variation at 1 year was best explained by either Body Functions or Environmental Factors (R 2 = 0.51). Conclusions. The results indicate the importance of Body Functions and Activities and Participation (mainly personality functions and recreation and leisure) on HRQoL within 3 months poststroke, but increased impact of Environmental Factors on HRQoL at 1 year.

  • 49.
    Ali, Ajnur
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Sargsyan, Araksya
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Från lindrigt utvecklingsstörd till förälder: En studie om socionmers förhållningssätt i arbete med föräldrar diagnostiserade med lindrig utvecklingsstörning2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to describe and analyse social workers’ approach in working with parents with mild intellectual disability. The study intends to find out if work approach is related to position and type of organisation. The data consists of six semi structured interviews with social workers from three different organisations that in work meet parents with mild intellectual disability. These organisations were Vuxenhabiliteringen, LSS and Individ- and Familjeomsorgen. In addition, an interview with a researcher that has expert knowledge in development for parents with mild intellectual disability was done. In the analysis the experiences of social workers were linked to organizational tasks and importance of cooperation. The study purposed to analyse the result from two theoretical perspectives; street- level bureaucracy and human-service organisations. The result shows that social workers in the organisations have different approaches dependent on what organisation they work in and the role and working tasks they have in work. The study also indicated how the organisations and their tasks affected the parenthood for persons with mild intellectual disabled parents.   

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    Från lindrigt utvecklingsstörd till förälder: En studie om socionmers förhållningssätt i arbete med föräldrar diagnostiserade med lindrig utvecklingsstörning
  • 50.
    Ali, Shadan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Den muslimskt feministiska utmaningen: En analys av kvinnors framställning i koranen ur ett muslimskt feministiskt perspektiv2019Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to examine and analyze the depiction of women in Quran from an Islamic feminist perspective. The questions that my study is based on are: How is the woman accounted in the Quran according to Islamic feminists? How do Muslim feminists argue and what do they base their reasoning on? My study is based on analyzes of the feminists’ works and statements. The results were analyzed with the help of different theories including Miriam Cookes “multiple critique”, Jan Hjärpes “The Islamic basket”, Jonathan Potters “methodological relativism” and Luckman & Bergers “social construction of reality”. The main result of this study is that it highlights how different Islamic feminists interpret the Quran in relation to the present and how their interpretations have created debates internationally. I also discuss the importance of new interpretations and the globalization for Muslim women.

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