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  • 1.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Digitalisering och social exklusion: Om medborgares användning av och attityder till Arbetsförmedlingens digitala tjänster2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report focuses on the users of e-government in a social science perspective. Our aim is to study how different social groups, registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service, relate to the internet, the agency and the services offered on its website (www.ams.se).

    The field of e-government research is dominated by studies that centre attention on the supply side (videlicet research investigating the entrance of IT in organizations and the implications that new technology have to these), while usercentred research (demand side) is still scarce. Our study, focusing on how citizens relate to the internet in general and e-government in particular, therefore helps to bridge a knowledge gap within the field.

    Our survey is based on a questionnaire sent to 2 000 randomly selected persons, all registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service. Of these, 762 job seekers responded, which gives us a frequency rate of 40 percent. The questions asked were related to the job seekers’ usage of and attitudes towards the internet in general and the agency’s webpage in particular, but also to their attitudes to the Swedish Public Employment Service.

    The main results show that social factors, particularly education, play a major role for the job seekers’ ability to use the web based services offered by the agency. People with a lower educational level are less inclined to use the agency’s website, and at the same time they experience the site as more complicated to use. We also found a strong link between the relations to the internet (access, usage, experience and attitudes) and the relations to the agency’s website. Those with advantaged internet relations – mostly well educated people, white collars and people living in bigger cities – also use the agency’s website more diligently and tend to have more positive attitudes towards it (and vice versa). Thus, its necessary to talk in terms of digitally well equipped and less well equipped groups.

    The unequal relations to the internet in general and the agency’s website in particular not only indicate that e-government is more suitable for the digitally well equipped, but that it in fact exclude those with less digital resources. This new kind of exclusion has great implications for the job seekers’ possibilities to enter the labour market, and to act their role as citizens. If e government also means a reformation of the citizen role – in the sense of increased individual responsibility towards the government - not bridging the digital divide will carry even more exclusion to those that’s already excluded.

  • 2.
    Arveståhl, Beatrice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Lehtinen, Susan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    UTREDNING KRING TOLKNINGEN AV ”LITEN AVVIKELSE”2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: In Sweden, a municipal plan monopoly is used to regulate what, how and where you can or cannot build. How the plans, in the shape of comprehensive and detailed development plans, are formed is in turn regulated by the Planning and Building Act (PBL). Throughout history, Swedish building regulations have gone through many more or less extensive changes with the overall goal to improve our built environment and simplify or streamline the planning and building processes. From this comes the term small deviation, which in PBL is used to allow building permits that deviate from the detailed development plan, provided that the deviation is small. There is, however, no explanation in the law as to what this might mean in practice, and so there are large differences in terms of interpretation and application.

    The goal of this study is to analyse how the term small deviation according to PBL, chapter 9 § 31b is interpreted and applicated in building permit trials.

    Method: The methods used in this study are interviews (with building permit officers) and document analysis (of building permit decisions from quarter two, 2016, and court cases from the Land and Environment Court of Appeal).

    Findings: How deviations are interpreted does indeed vastly differ, and while the municipalities do work in a similar manner to determine whether a deviation could be considered small, there are significant differences. Only in the matter of built area on a property, the three studied municipalities all have different practices in what size of violation may be considered small, and the building permit officers in one of these municipalities still deviate from this. In eight out of 13 court cases, the Land and Environment Court of Appeal judged differently from the previous authorities. Only in one did all authorities agree.

    Implications: The findings implicate the following:

    • There are remarkable differences in how small deviation is assessed.

    • De biggest differences are between the local building permit officers and the Land and Environment Court of Appeal.

    • The factors that affect the assessment on a municipal level the most are experience, precedent cases and discussion with colleagues.

    Limitations: A wider study containing more information from several municipalities and an analysis of the material accessible to the municipalities for guidance to assess deviations would provide a clearer answer as to what affects the interpretation.

    Keywords: PBL, Planning and Building Act, building permits, law interpretation, interpretation, deviation, small deviation, deviation from detailed development plan, sensemaking, the Land and Environment Court of Appeal 

  • 3.
    Bennich, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Om kommunalförbund, intraprenad, entreprenadisering, kundval med mera i socialtjänsten - en översikt2015In: Upphandling, valfrihet, styrprinciper - i socialtjänsten / [ed] Bennich, Maria och Zanderin, Lars, Lund: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, p. 35-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 4.
    Bennich, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Zanderin, Lars
    Upphandling, valfrihet, styrprinciper i socialtjänsten2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Sjödahl, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet ikommuners styrdokument2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten återger resultatet från en studie av hur nationella styrdokument översätts till den lokala arenan inom utbildningsområdet. Skollagen anger att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. Trots försök från olika myndigheter på den nationella arenan att förtydliga vad detta innebär är det fortfarande otydligt vad det innebär i konkret handling. Huvudmannen kan i sin tur arbeta vidare med att stödja utbildningsverksamheten genom sina egna styrdokument. Arbetet med att utforma styrdokumenten leds vanligtvis av en skolchef. För att öka förståelsen för hur idéer om vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet kommer till uttryck i kommuners styrdokument har vi genomfört en kvalitativ studie. Ett urval av 65 skolchefer från kommuner av olika storlek och geografisk placering fick frågan att skicka in styrdokument där de på något sätt hade behandlat vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. 16 kommuner skickade in 53 dokument. Av dessa var det 16 styrdokument från 9 kommuner som uttryckligen hade med begreppen. Dokumenten består bland annat av verksamhetsidé, måldokument, strategiska dokument, verksamhetsplaner och handlingsplaner. En induktiv analys visar på sex kategorier för hur huvudman förhåller sig till begreppen vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet:

    1. Begreppsförekomst: vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet nämns men innebörden diskuteras inte.

    2. Karriärsatsning: vetenskaplig grund och beprövaderfarenhet handlar om professionell kompetens, vilket sätter fokus på kompetensutveckling och karriärvägar.

    3. Litteraturgenomgång: presentation av litteraturgenomgångar som ett sätt att koppla till vetenskaplig forskning.

    4. Metodfrågor: användning av forskningsbaserade metoder och ansatser för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

    5. Samverkan: samverkan med ett lärosäte för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

    6. Systematiskt kvalitetsarbete: det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet kopplas ihop med vetenskaplig grund ochbeprövad erfarenhet.

    Utifrån dessa sex kategorier för vi en diskussion om hur dominanta idéer färdas i organisationer. Här återges en kort summering av slutsatserna:

    • Det pågår översättning av nationella dominanta idéer till den lokala praktiken.

    • Samverkan med ett lärosäte verkar vara av vikt för att utveckla ett arbetssätt som stöder att utbildningen vilar på vetenskaplig grund.

    • Interaktiv praktiknära forskning anges som en lämplig ansats för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

    • Litteraturhänvisningar i styrdokumenten handlar i hög grad om referenser till texter från Skolverket och andra myndigheter samt intresseorganisationer, inte direkta forskningsreferenser.

    Resultatet visar att de begrepp och definitioner som dominerar nationellt översätts till en mångfald av olika operativa insatser. Mångfalden kan bero på att kommuner har olika förutsättningar att stödja en utbildning på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. Det kan också vara ett uttryck för att kommuner vill uppnå ett visst syfte i en viss kontext.Trots nationella definitioner av skollagens begrepp krävs en översättningsprocess när kravet på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet ska efterlevas i den lokala kontexten. Anledningen är att tjänstemän, skolledare och lärare ska kunna hitta sätt att arbeta med detta som är anpassat efter deras specifika behov. Översättningsprocessen kräver kunskap om på vilket sätt forskningen kan bidra till utveckling av verksamheten. I den här processen är det också viktigt att ta hänsyn till praktik och etik. Det här sker inom en ram där utbildning även bygger på ett normativt samhällsuppdrag, det vill säga det att eleverna ska bli kompetenta demokratiska medborgare. Utifrån att vi har tagit skolchefens perspektiv i denna rapport vill vi slutligen påpeka att det saknas vägledning i styrdokumenten för hur eventuella förändringar i arbetssätt påverkar ledarskapet i organisationen. Ett styrdokument är kanske inte den främsta arenan för ledarskapsarbetet men det antyder förändringar som i sin tur ger förändrade förutsättningar och kunskapskrav för ledarskapet. Insikter om skolchefens förändrade ledarskap är en viktig kunskapslucka att fylla i framtida arbeten.

  • 6.
    Butros, Simon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Lager, Tim
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Plussummespela hela vägen till hållbar utveckling – En studie om ”Europas grönaste stad”: Hur Internationella samarbeten driver hållbar utveckling framåt i staden. 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental threat is a stressing concern which must be addressed immediately. The urbanization has been growing in a rapid pace the past years. Today, more than 50 percent of the world’s population lives in cities, and the forecast tells us that it will increase to 70 percent in 2050. This puts pressure on actors like states, organizations, companies, and municipalities who must work to meet the urbanization immediately. The UN, the EU and WWF amongst others advocates that international cooperation between these actors is the best way to go, and that cities must be prepared for the problem that occurs today and the challenges for tomorrow. In spite of this, there is no substantial research on this topic, on what international environmental cooperation between cities could mean to a city or what the results could be. Växjö is one of few Swedish cities who work internationally with local as well as global ecological sustainable development. This study intends to discover the international cooperations in the topic of environmental sustainable development in the city in Växjö. The purpose is to see what impact the international cooperations have in the environmental work of Växjö, and to see whether environmental sustainable development is being urged on by international collaborations. By using a positive–sum game as a theoretical starting point, a case–study has been conducted, where interviews were made with representatives from Växjö municipal. The result of the study shows that the effects Växjö has obtained through these cooperations, do promote environmental sustainable development. If the collaborations take the form of a positive–sum game, all actors benefit from it and the environment as well. Since the international cooperations bring exchange of knowledge and sometimes external financial means to put into different projects, the city’s environmental sustainable development improves.

  • 7.
    Börjesson, Josefin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Melin, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Personlighetsfaktorer i rekryteringsprocessen: En explorativ studie av sambandet mellan anställningsannonser och anställningsurval2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande examensarbete på kandidatnivå utgår från problemformuleringar kring hur personliga egenskaper, relaterade till McCrae och Costas (2002) femfaktormodell, förekommer och används i rekryteringsprocesser. Två kvantitativa studier upprättades, där den första studien testade två hypoteser gällande personliga egenskapers förekomst i (N = 192) platsannonser utifrån en innehållsanalys som analyserades med frekvensanalys och Cramérs V. Den andra studien testade två hypoteser kring rekryteringsansvarigas personlighetsfaktorer och deras bedömning av lämplig kandidat genom en enkätundersökning med (N = 30) deltagande rekryterande chefer och HR-medarbetare. Enkätverktyget bestod av två delar, där första delen utgjordes av ett befintligt validerat test och del två konstruerades av författarna. Den andra studien har analyserats med Pearsons Korrelationskoefficient för att ta reda på samband mellan variablerna som mättes i enkäterna. Resultatet i studie ett visade att samvetsgrannhet var den personlighetsfaktor som förekom i majoriteten av platsannonserna. Resultatet i studie två visade att samvetsgrannhet kan ha viss betydelse vid bedömning av lämplig kandidat (r = 0,376, p < 0,05).

  • 8.
    Folkeson, Lennart
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Genell, Anders
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    State of preparedness for climate change adaptation in operations and maintenance of transport infrastructure in eight Swedish municipalities2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This study analysed the preparedness for climate change adaptation (CCA) of transport infrastructure in eight municipalities in Sweden. The study focused on municipal officials’ role in organizing and implementing CCA measures. The interviews were done in 2011. Many respondents confused CCA with climate change mitigation. Three of the municipalities had performed vulnerability analyses but apart from that, well-documented decision support in long-term adaptation was largely lacking. Adaptation measures were often based on day-to-day problems and recently experienced weather incidents. Strategic work with long-term CCA seemed to be largely lacking. The placing of the responsibility for CCA in the municipal organization was often unclear. Six of the respondents found there were no actual hindrances to their work with CCA and no conflicts with other municipal aims. However, several responses indicated budgetary competition with environmental aims or other societal strivings. The planning and implementation of CCA measures seemed to be highly dependent on individual officials, their engagement, their passivity/activity regarding this issue, their defined responsibility and the boundaries for their current position in the municipality organization. 

  • 9.
    Grillitsch, Markus
    et al.
    Lunds Universitet, Department of Human and Economic Geography and the Centre for Innovation, Lund, Sweden.
    Hansen, Teis
    Lunds Universitet, Lund, Sweden.
    Coenen, Lars
    Melbourne Sustainable Society Institute, University of Melbourne, Australia.
    Miörner, Johan
    Lunds Universitet, Lund, Sweden.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Innovation policy for system-wide transformation: The case of Strategic Innovation Programmes (SIPs) in Sweden2019In: Research Policy, ISSN 0048-7333, E-ISSN 1873-7625, Vol. 48, no 4, p. 1048-1061Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The orientation towards grand societal challenges can be seen as a new wave or paradigm for innovation policy. Such policy aims at system-wide transformation and is often referred to as system innovation policy. While insights from transition studies have provided novel and useful rationales for innovation policy targeting system-wide transformation, it remains unclear how to design, implement and evaluate such policies. The contribution of this paper is to translate and concretize the challenges of system innovation policy towards scope for policy action and analysis. Building on insights from transition studies we group the challenges into four domains: directionality, experimentation, demand articulation, and policy coordination and learning. We relate challenges within the four domains to three generic features of innovation systems: interests and capabilities of actors, networks, and institutions. The derived framework is applied in a case study on the strategic innovation programmes, a recent policy initiative by Vinnova, Sweden's Innovation Agency, targeting system innovation. 

    The full text will be freely available from 2021-10-16 00:01
  • 10.
    Miörner, Johan
    et al.
    Lund University, Sweden.
    Trippl, Michaela
    University of Vienna, Austria.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    Lund University and Halmstad University, Sweden.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Creating institutional preconditions for knowledge flows in cross-border regions2018In: Environment and Planning C: Politics and Space, ISSN 2399-6544, E-ISSN 2399-6552, Vol. 36, no 2, p. 201-218Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In recent years, we have witnessed an intensive scholarly discussion about the limitations of traditional inward looking regional innovation strategies. New policy approaches put more emphasis on promoting the external connectedness of regions. However, the institutional preconditions for collaboration across borders have received little attention so far. The aim of this paper is to investigate both conceptually and empirically how policy network organizations can target the institutional underpinnings and challenges of cross-border integration processes and knowledge flows. The empirical part of the paper consists of an analysis of activities performed by four cross-border policy network organizations in the Öresund region (made up of Zealand in Denmark and Scania in Sweden) and how they relate to the creation of institutional preconditions and the removal of institutional barriers. Our findings suggest that cross-border policy network organizations have limited power to change or facilitate the adaptation of formal institutions directly. They mainly rely on mobilizing actors at other territorial levels for improving the formal institutional conditions for knowledge flows. Informal institutions, on the other hand, can be targeted by an array of different tools available to policy network organizations. We conclude that institutional preconditions in cross-border regions are influenced by collective activities of multiple actors on different territorial levels, and that regional actors mainly adapt to the existing institutional framework rather than change it. For innovation policy, this implies that possibilities for institutional change and adaptation need to be considered in regional innovation policy strategies.

  • 11.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC).
    Sack, Lionel
    CIRCLE, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
    Innovation under a protected label of origin: Institutional change in Cognac2018In: Knowledge and institutions / [ed] J. Glückler, R. Suddaby & R. Lenz, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 135-155Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In this study the authors analyze a protected label of origin cluster in France with a homogeneous and explicit institutional framework. The cluster has given birth to both incremental and radical changes in recent decades. By assessing these change processes, the authors disentangle different types of institutional change that have been shaped by preconditions in the cluster—and that in turn shape the cluster on an aggregate level. The study mainly focuses on inefficiencies that emerge over time in the given institutional framework, triggering different types of change. The study’s findings suggest that incremental change processes originate primarily in developments in the regulative and normative dimension of institutions within the cluster, whereas radical change processes require a wider set of preconditions.

  • 12.
    Moodysson, Jerker
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Trippl, Michaela
    Department of Geography and Regional Research, University of Vienna, Austria.
    Zukauskaite, Elena
    CIRCLE, Lund University.
    Policy learning and smart specialization: Balancing policy change and continuity for new regional industrial paths2017In: Science and Public Policy, ISSN 0302-3427, E-ISSN 1471-5430, Vol. 44, no 3, p. 382-391Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper seeks to explain what policy approaches and policy measures are best suited for promoting new regional industrial path development and what needs and possibilities there are for such policy to change and adapt to new conditions in order to remain efficient. The paper departs from the notion of Smart Specialization and discusses how regional strategies that are inspired by this approach influence path renewal and new path creation and how they are related to and aligned with policy strategies implemented at other scales (local, regional, national, supranational). Our main argument is that new regional industrial growth paths require both continuity and change within the support structure of the innovation system. Unless smart specialization strategies are able to combine such adaptation and continuity, they fail to promote path renewal and new path creation. Our arguments are illustrated with empirical findings from the regional innovation system of Scania, South Sweden.

  • 13.
    Mutarindwa, Samuel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Schäfer, Dorothea
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School. DIW Berlin, Germany and CERBE, Italy.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    The Impact of Institutions on Bank Governance and Stability: Evidence from African Countries2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper sheds new light on how African countries’ legal systems and institutions influence the governance and stability of their banks. We find that institutional factors, in particular the legal family of origin, political stability, contract enforcement and strength of investor protection promote central corporate governance reforms. Using a difference-in-difference approach, we also reveal that those reforms mediate the impact of institutions on banks. If countries have a corporate governance reform in place their banks show better internal governance and higher stability.

  • 14.
    Narbutaite Aflaki, Inga
    et al.
    Karlstads universitet, Institutionen för samhälls- och kulturvetenskap.
    Eriksson, Henrik
    Chalmers Tekniska Högskola.
    Schneider, Thomas
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
    Utmaningar och framgångsfaktorer för att initiera, genomföra och anpassa ett idéburet-offentligt partnerskap: Ett kunskapsunderlag från följeforskning av IOP ensamkommande i Göteborg 2016-20172017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Antalet ensamkommande barn som kom till Sverige för att söka asyl ökade kraftigt under en period mellan 2014 och 2016, och speciellt många kom under hösten 2015. Flyktingvågen ställde nya krav på kommunerna men öppnade samtidigt möjligheter för innovativa angreppssätt. För att ta ett helhetsgrepp om mottagandet av ensamkommande barn och ungdomar inleddes en relativt ny form av samverkan, ett idéburet–offentligt partnerskap (IOP), mellan Göteborgs kommun (Social resursförvaltning) och sju (senare nio) idéburna verksamheter. Ett IOP utgör ett nytt sätt att tänka kring samverkan mellan staten och det civila samhället och kan ses som ett alternativ till upphandlingskontrakt och sedvanliga föreningsbidrag, framförallt inom sociala och integrationsfrågor. Det finns ännu begränsad kunskap kring implementeringen av IOP och implikationerna för båda sektorerna. Syftet med denna rapport är att ta fram kunskap om samverkansmodellen idéburet–offentligt partnerskap till nytta för framtida liknande arrangemang. Genom att samla in kunskap om IOP-samarbete i form av framgångsfaktorer och utmaningar ges bättre förutsättningar för tillämpningen av IOP-avtal inom andra välfärdsområden och inom andra kommuner och offentliga verksamheter. Projektet har genomförts i form av följeforskning på IOP Ensamkommande i Göteborg. Sammanfattningsvis, baserat på innehållet i detta kunskapsunderlag om IOP lyfter vi fram fyra rekommendationer för att öka användningen av IOP som samarbetsform: (1) Det behövs en ökad vilja och ett mod bland politiker och ledande tjänstemän inom den offentliga sektorn att våga initiera IOP-avtal trots juridiska oklarheter. Initierandet av IOP-samarbeten behöver stödjas av policyentreprenörer inom bägge sek-torerna och ha som utgångspunkt att olika organisationers identitet ska bevaras, och att klimatet ska vara präglat av tillit, öppna dialoger och en gemensam värdegrund. (2) För att framgångsrikt kunna genomföra ett IOP är det nödvändigt med en partnergemensam styrning, ledning och en aktiv samordning som bygger på vilja, tillit, ömsesidigt inflytande och kommunikation över organisationsgränserna. Något annat som är viktigt för att lyckas med ett IOP är att de idéburna aktörerna hittar sina unika roller i partnerskapet och förmedlar komplementära tjänster/insatser och därmed mervärden. (3) För att partnerskapet ska bli hållbart över tid och kunna anpassas efter nya förutsättningar krävs en fortsatt gemensam vilja, tillit och utvecklade relationer så att man hela tiden kan balansera mellan konflikt och konsensus, och mellan kontinuitet och förändring. (4) Det behövs en djupare och bredare kunskap om IOP generellt inom båda sektorerna, och i synnerhet om när och hur man kan initiera och driva ett IOP. Detta kan erhållas genom olika former av kunskapsutveckling och kunskapsspridning som utgår från flera praktiska exempel på IOP-samverkan.

  • 15.
    Nord, Lars
    et al.
    Institutionen för medie- och kommunikationsvetenskap, Mittuniversitetet, Sundsvall, Sverige .
    Ots, Mart
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies. Jönköping University.
    Politiken och journalistiken2019In: På väg mot medievärlden 2030: Journalistikens villkor och utmaningar / [ed] Gunnar Nygren & Ingela Wadbring, Lund: Studentlitteratur AB, 2019, 6, p. 53-74Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 16.
    Rehnberg, Jan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Den rätta modellen?: Om två olika synsätt på förenklad biståndsbedömning inom hemtjänsten2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how a supervisory authority, a municipality and older people are described in an administrative court case about home-based community care. In this case, a traditional form of needs assessment is set against a simplified model. The study also examines how this simplified model can be linked to the development of social governance in recent decades. The method used has been inspired by critical discourse analysis. In the data, the municipality and the supervisory authority usually refer to themselves as main actors. This can be linked to the development of social governance, which gave municipalities increased power. This development has made it possible for the municipality to introduce the Linköping model, which is argued as a way to strengthen participation and self-determination of elderly people.  The analysis, however, shows that older people are described in the data as passive participants by both the municipality and the supervisory authority. The fact that the supervisory authority usually refers to itself as the main actor can be explained by the fact that the exercise of public authority is central in the administrative case and that there has been more control in the supervision of social services.

  • 17.
    Robertson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Tschan, Georg
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Evaluation of transport interventions in developing countries2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    International climate policy and the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) with the Kyoto Protocol include different mechanisms or programmes for actions in developing countries aimed at reducing emissions of carbon dioxide (CO2). To verify compliance, the effects of such actions, including transport measures, need to be measured, reported and verified (MRV). However, in relation to other sectors very few transport-related projects have been initiated. Potential problems and ambiguities related to the current evaluation methodology were therefore investigated as a possible explanation for the low interest in investments in the transport sector. Other objectives of this study were to analyse the requirements for development and improvement of methods for evaluating the effects of transport policies and measures on emissions of greenhouse gases in developing countries. The analyses includes a review of different climate mechanisms, for example applied within the UNFCCC, evaluation requirements and methodologies used, the general availability of methods for evaluation of traffic and transportation, evaluation data availability, and institutional conditions in developing countries. The main conclusions are that measuring traffic and transportation is generally a complex and demanding process, and the potential for misinterpretation of results is significant. In addition, there is a significant risk of rebound effects, especially for transport projects in developing countries aiming at modal shift. Furthermore, it seems that very short time frames are applied for evaluation of project-based mechanisms in the transport sector. Other challenges relate to institutional roles and responsibilities, the availability of personal and financial resources, and the knowledge and perspectives applied. Based on these limitations regarding transport project evaluations, further development of transport-related climate mechanisms towards a more sectoral and transformational perspective is suggested.

  • 18.
    Salonen, Tapio
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för vårdvetenskap och socialt arbete.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Myndighet frågar medborgare: Brukarundersökningar i offentlig verksamhet2008Report (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Vaillancourt, Alain
    Hanken School of Economics.
    Government decentralization and disaster impact, an exploratory study2013In: Building Resilience 2013: Individual, institutional and societal coping strategies to address the challenges associated with disaster risk : book of abstracts / [ed] Martin Hall, Salford: University of Salford , 2013, no 1Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore the link between decentralization and the impact of natural disasters through empirical analysis. It addresses the issue of the importance of the role of local government in disaster response through different means of decentralization. By studying data available for 50 countries, it allows to develop the knowledge on the role of national government in setting policy that allows flexibility and decision making at a local level and how this devolution of power influences the outcome of disasters. The study uses Aaron Schneider’s definition and rankings of decentralization, the EM-DAT database to identify the amount of people affected by disasters on average per year as well as World Bank Indicators and the Human Development Index (HDI) to model the role of local decentralization in mitigating disasters. With a multivariate regression it looks at the amount of affected people as explained by fiscal, administrative and political decentralization, government expenses, percentage of urbanization, total population, population density, the HDI and the overall Logistics Performance Indicator (LPI). The main results are that total population, the overall LPI and fiscal decentralization are all significant in relation to the amount of people affected by disasters for the countries and period studied. These findings have implication for government’s policies by indicating that fiscal decentralization by allowing local governments to control a bigger proportion of the countries revenues and expenditures plays a role in reducing the amount of affected people in disasters. This can be explained by the fact that local government understand their own needs better in both disaster prevention and response which helps in taking the proper decisions to mitigate the amount of people affected in a disaster. The reduction in the implication of national government might also play a role in reducing the time of reaction to face a disaster. The main conclusion of this study is that fiscal control by local governments can help reduce the amount of people affected by disasters.

  • 20.
    Wilińska, Monika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Bülow, Pia H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue).
    Emotion ability - practices of affective citizenship in the work rehabilitation process2018In: Critical Policy Studies, ISSN 1946-0171, E-ISSN 1946-018XArticle in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This article introduces the concept of emotion ability to illuminate the process whereby institutional meetings become an arena for testing, evoking, and regulating emotions that are deemed necessary to meet institutional goals. It focuses on the relationships and practices that are collaboratively constructed by welfare workers and clients when they interact within the context of institutional meetings. Based on an interactional analysis of a multi-party meeting, this article demonstrates the ways in which clients' ability to read, interpret, and follow specific feeling rules becomes the focal point of attention. Using video recordings, we illustrate that this process is highly collaborative, and it involves both language and body. The ability to act in accordance with the expected and required 'right feelings' emergent in the institutional encounter is, thus, a result of highly interactive processes. We discuss the concept of emotion ability as a concrete micro-level mechanism through, which practices of affective citizenship are realized in the context of institutional interactions.

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