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  • 1.
    Adams Lyngbäck, Liz
    et al.
    KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    Bylund, Christine
    KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    Gillberg, Claudia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell. KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    Jones, Geoff
    KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    Larsdotter, Mia
    KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    Nelson, Becky
    KritFunk – Critical Disability Studies Network Sweden.
    The impact of COVID-19 on disabled citizens in Sweden [blog post]2020Other (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 2.
    Adanko, Carina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Built Environment.
    Küller, Marianne
    Lunds universitet, LTH, Inst arkitektur och byggd miljö, Miljöpsykologi.
    LED-belysning och brukaren2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Lighting research is diversified and includes theory and methodology from disciplines as different as technology, medicine and social sciences. There is also an expectation on research results to be directly applicable in real environments. The introduction of LED has furthermore made previous research on incandescent lamps, fluorescent lamps and other light sources, outdated.    New knowledge – and new research – is needed.

    An inventory of current LED-research was made during 2013. The result of this inventory is the basis of the research review here presented. The presentation includes more than 400 articles, reported under the headings: The biological clock; Flicker and dimming of LED: Energy efficiency: daylight and lighting control; Colour rendering; Glare, and finally; Perceived lighting qualities.

    Underlying theoretical considerations as well as actual knowledge are presented in the text of the different sections, and references are given to relevant research publications. All publications have been provided with two or more keywords in Swedish, describing the content of the publication. After the text given under each heading the references supporting this text are presented. In the final section all LED-publications are given in alphabetical order according to author and with keywords. 

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    Adanko, Küller LED-belysning och brukaren
  • 3.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Applying the ICF-CY to identify children's everyday life situations: A step towards participation-focused code sets2013In: International Journal of Social Welfare, ISSN 1369-6866, E-ISSN 1468-2397, Vol. 22, no 2, p. 195-206Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the long-term goal to create a screening tool with code sets for children’s everyday life situations (ELS), the purpose of the present study was to identify ELS for children and youth aged 0-17 years. The views of professionals and parents in Sweden, South Africa, and US were integrated based on linkages to ICF-CY. The chapters Self-care and Major life areas seemed most obvious include ELS. At 2nd ICF-CY level, eleven categories emerged as ELS with Hygiene (d510-d530) and Recreation and leisure (d920) as the most obvious. Two sets of ELS were identified for infants/preschoolers and school aged children/adolescents. Professionals and parents agreed on ELS for the older age-group. Findings suggested that ELS differ in context specificity depending on maturity and growing autonomy. The study have implications for the future tool intending to support children with disabilities in describing what matters most for them in intervention planning.

  • 4.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Applying the ICF-CY to identify everyday life situations of children and youth with disabilities2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Four studies were included in this doctoral dissertation aiming to investigatehow habilitation professionals perceive the ICF-CY in clinical work and to identify everyday life situations specific for children and youth aged 0-17 years. The ICF-CY was the conceptual framework and since the research was conducted on as well as with the ICF-CY, the use of the classification runs like a thread through all the work. The design was primarily qualitative and included descriptive and comparative content analyses. Study I was longitudinal, aiming to explore how an implementation of the ICF-CY in Swedish habilitation services was perceived. Studies II-IV were interrelated, aiming to explore children’s most common everyday life situations. Content in measures of participation, professionals’ perspectives, and external data on parents’ perspectives were linked to the ICF-CY and compared. Mixed methods design bridged the Studies III-IV.

    Results in Study I indicated that knowledge on the ICF-CY enhanced professionals’ awareness of families’ views of child functioning and pointed to the need for ICF-CY based assessment and intervention methods focusing on child participation in life situations. A first important issue in this respect was to identify everyday life situations. Two sets of ten everyday life situations related to the ICF-CY component Activities and Participation, chapters d3-d9, were compiled and adopted for younger and older children respectively, establishing a difference in context specificity depending on maturity and growing autonomy. Furthermore, key constructs in the ICFCY model were discussed, additional ICF-CY linking rules were presented and suggestions for revisions of the ICF linking rules and the ICF-CY were listed. As the sample of everyday life situations reflects the perspectives of adults, further research has to add the perspective of children and youth. The identified everyday life situations will be the basis for the development of code sets included in a screening tool intended for self- or proxy- report of participation from early childhood through adolescence.

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    Kappa
  • 5.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Uppsala universitet.
    Professionals' views of children's everyday life situations and the relation to participation2012In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 34, no 7, p. 581-592Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The aim was to determine professionals’ views of everyday life situations (ELS) of importance for children and to explore how ELS correlate with the construct ‘Participation’. This study was part of a larger work to develop a structured tool with code sets to identify child participation and support children with disabilities to describe what matters most for them in intervention planning.

    Method: The study had a concurrent mixed methods design. Information from one open-ended question and questionnaires were linked to the ICF-CY component Activities and Participation. Two concurrent data sets were compared.

    Results: Proposed ELS were distributed across ICF-CY categories from low to high level of complexity and context specificity. The correlation with participation became stronger for the later chapters of the component (d7-d9). Differences between respondents due to working field, country, and children’s ages were explored. Acts and tasks seemed most important for the youngest children whereas ELS shifted towards societal involvement for adolescents.

    Conclusion: Eleven categories related to ICF-CY chapters d3-d9 emerged as ELS. Two age groups (infants/preschoolers and adolescents) are required to develop code sets for the new tool. The results need triangulation with other concurrent studies to provide corroborating evidence and add a family perspective.

  • 6.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Malmqvist, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Pless, Mia
    Uppsala universitet.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Identifying Child Functioning from an ICF-CY Perspective: Everyday Life Situations Explored in Measures of Participation2011In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 33, no 13-14, p. 1230-1244Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose. This study was part of a larger work to develop an authentic measure consisting of code sets for self- or proxy-report of child participation. The aim was to identify common everyday life situations of children and youth based on measures of participation.

    Method. The study was descriptive in nature and involved several stages: systematic search of literature to find articles presenting measures for children and youth with disabilities, identifying measures in selected articles, linking items in included measures to the ICF-CY, analysing content in measures presented as performance and participation and identifying aggregations of ICF-CY codes across these measures.

    Results. A large number of measures for children and youth with disabilities were identified but only 12 fulfilled the inclusion criteria. A slight distinction in content and age appropriateness appeared. Measures presented as performance covered all the ICF-CY Activities and Participation chapters, whereas measures presented as participation covered five of nine chapters. Three common everyday life situations emerged from the measures: Moving around, Engagement in play and Recreation and leisure.

    Conclusion. Only a small number of life situations for children and youth emerged from items in selected measures, thus, other sources are needed to identify more everyday life situations.

  • 7.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Sjöman, Madeleine
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Swedish Institute for Disability Research, Jönköping University, Jönköping, Sweden.
    ICF-CY as a Framework for Understanding Child Engagement in Preschool2018In: Frontiers in Education, E-ISSN 2504-284X, Vol. 3, article id 36Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Engagement in preschool predicts children's development, learning, and wellbeing in later school years. The time children engage in activities and social interactions is conditional for preschool inclusion. Engagement is part of the construct participation, which is determined by attendance and involvement. Two suggested underlying dimensions of engagement had been identified as essential when assessing children's participation in preschool activities. As engagement is a key question in inclusion of all children, and preschool becomes a common context for them, it is increasingly important to understand the concept of engagement in those settings. In Sweden most children attend preschool but children in need of special support tend not to receive enough support for their everyday functioning. This study aimed to conceptualize child engagement in preschool with ICF-CY as a framework to clarify core and developmental engagement dimensions included in Child Engagement Questionnaire (CEQ). The content of CEQ was identified through linking processes based on ICF linking rules with some exceptions. Specific challenges and solutions were acknowledged. To identify engagement dimensions in the ICF-CY, CEQ items related to ICF-CY chapters were integrated in the two-dimensional model of engagement. Findings showed that engagement measured for preschool ages was mostly related to Learning and Applying knowledge belonging to Activities and Participation but the linkage detected missing areas. Broader perspectives of children's everyday functioning require extended assessment with consideration to mutual influences between activities, participation, body functions, and contextual factors. Related to core and developmental engagement, findings highlight the importance for preschool staff to pay attention to how children do things, not only what they do. Activities related to core engagement include basic skills; those related to developmental engagement set higher demands on the child. Linking challenges related to preschool context were not consistent with those reported for child health. Using the ICF-CY as a framework with a common language may lead to open discussions among persons around the child, clarify the different perspectives and knowledges of the persons, and facilitate decisions on how to implement support to a child in everyday life situations in preschool and at home.

  • 8.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Westerberg, Christina
    Stockholms Universitet.
    Möller, Kerstin
    Örebro Universitet.
    Everyday Life Situations of School-Aged Children with Severe Disabilities: What are the Goals for the Future? An Exploratory Study2014In: Journal of Intellectual Disability - Diagnosis and Treatment, E-ISSN 2292-2598, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 21-32Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study investigated present and future everyday life situations (ELS) in home, school, work, and leisure environments for a group of school-aged children with severe disabilities, including complex disorders and a combination of disabilities. The purpose was to explore universal ELS; clarify how the children can be supported in their development of autonomy; and to gather information on potential overall goals for interventions. To make data comparable, all reported ELS were linked to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health, Child and Youth version (ICF-CY) and listed along with information on the setting. Both today, and in the future, recreational activities and participation in school or work were of highest importance, but few reported ELS involved directly interacting with other children. More ELS were predicted to occur outside the home and with a higher degree of autonomy. Therefore, interventions would be focused on the overall goal that children with severe disabilities take initiatives to become independent and to form relationships with others.

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    fulltext
  • 9.
    Adolfsén, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Ragnarsson, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Samer i svenska dagstidningar: En innehållsanalys av nyhetsrapporteringen om Europas enda urfolk2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the Sami peoples representation in Swedish newspapers. Previous research show that news media holds a growing power in affecting how different groups are perceived and being treated in today’s society. It shows how indigenous people and minorities are limited in the news media and portrayed in a homogeneous and biased way. This study examines to which extent the Sami population is being seen in the Swedish news media, what kind of Sami related news that are being reported and, how the Sami people are being presented. The method used to answer the thesis questions is a content analysis with complementary qualitative and quantitative elements. Articles published in three Swedish newspapers during the period of one year have in this study been examined. The result indicates that Sami culture is given a lot of space in the reported news, while other important events and questions concerning the Sami people are less visible. The result is analyzed on the basis of postcolonial theory, and connection could thus be distinguished between Sweden's historical relationship with the Sami population and the media's presentation of the group.

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    Samer i svenska dagstidningar
  • 10.
    Agevall, Lena
    et al.
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för samhällsstudier (SS).
    Jonnergård, Karin
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för ekonomistyrning och logistik (ELO).
    Krantz, Joakim
    Linnéuniversitetet, Institutionen för utbildningsvetenskap (UV).
    Frihet under ansvar eller ansvar under tillsyn? Om dokumentstyrning av professioner2017Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    De professionellas arbetssätt befinner sig i förändring. Att följa manualer och standarder, att möta en ny typ av redovisningsansvar, extern kvalitetskontroll och krav på dokumentation utmanar på flera sätt den traditionella bilden av professioner. I Frihet under ansvar eller ansvar under tillsyn belyses erfarenheter av dokumentstyrning från tre professioner, revisorer, lärare och socionomer.

    Boken fokuserar vad dokumentstyrningen betyder för professionernas kunskapsbas och normbas samt hur professionernas autonomi förändras när det gäller att bedöma vad som ska göras, vad som är kvalitet i arbetet och när det gäller möjligheten att ta ett professionellt ansvar.

    De professionellas erfarenheter analyseras utifrån en modell – kunskapstriaden – vars aspekter; kännarskap, känslomässigt engagemang och utvärdering av och ansvar för eget arbete tillsammans antas utgöra en motor för utvecklingen, upprätthållandet och vidareutvecklingen av de professionellas kunskaps- och normsystem.

    Boken vänder sig till studerande inom professionsutbildningar företrädesvis på en avancerad nivå och till forskare och andra som har ett övergripande intresse för styrnings- och professionsfrågor. Frihet under ansvar eller ansvar under tillsyn manar också till fortsatt forskning om de professionellas villkor.

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    FULLTEXT01
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    Omslag
  • 11.
    Agic, Haris
    et al.
    Tema teknik och social förändring, Linköpings universitet.
    Samuelsson, Tobias
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Föräldrastödsprogram för utrikesfödda föräldrar: Vad händer när manualbaserade föräldrastödsprogram översätts och implementeras i svensk kontext?2015In: Socialmedicinsk Tidskrift, ISSN 0037-833X, Vol. 92, no 5, p. 545-552Article in journal (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    På senare år har ett antal program som t.ex. Community Parent Education Program (COPE) initierats för att främja barns hälsa och psykosociala utveckling. COPE är ett manualbaserat program som ofta används som del i de föräldrautbildningar som ges i invandrartäta områden. COPE utvecklades i Kanada och vid användningen i Sverige översätts materialet. Program erbjuds på språk som t.ex. arabiska och somaliska och när dessa kurser ges översätts materialet ytterligare. I artikeln undersöks vad som händer när ett manualbaserat program översätts och implementeras i svensk kontext. Studien visar att de samtalsledare som leder programmen strävar efter manualtrogenhet, men att översättningar och kulturella anpassningar sker för att de utrikesfödda deltagarna ska förstå programmet. Många föräldrar är dock nöjda med och känner sig stärkta i sitt föräldraskap efter att ha genomgått COPE programmen.

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    fulltext
  • 12.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Det nödvändiga jämställdhetsarbetet2017In: HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 137-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 13.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Entrepreneurship and Gender2016Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Inledning: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser2017In: HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser / [ed] Helene Ahl, Ingela Bergmo Prvulovic & Karin Kilhammar, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2017, p. 17-30Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 15.
    Ahl, Helene
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The scientific reproduction of gender inequality: A discourse analysis of research texts on women's entrepreneurship2004Book (Other academic)
    Download full text (pdf)
    FULLTEXT01
  • 16.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Bergmo-Prvulovic, IngelaStockholms universitet, Institutionen för pedagogik och didaktik.Kilhammar, KarinJönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    HR: Att ta tillvara mänskliga resurser2017Collection (editor) (Refereed)
  • 17.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Escobar, Karla
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Civil society engagement in refugee integration: subject to prior learning and institutional constraints2023In: ICERI2023: 16th annual International Conference of Education, Research and Innovation: Conference proceedings / [ed] L. G. Chova, C. G. Martínez & J. Lees, IATED Academy , 2023Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a seminal article in education and neo-institutionalist theory, Meyer and Rowan (1977) proposed that organisations are subject to institutional constraints. These constraints must be met for organizations to be seen as legitimate and thereby secure resources, but meeting them may get in the way of the efficient execution of their core activities. Organizations solve it by “loose coupling”, i.e. they purportedly meet the formal requirements, yet go about their business as they see fit. In this study we follow a number of state-sponsored projects carried out by Swedish civil society organizations aimed at integrating refugees after the massive refugee wave in 2015. We interviewed churches, voluntary associations, social enterprises, immigrant associations and municipal projects. With the exception of immigrant associations, the regular, core activities of the interviewed organizations were not related to integration. We hypothesized that the organizations might turn to loose coupling – do whatever they found best, and report to the government what the government wanted to hear, and in so doing secure long terms funds and institutionalize integration activities in their organizations.

    We found, however, that after a few years, most activities were discontinued. First, they were not only loosely coupled, but rather decoupled from the organization’s core activities. Projects were started by engaged individuals whose prior experience determined the content. Teachers arranged language training cafés, nurses initiated health projects, and those with industry experience arranged job interview training and internships. The documentation and reporting requirements from the government were difficult to meet, as they measured other things than what volunteers and participants valued as important. Continued funds could therefore not be secured. In lieu of funds, the activities were too decoupled form the organizations core activities to be integrated in their regular programs. So, instead of “efficient loose coupling” there was “inefficient decoupling”, and integration was not institutionalized.

    There were two exceptions: One was the immigrant associations who did not rely on external funds and where integration was already a core activity. The other exception was a social enterprise who upon not securing continued funding started a new, independent company. It was financed by selling cleaning services provided by immigrant women who also received language training and other support. In so doing, the formal framework of the organization became perfectly aligned to the integration activities.

    The lesson learned is that if the government wants to draw on the engagement of voluntary associations in the long term, programs and projects need to be aligned to the core activities of the associations, and evaluation criteria must be aligned to what volunteers and participants find meaningful. Theoretically, the study shows that there is a limit to loose coupling – the activities must be at least somewhat aligned to the formal organizational framework to be legitimate in the long term. We add the concept of “inefficient decoupling” to institutional theory. It explains when and why loose coupling does not work, and why inefficient decoupling, because of its inefficiency, may lead to the creation of a new formal organization which is able to house the desired activities.

  • 18.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hedegaard, Joel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    A theory of conditional social equality in learning groups2022Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is inspired by an observation that challenges the theory of cumulative advantage/disadvantage (CAD). CAD says that not only are we born with unequal conditions, inequalities in any given characteristic, such as money, health, or status increase over time (Dannefer, 2003:327). People with educated parents tend to become well educated, and vice versa, and people with a higher level of education tend to engage in adult learning throughout their lives, while those with only compulsory school do not, which in turn effects their health, well-being and quality of life negatively. CAD is a somewhat deterministic theory, inviting ideas of what could be done to counteract such processes.

    Observations to this effect were made in studies of Men’s Sheds. Men’s sheds are community-based workshops offering men beyond paid work “somewhere to go, something to do and someone to talk to” (Golding 2015). Starting in Australia in the 1990s, it is a growing social movement with over 2000 Sheds worldwide (http://mensshed.org). The target group is largely retired working-class men; a group disadvantaged in terms of education, health, income and social status. However, Sheds attract men from all walks of life; also some well-educated and professional men.

    The Sheds have been found to benefit older men’s learning, health, well-being, and social integration. Traditional class divisions were erased, and participants were able to relinquish stereotypical “macho” male identities in favour of softer, caring identities (Cavanagh, Southcombe, & Bartram, 2014; Golding, Foley, & Brown, 2007; Golding, 2015; Haesler, 2015; Morgan, Hayes, Williamson, & Ford, 2007).

    The keys to their success are:(i) Sheds offer men practical, gender-stereotypical activities,(ii) they are self-organized, so service providers are kept at arm’s length, and(iii) women are not present (Ahl, Hedegaard, & Golding, 2017).

    A somewhat counter-intuitive conclusion is that when older men get to do gender stereotypical activities in gender segregated groups, they are able to relinquish class divisions and gender stereotypes. The research question is therefore: does learning in homogeneous groups challenge patterns of inequality, and if so, what patterns and how?

    Based on participant observations and interviews with “shedders” in three countries we found support for the afore-mentioned observations. Working class men possessed the necessary practical skills to became the teachers of other men – their competence was valued, which erased class divisions. When no women were around to fuss with their health concerns, or with tasks such as cooking, they started to do this for themselves and their mates. However, we also noted that heterosexuality was taken for granted and received conceptions of ethnicity/race were reinforced. Homosexuals and immigrants (or people of the native population) were not acknowledged – they became the new “others” of the group. A new-formed fellowship required an outgroup for its definition. Our conclusion is that learning in homogeneous groups allows the erasure of some inequalities, but reproduces others, and the former appears conditional on the latter. We use these observations to formulate a theory of conditional social equality (CSE) which may provide a partial antidote to cumulative disadvantage.

  • 19.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hedegaard, Joel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The theory of conditional social equality: Group homogeneity as a prerequisite for challenging (some) inequalities among older men2019Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Hedegaard, Joel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Golding, Barry
    Federation University, Australia.
    Why some homogeneous adult learning groups may be necessary for encouraging diversity: A theory of conditional social equality2023In: Australian Journal of Adult Learning, ISSN 1443-1394, Vol. 63, no 2, p. 119-139Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper proposes a new theory of Conditional Social Equality (CSE) which in some ways challenges the theory of cumulative advantage/disadvantage (CAD), which postulates that inequalities and social divisions necessarily increase over time. Using evidence from informal learning groups in Men’s Sheds in three countries, we conclude that some social divisions between homosocial groups, in this case groups of older men, may actually decrease – but only under certain conditions. Male-gendered learning groups that were relatively homogeneous by age helped erase class divisions and softened gender stereotypes. Our theory of conditional social equality (CSE) predicts the following: i) in-group homogeneity can enable the acceptance of some aspects of heterogeneity, ii) some other aspects of in-group heterogeneity may not be tolerated, thus maintaining in-group cohesion, and iii), in-group homogeneity and boundary setting towards out-groups may be prerequisites for the acceptance of (some) aspects of in-group heterogeneity. All of this has important implications for adult learning in both heterogeneous and homogenous groups.

  • 21.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Marlow, Susan
    Entrepreneurship and the postfeminist turn: Women’s final emancipation or the same old story?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 22.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Nelson, Teresa
    Simmons College, USA.
    Moving forward: Institutional perspectives on gender and entrepreneurship2010In: International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, ISSN 1756-6266, E-ISSN 1756-6274, Vol. 2, no 1, p. 5-9Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a re‐directed and purposeful attention to the design of research on gender and entrepreneurship moving forward.

    Design/methodology/approach – The paper questions the value of more studies on the men v. women binary and encourages research on the institutions supporting the gendered construction.

    Findings – The paper suggests a re‐framing of gender (to include men, women, femininity, masculinity, etc.) both in topics investigated and in building the cadre of scholars engaged. It asks for discrimination of gender from biological sex in language use and believes that dialogue will be improved if the word “gender” is maintained as a socially constructed phenomenon directed at distinguishing the norms around “what women do” and “what men do”. Researchers, too, must necessarily confront personal pre‐existing ideas and language shaped by the norms and habits of one's upbringing and daily life in societies that are not acute observers of gender in action.

    Originality/value – The paper assesses trends in research on gender and entrepreneurship and recommends ideas regarding new directions to create better research and application in practice, teaching, and training.

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  • 23.
    Ahl, Helene
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Tillmar, Malin
    Linköping University.
    Swedish welfare state retrenchment and the call for women’s entrepreneurship to fill the void2015Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The last two decades have seen major welfare state retrenchment in Sweden. The public sector, which used to be a large and stable employer for women, was downsized. Public schools and public health and care services were privatized. Customer choice models were introduced. The rhetoric connected to privatization stressed the unique opportunities for women formerly employed by the state to start their own businesses in this sector, now open for competition and private initiatives. In this paper we ask what the results were. We discuss the results from a feminist perspective, i.e we ask if privatization and business ownership has improved women’s situation on the labor market, or not. The paper draws together the research findings from our own empirical research (about fifteen different studies) as well as from research done by other Nordic scholars in the field.

  • 24.
    Ahlin, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    ”Integration är både en rättighet och en skyldighet för alla”: En innehållsanalys om de främsta verktygen för integration enligt Europeiska kommissionens handlingsplaner2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Integration is a well-known phenomenon all over Europe as a result of the increasing globalization that contributes to people moving across boarders more than ever. A joint effort is necessary for immigrants to integrate into their host societies which benefits not only the immigrant but the society overall. This thesis analyses the European Commission’s Action Plan on Integration in order to create a profound understanding of the main tools for integration of immigrants according to the Commission. The Commission has published two action plans, one from 2016, shortly after the refugee crisis, and one from 2020. The aim of the thesis is to identify which tools for integration are prioritized, how this changes over time and how it relates to Diaz integration model which is the theory that is used in the thesis. Diaz integration model explains the integration process in seven dimensions. The dimensions are used as a tool to interpret the texts in accordance with a qualitative content analysis. The results suggest that the Commission mainly prioritizes efforts related to the economic dimension, meaning workforce measures and economic self-sufficiency. The European Commission increases their focus on communicative integration in the latter action plan and intends to implement more measures to ensure improved language skills and better access to information. This leads to the conclusion that the action plans changes as the needs and requirements for integration tools changes a few years after the refugee crisis when many immigrants arrived to Europe. The commission seems to prioritize measures that favor the entire society, mainly referring to economic welfare, while for example political integration is low priority despite the  plans association with political actors.

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  • 25.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Nilsson, Marco
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Sustainable Societies (SUS).
    Kindap Tepe, Yeliz
    Ondokuz Mayıs Üniversitesi.
    Gendered aspects of policies to fight the COVID-19 outbreak2023In: Humanitas, ISSN 2147-088X, Vol. 11, no 22, p. 42-64Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Countries have taken different measures to limit the spread of COVID-19. However, it is unclear how such measures affect the daily lives of people in different cultural contexts. Using a qualitative research method and the framework of gender roles, this study analyzes the potential effects of the Turkish government’s policies to fight the COVID-19 pandemic on married men and women in Turkey. The respondents answered the open-ended questions developed by the researchers on the Google platform. 20 men (aged 27-54) and 20 women (aged 22-55) participated in the study. The respondents’ experiences were grouped into three themes: gender-related problems; adaptation and new habits/hobbies; and balancing between positive and negative effects. While men stressed the economic effects, women focused on social relations or deeper values of life. The findings were discussed within the framework of Gender Schema Theory and Social Role Theory.

  • 26.
    Albers, Olivia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Muhammed, Suhuur Anwar
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Land grabbing in Ghana - A false promise?: Neo-colonialism or a development opportunity?2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A global land rush developed during the last decade, spared primiarly by the sharp rise inglobal food prices between 2007 and 2008. The inceased international food prices resulted inincreased interest from foreign actors to invest in agricultural land in developing countries inthe global south. The “global land rush” or “land grabs” is driven by the increased demandfor primarily food and biofuels. The phenomenon refers to foreign direct investment inagricultural land in developing countries that has escalated in recent years, with Sub-SaharanAfrica as the most targeted. This study examines foreign land investment in Ghana focusingon the regions of Brong-Ahafo, Ashanti and Volta through a qualitative literature study. Thepurpose of the study is to analyze to what extent these investments can be explained asneo-colonial or as development opportunities. Based on analyzing economic, political,cultural and power relations, the study concludes that all cases are in line with neo-colonialtheory according to Nkrumah. The economic effects show temporary job creation and loss oflivelihood, which indicates economic exploitation. The cultural effects include disruption oftraditional practices and loss of cultural identity, suggesting cultural imperialism. The aspectof political power shows the marginalization of local interests and political dominance. Noneof the three cases fulfills the principles of a win-win situation and therefore can't beconsidered development opportunities either. The legal frameworks in the regions prioritizeforeign actors over the rights and welfare of affected communities, leading to an unbalanceddistribution of power. The job opportunities that the projects bring often hide the long-termeffects and loss of livelihoods for the local population. In conclusion, this study contributes tothe understanding of Land Grabbing in Ghana as a neo-colonial phenomenon rather than adevelopment opportunity. 

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  • 27.
    Aleryd, Sarah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Frassine Garpenholt, Lydia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    From Climate Change to Conflict: An analysis of the climate-conflict nexus in communications on climate change response2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the portrayal of the climate-conflict nexus in global and national communications on climate change response. It utilizes a qualitative inductive approach and the IPCC AR5 (2014) was chosen to represent global communication documents, while two Afghan communications, the Initial as well as Second National Communication, on climate change and response were used to represent the national level. Through a content analysis, several themes were discerned through which the climate-conflict nexus is portrayed. It can be concluded that there are several differences between the global versus Afghan communication documents, as well as between the Initial National Communication (2012) and the Second National Communication (2017). The Second National Communication overall attempts to mirror the communication used by the IPCC by using the same themes but in a more indirect way. The analysis finds that the climate-conflict nexus is often portrayed through indirect communication and that this leads to a lack of conflict-sensitivity in the Afghan national documents, concluding by making suggestions on how to improve conflict-sensitivity in these documents.

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  • 28.
    Alfredsson, Ulrika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Skog, Anna-Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Får jag vara med?: Förskolebarns strategier under pågående lek2016Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 210 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 29.
    Allard, Karin
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap.
    Pousette, Anders
    Göteborgs universitet, Psykologiska institutionen, Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa.
    Tengelin, Ellinor
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för medicin, avdelningen för samhällsmedicin och folkhälsa.
    Härenstam, Annika
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för sociologi och arbetsvetenskap.
    Dellve, Lotta
    A gender perspective in the relationship between work demands, boundary setting strategies and organizational flexibility in work-family conflict among managers in the public sector2014In: Threats and possibilities facing Nordic working life: Book of abstracts and programme / [ed] Tommy Isidorsson, 2014, p. 169-169Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    It is common to view work-family dilemmas like work-family conflict as the individual’s problem despite the fact that these kinds of dilemmas often have contextual sources. The aim of the present study is to explore the experience of work-family conflict among governmental employed managers by examining work demands, boundary setting strategies and organizational flexibility at the individual and at a contextual level where both the organizational belongingness and the gender composition is examined.

    Our results show that organizational and contextual research on work-family issues contributes with knowledge about organizational aspects and processes that managers in organizations have to be aware of instead of understanding work-family dilemmas as individuals’ problems. We also conclude that a gender perspective both at the individual and at the organizational level is needed in the field of work-family research.

  • 30. Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Hellnäs, Petra
    Stefansson, Maria
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    I can play! Young children's perceptions of health2006In: Pediatric Rehabilitation, ISSN 1363-8491, E-ISSN 1464-5270, Vol. 9, no 3, p. 275-284Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Health is today viewed as a multi-dimensional concept partly conceptualized independent from not being ill. The aim of this study was to gain knowledge of how young children perceive health. Interviews were conducted with 68 children (4–5 years), within their pre-school setting, with the help of a semi-structured interview guide. A multi-dimensional perspective represented by the health dimensions of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was used in a manifest deductive content analysis. The children's statements were categorized and placed under one of the four health dimensions, body, activity, participation and environment. A latent content analysis was applied to identify underlying themes in the manifest categories. The results revealed that young children perceive health as a multi-dimensional construct, largely related to being engaged, i.e. to be able to perform wanted activities and participate in a supportive every-day context. This implies that improvements of child engagement should be emphasized in health promotion and to a greater extent be the central focus of health interventions for young children

  • 31.
    Amberntsson, Pelle
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Göteborg EU Migrants2016In: Social mobilisering: Lärdomar från fyra svenska städer / [ed] Andersson, Oscar & Amberntsson, Pelle, Malmö: Universus Press, 2016, p. 79-102Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Amberntsson, Pelle
    Göteborgs universitet.
    The Past of Present Livelihoods: Historical perspectives on modernisation, rural policy regimes and smallholder poverty - a case from Eastern Zambia2011Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study is an enquiry into the processes shaping rural livelihoods in peripheral areas. The study is situated in the field of livelihood research and departs in the persistent crisis within African smallholder agriculture and in rural policy debates during the postindependence era. The research takes a critical stance to the way that people-centred and actor-oriented approaches have dominated livelihood research, thereby over-shadowing structural and macro-oriented features.

    The aim of this study is to, through a historical perspective on rural livelihoods and policy regimes, uncover the political and economic processes, with their discursive foundations, that shape contemporary rural livelihoods in peripheral areas. The analytical framework emphasises four key factors: ideas of development and modernity; the terms of incorporation into the global economy; rural policy regimes; smallholders’ ways of making a living. Inspiration is gained from critical political geography, world-systems analysis and different perspectives on rural livelihoods and development.

    The empirical study is based on fieldwork in Chipata District in Eastern Zambia, investigations at the National Archives of Zambia, the British National Archives and library research. The findings are presented in three parts. The first part looks into contemporary policies and the situation among smallholders in Chipata District. The second part examines the history of the area up to independence in 1964. The third part examines the post-independence period which links colonial experience to the contemporary situation.

    The findings suggest that smallholders’ livelihoods are shaped by long-term politicaleconomic- discursive processes, rooted in the terms of the study area’s integration into the world-economy in the colonial period. Colonial policies peripheralised the area through tax, labour, and market policies and the creation of native reserves, all of which have led to contemporary problems of food insecurity, soil depletion and a marginal role in agricultural markets. Since the inception of colonial rule, semi-proletarianisation has been a dominant process in the area. Current diversified livelihoods are more a contemporary expression of this semi-proletarianisation than a consequence of postcolonial policies. The households in the study area show preference for a farming way of life. However, the development goal of modernity has since long led to an ‘othering’ of smallholders, labelling them backwards and resistant to change. In the early twenty-first century this ‘othering’ has been played out through a development programme aimed at changing attitudes and mindsets among the farmers in line with individualistic and entrepreneurial behaviour. The ‘othering’ discourses of contemporary and colonial policymakers display striking similarities in this case.

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  • 33.
    ammon, Linnea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Blixt, Alexandra
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    The Ability to Participate: A Study on the Contributions of Persons with Disabilities in the Sustainable Development Goals2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study investigates recent efforts made by the United Nations to ensure the participation

    of persons with disabilities in the designing of a post-2015 development framework

    that will build on the progress catalysed by the Millennium Development Goals. Anchored

    in the participatory development theory, the study examines the consultation process

    held between 2012 and 2013, analysing the correlation between the extensive online

    consultation and the Open Working Groups’ proposal for Sustainable Development

    Goals. Through a qualitative content analysis the study aims to investigate how well the

    contributions of the online consultation have been included in the proposal. The study

    finds that while themes expressed by persons with disabilities can be identified within the

    proposal, only a few directly articulate the details. Out of the themes expressed by persons

    with disabilities, several are unable to find in the Sustainable Development Goals and did

    not have a strong linkage with persons with disabilities. The reflective discussion of the

    study elaborates the reasons behind the empirical findings and states how the contributions

    have been included, indicating that “real” participation of persons with disabilities

    has taken place in the design stage.

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  • 34.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    “I drink with my girlfriends and then it's different because you can talk and relax”2015Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 35.
    Ander, Birgitta
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work.
    Shift in arenas of underage adolescent binge drinking in Swedish small towns2014Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 36.
    Ander, Birgitta
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Abrahamsson, Agneta
    Kristianstad University, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Bergnehr, Disa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    'It is ok to be drunk, but not too drunk': party socialising, drinking ideals, and learning trajectories in Swedish adolescent discourse on alcohol use2017In: Journal of Youth Studies, ISSN 1367-6261, E-ISSN 1469-9680, Vol. 20, no 7, p. 841-854Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores adolescent reasoning behind the use of alcohol at different types of parties, often house parties, and about the strategies to achieve maturity and prevent losing control. The data consist of semi-structured interviews with 23 adolescents aged 16–18 years (16 males and seven females). The interview transcripts were analysed using an inductive, thematic approach. All informants had personal experience with drinking at parties in different social settings. Our results suggest that the process of learning how to drink, often through failure in terms of being intoxicated, is important for adolescents’ who strive to control their alcohol intake resulted in a good time and a break from everyday life. Furthermore, the results indicate that different social settings and party types engender different drinking patterns. Maturity and controlled conduct come across as desired ideals that provide a person with symbolic capital and thus, social status.

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  • 37. Andersen, Nadja
    et al.
    Friis, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dept. of Rehabilitation.
    Donation of Used Assistive Devices2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of the thesis was to explore the stakeholders’ opinions on and experiences with donation of used assistive devices from high-income countries to developing countries. Which was done by investigating the opinions and experiences of the different stakeholders, with donation of used assistive devices, and by exploring what used assistive devices are appropriate to donate.  

    The study included eight participating stakeholders, requited through purposive and snowball sampling. Of the eight participants, five participants were sending stakeholders from Scandinavia and three participants were receiving stakeholders from lower-middle-income countries in Africa and an upper-middle-income country in Europe. The interviews were conducted using semi-structured questions to explore the participants’ own opinions and experiences with donations. Qualitative content analysis was used to analyze the transcribed interviews inductively and with manifest content. 

    The results consisted of 4 main categories: Practical issues, Stakeholders opinions and cooperation, Donations are needed, and Considerations when donating. The main findings of the study were; the importance of quality control to ensure waste is not sent, the importance of communication between sender and receiver about needs, the importance of knowledge of the prerequisites and context of the receiver, and lastly, the importance of considering the responsibility of waste when the donations are worn out. In conclusion, the included stakeholders have a positive attitude towards donations and expressed a need for more knowledge.

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  • 38.
    Andersson, Catalina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Bevaras verklighetens könsstereotyper i fiktion?: Hur könsroller porträtteras i den animerade serien Arcane, samt hur intersektionalitet har påverkat karaktärernas yrkesposition i serien.2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersöker hur fyra karaktärer ur den animerade serien Arcane (2021) porträtteras utifrån stereotyper och normer samt hur intersektionalitet påverkar deras möjligheter att få den yrkesroll karaktärerna har strävat efter. Intersektionalitet bidrar till en studie som inte endast utgår från ett genusperspektiv, utan även tar hänsyn till andra faktorer som ras och klass. Arcane (2021) är en animerad fantasyserie som utspelar sig i en fiktiv värld, där regissören och manusförfattaren har haft en ambition att gå mot könsstereotyper och rådande normer. Syftet med studien är därav att se om och hur serien följer existerande uppfattningar om män och kvinnor eller om karaktärerna bryter mot dessa genom att ha både manliga och kvinnliga attribut. Även frågan om klass diskuteras i samband med intersektionalitet. Metoden som har tillämpats för att uppnå syftet är en kvalitativ ansats med semiotisk vinkel. Karaktärerna valdes utifrån olikheter såsom kön, utseende och vilken stad de bor i för att få ett så brett omfång som möjligt.

    Resultatet tydde på att alla valda karaktärer gick emot könsstereotyperna mer än en gång och att de kvinnliga karaktärerna uppvisade fler manliga attribut än de manliga karaktärerna uppvisade kvinnliga. Intersektionalitet var svårt att granska då samhället i den fiktiva världen var uppbyggt annorlunda än verkligheten och inte följde samma sociala normer och stereotyper som i realitet. Slutsatsen blev att karaktärerna ur serien Arcane inte porträtterades som de hade gjort om skaparna hade följt verklighetens stereotypiska genusattribut.

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  • 39.
    Andersson, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ståhl, Jessica
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Work-life balance i ett föränderligt samhälle: Arbetsgivarens ansvar och insatser2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The high pressure on employees today is resulting in a greater need of balance regarding all of life's demands than ever before, this leads to a fact that employers need to work with balance to create a sustainable workforce, but also for attracting competent employees. To contribute within this area the studied aimed to describe the relationship between employee's preferences and which organizational work-life support efforts employees think will help them create WLB. To describe this relationship quantitative cross-sectional research was conducted with focus on achieving broad trends. The data collection took place in the form of a survey of 139 respondents. In the analysis of the material, all respondents were assigned a preference based on four types of boundaries linked to place, time, relationships and psychological boundaries and an overall preference. These were linked to 20 employer initiatives that employers can work with to promote employees' WLB. The analysis revealed that there was no connection between people's overall preference and most of the WLB employer initiatives that were examined. There was also no correlation between preferences for the different boundaries for place, time, relationships and psychological boundaries and the employer initiatives that were linked to the same boundary. However, there was an overall trend among the respondents that integrating employer initiatives was considered helpful for them to create WLB. This led to the conclusion that there was no significant relationship between preference and what employer initiatives an employee considers help them create WLB, but that the opinion probably is linked to the overall trend for integration into society.

  • 40.
    Andersson, Janicke
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Lukkarinen Kvist, Mirjaliisa
    Linköpings universitet, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Nilsson, Magnus
    Avdelningen för sociala studier, Karlstads universitet.
    Närvänen, Anna-Liisa
    Linköpings universitet, Samhälle, mångfald, Identitet (SMI).
    Att leva med tiden: Samhälls- och kulturanalytiska perspektiv på ålder och åldrande2011 (ed. 1)Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att leva med tiden handlar om vad ålder och åldrande kan betyda i olika sammanhang och hur betydelsen förändras över tid och rum. I boken diskuteras olika samhälls- och kulturvetenskapliga perspektiv på ålder och åldrande. Boken belyser vilka konsekvenser vetenskapliga sätt att se på åldrande kan få i analys av, och relation till, vardagsliv, vetenskaplig verksamhet och i det offentliga livet. Förutom historiska tillbakablickar presenteras också teorier om ålder, normalitet och identitet samt ålder ur ett intersektionellt perspektiv.

  • 41.
    Andersson, Jenny
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    West, Evelina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Matriarkatet i Barbie: Jämställd idyll eller överdriven dystopi?: En tematisk analys ämnad att studera unga kvinnors och mäns uppfattningar av omvända genusstrukturer i Barbie 2023.2024Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study aims to research how young women and men aged 20-29 studying at Swedish universities, perceive the reversed gender structures in the film Barbie (Gerwig, 2023). This was done through semi-structured interviews which were then analysed with a thematic analysis. Afterwards, the perceptions of both genders were compared to each other to study what similarities and differences could be found. Many countries have a patriarchy, this contributes to inequality as the female gender is seen as subordinate while the male gender is seen as superior. When movies like Barbie gain traction, the patriarchy that society has normalized can be challenged. The media has power over the audience and can thus influence them on an individual level. If enough people are affected, it can create perceptions in entire societies.

     

    The study showed that in the women's analysis there were two primary themes: Oppressive patriarchy & equal matriarchy and The subordinate perspective. Furthermore, three secondary themes could be identified: Simplified understanding of the problem, Negative feelings, and Exaggerated portrayal. With the men, two primary themes could be seen: Extreme exaggeration and Contradictory views. The secondary themes that could be identified are: The hierarchical perspective and Historical connections. It is also possible to see several similarities and differences in the perceptions of both genders. For example, a similarity was how both genders did not relate to the characters that represent their gender, but they related to the characters that had the same position of power that they themselves have in reality. An example of a difference between the genders was how the men's opinions differed while the women's opinions were more similar to each other.

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  • 42.
    Andersson, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hellsvik, Anna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Samhällsoro och neutralitet: En fallstudie om grannars reaktioner inför boende för ensamkommande barn och ungdomar2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Antalet ensamkommande barn och ungdomar som kommer till Sverige ökar för varje år. Det har gjort att fler kommuner nu tar emot dessa barn och ungdomar. Syftet med denna studie är att undersöka grannskapsrelationer med boende för ensamkommande barn och ungdomar i Värnamo kommun samt grannskapsrelationernas betydelse för barnens och ungdomarnas integration. I studien genomfördes 9 intervjuer med grannar i grannskapet till boendet för ensamkommande barn och ungdomar. Intervjuer genomfördes även med verksamhetschefen Anna Thuresson på HVB- hemmet Bryggan samt med medborgarnämndens ordförande Maria Johansson i Värnamo kommun. Intervjuerna speglar både grannars, verksamhetschefens och ordföranden i medborgarnämndens relation till hemmet. Studien består av tre forskningsfrågor som intervjuerna i denna studie är utformade efter. Åsikterna som presenteras i den här uppsatsen är intervjupersonernas egna åsikter. Resultatet av intervjuerna analyseras i förhållande till NIMBY-fenomenet och kontakthypotesen. Studiens syfte, delfrågor, fallstudieprotokoll och intervjuguider togs fram inom ett projekt vid Högskolan i Jönköping. Temat för projektet är grannars reaktioner inför boenden för ensamkommande barn och ungdomar i Jönköpings län. Föreliggande studie är en utav 6 fallstudier genomförda av studenter inom projektet.

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  • 43.
    Andersson, Moa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Honkanen, Jennie
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    "De bygger ett nytt liv i ett nytt land": En kvalitativ intervjustudie om nyanländas och etablerade svenskars erfarenheter av social integration och dess betydelse för nyanländas integrationsprocess2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During recent years the issue of integration has gained increased attention in the public, as well as the political, debate. Integration is described as a two-way process that emphasises mutual responsibility between newcomers and established swedes. Therefore, social integration can be seen as a precondition for the integration process of newcomers, as the social aspect involves knowledge of the Swedish language and access to a social network, as well as interaction with the residents of the majority society. However, when it comes to the individual integration process women tend to have less personal freedom than men. This study will focus on an integration project aimed at favouring newly arrived women on parental leave as a part of their integration and will research experiences of social integration and its importance among the project participants. Six semi structured interviews, including two interviews with newly arrived women and four with established swedes, will lay the ground for the empirical materialof this study. The collected material will then be analysed through Diaz’s integration model thatemphasises the social aspect of integration, and Berry’s acculturation model, as well as theirunderstanding of the concept of integration. The theoretical concepts of this study are thought to help us gain a more nuanced understanding of the experiences and views of the participants. The result shows that the language is of crucial importance for the integration process of newcomers, whereas the interplay with established swedes constitutes both a principal precondition in order to learn the language, as well a main challenge to their integration process. Based on the results we acknowledge the importance of a mutual recognition and openness as prerequisites for successful integration.

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    "De bygger ett nytt liv i ett nytt land"
  • 44.
    Andres Pino-Moran, Juan
    et al.
    Univ OHiggins, Terapia Ocupac, Rancagua, Chile..
    Rodriguez-Garrido, Pia
    Escuela Super Enfermeria Mar, Barcelona, Spain.;Univ Barcelona, Grp Estudios Mujer Salud & Et, Barcelona, Spain..
    Zango-Martin, Inmaculada
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare. Univ Autonoma Barcelona, Dept Terapia Ocupac, Escuela Univ Enfermeria & Terapia Ocupac, Barcelona, Spain..
    Mora-Malo, Enrico
    UAB, Dept Sociol, Barcelona, Spain.;UAB, Grp Invest Lis Estudios Sociales & Genero Corpora, Barcelona, Spain..
    Political Discourses of Dissident Disability Activists in Chile2022In: Revista de Estudios Sociales, ISSN 0123-885X, E-ISSN 1900-5180, no 81, p. 3-20Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    | The present study is part of a microsociological research conducted between 2016 and 2019 in the context of the emergence of new social movements triggered in post-dictatorship Chile. Specifically, it deals with the emergence of the sociopolitical discourses of people labeled as disabled. The intention is to present the construction of the political discourses of dissident disability activists living in Chile. For this purpose, we value these discourses as counter-hegemonic or from the margins; that is, they do not follow the approaches of dominant medical and citizen interpretations. We used a qualitative and feminist methodological approach on the bodily itineraries of eleven activists. This allowed us to further explore the group's life trajectories, social discourses, and political praxis. The political discourses of dissident disability activists living in Chile are part of the claims of non-standard corporealities to access the public and cultural scene. It is imperative to generate counter-hegemonic discourses incor-porating diverse knowledge in order to advocate for the rights of people who relate to difference and to make visible the structural inequalities that affect subaltern collec-tives. The article incorporates a situated, feminist, and Latin American perspective to address a phenomenon of growing interest in the social sciences, and presents reflec-tions that contribute to both academia and activism.

  • 45.
    Angel, Jonathan
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Larsson, Melker
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Lindberg, Anton
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Regenerative Entrepreneurship: How the Enactment of Values Can Guide Humanity into a Safe and Just Operating Space2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The current efforts to address global sustainability issues are failing. To avoid the consequences of transgressing the planetary boundaries and simultaneously provide people with the basic needs for human prosperity, we have to overcome a profound challenge. We have to produce economic and social well-being while, at the same time, resolving long-standing environmental problems that threaten our very own existence. To overcome this challenge, new types of values-driven enterprises and innovations that aim to regenerate Earth have to guide global development and decision making.

     

    Therefore, this study investigates a new approach to entrepreneurship called regenerative entrepreneurship, an approach that aims to reframe the meaning and purpose of sustainability by building flourishing socio-ecological systems through innovations and business practices that are regenerative by design. By conducting a multiple case study of regenerative organizations, we have delved into the personal stories of entrepreneurs who, on a daily basis, enact their values to regenerate Earth. Through this, we have answered the question of how regenerative entrepreneurs enact their values to build and maintain regenerative organizations.

     

    The findings suggest that regenerative entrepreneurs enact their values in two ways, proactively and reactively, by constantly aligning and calibrating their values, personally, internally, and externally, making sure that they themselves and all their stakeholders work towards the same vision of regenerating Earth.

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    Fulltext
  • 46.
    Angelakis, A.
    et al.
    Faculty of Business, Economics and Statistics, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Inwinkl, P.
    Faculty of Business, Economics and Statistics, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Berndt, Adele
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre for Family Entrepreneurship and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Gordon Institute of Business Science, University of Pretoria, Johannesburg, South Africa.
    Ozturkcan, S.
    School of Business and Economics, Linnaeus University, Växjö, Sweden.
    Zelenajova, A.
    Faculty of Business, Economics and Statistics, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Rozkopal, V.
    Faculty of Business, Economics and Statistics, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.
    Gender differences in leaders’ crisis communication: a sentiment-based analysis of German higher education leaderships’ online posts2023In: Studies in Higher Education, ISSN 0307-5079, E-ISSN 1470-174XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This study examined the communication styles of rectors and vice-rectors of German public universities during the COVID-19 pandemic to explore the influence of gender on leadership communication. We collected data from social media and university websites; and analysed the language used to identify transformational, transactional, and servant leadership styles. Our results showed that female leaders demonstrated more positive communication than men and a stronger preference for transformational leadership, while male leaders tended to use a transactional style. Additionally, we found that both male and female leaders exhibited a high degree of empathetic concern for their stakeholders, contributing to the overall positive tone of communication. These findings suggest that gender may play a role in how university leaders communicate during times of crisis, highlighting the importance of inclusive and compassionate leadership in higher education.

  • 47.
    Anshelm, Jonas
    et al.
    Linköpings universitet, Institutionen för tema, Tema teknik och social förändring, Linköpings, Filosofiska fakulteten.
    Hultman, Martin
    Chalmers Tekniska högskola, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Kall, Ann-Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Learning Practices inside and outside School (LPS), Sustainability Education Research (SER).
    Att ställa frågan - att våga omställning: Birgitta Hambraeus och Birgitta Dahl i den svenska energi- och miljöpolitiken 1971-19912021Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Birgitta Hambraeus (C) och Birgitta Dahl (S) var centrala aktörer under två avgörande decennier för svensk miljö- och energipolitik. Under perioden 1971-1991 sökte de, från olika politiska utgångspunkt, skapa en framsynt politik baserad på hänsyn till miljö och klimat. De var ibland motståndare, ibland allierade i denna kamp.

  • 48.
    Antonsson, Andrea
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Svenska migranters upplevelser i Japan: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om svenskars upplevelser av att ha kontakt med japans offentliga sektor, arbetsplatser och relationer med japaner2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Migration to Sweden and integration of immigrants in Sweden is an ongoing subject in politics and the media. Swedish people migrating to other countries that have different cultures and values is not as talked about. One example of such a country is Japan which has experienced a drastic demographic change in the last decades with a growing elderly population. Japan has a restrictive migration policy and while the easiest way of solving this issue is allowing more migrants into the country, little has been done to change policies so far. This study aims to explore what experiences Swedish migrants in Japan have in their everyday life. What challenges do they face? To explore this the study focuses on their experiences of contact with Japan’s public sector, workplaces, and relationships with Japanese people. Five semi-structured interviews were conducted with Swedish people that all had experience of living and working in Japan. The results show that the respondents generally have a positive experience of Japan’s public sector, while they wish there were more English-speaking staff. They also critiqued Japan’s restrictive migration policies. In the workplaces they also had generally positive experiences. They talked about cultural differences they encountered and that they had to adapt how they behaved in certain ways. When it came to relationships with Japanese people it was a mixed bag. While they all had Japanese friends, and some had Japanese partners, they all felt that it was difficult to get close to or befriend Japanese people. Several of the respondents also experienced different types of discrimination and harassment. None of the respondents felt fully integrated into Japanese society, where some of them wanted to feel fully integrated, while some were happy the way it was.

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  • 49.
    Antonsson, Katariina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Johansson, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Torbjörnsson, Josefin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vulkankullar och fängelseträd: En kvalitativ studie om barns beskrivningar kring förskolans utemiljö2009Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien är att utifrån barns beskrivningar presentera hur förskolegården inspirerar till lek, lärande och fantasi. De frågeställningar som valts är:

    • Vilka aktiviteter utövas på förskolegården?

    • Hur främjar förskolegården till lek, lärande och fantasi?

    I studien har vi valt att ha Vygotskij som förgrundsgestalt eftersom hans idéläror tar upp mycket kring lek , lärande och fantasi. För att få frågorna besvarade gjordes gruppintervjuer med barn på två förskolor.Vi gick även en rundvandring på förskolegårdarna tillsammans med barnen, då även observationer utfördes. Barnen beskrev och visade vad de lekte på de olika platserna på gården.

    I resultatet framgår det att på förskolegårdarna utövades det många fantasifulla lekar så som bageri-, brandmans- och djurparkslekar. Något annat som framkom utifrån barnens utsagor var att det förekom regel- och konstruktionslekar. Lek, lärande och fantasi var en stor del av barnens aktiviteter på förskolorna. Leken främjas genom förskolegårdarnas mångfald och variationsrika miljö genom att de olika platserna talar om för barnen vad de kan leka där. Barnen reflekterade kring sitt eget lärande där fokus låg på det sociala samspelet. Fantasin visades i barnens handlingar och berättelser där uttryck som vulkankulle och fängelseträd nämndes.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 50. Arfwidson, Samuel
    et al.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Nordqvist, Persy
    Vårdbehov, sjukdomsdiagnoser och medicinkonsumtion bland äldre på ålderdomshem i Jönköpings län: en 7-årsuppföljning1976Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
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