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  • 1.
    Adolfsson, Ellen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Ruderfors, Beatrice
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Mina grannar ser exakt ut som jag själv: En studie om boendesegregations påverkan på utanförskap och gemenskap2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Boendesegregation skapar antaganden om olika bostadsområden, antaganden som påverkar människors känsla av utanförskap och gemenskap. Två resursstarka och två resurssvaga områden i två olika städer jämförs för att undersöka respondenternas upplevelser kring utanförskap och gemenskap i respektive område. Studien bygger på två nationalekonomiska teorier, Mismatch hypotesen och Polariserings hypotesen, som förklarar uppkomsten av boendesegregation. Dessutom en kompletterande teori som diskuterar grannskapets effekter på känslan av utanförskap och gemenskap. 16 semi-strukturerade intervjuer ligger till grund för det empiriska materialet, varav 8 från resursstarka områden och 8 från resurssvaga områden. Studiens resultat visar på en starkare gemenskap mellan grannar i de resurssvaga områdena än i det resursstarka. Resultatet visar också att resurssvaga områden tillskrivs ett utanförskap, som individer boende i dessa områden inte själva upplever. 6 av 8 respondenter dementerar vid intervjuer påståenden om ett utanförskap. Avslutningsvis uppvisar studien på starkare gemenskap i samtliga områden, snarare än ett utanförskap.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    From, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    "Om jag jobbar jag förstår vem jag är och jag är stark": En fallstudie om somaliskfödda kvinnors upplevelser av förvärvsarbetets effekter på deras vardagsliv och familjeroller i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Somali-born immigrants are often described as the most difficult group to integrate into Swedish society with an extensive underrepresentation on the Swedish labour market as well as traditional values and gender roles that often dictate the division of labour and functions in the family. This study aims to examine the effects of a job on Somali family roles from a migration perspective. By comparing wage-earning and unemployed Somali-born women's experiences, the study also aspires to elucidate the importance of a job in their everyday life. The essay is based on previous research on the historical, social and transnational dimensions of Somali family life and culture, as well as theoretical concepts such as role conflict, role change and role negotiation. A qualitative comparative case study has been conducted, based on data from semi-structured interviews. Eight respondents participated in the survey – four employed and four unemployed women born in Somalia. The results were then analyzed in the light of previous research and the theoretical concepts. The result shows that there are some interesting differences between the two groups. The Somali families in which the women are unemployed have a distinct division of the household work, where the woman assumes the majority of the workload. Here it is also clear that traditional Somali family roles are still of importance. However, in the families where the Somali-born women have employment, traditional family roles have changed and led to a more even distribution of household work, where the men, women and children share the responsibility. Furthermore, it appears that the unemployed Somali-born women are very keen to have a job, as independence from the state and government is a main driving force. For the wage-earners on the other hand, there is a clearer focus on being independent from the man and being able to be a decision-maker in family matters. The result also illustrates how society's expectations on women influence their driving forces to work and the way they think about their role in the family.

  • 3.
    Andersson, Viktor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Junblom, Denise
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Med en vilja av stål går integrationsaktörer i Nässjö framåt utan gemensamt mål: Identifiering av samverkansfaktorer mellan offentlig sektor och civilsamhälle2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is carried out during the spring of 2015 and six semi-structured interviews are conducted to form the basis of a case study. Its aim is to map and analyze the integration work performed in the municipality of Nässjö.

    The purpose of this study is to survey the work being performed in the municipality of Nässjö regarding integration of immigrants, and to identify crucial factors related to a potential collaboration between actors from the public sector and the civil society.

    - How are the chosen participants working with integration in the municipality of Nässjö?

    - In what way are the chosen participants currently cooperating with the public sector and the civil society in the municipality of Nässjö regarding integration?

    - How do the chosen participants find the idea of a joint collaboration regarding integration, between the public sector and the civil society in the municipality of Nässjö?

    With the use of an analyze model called “the constant comparative method”, the study compares and interprets the collected data. All of the informants are representatives of their respective establishment which either belonged to the civil society or to the public sector in the municipality of Nässjö. To assess whether the integration actors are susceptible to the idea of working collaboratively, their responses are compared to a theoretical framework called “collaborative governance”. The collected data is also set in relation to previous research regarding the situation of integration policies in Sweden.

    The result chapter displays the work performed by the interviewed establishments and the extent of their cooperation to improve the integration process of immigrants in the municipality. It also lists the various challenges the actors face and the possibility for one of them to have a leading role in a comprehensive and joint collaboration.

    The case study illuminates a reality where no common goal regarding integration exists amongst the selected actors. Complicated bureaucracy and regulations constitute discouraging factors that adversely affect the will of civil society actors to engage in collaboration with the public sector. The level of communication within the municipality is highly fragmented, it is found to be more developed within the civil society and to a lesser extent within the public sector. Finally, the case study suggests that there is no history of antagonism among the actors within the civil society.

  • 4.
    Bartels, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Salo, Eevi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    How Does Culture Influence Experiences of Happiness and Well-being?: A Comparative Study of Chinese and Swedish Perceptions2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze if and how cultural values and expectations in society influence the experiences and perceptions of happiness and well-being. Applying a quantitative research methods approach, a survey based on previous research was conducted to compare and analyze experiences and perceptions between two contrasting cultures, China and Sweden, using Hofstede’s national culture dimensions as an analytical tool. The sample consisted of students from China and Sweden.

    The findings from the study show that both groups ranked family as being the domain of life most important for their well-being, followed by health for the Chinese group, and friends for the Swedish group. There were statistically significant differences in the mean responses in some questions that may be attributed to cultural differences. For example, finishing long-term difficult tasks was ranked more important for the well- being by the Chinese group. As for the Swedish group, they felt to a higher degree that they had the freedom to choose what they would like work with. The majority of the responses, however, were similar between the two groups. The paper discusses how globalization may contribute to converging values in the current generation of students. Furthermore, other factors such as internal abilities and societal and cultural structures have an influence on the possibilities to pursue goals in life. Happiness is achieved by finding a balance in life between what you can achieve and accepting what you cannot.

    The themes and concepts used in the study are inspired by Jongbloed and Andres’ concepts of happiness as balance and gears of well-being. The study contributes to the research fields of human-centered development, and happiness studies on how subjective indicators as a complement to objective indicators can be used to better measure growth from a cultural perspective.

  • 5.
    Bohlin, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Söderman, Zarah
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Tvångsäktenskap och hederskultur i Sverige: En studie om det svenska bemötandet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to highlight the Swedish treatment of the so-called ‘honour culture’. It does so by examining Swedish authorities and Swedish non-profit organisa­tions, with a distinct focus on the woman and on forced marriage as part of said honour culture. Previous research has shown that Swedish culture and honour culture are opposites. It has also shown that the complexity of existing within the honour culture, especially in Sweden, and how it can affect the individual woman in different ways. It has however not shown the distinct way Sweden deals with the problematic honour culture itself. To investigate how authorities and non-profit organisations deal with honour culture the following research questions were asked; how does Swedish authorities and non-profit organisations view the Swedish woman, affected by honour culture, in regards of forced marriage? What are the women’s standing within honour culture and what is their standing within the Swedish culture? How does Swedish authorities and non-profit organisations deal with honour culture? To answer the research questions six semi structured interviews were performed based on a strategic selection process. Using ‘the multicultural triad’ and ‘individual and group-centred mindset’ as theoretical framework it is shown that the individual woman in this case is a part of two collectives; the honour culture and the Swedish culture which can result in conflict. It is further shown that though Sweden is an individualistic country its governmental treatment is sometimes group centred. The results show that the treatment of honour culture differ from organisation to organisation, but also between organisations and authorities and concludes that a holistic and systematic treatment is needed.

  • 6.
    Bohman, John
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Malmrot, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Liberal discourse – An invisible hand in free trade research?: An investigation into how global trade discourse is created through discourse interaction within research.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses a quantitative content analysis informed by a critical realist framework to study the patterns of international political economy discourse prevalence within research articles concerning free trade. Once categorized, there are observable differences in the extent to which articles in the different categories address other discourses. Analyzing these patterns using concepts from discourse theory, we suggest that the liberal discourse constitutes a regime of truth to which the other discourses must relate. It is also found that articles published in higher ranking journals are less likely to address other discourses. We argue that this could be explained as being an effect of the larger readership of those journals.

  • 7.
    Butros, Simon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Lager, Tim
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Plussummespela hela vägen till hållbar utveckling – En studie om ”Europas grönaste stad”: Hur Internationella samarbeten driver hållbar utveckling framåt i staden. 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental threat is a stressing concern which must be addressed immediately. The urbanization has been growing in a rapid pace the past years. Today, more than 50 percent of the world’s population lives in cities, and the forecast tells us that it will increase to 70 percent in 2050. This puts pressure on actors like states, organizations, companies, and municipalities who must work to meet the urbanization immediately. The UN, the EU and WWF amongst others advocates that international cooperation between these actors is the best way to go, and that cities must be prepared for the problem that occurs today and the challenges for tomorrow. In spite of this, there is no substantial research on this topic, on what international environmental cooperation between cities could mean to a city or what the results could be. Växjö is one of few Swedish cities who work internationally with local as well as global ecological sustainable development. This study intends to discover the international cooperations in the topic of environmental sustainable development in the city in Växjö. The purpose is to see what impact the international cooperations have in the environmental work of Växjö, and to see whether environmental sustainable development is being urged on by international collaborations. By using a positive–sum game as a theoretical starting point, a case–study has been conducted, where interviews were made with representatives from Växjö municipal. The result of the study shows that the effects Växjö has obtained through these cooperations, do promote environmental sustainable development. If the collaborations take the form of a positive–sum game, all actors benefit from it and the environment as well. Since the international cooperations bring exchange of knowledge and sometimes external financial means to put into different projects, the city’s environmental sustainable development improves.

  • 8.
    Cimendag, Ismail
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Yalcin, Erkan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Global marketing advertising with cultural differences: How can global companies better address cultural differences in marketing advertising in the Middle East?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The authors realized the importance of being flexible in cultural values in the current environment of today’s economy. This environment is called ‘globalization’ that has become an interesting topic in the academic world. Beyond the different challenges, the most important challenge regarding to the thesis topic is the cultural challenge. The authors have combined these elements and  wanted to investigate how these factors influence marketing advertising in the Middle East.

    Hence, the purpose of this thesis is to reach an understanding about how cultural differences in global marketing advertising can be handled by global companies in the Middle East. 

    The findings of the thesis reflect upon the question of "how global companies can better address cultural differences in marketing advertising in the Middle East" by first understanding and respecting the culture and religion of the region, following the regulations and guidelines for advertising in every specific country, cooperating with local agencies and adapting the marketing advertising strategy with a glocal ‘think global, act local’ approach.

  • 9.
    Eriksson, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Jonsson, Andreas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Kallak - en debatt om framtiden: En studie om miljörättvisa i debatten om gruvan i Kallak2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Environmental justice has its origin in the US and comes from the African-American Civil Rights Movement. Today the environmental justice rhetoric can be found among researchers and politicians as well as grassroots movements. However, it does not exist in Sweden to a great extent. This study focuses on the debate around the establishment of a mine in Kallak, Sweden, and what kind of rhetoric different actors uses. The content analysis of newspaper articles show that there are both similarities and differences in this debate compared with the global rhetoric of environmental justice.

  • 10.
    Hummerdal, Björn
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Our Rights, Our Development: A Research about Christian Women in Egypt and Their Perception of Everyday Life2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 11.
    Johansson, Jonas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Ton, Thao
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Omhändertagandet av ensamkommande barn i Jönköping2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a qualitative interview study which have used structured interviews with some addition of semi-structure. Interviews have been conducted with seven respondents at three different care-take homes in Jönköping municipality with one section chief, three full time employees and three part time employees. 

    The purpose of this study is to get an understanding regarding how the employees view the current situation about the care of unaccompanied children and about current the work situation for the employees. Questions that have been answered is “What it the current state of care-taking of unaccompanied children at care-take homes in Jönköping municipality?”, “What is the current work situation for employees at care-take homes with focus on the meeting with unaccompanied children?” and “What is the central problems and challenges about care of unaccompanied children at care-take homes in Jönköping municipality?”

    The current research shows that the cooperation between employees at care-take home is insufficient and that the children does not receive the care they need despite their exposed situation. The results of this study confirm some of the previous research and brings up further problems regarding the issue that there are too many children under the same roof and that the care-take homes fail to live up to the current laws that say that every child has the right to their own room. The problems lies essentially that there is not enough facilities, and that the employees does not have time to prioritize the children before other tasks which bring frustration for both the children and the employees. 

  • 12.
    Karlsson, Sandra
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Lundin, Irma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    ”Det är inte svårt att älska Europa. Men det är riktigt svårt att älska EU.”: En kvalitativ innehållsanalys av Sverigedemokraternas framställning av Europeiska Unionen mellan två Europaparlamentsval.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverigedemokraterna har på kort tid lyckats etablera sig i Sveriges riksdag och är därför i högsta grad delaktig i den samtida politikens utformning. Precis som Sverigedemokraterna har likasinnade partier fått ökat stöd i större delen av Europa och har numera större möjligheter att kunna påverka EU:s utformning. Mot bakgrund av den ökade framgången för nationalistiska och främlingsfientliga partier syftar denna studie till att undersöka Sverigedemokraternas framställning av EU mellan Europaparlamentsvalet 2014 och Europaparlamentsvalet 2019.

     

    Studien har utförts genom en kvalitativ innehållsanalys av texter som Sverigedemokraterna och dess företrädare har publicerat. Genom studien kan det konstateras att Sverigedemokraternas framställning av EU utgörs av i stort sett samma kritik genom det aktuella tidsspannet, men att det har skett en förändring i form av att partiet inte längre kräver en folkomröstning för Sveriges medlemskap i EU utan numera anser att det finns en möjlighet att reformera EU inifrån tillsammans med likasinnade partier i Europa.Studien knyter an till en teoretisk referensram som tar avstamp i Margaret Canovans samt Paulina Ochoa Espejo teoretiska redogörelser om populism. Genom dessa presenteras populism som oundvikligt i en demokrati vilket gör det viktigt att förstå hur dessa rörelser uppstår.

  • 13.
    Lago, Erik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Drury, Charles
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Disaster Capitalism in a neoliberal era: An NGO perspective: A qualitative study of NGO practice, disaster capitalism and the privatisation of the humanitarian sector2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The rising number of disasters, both natural and man-made, has created a greater need for humanitarian interventions. Simultaneously, it has also created larger room for disaster capitalism, a phenomenon where certain actors use disasters to push economic interests. NGO:s are one of the main actors in post-disaster settings, which happens to be the very same sphere as the one where disaster capitalism occurs. Thus, this study will examine how NGO:s can work to counteract disaster capitalism. This is done by looking at how Swedish NGO:s implement their work and whether this is compatible with Loretta Pyles’ decolonising disaster social work framework (2017), which is deemed to contain measures which can hamper disaster capitalism. Furthermore, it also delves into NGO perception of privatisation of the humanitarian sector, which consociates with disaster capitalism, which is done by looking at how Swedish NGO:s experience the expansion of privatisations into the humanitarian sphere.

    The methodology is based on semi-structured interviews with representatives from a number of Swedish NGO:s active in the humanitarian sector, from which data has been qualitatively analysed.

    The results show, among other things, that disaster capitalism as a concept is fairly unknown among most of the NGO:s, however central aspects are recognised by many. It also shows that Swedish NGO:s are generally in line with Pyles’ framework. The dilemmas of the localisation agenda are examined, where the ambitions are high but institutional barriers hamper movement in its direction. Similarly, the pros and cons of international standards are discussed and whether these are a barrier to localisation. Resilience and the humanitarian-development nexus are highly contemporary matters and are also debated.

    The position towards private actors and privatisations of the humanitarian sector is contradictive, as there is a general opinion that being private and for-profit is not a problem, but also a general opinion that actors have to work on a principle-basis and not to make profit. It became clear that some scepticism is levelled at private actors from an NGO perspective. Finally, critical aspects of the humanitarian system and potential future risks are discussed, with the main concern regarding a phasing out of Western NGO:s in favour for less principle-based actors from other parts of the world.

  • 14.
    Legind, Ann-Sofie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Ranbäck, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Sport events for future generations: A study of motivations behind environmentally sustainable actions within Swedish recreational sport events2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A growing number of studies acknowledge the effect that sport events have on its surrounding environment as well as the effect the surroundings have on sport events. This has led to a larger focus on environmental sustainability within event organisations, something that however is motivated in very diverse ways and from different perspectives.

    This thesis, therefore, explores motivations behind the incorporation of environmentally sustainable actions within Swedish recreational sport events, and aim to provide an overview of how it is implemented within their operations. This has been done by a qualitative multiple case study with comparative elements. An outline of earlier research of motivational factors towards sustainable actions does together with an elaboration of central concepts, provide a theoretical background for the case study. The theoretical background has been further used to create an analytical framework with three main themes of motivation ‘strategic’, ‘pressure’ and ‘moral/ethical’. The cases, Vasaloppet and Vätternrundan, has been explored through face to face interviews with specific employees of the event organisations and later analysed through the analytical framework of the thesis. In addition to the interviews, documents regarding their sustainability work have together with the information that could be found on the web pages of the two events been analysed through the themes of the analytical framework.

    The results show a close similarity when it comes to the main challenges they are facing. Both Vasaloppet and Vätternrundan have transport as their main source of environmental impact, and the trash generated along the arena is another main challenge in order to reduce littering. Out of the three main themes of motivation, the moral and ethical motivation proved to be the main one, whereas the strategic and pressuring motivations came second and were in many cases closely entwined and related to each other. A difference in motivational background is further expressed by the respondents and policy documents of the event organisations, as Vasaloppet displayed a more proactive attitude while Vätternrundan were more reactive. 

  • 15.
    Lidsell, Karolina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Women and climate change adaptation: A qualitative research of a gender perspective on climate change adaptation for national authorities in Sweden2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis was to investigate if, and how, national authorities integrate a gender perspective into climate change adaptation in Sweden. The study was completed by using qualitative text analysis and content analysis of documents and reports, of two chosen national authorities currently active in the Swedish society. Particularly Yvonne Hirdmans gender system were used as a theoretical framework.

    The result of the study reveals that national authorities mention gender as an important aspect to climate change, and an important factor of vulnerability in any outcome of a climate disaster. It is also revealed that a gender perspective on climate change adaptation could enlighten the differences between how men and women are affected by climate change, as well as providing solutions to prevent women’s vulnerability in future extreme weather events. A conclusion of the study is that the authorities analysed do integrate a gender perspective in their climate change adaptation work. However, the overall lack of material of a gender perspective on climate change makes it clear that a gender perspective is not fully integrated among national authorities currently active in Sweden.  

  • 16.
    Myrenfeldt, Hannah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Sjöberg, Linn
    Fred för kvinnor och kvinnor för fred: En komparativ textanalys kring FN och nationella kvinnorättsorganisationers arbete i Afghanistan respektive Sierra Leone2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 17.
    Nadjafi, Samantha
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Murdock, Olivia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    ”A compliment immediately becomes a harassment”: A qualitative study of young male university students’ perceptions on the #metoo movement and the changes in their attitudes2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the fall of 2017, the #metoo movement began on social media to encourage victims of sexual harassment to speak up and show the magnitude of the problem, especially violence committed by men against women. The message of #metoo went viral and developed into a significant topic on gender equality. It became a global trend in countries such as Sweden, France and various other countries, which caused a storm of users to share their stories with the help of the hashtag metoo on their social media platforms. The motivation behind the chosen area of study is to comprehend opinions on the movement. In order to get a different perspective on the women’s movement the focus throughout lie on young men. The aim of this study is to examine how heterosexual male students at a university in Sweden view the movement both as a Swedish and a global phenomenon. Furthermore, the study examined if the students believe their attitudes toward sexual harassment have been affected or changed by the movement. This bachelor thesis attempted to answer the research questions and present the results by conducting focus group interviews. The presented results of the focus group interviews showed an overall positive attitude towards the purpose of the movement. However, a majority agreed that the movement had developed into something beyond its purpose and discussed the negative effects it brought with it. The participants expressed concern for the usage of the hashtag for minor incidents which eventually overshadowed the initial positive purpose of the movement. Through the study, it was furthermore revealed that the participants did not believe that a change in attitudes had occurred within themselves, even though they believed it may have brought change to other men in society.

  • 18.
    Norlin, Henrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Ruther, David
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Kristet bistånd från ett sekulärt land: En kvalitativ studie av hur kristna samfund och organisationer upplever att bedriva bistånd i Sverige och hur det påverkar deras verksamhet2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige är rankat som ett av världens mest sekulariserade länder och frågan om religionens plats i det svenska samhället är ofta aktuell i samhällsdebatten. Samtidigt är flera av Sveriges mest etablerade biståndsorganisationer och Sidas ramorganisationer verksamheter med kristen bakgrund. 

    Detta är en teoriutvecklande studie som undersöker hur representanter från sådana organisationer upplever att bedriva biståndsarbete på kristen grund ifrån ett av världens mest sekulariserade länder. Hur påverkar i sin tur de upplevelserna hur de formulerar sin verksamhet? 

    Metoden som har använts är en kvalitativ fenomenologisk analys av semistrukturerade intervjuer med representanter från sju organisationer. Resultaten framhäver bland annat att representanter från organisationerna ofta får anpassa språket i kontakt med representanter från den svenska staten och den sekulära svenska allmänheten. Undersökningen visar också att representanter från organisationerna upplever att ett sekulärt synsätt ses som en värdeneutral utgångspunkt i Sverige och att förhållningssättet från svenskt håll försvårar samarbetet med deras betydligt mer religiösa partnerorganisationer och mottagare. Detta gör att representanter från organisationerna tycker att handläggare på Sida och andra representanter behöver mer religionskompetens och förståelse för deras sammanhang. Studiens resultat kan vara till hjälp för aktörer inom svenskt bistånd och möjliggöra en fördjupad förståelse för organisationer med kristen prägel.

  • 19.
    Olandersson, Josefine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Gustafsson, Lina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    “I want them to be better than me”: Parents from different socio-economic backgrounds reflect on their children’s schooling and education in Mexico City2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Academics within the field of education have produced extensive research. The purpose of previous studies has often been to explain the underlying causes, with a generalizing result, to how education operate within a nation. To contribute with an urban perspective, this studies aim is to research how parents from different socio-economic backgrounds in Mexico City are reasoning about their children’s schooling and education. What individual choices they have made and how the social context has impacted on these choices. The respondents were selected through a snowball selection using interviews with semistructured questions for data collection. The material was coded into two themes, individual level and societal level. The respondents with wealthier and poorer socioeconomic background were analysed separately and then compared and summarised. The theoretical framework is a combination of the human capability approach together with the findings in previous research. A finding in the research is that education is perceived differently depending on the socio-economic background. The respondents with wealthier socio-economic background are referring to the future work career and economic security as benefits for their children. The respondents with poorer socio-economic background are mentioning the opportunity to change their lives and “to not become like them”. Despite the different benefits mentioned, all respondents’ value education as the most important investment in life for their children. The conclusion drawn from the study is, that no matter what their socio-economic background is education a high priority.

  • 20.
    Olsson, Erika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Holm, Jennifer
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Volontärturism - En väg till utveckling eller undergång?: En kvallitativ studie om hur svenska volontärresebyråers projekt anknyter till Agenda 20302019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The sustainable development goals, published in 2015, were created as a global effort to increase sustainable social, economic and environmental development. In documents published in 2018 from the UN, relevant actors are encouraged to incorporate more voluntary work on different levels of society, in order to establish a local anchoring for the 17 goals with its’ 169 sub-targets. One kind of non-profit work that has gained popularity in the last 20 years are the so-called volunteer travels, where tourists, often young Westerners, travel in order to help out in developing countries, in combination with leisure activities.

    In this study, descriptions of projects that are offered by Swedish volunteer- travel agencies have been examined as to how they relate to the Sustainable Development Goals, along with how different publications from the UN on how volunteerism and sustainable tourism can be understood in regard to commercial volunteer tourism. Here, four Swedish volunteer tourist agencies have been examined and compared to the sub-targets for the Sustainable Development Goals, also known as Agenda 2030. The method used is a qualitative content analysis of the project descriptions found on the web pages of the volunteer tourist agencies. The Human Rights Based Approach has been used to analyse the data in order to investigate in what way the project descriptions can be seen as rights based. The result shows that volunteer tourism primarily is related to development goals concerning education and biological diversity, through English classes and care of animals and nature. The established projects that are available often cannot guarantee the quality of the efforts being made and do not seem to incorporate an awareness of the Sustainable Development Goals. The activity can therefore be seen as addressing the effects of structural problems, rather than a solution of the underlying causes of the problems. A possible improvement that is suggested for volunteer tourism to contribute more to a road to development, is to more emphasize the connection between projects in volunteer tourism and the Sustainable Development Goals, mainly through knowledge sharing.

  • 21.
    Ortiz, Mariana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Ekeroth, Ulrika
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    "I am not defined by how I look or where I am from": An intersectional qualitative analysis about young women with immigrant background in Sweden and their views on identities2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are several studies regarding immigrants in Sweden with focus on integration and their situation in the labour market. However, few studies have focused on people with immigrant background and their view on identity, and even fewer have focused on women. In this paper, the aim is to highlight how young women with immigrant background in Sweden choose to identify, explained through an intersectional perspective. The research is conducted through qualitative semi-structured interviews, containing a small group of eight women. The results were presented through four different themes: identify factors, society’s impact on identity, “Swedishness” and experiences and challenges. The results were analysed by using previous research and using intersectionality as the theoretical framework. The results showed that aspects such as family, culture and social environment were some of the factors that affected their identity. Furthermore, the majority of the respondents felt that society had a large impact on them and that society’s view of “Swedishness” plays a big role in their identity perception. Lastly, the respondents shared experiences and challenges that they encounter in the Swedish society, such as exotification and racism. Concluding this, it was found that societal structures contribute to the women’s experiences of discrimination and the challenges they face because of their multiple identities.

  • 22.
    Ostrowska, Alicja
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    War is Peace: A Study of Relationship Between Gender Equality and Peacefulness of a State2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Based on the previous studies, the hypothesis of this research is that the higher the level of gender equality in a state, the higher level of its peacefulness. It is a quantitative study using linear regression analysis with three variables, namely Global Peace Index (GPI) as a dependent variable, Gender Inequality Index (GII) as an independent variable and Human Development Index (HDI) as a control variable. The data of 139 states from year 2013 were submitted into Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software. The result shows a significant and positive linear relationship between gender inequality and a high level of conflict, which confirms the hypothesis. However, HDI shows to be less reliable as a control variable due to issues with multicollinearity (heavily related independent variables). Further studies should replace the HDI with another control variable.

  • 23.
    Petersson, Per Anton
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Perceptions of Chinese influence in Sub-Saharan Africa: Case studies of Uganda and Tanzania2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Raudales Erlandsson, Elsa
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Larsson, Mimmi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Female Entrepreneurs in Honduras: The Motivation Factors Behind their Decisions2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Entrepreneurial activity can promote economic development on a national level. Women are the most underdeveloped workforce globally. The amount of entrepreneurs is higher in developing countries, where lack of equality, education and resources most detain them from engaging economically. It is crucial to understand what motivates these entrepreneurs, more specifically women entrepreneurs, since they are so important for the development. Few studies have been done about women entrepreneurs’ motivation compared to those done about men and even more scarce are the studies done in developing countries.This study is conducted through interviews and a survey among women entrepreneurs within the PFME. The PFME is a program within the private organisation CCIT that aims to strengthen women entrepreneurs in Honduras through support and education.Push-factors are those motivation factors that come out of necessity and pull-factors are those that come out of opportunity. This study shows that the push-factors are more common among these Honduran women than among women in studies from other countries. Economic reasons and independence are among the highest ranked motivations. Further research need to be done in order to understand what affects these motivation factors on a country level and why there are differences between the motivation of women entrepreneurs in developed countries and developing countries.

  • 25.
    Room, Hannah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Serrestam, Daniel
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    En arbetsmarknad för alla: Integration i det svenska arbetslivet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Sverige är ett av de länder i Europa som anses vara mest öppet för invandrare, dock är skillnaden i sysselsättning mellan inrikes- och utrikes födda på arbetsmarknaden stor. Tidigare forskning visar att utrikes födda oftare tenderar att vara utan sysselsättning och därmed oftare hamna i utanförskap än inrikes födda.

    I studien undersöks invandrares egen syn på integration och vilka svårigheter de intervjuade invandrarna i studien upplevt på den svenska arbetsmarknaden. Genom att fokusera på individers historia kommer följande undersökning försöka gå bortom det föregivet tagna och peka på sprickorna i den ofta förenklade bilden av invandrare och integrationen på arbetsmarknaden.

    En kvalitativ fallstudie har utförts, där resultatet är baserat på semistrukturerade intervjuer. I studien deltog tio respondenter, fem kvinnor och fem män med utländsk bakgrund. Resultatet analyserades med hjälp av tidigare forskning och teorier som behandlat just ämnet integration. Genom detta tillvägagångssätt framkom både samband och olikheter sett till resultatet från studien och tidigare forskning. Resultatet av studien visar att majoriteten av respondenterna anser att det finns brister och problem inom integrationen på arbetsmarknaden. Resultatet visar även att invandrares framgång på arbetsmarknaden kan kopplas till tiden de spenderat i Sverige men framför allt viljan att delta i det nya samhället.

  • 26.
    Vestling, Veronika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Forsberg, Viktoria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    The livelihoods of female seaweed farmers: A study about women's experiences of old and new techniques of seaweed farming on Zanzibar, Tanzania.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seaweed has been hit hard by climate change around the world. The island of Zanzibar, which is the world’s third biggest exporter of seaweed, is one of the places where seaweed is affected. 80 percent of the seaweed farmers on Zanzibar are women who are directly affected by climate change since they are making a living from seaweed farming. New efforts to tackle the impact of climate change on seaweed has been made on Zanzibar through the SEA PoWer project which is a new technique of growing seaweed and enables twenty-four female seaweed farmers to grow in deep and cooler waters instead of the more traditional way which is in shallow waters. The aim of this study is to, from a livelihood perspective, examine women’s experiences and perceptions of the old versus the new techniques of farming seaweed on Zanzibar, Tanzania.  The research questions for this study focus on finding out the women’s experiences and perceptions of the changes in the techniques in relation to opportunities for livelihoods through seaweed farming. Furthermore, this study investigates if women experience conflicts of interest with men regarding the use of ocean space. Semi-structured interviews with eleven women who have used the new technique of growing seaweed were conducted and the results was analyzed in the light of previous research, through the definitions of livelihood and gender, and the theoretical concept of feminist political ecology. The result has shown that all women experienced improvements in their livelihoods through the new technique of seaweed farming. One clear improvement was that there were no negative health effects when using the new technique. The study also found that there are no conflicts of interest between men and women regarding the use of ocean space when using the new technique of seaweed farming. The women had a positive view on the future and had high expectations, they had already noticed positive effects on their livelihoods in form of social, human, physical capital and health.  

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