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  • 1.
    Abalo, Ernesto
    et al.
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Danielsson, Martin
    Växjö universitet, Institutionen för samhällsvetenskap.
    Digitalisering och social exklusion: Om medborgares användning av och attityder till Arbetsförmedlingens digitala tjänster2008Book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This research report focuses on the users of e-government in a social science perspective. Our aim is to study how different social groups, registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service, relate to the internet, the agency and the services offered on its website (www.ams.se).

    The field of e-government research is dominated by studies that centre attention on the supply side (videlicet research investigating the entrance of IT in organizations and the implications that new technology have to these), while usercentred research (demand side) is still scarce. Our study, focusing on how citizens relate to the internet in general and e-government in particular, therefore helps to bridge a knowledge gap within the field.

    Our survey is based on a questionnaire sent to 2 000 randomly selected persons, all registered at the Swedish Public Employment Service. Of these, 762 job seekers responded, which gives us a frequency rate of 40 percent. The questions asked were related to the job seekers’ usage of and attitudes towards the internet in general and the agency’s webpage in particular, but also to their attitudes to the Swedish Public Employment Service.

    The main results show that social factors, particularly education, play a major role for the job seekers’ ability to use the web based services offered by the agency. People with a lower educational level are less inclined to use the agency’s website, and at the same time they experience the site as more complicated to use. We also found a strong link between the relations to the internet (access, usage, experience and attitudes) and the relations to the agency’s website. Those with advantaged internet relations – mostly well educated people, white collars and people living in bigger cities – also use the agency’s website more diligently and tend to have more positive attitudes towards it (and vice versa). Thus, its necessary to talk in terms of digitally well equipped and less well equipped groups.

    The unequal relations to the internet in general and the agency’s website in particular not only indicate that e-government is more suitable for the digitally well equipped, but that it in fact exclude those with less digital resources. This new kind of exclusion has great implications for the job seekers’ possibilities to enter the labour market, and to act their role as citizens. If e government also means a reformation of the citizen role – in the sense of increased individual responsibility towards the government - not bridging the digital divide will carry even more exclusion to those that’s already excluded.

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  • 2.
    Abidin, Crystal
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Media, Management and Transformation Centre (MMTC). National University of Singapore, Queenstown, Singapore.
    Vote for my selfie: Politician selfies as charismatic engagement2017In: Selfie Citizenship / [ed] Adi Kuntsman, Springer, 2017, p. 75-87Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Taking Singaporean Member of Parliament (MP) Baey Yam Keng as a case study, this chapter analyses how charismatic engagement can be mediated through social media and selfie tropes. In the wake of online campaigns since the General Elections 2011, and with the ruling party garnering its lowest share of electoral votes since state independence, MP Baey, aged 47, has emerged as a press-branded 'selfie king', 'social media celebrity' and 'Twitter influencer' for engaging with the online citizenry since publishing his first selfie in March 2013. Drawing on his Instagram and Twitter feed and selfie-related engagements up till 2015, this chapter demonstrates how politician selfies can be exercised to solicit affect and mobilise public sentiment among voters.

  • 3.
    Adolfsson, Ellen
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Ruderfors, Beatrice
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Mina grannar ser exakt ut som jag själv: En studie om boendesegregations påverkan på utanförskap och gemenskap2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Boendesegregation skapar antaganden om olika bostadsområden, antaganden som påverkar människors känsla av utanförskap och gemenskap. Två resursstarka och två resurssvaga områden i två olika städer jämförs för att undersöka respondenternas upplevelser kring utanförskap och gemenskap i respektive område. Studien bygger på två nationalekonomiska teorier, Mismatch hypotesen och Polariserings hypotesen, som förklarar uppkomsten av boendesegregation. Dessutom en kompletterande teori som diskuterar grannskapets effekter på känslan av utanförskap och gemenskap. 16 semi-strukturerade intervjuer ligger till grund för det empiriska materialet, varav 8 från resursstarka områden och 8 från resurssvaga områden. Studiens resultat visar på en starkare gemenskap mellan grannar i de resurssvaga områdena än i det resursstarka. Resultatet visar också att resurssvaga områden tillskrivs ett utanförskap, som individer boende i dessa områden inte själva upplever. 6 av 8 respondenter dementerar vid intervjuer påståenden om ett utanförskap. Avslutningsvis uppvisar studien på starkare gemenskap i samtliga områden, snarare än ett utanförskap.

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  • 4.
    Adolfsson, Olivia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sustainable livelihood for farmers: A study presenting both challenges and opportunities for local small-scale farmers in Alluriquin, Ecuador2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The primary sector is of high importance to the economy and wellbeing of many countries. This is especially true for Ecuador, where 51 percent of the population living in rural areas earn their living through agriculture, livestock and fishing activities. Unfortunately, inequality has been growing between the rural and urban population, most noticeably in rural small-scale farmers that have less social capital and access to resources. Therefore, this study focuses on small-scale farmers, in a small town called Alluriquin, and how their way of farming can contribute to sustainable livelihoods. The empirical data has been collected through semi-structured interviews, where eleven different individuals have been interviewed. Previous research together with the theory of Amartya Sen will serve as the framework for this study.

    In Alluriquin, the results show that crops such as sugarcane, yucca, cacao, plantain and bananas as well as the big interest in both cattle raising and dairy farming, helps the locals to maintain a sustainable livelihood. It can be learned from the results of this study and previous research that farmers are facing a lot of different challenges on a daily basis, and even though they had different methods of dealing with these issues, the challenges seem to be manageable. The outcome of this study shows how these eleven individuals are able to maintain a sustainable livelihood, and how this way of farming is influenced by both internal and external factors that might be harmful if they are not considered. This way of life does provide the local community with a blueprint to follow so that they can guarantee their immediate wellbeing and prepare themselves and their families for any unforeseen circumstances, achieving sustainable livelihoods inside rural communities.

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  • 5.
    Aguero, Katherine
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    The Shining Path: An Analysis of a Terrorist Organization's Power2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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    Bechelor thesis
  • 6. Ajakaiye, Ojo Iseghohime
    : Participation in Nigerian ElectionsIndependent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Participation in Nigerian elections is an interesting issue. This study is aimed at comparing the 1999 elections with 2003 elections. There is more participation in elections, organized by the Civilian government than that of the Military government. Nigerians feel freer and secure to participate in elections organized and conducted by the civilian government be-cause it is more democratic than the military government.

    The part identification model, and a sociological approach were tested in relation to Nige-rian elections. The Sociological approach influences voter’s decision during elections. Democratic government in Nigeria has much to do for it to be consolidated. The issues of Political Rights and Civil Liberty have to be properly addressed

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  • 7.
    Aleryd, Sarah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Frassine Garpenholt, Lydia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    From Climate Change to Conflict: An analysis of the climate-conflict nexus in communications on climate change response2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study explores the portrayal of the climate-conflict nexus in global and national communications on climate change response. It utilizes a qualitative inductive approach and the IPCC AR5 (2014) was chosen to represent global communication documents, while two Afghan communications, the Initial as well as Second National Communication, on climate change and response were used to represent the national level. Through a content analysis, several themes were discerned through which the climate-conflict nexus is portrayed. It can be concluded that there are several differences between the global versus Afghan communication documents, as well as between the Initial National Communication (2012) and the Second National Communication (2017). The Second National Communication overall attempts to mirror the communication used by the IPCC by using the same themes but in a more indirect way. The analysis finds that the climate-conflict nexus is often portrayed through indirect communication and that this leads to a lack of conflict-sensitivity in the Afghan national documents, concluding by making suggestions on how to improve conflict-sensitivity in these documents.

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    fulltext
  • 8.
    Allgoth, Philip
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    U.S. Diplomatic relations: How has it been used in Iran and North Korea?2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This is a study of how the United States has used different diplomatic strategies towards Iran and North Korea. The concept of coercive diplomacy is defined and explained, in or-der to see if it has been used by the United States, and if so, to what extent. After giving a brief historical background between the U.S and the two countries, the study will put a fo-cus on what and why the Bush administration has acted the way they have in their diplo-matic relation with Iran and North Korea. The study presents cases where you can see par-allels between strategies used, but also some significant differences. The latter part of the study will examine the reasoning behind the different strategies used. Conclusion drawn from this study was that, in the case of Iran, the United States has been forced to act in a certain way due to the other conflicts they are involved with in the region, i.e. the war in Iraq and the situation in Afghanistan. Due to the fear for North Koreas al-ready existing nuclear arsenal, the U.S. has shown a more restricted diplomatic policy to-wards the country, not wanting to push them towards starting a nuclear war.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 9.
    Alvi, Ali Ahsan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    The changing global domestic political conditions and the role of media organization Wiki Leaks to shape these conditions2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Download full text (pdf)
    fulltext
  • 10.
    Andersson, Angelica
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Generalsekreterarens agerande vid hot mot fred och säkerhet: En jämförelse mellan Dag Hammarskjöld och Kofi Annan2005Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med denna uppsats är att studera hur generalsekreterarens roll i FN har utvecklats i situationer som hotar fred och säkerhet. Uppsatsen jämför hur förutsättningarna har utvecklats från då Dag Hammarskjöld hade posten fram till idag, med Kofi Annan som generalsekreterare. Uppsatsen bygger på den hermeneutiska metoden där texttolkning ligger till grund för analysen.

    De stora prövningarna för de båda generalsekreterarna har varit konflikten i Kongo respektive konflikten i Irak. Generalsekreterarens intressen påverkar vilka delar av arbetet som denne kommer att prioritera. Både Dag Hammarskjöld och Kofi Annan har sett de fredsbevarande operationerna som ett viktigt ämnesområde och har arbetat för att utveckla dessa. Ett antal faktorer som påverkar generalsekreterarens förutsättningar till agerande tas upp i uppsatsen. Det internationella systemet är den faktor som mest har påverkat möjligheterna att agera. För Dag Hammarskjöld var det en balansgång att kunna agera under kalla kriget. Generalsekreteraren skulle arbeta på ett neutralt sätt utan att stöta sig med någon av stormakterna. För Kofi Annan har det varit viktigt att ha ett bra samarbete med den ensamma stormakten i dagens internationella system, USA. Det finns likheter mellan de båda generalsekreterarna men som nämnts ovan skiljer sig deras förutsättningar till agerande åt på flera punkter. Det är det internationella systemet som mest påverkat deras förutsättningar till agerande och det är även denna faktor som skiljer sig mest mellan de båda generalsekreterarna.

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  • 11.
    Andersson, Jennifer
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Njekwa, Sue-Ellen
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Pandemin är inte över förran den är det överallt: En kvalitativ studie om hur experter ser på distributionen av vaccin mot covid-19 mellan hög- och låginkomstländer.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The COVID-19 pandemic poses a global threat to health, economic well-being and political sta- bility. According to researchers, COVID-19 vaccines are a key to ending the pandemic and return- ing to a certain type of normality. The issue is that the COVID-19 vaccines have been unevenly distributed between high- and low-income countries. This study is based on qualitative semi-struc- tured interviews exploring how experts view the distribution of the COVID-19 vaccines between high- and low-income countries. More specifically, what factors that they consider to affect the distribution and what measures are needed to make the distribution more equitable. The study connects to the theoretical framework of global justice which is used to clarify why humans have obligations to help each other. The result of the study indicates that the majority of experts con- clude that the distribution of the COVID-19 vaccines has been very uneven because high-income countries have obtained more vaccines than low-income countries. According to experts, an une- ven distribution of the vaccines can lead to several consequences such as the development of mu- tants which the vaccine does not work against, and thus to the pandemic continuing. The main factor pointed out by the experts is that countries have acted nationalistic and that there has been a lot of pressure on political leaders to procure vaccines for their populations. The experts agree that the Covax initiative was a good measure for the vaccines to be distributed more fairly, alt- hough they also highlighted challenges with Covax. This study therefore contributes to the under- standing that there are many factors that affect the global distribution of vaccines against COVID- 19, but also that there are several measures to make the distribution more equitable.

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  • 12.
    Andersson, Jonas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Is Iran an Islamic State: A Comparison between Shia Islamic Theory of State and Ayatollah Khomeini's Islamic Republic of Iran2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Islamic Republic of Iran‟s alleged pursuit of nuclear missile capabilities is proving in-creasingly problematic for the international community, which places the country in a sig-nificant position in world politics. In turn, the world‟s attention towards the thirty-year-old Republic established by the late Ayatollah Khomeini has resurged. The Republic of Iran based on Ayatollah Khomeini‟s interpretation of Islam has long stood in the spotlight of both public and scholastic scrutiny, particularly due to its perceivably radical manoeuvres on the international stage. However, as the focus of these scrutinizing views has been the Iranian unwillingness to subdue and conform to western norms, the issue of the „Islamicness‟ of the Republic has been overlooked.

    Hence, this thesis seeks to draw further attention to this question - whether Iran can truly be regarded as an Islamic State - in order to ensure a deeper and more accurate under-standing of the Republic of Iran. The purpose of this paper is thus to investigate and re-flect on the theory of Islamic governance promoted by Ayatollah Khomeini and the politi-cal system of the Islamic Republic through the prism of Islamic history. The theory of the Islamic State and the Shia Islamic leadership has been and continues to be central in Aya-tollah Khomeini‟s and the Islamic Republic‟s official rhetoric, being claimed as the sole foundation of the „new‟ Iranian system. In consequence, this paper delves into the Islamic theory of State and the concept of the Imamate in order to critically analyze Ayatollah Khomeini‟s theory and the Islamic Republic. This is aimed at yielding a conclusion whether Iran is justly labeled an Islamic State.

    By performing this norm-fulfilling analysis of the subject in question reliant on a qualitative data collection, the thesis has found that the correlation between the two theories of Islam-ic governance is one of considerable disputability. The paper has, based on the investigated material, been able to conclude that the Islamic Republic of Iran holds a political structure lent from non-Islamic sources, but that its personnel and political field of contest can still be considered Islamic. What the paper has thus revealed is that Khomeini‟s reasoning con-stitutes a novel and unique form of Islamic fundamentalism formed in conjuncture with political ideas of modern and non-Islamic nature. Hence, the results of the study suggests that the Islamic Republic of Iran is in need of serious reconsideration as the Iranian model of Islamic governance remains a source of contention because of the significant deviations from what it claims as its sole basis.

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  • 13.
    Andersson, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    From, Rebecka
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    "Om jag jobbar jag förstår vem jag är och jag är stark": En fallstudie om somaliskfödda kvinnors upplevelser av förvärvsarbetets effekter på deras vardagsliv och familjeroller i Sverige2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Somali-born immigrants are often described as the most difficult group to integrate into Swedish society with an extensive underrepresentation on the Swedish labour market as well as traditional values and gender roles that often dictate the division of labour and functions in the family. This study aims to examine the effects of a job on Somali family roles from a migration perspective. By comparing wage-earning and unemployed Somali-born women's experiences, the study also aspires to elucidate the importance of a job in their everyday life. The essay is based on previous research on the historical, social and transnational dimensions of Somali family life and culture, as well as theoretical concepts such as role conflict, role change and role negotiation. A qualitative comparative case study has been conducted, based on data from semi-structured interviews. Eight respondents participated in the survey – four employed and four unemployed women born in Somalia. The results were then analyzed in the light of previous research and the theoretical concepts. The result shows that there are some interesting differences between the two groups. The Somali families in which the women are unemployed have a distinct division of the household work, where the woman assumes the majority of the workload. Here it is also clear that traditional Somali family roles are still of importance. However, in the families where the Somali-born women have employment, traditional family roles have changed and led to a more even distribution of household work, where the men, women and children share the responsibility. Furthermore, it appears that the unemployed Somali-born women are very keen to have a job, as independence from the state and government is a main driving force. For the wage-earners on the other hand, there is a clearer focus on being independent from the man and being able to be a decision-maker in family matters. The result also illustrates how society's expectations on women influence their driving forces to work and the way they think about their role in the family.

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  • 14.
    Andersson, Linn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Osman, Adni
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Has the pandemic affected democracy?: A qualitative study on the COVID-19's impact on democracy in the European Union2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During its years, the European Union (EU) has experienced several different crises that have challenged its association and put democracy at risk. The financial crisis in 2009 and the migration crisis in 2015 are two difficult periods that caused a split between the member states. In 2020, the Union faced another crisis when the world witnessed the birth of the COVID-19 pandemic. To protect public health, states have introduced state of emergency (SoE) that gives the political government more power to make quick decisions and restrict residents' democratic freedoms. Discussions about how the pandemic affects democracy in the EU have been raised. This study aims to examine different views on how EU democracy is affected by the pandemic. The purpose is to identify how five different representatives of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and intuitions reason about the pandemic's effect on EU democracy. In addition, the purpose is to compare differences and similarities between their different points of view. To generate a result, the interviews were analyzed through previous research and a theoretical framework of Utilitarianism and Consequentialism. The theories analyze through a normative ethics perspective that determines what action is morally right based on the consequences of it. The results show that the pandemic has caused an acceleration of anti-democratic development and a higher concentration of power within the governments. The respondents in the study believe that the pandemic has acted as an accelerator of anti-democratic development in countries where this was already going on before the pandemic struck. Moreover, SoE has caused practical changes in democratic processes, such as restricting participation and democratic freedoms, increasing disinformation, and limiting trust-building between countries. The difference identified was that respondents from institutions did not consider that SoE harms EU’s democracy, but instead is morally right to implement. However, respondents from NGOs defined the implementation of SoE as detrimental to democracy in the EU and questioned whether it is morally right in terms of its consequences for democracy.

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    Linn Andersson & Adni Osman - Bachelor Thesis
  • 15.
    Andersson, Viktor
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Junblom, Denise
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Med en vilja av stål går integrationsaktörer i Nässjö framåt utan gemensamt mål: Identifiering av samverkansfaktorer mellan offentlig sektor och civilsamhälle2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is carried out during the spring of 2015 and six semi-structured interviews are conducted to form the basis of a case study. Its aim is to map and analyze the integration work performed in the municipality of Nässjö.

    The purpose of this study is to survey the work being performed in the municipality of Nässjö regarding integration of immigrants, and to identify crucial factors related to a potential collaboration between actors from the public sector and the civil society.

    - How are the chosen participants working with integration in the municipality of Nässjö?

    - In what way are the chosen participants currently cooperating with the public sector and the civil society in the municipality of Nässjö regarding integration?

    - How do the chosen participants find the idea of a joint collaboration regarding integration, between the public sector and the civil society in the municipality of Nässjö?

    With the use of an analyze model called “the constant comparative method”, the study compares and interprets the collected data. All of the informants are representatives of their respective establishment which either belonged to the civil society or to the public sector in the municipality of Nässjö. To assess whether the integration actors are susceptible to the idea of working collaboratively, their responses are compared to a theoretical framework called “collaborative governance”. The collected data is also set in relation to previous research regarding the situation of integration policies in Sweden.

    The result chapter displays the work performed by the interviewed establishments and the extent of their cooperation to improve the integration process of immigrants in the municipality. It also lists the various challenges the actors face and the possibility for one of them to have a leading role in a comprehensive and joint collaboration.

    The case study illuminates a reality where no common goal regarding integration exists amongst the selected actors. Complicated bureaucracy and regulations constitute discouraging factors that adversely affect the will of civil society actors to engage in collaboration with the public sector. The level of communication within the municipality is highly fragmented, it is found to be more developed within the civil society and to a lesser extent within the public sector. Finally, the case study suggests that there is no history of antagonism among the actors within the civil society.

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    Identifiering av samverkansfaktorer - Andersson & Junblom
  • 16.
    Arnoldsson, Henric
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Recognizing the Failing Layers of International Institutions during the Genocides in Rwanda2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis aims at finding the reasons for the genocide in Rwanda, not only in the history of the country, but also the reason why the international institutions failed to prevent it. The thesis begins with a historical background of Rwanda where key actors in the conflict are presented and in the end presents an explanatory model which is based upon the facts gathered during the thesis. The model aims at explaining why the genocide happened and it is built up of layers. These layers have their background in Rwanda’s history and also international institutions, such as the UN. The layers of importance which led to the genocide are: Rwanda’s colonial past, the Arusha Accords and the mandate of UNAMIR (failure of the United Nations), a uni-polar world, increasing poverty, and the assassination of President Habyarimana. There were few available strategies in the standard arsenal of international political means that could have been used to stop the genocide, both before it broke out, but especially after it had begun.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 17.
    Arveståhl, Beatrice
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Lehtinen, Susan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    UTREDNING KRING TOLKNINGEN AV ”LITEN AVVIKELSE”2017Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: In Sweden, a municipal plan monopoly is used to regulate what, how and where you can or cannot build. How the plans, in the shape of comprehensive and detailed development plans, are formed is in turn regulated by the Planning and Building Act (PBL). Throughout history, Swedish building regulations have gone through many more or less extensive changes with the overall goal to improve our built environment and simplify or streamline the planning and building processes. From this comes the term small deviation, which in PBL is used to allow building permits that deviate from the detailed development plan, provided that the deviation is small. There is, however, no explanation in the law as to what this might mean in practice, and so there are large differences in terms of interpretation and application.

    The goal of this study is to analyse how the term small deviation according to PBL, chapter 9 § 31b is interpreted and applicated in building permit trials.

    Method: The methods used in this study are interviews (with building permit officers) and document analysis (of building permit decisions from quarter two, 2016, and court cases from the Land and Environment Court of Appeal).

    Findings: How deviations are interpreted does indeed vastly differ, and while the municipalities do work in a similar manner to determine whether a deviation could be considered small, there are significant differences. Only in the matter of built area on a property, the three studied municipalities all have different practices in what size of violation may be considered small, and the building permit officers in one of these municipalities still deviate from this. In eight out of 13 court cases, the Land and Environment Court of Appeal judged differently from the previous authorities. Only in one did all authorities agree.

    Implications: The findings implicate the following:

    • There are remarkable differences in how small deviation is assessed.

    • De biggest differences are between the local building permit officers and the Land and Environment Court of Appeal.

    • The factors that affect the assessment on a municipal level the most are experience, precedent cases and discussion with colleagues.

    Limitations: A wider study containing more information from several municipalities and an analysis of the material accessible to the municipalities for guidance to assess deviations would provide a clearer answer as to what affects the interpretation.

    Keywords: PBL, Planning and Building Act, building permits, law interpretation, interpretation, deviation, small deviation, deviation from detailed development plan, sensemaking, the Land and Environment Court of Appeal 

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    fulltext
  • 18.
    Asplund, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    The Legitimacy of Secession and the Case of Montenegro2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The principle of self-determination traditionally refers to respect for state sovereignty. It has been increasingly employed to lower level communities as they have argued their right to national self-determination. National groups have, based on a common culture or likewise, made claims to secession. Secession can have severe consequences for either one of the two political units. It can also be extremely difficult to implement as it involves territorial aspects and the fundamental question of who belongs to the national group wishing to secede. A framework for evaluating the legitimacy of secession is developed in this thesis, based on three general types of secession theories applied and compared to the case of Montenegro. The framework builds upon a theoretical background defining what is meant by nationalism, nations and identity. The language used in this essay is therefore that of constructivism, rooted in the civic idea of nationalism. The belief that human identities are dynamic and subject to change is a crucial assumption. With the aid of an historical presentation of Montenegro, an evaluation of the region’s independence is made. To underline why secession should be implemented with care, arguments against secession are then presented. Secession should not be confused with a solution to ethnical tensions. Alternatives to secession are thus demonstrated, showing the complexity of the multiculturalist field in general. Multicultural policies risk fixing ethnical lines rather than dissolving them. The secession of Montenegro is legitimate as relatively stable democratic and liberal tradition existed prior to independence. The referendum in Montenegro was, more over, determined by a well organised referendum where civil elements dominated over

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  • 19.
    Asplund, Malin
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Är Asylprocessen i Sverige Rättssäker?: En Undersökning om de Offentliga Biträdena och Ombudens Roll före och efter Reformerna 2006.2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The Swedish asylum process, as it appeared before 2006, was debated and criticised. It was know to lack transparency and, therefore, to leave to much room for political rather than legal decisions. A new law regulating asylum and immigration was created in 2005. The asylum process was reformed and opened, among other things, up for the possibility for asylum seekers to receive a trial in special courts; Migrationsdomstolar.

    Since one of the goals with the reforms was to make the process more transparent, the Swedish Migration Board (Migrationsverket) made their database for country specific information available to the public. The public defenders were granted a more significant role in pleading his or her clients cause. During a trial in court the client will meet the Migration Board. The reforms have thus opened up for the possibility for the client to have a stronger position in the process, where much of the responsibility of ensuring this falls upon the assigned counsel.

    Because of the changes in the asylum process in 2006, and the high level of responsibility given to the public defenders following the reforms, this thesis aims at evaluating the rule of law in the Swedish asylum process. Focus is on the public defenders and the method of investigation a self-administered survey distributed to the public defenders in Malmö region. A theoretical discussion including the Swedish Rechtstaat and possibilities of lesson-drawing from programs across jurisdictions, various areas and time, is used as a framework for comparing the asylumprocess before and after the reforms.

    The survey results support the hypothesis that the legal security in the asylum process has been improved following the reforms and the introduction of the new law. The process is more transparent, more secure and more predictable. The investigation has, however, illuminated some infected areas of the asylum process. The fact that the Migration Board assignes the counsels, and thus has got the opportunity to select their opponent in court, is one of these problematic areas. Another concerns the country specific information in the Migration Board’s database. The database has not only been criticised for not being up to date but has also been said to be preferred and seen as more reliable in the special courts.

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  • 20.
    Barrljung, Isak
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hörberg, Jacob
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Populism och journalister: hur påverkas den politiska debatten?: En studie om medialiseringens och populismens påverkan på slutdebatterna under valåren 2006 och 20222023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The political discourse has undergone a change in the past decades, both in Sweden and in most of the Western world. This development has been described by several news agencies in Sweden as the political climate becoming "harder". Previous research shows that the power of journalists has increased with mediatization. During the 2000s, the right-wing populist party Sweden Democrats has also been invited to parliament, which may have contributed to this change. Populism is closely linked to polarization, and strong polarization is a threat to democracy. This study deals with the subjects of media convergence and populism by analyzing two political debates produced by SVT in 2006 and 2022. The purpose of the study is to contribute knowledge on how the political debates have changed during the 2000s, and in what way. This is done by analyzing the final debates on SVT from 2006 and 2022 and the actors participating, where the role of journalists is a central component.  The theoretical framework used in the study is those that deal with rhetoric, populism and media convergence. The method used is pragmadialectics, which is a newer form of rhetorical method combined with an analysis schema for televised debates. The results of the study suggest that the Sweden Democrats' entry into parliament has contributed to populist tendencies in Swedish politics and increased polarization. The study also indicates that another consequence of the Sweden Democrats' participation in the final debate is an intensification of media convergence. The results also show that journalists receive a stronger power position in the debate in 2022 than they did in the 2006 debate, partly through camera angles but also their authority in the debate itself. 

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  • 21.
    Bartels, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Salo, Eevi
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    How Does Culture Influence Experiences of Happiness and Well-being?: A Comparative Study of Chinese and Swedish Perceptions2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to analyze if and how cultural values and expectations in society influence the experiences and perceptions of happiness and well-being. Applying a quantitative research methods approach, a survey based on previous research was conducted to compare and analyze experiences and perceptions between two contrasting cultures, China and Sweden, using Hofstede’s national culture dimensions as an analytical tool. The sample consisted of students from China and Sweden.

    The findings from the study show that both groups ranked family as being the domain of life most important for their well-being, followed by health for the Chinese group, and friends for the Swedish group. There were statistically significant differences in the mean responses in some questions that may be attributed to cultural differences. For example, finishing long-term difficult tasks was ranked more important for the well- being by the Chinese group. As for the Swedish group, they felt to a higher degree that they had the freedom to choose what they would like work with. The majority of the responses, however, were similar between the two groups. The paper discusses how globalization may contribute to converging values in the current generation of students. Furthermore, other factors such as internal abilities and societal and cultural structures have an influence on the possibilities to pursue goals in life. Happiness is achieved by finding a balance in life between what you can achieve and accepting what you cannot.

    The themes and concepts used in the study are inspired by Jongbloed and Andres’ concepts of happiness as balance and gears of well-being. The study contributes to the research fields of human-centered development, and happiness studies on how subjective indicators as a complement to objective indicators can be used to better measure growth from a cultural perspective.

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    M Bartels, E Salo
  • 22.
    Basha, Basha
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. HLK, Globala studier.
    Sadiqi, Amin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. HLK, Globala studier.
    Effekter av land grabbing i Etiopien: En litteraturstudie med fokus på lokalbefolkningens försörjning och miljön2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    After the financial crisis of 2007–2008, agricultural land became an attractive investment opportunity, which meant that many foreign companies, states, or private investors acquired large-scale land areas. This phenomenon, called land grabbing, is particularly prevalent in developing countries and the global south. Despite claims that such investment can contribute to development and opportunity in poorer countries, research shows it has the opposite effect. The purpose of this work is to conduct a literature study to investigate the consequences of land grabbing in Ethiopia. A qualitative research strategy consisting of a literature study has been used. The data was analyzed by using aspects of the livelihood approach such as natural capital, physical capital, human capital, financial capital, and social capital as well as a thematic analysis. The results show that large-scale land grabbing in Ethiopia has a direct impact on the livelihood of the local population, which is undermined through losses of land and access to land and important natural resources. The study also shows that the foreign land investments' management and production of, among other things, coffee, biofuel, and mining also harm the environment, biological diversity, and the local ecosystem. This has resulted in food insecurity and socioeconomic vulnerability among the population. Furthermore, the study also shows that local people are not included in decision-making concerning their land and they often do not receive sufficient compensation for the loss of land or other assets, which indicates violations of human rights.

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    Effekter av land grabbing i Etiopien
  • 23.
    Begović, Indira
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Manole, Cora Emilia
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Post-communism and its connections to corruption in Eastern Europe: A qualitative study about corruption in Bosnia-Hercegovina and Romania2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corruption perception is a disputable subject. While corruption is hard to prove, corruption perception indexes are used in political measures such as denying adherence to international communities or international travel zones like Schengen. Post-communist countries are among the highest-ranking countries in Europe when it comes to corruption perspective. This thesis is meant to present the experiences of the citizens of two postcommunist countries, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Romania, by conducting a qualitative survey with certain quantitative elements. The aim was to showcase and compare the countries’ similarities and differences concerning opinions on corruption as well as its connections to communism. 

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  • 24. Benedigová, Aneta
    et al.
    Maier, Luca
    Procurer-Supplier Interaction for Circularity: A multiple-case study of product-service systems in Swedish public procurement2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Problem: Public procurement constitutes a large part of the global economy, accounting for 15% of GDP. But it is also responsible for 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions and consumes vast amounts of raw materials as it is strongly focused on linear products. A more circular alternative is the procurement of Product-Service Systems (PSS), which combine products and services. However, research shows that Circular Public Procurements, such as procurements of PSS, are more complex and require deeper procurer-supplier interaction. Yet, the procurer-supplier interaction in the context of public procurement of PSS has not been empirically explored. 

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to explore how the interaction between the procurer and supplier throughout the public procurement process can facilitate public procurement of PSS.

    Method: A qualitative multiple-case study was conducted, exploring four cases of public procurements of PSS between Swedish municipalities and Swedish private companies. Seven semi-structured interviews with interviewees from both sides were conducted. The data was triangulated with case-specific procurement documents. 

    Results: Procurer-supplier interaction was found to be crucial for procurers and suppliers throughout the public procurement process to make PSS happen and to improve its quality. In both, the preparation and utilisation phase of public procurement, the interaction can bring benefits for procurers as well as for suppliers, thus facilitating PSS. 

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  • 25.
    Bengtsson, Sophia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Hansson, Kajsa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Corporate Povery Reduction: Perspectives on collaboration between CSR and Development Assistance2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Traditionally, governments are the main providers of development assistance and re-sponsible for stimulating social development in the third world. In recent years, Corpo-rate Social Responsibility has gained considerable ground and it is now common for corporations to get involved in activities resembling those carried out in the name of development assistance. A deconstruction of these two activities shows that they could be described as two definitions of the same concept. Through a set of research ques-tions, this thesis explores the relationship between CSR and development assistance and seeks to identify possibilities for future cooperation between them.

    The purpose of the thesis is to investigate (1) if there is a future possibility for a com-mon strategy where CSR and Development Assistance collaborate; (2) if developing countries would benefit from corporate involvement in development assistance; and (3) who else could benefit from such a strategy.

    The main conclusion is that there are substantial possibilities for future co-operation be-tween them. It seems clear from the research that neither governmental development as-sistance organizations nor corporations stand a chance to eradicate poverty alone. It is, however, crucial that poverty eradication has to be the common goal for all actors in-volved. For cooperation to succeed the public must realize that a collaborative strategy is a way of including more actors in pursuing the goal of poverty eradication and not a way of trasferring money from development assistance to corporations.

    Further, distribution of responsibility becomes useless if legal or official guidelines are unable to decide who has the ultimate responsibility. It is importance that responsibility is also followed by accountability.

    Corporations would benefit by gaining access to emerging markets and the possibilities for innovative business strategies. Development assistance agencies would by introduc-ing new strategies improve the results and get more resources to achieve effective po-verty reduction. If corporations and development assistance agencies collaborate and focus on long-term projects real effectiveness will be the result. The general opinion seems to be that with a clearly set goal, several coordinated actors have a better chance of achieving it than one.

     

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  • 26.
    Bennich, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Om kommunalförbund, intraprenad, entreprenadisering, kundval med mera i socialtjänsten - en översikt2015In: Upphandling, valfrihet, styrprinciper - i socialtjänsten / [ed] Bennich, Maria och Zanderin, Lars, Lund: Gleerups Utbildning AB, 2015, 1, p. 35-40Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 27.
    Bennich, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Research Platform of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Zanderin, Lars
    Upphandling, valfrihet, styrprinciper i socialtjänsten2015Collection (editor) (Other academic)
  • 28.
    Bergström, Erik
    et al.
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Anteryd, Fredrik
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Åhlfeldt, Rose-Mharie
    University of Skövde, Sweden.
    Information Classification Policies: An Exploratory Investigation2018In: Proceedings of the Annual Information Institute Conference / [ed] G. Dhillon and S. Samonas, 2018Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    InfoSec policies are considered a key mechanism in information security, and most organizations have one. However, the large majority of security policy research has focused on what policies should include rather than how they are accomplished in practice. To contribute to overcoming the lack of knowledge regarding this crucial aspect, this paper investigates information security policies based on what underlying approaches information classification practices are built on and the perceived ease of turning the policy into practice. To do so, a survey was sent to 284 Swedish government agencies, and 80 of their internal policies were collected as data. The data were analyzed both qualitatively, and qualitatively. The results show that information classification adoption rates are low despite being mandatory and that agencies are struggling in closing the gap between standards and practice. Furthermore, the results also show that information classification policies need to be more specific and give more actionable advice regarding, e.g., how information life-cycle management is included in practice, and where the responsibility for classification is put in the organization.

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  • 29.
    Bergström, Helena
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    The effects of a separation between a state church and a state: Participation and religious activity in the Evangelical-Lutheran churches in Sweden and Norway2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to examine the effects on religious participation and activity in a country that a separation between a state and a state church has. To do this I have compared Sweden and Norway. Norway still has a state church whereas Sweden does not as of January 1 2000. I decided to examine these two countries due to their similar backgrounds, geographical location and political systems. What I found when examining Sweden was that the separation did effect the religious participation compared to Norway. But Sweden has seen a decrease in church activities for a long time; the decrease would have taken place even without the separation, since Norway also had experiences this decrease over time. So my conclusion is, if Sweden had continued to have a state church, there would have been a similar decrease. However, it would probably have been smaller, then what have taken place after the separation. The different religious activities I have looked at, baptism, confirmation and marriage, have had different development over the years and have been affected differently by the separation. The decrease in religious activity in Sweden is not only caused by the separation between state and church, it is also a reaction against a changing society. The separation in Sweden lead to a larger decrease compared to Norway. Both the decrease in religious activity in Sweden and the separation was instead a reaction to a changing society, the role that the Swedish church once played has been replaced by other factors. One of the foundations to the political elements in Sweden has with this decrease and ultimately the separation been lost and if this also will have any effect on the involvement in secular organization, voting rates or political participation is too early to tell.

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  • 30.
    Beso, Leila
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science. Jönköping University.
    CYPERNFRÅGAN: En fallstudie av Cypern med fokus på etnicitet och fredsförslaget Annanplanen2011Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Cypernfrågan handlar om en etnisk konflikt mellan grek- och turkcyprioterna som uppstod direkt efter öns självständighet. Parterna hade väldigt svårt att samarbeta med varandra vilket ledde till att Cypern delades i två delar. Sedan dess har grupperna levt åtskilda med egna administrationer och strävan efter självbestämmande, den grekcypriotiska befolkningen strävade efter enosis, att hela ön införlivas med Grekland medan den turkcypriotiska befolkningen strävade efter taksim, att den norra delen av ön förenas med moderlandet Turkiet. FN har agerat som tredjepart för att försöka nå en fredslösning och lyckades lindra konflikten men många problem förblev olösta. I min uppsats har jag försökt komma fram till varför fredsförslaget Annanplanen, som upprättades av FN:s dåvarande generalsekreterare, blev avvisad av den grekcypriotiska befolkningen samt vad kan vara den största orsaken bakom den långvarige konflikten. Jag har använt mig av Lijphart demokratimodellen consociational democracy för att se om det skulle kunna vara en bra lösning för Cypern och har kommit fram till att det finns både för- och nackdelar med lösningsmodellen. Hänsyn har även tagits till federalism, etnicitet, primordialism samt socialkonstruktivism.

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  • 31.
    Beso, Leila
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Daytonavtalet och dess konsekvenser2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

     

    Fokus i denna uppsats kommer att ligga på de etniska konflikter som fortfarande pågår mellan de tre folkgrupper och den nya konstitutionen i landet sedan Daytonavtalet undertecknades. Vid krigets slut i Bosnien för ca fjorton år sedan då landet låg i spillror implementerades Daytonavtalet. Daytonavtalets  huvuduppgift var att sluta fred mellan de tre konfliktgrupperna samtidigt se till att landet utvecklas utan att minoriteterna skulle förtryckas. Medan Daytonavtalet lyckades stoppa kriget och uppehålla freden misslyckades den med statens sammanhållning och upprätthållning av en fungerande demokrati.

    Krisen i Bosnien har inte förändrats sedan krigets slut, de nationalistiska partierna av samtliga tre folkslag blir valda gång på gång, fattigdomen är fortfarande ett faktum och landet är fortfarande beroende av utländsk bistånd. Som det ser ut just nu går Bosnien inte en ljus framtid till mötes.

    

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  • 32.
    Biamba, Faith
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Mirascija, Adnana
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Mänskliga Rättigheter i Offentliga Verksamheter: En studie om offentliga verksamheter i Jönköping och deras arbete med mänskliga rättigheter2023Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to investigate whether human rights, more specifically equality, inclusion, and non-discrimination, are implemented by Swedish authorities at the local level. The essay is a case study that examines how Jönköping municipality works with issues of human rights in the local government authorities in Sweden in practice to give a picture of the work and cooperation between the government and the authority. We have used qualitative methods and had interviews with four representatives from state and municipal authorities in Jönköping where we have met individuals who work with these parts. In our results, we have drawn attention to the basic work the authorities carry out in the area of human rights and the pervasive effect of this work, which is evident in all the authorities in our study. We have been able to conclude that there is rights-based work in the authorities we have worked with, which is in line with the principles, laws, and regulations that the Swedish state has worked on together with the authorities. 

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  • 33.
    Binder, Malin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    Green #propaganda: Deconstructing the AfD’s Right-Wing Populist Discourse on Climate Issues on Instagram2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Right-wing populist parties have been found to oppose most policies and measurements aimed at fighting climate change. In disseminating right-wing populist messages, social media are said to play a central role. This thesis investigates how the German right-wing populist party Alternative for Germany (AfD) constructed climate issues in its Instagram posts between September 2022 and April 2023 by employing various discursive strategies. The study adopts the Discourse-Historical Approach (DHA) and analyses Instagram images and captions with a special focus on critique of argumentation and the sociopolitical context of the posts. The analysis reveals three macro-topics related to climate within the AfD's Instagram: energy policy, transport policy, and climate activism. In the sample, the party employs numerous features typical of populist discourse surrounding climate issues. Climate activists, Green politicians, the German government, and the EU are collectivized and criminalized through a populist us-vs-them rhetoric, further intensified by the visual nature of Instagram. Furthermore, the study uncovers the presence of multiple false or misleading statements within the posts. The findings indicate that the AfD's focus is more on criticising "the others" rather than engaging in substantive discussions on climate policies.

  • 34.
    Bjursell, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Sjödahl, Charlotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet ikommuners styrdokument2018Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Den här rapporten återger resultatet från en studie av hur nationella styrdokument översätts till den lokala arenan inom utbildningsområdet. Skollagen anger att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. Trots försök från olika myndigheter på den nationella arenan att förtydliga vad detta innebär är det fortfarande otydligt vad det innebär i konkret handling. Huvudmannen kan i sin tur arbeta vidare med att stödja utbildningsverksamheten genom sina egna styrdokument. Arbetet med att utforma styrdokumenten leds vanligtvis av en skolchef. För att öka förståelsen för hur idéer om vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet kommer till uttryck i kommuners styrdokument har vi genomfört en kvalitativ studie. Ett urval av 65 skolchefer från kommuner av olika storlek och geografisk placering fick frågan att skicka in styrdokument där de på något sätt hade behandlat vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. 16 kommuner skickade in 53 dokument. Av dessa var det 16 styrdokument från 9 kommuner som uttryckligen hade med begreppen. Dokumenten består bland annat av verksamhetsidé, måldokument, strategiska dokument, verksamhetsplaner och handlingsplaner. En induktiv analys visar på sex kategorier för hur huvudman förhåller sig till begreppen vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet:

    1. Begreppsförekomst: vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet nämns men innebörden diskuteras inte.

    2. Karriärsatsning: vetenskaplig grund och beprövaderfarenhet handlar om professionell kompetens, vilket sätter fokus på kompetensutveckling och karriärvägar.

    3. Litteraturgenomgång: presentation av litteraturgenomgångar som ett sätt att koppla till vetenskaplig forskning.

    4. Metodfrågor: användning av forskningsbaserade metoder och ansatser för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

    5. Samverkan: samverkan med ett lärosäte för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

    6. Systematiskt kvalitetsarbete: det systematiska kvalitetsarbetet kopplas ihop med vetenskaplig grund ochbeprövad erfarenhet.

    Utifrån dessa sex kategorier för vi en diskussion om hur dominanta idéer färdas i organisationer. Här återges en kort summering av slutsatserna:

    • Det pågår översättning av nationella dominanta idéer till den lokala praktiken.

    • Samverkan med ett lärosäte verkar vara av vikt för att utveckla ett arbetssätt som stöder att utbildningen vilar på vetenskaplig grund.

    • Interaktiv praktiknära forskning anges som en lämplig ansats för att utbildningen ska vila på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet.

    • Litteraturhänvisningar i styrdokumenten handlar i hög grad om referenser till texter från Skolverket och andra myndigheter samt intresseorganisationer, inte direkta forskningsreferenser.

    Resultatet visar att de begrepp och definitioner som dominerar nationellt översätts till en mångfald av olika operativa insatser. Mångfalden kan bero på att kommuner har olika förutsättningar att stödja en utbildning på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet. Det kan också vara ett uttryck för att kommuner vill uppnå ett visst syfte i en viss kontext.Trots nationella definitioner av skollagens begrepp krävs en översättningsprocess när kravet på vetenskaplig grund och beprövad erfarenhet ska efterlevas i den lokala kontexten. Anledningen är att tjänstemän, skolledare och lärare ska kunna hitta sätt att arbeta med detta som är anpassat efter deras specifika behov. Översättningsprocessen kräver kunskap om på vilket sätt forskningen kan bidra till utveckling av verksamheten. I den här processen är det också viktigt att ta hänsyn till praktik och etik. Det här sker inom en ram där utbildning även bygger på ett normativt samhällsuppdrag, det vill säga det att eleverna ska bli kompetenta demokratiska medborgare. Utifrån att vi har tagit skolchefens perspektiv i denna rapport vill vi slutligen påpeka att det saknas vägledning i styrdokumenten för hur eventuella förändringar i arbetssätt påverkar ledarskapet i organisationen. Ett styrdokument är kanske inte den främsta arenan för ledarskapsarbetet men det antyder förändringar som i sin tur ger förändrade förutsättningar och kunskapskrav för ledarskapet. Insikter om skolchefens förändrade ledarskap är en viktig kunskapslucka att fylla i framtida arbeten.

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  • 35. Björkegren, Linnea
    Elfenben...eller var det plast?: En kvalitativ intervjustudie i hur svenska tulltjänstemän förhåller sig till CITES.2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 36.
    Björklund, Anna
    et al.
    Miljöstrategisk analys - fms, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Finnveden, Göran
    Miljöstrategisk analys - fms, Kungliga Tekniska Högskolan.
    Dreborg, Karl-Henrik
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, Stockholm.
    Johansson, Jessica
    Totalförsvarets forskningsinstitut, Stockholm.
    Mårtensson, Anders
    Industriell miljöteknik, IKP, Linköpings Universitet.
    Stenlund, Jenny
    Industriell miljöteknik, IKP, Linköpings Universitet.
    Viklund, Per
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Wiklund, Hans
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Energiplanering med strategisk miljöbedömning i Finspång2007Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 37.
    Bohlin, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Söderman, Zarah
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Tvångsäktenskap och hederskultur i Sverige: En studie om det svenska bemötandet2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this qualitative study was to highlight the Swedish treatment of the so-called ‘honour culture’. It does so by examining Swedish authorities and Swedish non-profit organisa­tions, with a distinct focus on the woman and on forced marriage as part of said honour culture. Previous research has shown that Swedish culture and honour culture are opposites. It has also shown that the complexity of existing within the honour culture, especially in Sweden, and how it can affect the individual woman in different ways. It has however not shown the distinct way Sweden deals with the problematic honour culture itself. To investigate how authorities and non-profit organisations deal with honour culture the following research questions were asked; how does Swedish authorities and non-profit organisations view the Swedish woman, affected by honour culture, in regards of forced marriage? What are the women’s standing within honour culture and what is their standing within the Swedish culture? How does Swedish authorities and non-profit organisations deal with honour culture? To answer the research questions six semi structured interviews were performed based on a strategic selection process. Using ‘the multicultural triad’ and ‘individual and group-centred mindset’ as theoretical framework it is shown that the individual woman in this case is a part of two collectives; the honour culture and the Swedish culture which can result in conflict. It is further shown that though Sweden is an individualistic country its governmental treatment is sometimes group centred. The results show that the treatment of honour culture differ from organisation to organisation, but also between organisations and authorities and concludes that a holistic and systematic treatment is needed.

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  • 38.
    Bohman, John
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Malmrot, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Liberal discourse – An invisible hand in free trade research?: An investigation into how global trade discourse is created through discourse interaction within research.2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper uses a quantitative content analysis informed by a critical realist framework to study the patterns of international political economy discourse prevalence within research articles concerning free trade. Once categorized, there are observable differences in the extent to which articles in the different categories address other discourses. Analyzing these patterns using concepts from discourse theory, we suggest that the liberal discourse constitutes a regime of truth to which the other discourses must relate. It is also found that articles published in higher ranking journals are less likely to address other discourses. We argue that this could be explained as being an effect of the larger readership of those journals.

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  • 39.
    Borell, Klas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Department of Social Work.
    Nilsson, Marco
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Sustainable Societies (SUS).
    Turkey’s universities face a troubled future2023In: Research Professional NewsArticle in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [sv]

    Introductory paragraph: Erdoğan’s election victory promises renewed authoritarianism, but resistance remains, say Klas Borrell and Marco Nilsson.

  • 40.
    Borén, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Democracy and communication: A study of the European Union's communication with the citizens until 2005, from a deliberative perspective2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a gap between the citizens and the political institutions of the European Union. Several years of low participation in the European Parliamentary elections and a number of surveys shows that the EU has weak legitimacy in the eyes of the people.

    This thesis is a critical study of EU’s communication with the citizens until 2005. Based on Habermas’s theoroetical framework, it searches for deliberative qualities within the EU’s structure. According to Habermas, political legitimacy requires that people can shape and express their opinions in a public sphere, but the EU does not really have a public sphere. He also emphasizes the importance of good channels of communication between people and politicians, but within the EU, communication has been synonymous with information (or marketing) and practically unilateral. This leads to the conclusion that the EU’s lack of deliberative qualities can have affected EU’s political legitimacy negatively.

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  • 41.
    Borén, Lina
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Reconnecting with citizens?: A study of the new communication strategy of the European Commission from a deliberative view2007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There is a gap between the citizens and the political institutions of the European Union. Many theorists think that this is due to the fact that the EU suffers from a “democratic deficit” and that the EU is perceived as a project made by and for the political elite. Several years of low participation in the European Parliamentary elections and the French and Dutch rejection of the European Constitutional Treaty in Spring 2005 shows that the EU has weak legitimacy in the eyes of the people.

    In 2004, Margot Wallström was charged to renew the European Commission’s communication strategy and to reconnect with the citizens by stimulating dialogue and debate. This thesis is a critical study of the deliberative qualities of the new communication strategy based on Habermas’s discursive theory, which discusses the strategy’s possible effects on EU legitimacy. It finds that the communication strategy, despite several deliberative apects, have little chances to have an impact on EUs legitimacy, since it fails to engage “common people” in the debate and since it is not part of a major institutional reform but just an “icing on the cake”.

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  • 42.
    Brikell, Berndt H.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Social Studies and Didactics.
    Utbildning i förändring – en jämförande studie av utbildningssystemen i Mongoliet och Sverige2014In: 14 röster kring samhällsstudier och didaktik / [ed] Hans Albin Larsson, Jönköping: Samhällsstudier & didaktik , 2014, p. 277-302Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 43.
    Bruhagen, Åsa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    European Identity-building and the Democratic Deficit - a Europe in search of its 'Demos'2006Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During the last two decades the citizens’ trust in the European Union (EU) has decreased. It has been established that the Union suffer from a democratic deficit which has caused it to impose so called “identity-policies”. There is a need for the citizens to identify with the Union as a foundation of its legitimacy. But there is a problem since there is no clear idea of who constitutes “the people” in the European case.

    Democratic theory presupposes a demos and a polity. The problem of the EU is that there are difficulties defining the ‘demos’ – there are difficulties identifying ‘the people’. The fact that the EU is in a situation where it has to deal with ‘peoples’ instead of a ‘people’ (demoi instead of demos) makes it more difficult since demos is closely related to the ‘nation’. Only nations may have states, thus the EU may not have a state. Hence it is difficult for the EU to conceptualize a demos, and without a demos there cannot be democracy. By arguing in this way the great need to create a ‘peoples’ Europe’ is understandable.

    The thesis will concentrate on why there is a lack of a demos, or a “We-feeling”, within the Union, why this is a source of anxiety, and what possibly could unite the Union.

    Attempts have been made to create a ‘European’ identity through constitution-making (however, a new constitution was recently rejected) and citizenship rights. The Union has also adopted a number of symbols to facilitate the citizens in identifying with the Union. Most of these symbols have been similar to those of the memberstates, thus, the Union has tried to use the methods of nation-building to overcome the legitimacy problem. Still, there is a lack of uniqueness of the Union. This may be for various reasons. Institution-building and constitution-making cannot alone provide democratic legitimacy; social practice and contestation must be included. This should take place in a public sphere but, in order to ‘have’ a public sphere, there must be a certain degree of collective identification.

    It has also been claimed that there is a ‘European’ culture stemming from three ancient treasure houses (the ancient Near East, the ancient Greece, and the Roman Empire). Since culture is based on norms, i.e. customs, attitudes, beliefs, and values of a society, it is of importance to the Union when this is what politics are based on.

    The study of this topic is relevant since the EU has an increased impact on the lives of its citizens, yet troubles to reach them. There is a lack of communication between the Union and its citizens and the democratic deficit becomes more and more obvious. The methods used by the Union do not seem successful and the issue of a European identity has become a source of anxiety.

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  • 44.
    Bruhagen, Åsa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    Justifying Preferential Treatment - Preferential Policies in Theory and Reality2006Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background and problem: It is important for a policy aiming at overcoming discrimination to be justifiable as just or as creating justice. When a policy is implemented lacking such qualities it is argued to be unjust, which creates a problem. During the last decades there has been massive immigration to the Western countries from countries marked by war and disaster. This has created problems of integration into the “new” society, and the use of preferential policies has become increasingly topical. Whether or not the use of preferential policies is a just method is the basis of this thesis.

    Aim: The aim of this thesis is to study the concept of preferential policies in an impartial perspective of fairness. By impartial it is meant to present facts speaking both for and against preferential policies as being just. The main question of this thesis is whether or not preferential treatment is a just method to create equality within the society.

    Method: A research method of textual analysis has been used combined with an analysis of structure of arguments.

    Theoretical framework: First, definitions of discrimination and preferential policies as such are focused upon in the third chapter. Second, the concept of social justice and its connection to preferential policies is treated. The question if preferential policies should be directed towards individuals or groups is a central question in the debate and it will demand its space in this thesis. Here the importance of merit will be discussed. The section about individuals and groups will be followed by a section discussing the importance of ethnic diversity which will be followed by a comparison of the development of preferential policies in the USA and Sweden. Last, there will be a section where an attempt to generalize between arguments is made.

    Conclusions and Discussion: In this part a conclusion and a discussion will be presented. Here conclusions will be drawn from the gathered material. Finally there will be a discussion on the subject and of how the research procedure has proceeded.

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  • 45.
    Butros, Simon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Lager, Tim
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Sustainable Development and Science education.
    Plussummespela hela vägen till hållbar utveckling – En studie om ”Europas grönaste stad”: Hur Internationella samarbeten driver hållbar utveckling framåt i staden. 2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The environmental threat is a stressing concern which must be addressed immediately. The urbanization has been growing in a rapid pace the past years. Today, more than 50 percent of the world’s population lives in cities, and the forecast tells us that it will increase to 70 percent in 2050. This puts pressure on actors like states, organizations, companies, and municipalities who must work to meet the urbanization immediately. The UN, the EU and WWF amongst others advocates that international cooperation between these actors is the best way to go, and that cities must be prepared for the problem that occurs today and the challenges for tomorrow. In spite of this, there is no substantial research on this topic, on what international environmental cooperation between cities could mean to a city or what the results could be. Växjö is one of few Swedish cities who work internationally with local as well as global ecological sustainable development. This study intends to discover the international cooperations in the topic of environmental sustainable development in the city in Växjö. The purpose is to see what impact the international cooperations have in the environmental work of Växjö, and to see whether environmental sustainable development is being urged on by international collaborations. By using a positive–sum game as a theoretical starting point, a case–study has been conducted, where interviews were made with representatives from Växjö municipal. The result of the study shows that the effects Växjö has obtained through these cooperations, do promote environmental sustainable development. If the collaborations take the form of a positive–sum game, all actors benefit from it and the environment as well. Since the international cooperations bring exchange of knowledge and sometimes external financial means to put into different projects, the city’s environmental sustainable development improves.

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    Plussummespela hela vägen till hållbar utveckling – En studie om ”Europas grönaste stad”: Hur Internationella samarbeten driver hållbar utveckling framåt i staden.
  • 46.
    Byström, Alexander
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Safar, Ali
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Kryptovalutor och politiska beslut: En neorealistisk analys av fem staters kryptopolicy2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Kryptovalutor är ett mångfacetterat fenomen som har varit allt från libertarianers dröm på grund av sitt oberoende av staten, en ekonomisk frihet för personer som bor i diktaturer till ett verktyg som möjliggör kriminella verksamheter. Den senaste tidens kraftigt ökande handel med olika kryptovalutor har oroat världens centralbanker och nationalstater. Denna oro har skapat ett läge där stater måste ta politiska beslut för att hantera situationen vilket har lett till införande av restriktioner och regleringar. Bakom varje politiskt beslut finns ett motiv som präglas av statens nationella och internationella intressen. Denna studies syfte är att skapa en ökad förståelse för vilka politiska motiv som ligger bakom fem staters kryptopolicy. Studien är strukturerad i tre kapitel. Eftersom kryptovalutor är ett nytt samhällsfenomen ansågs det vara av vikt att beskriva vad kryptovalutor är och hur det fungerar samt förklara varför kryptovalutor är politik, denna del utgör första kapitlet. I andra kapitlet presenteras ett urval av länders kryptopolicy och i tredje kapitlet så analyseras dessa kryptopolicys utifrån studiens teori. För att synliggöra motiven bakom ländernas kryptopolicy har utgångspunkten varit tre antaganden som framställts ur neorealismen som är en dominerande teori inom internationella relationer. För insamlingen av material har litteraturstudie och innehållsanalys använts som metod.  Resultatet har synliggjort att staterna fruktar kryptovalutor främst på grund av att de eliminerar staternas roll som huvudförmedlare i ekonomiska aktiviteter och begränsar deras förmåga att spåra transaktioner. En genomförd analys av ländernas kryptopolicy har bland annat visat att stater tillåter utvinning och innehav av kryptovalutor eftersom det gynnar landets ekonomiska tillväxt men begränsar eller förbjuder användning av dem som betalmedel eftersom det medför en risk att förlora kontrollen över ekonomin.

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  • 47.
    Börjesson, Josefin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Melin, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Personlighetsfaktorer i rekryteringsprocessen: En explorativ studie av sambandet mellan anställningsannonser och anställningsurval2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Följande examensarbete på kandidatnivå utgår från problemformuleringar kring hur personliga egenskaper, relaterade till McCrae och Costas (2002) femfaktormodell, förekommer och används i rekryteringsprocesser. Två kvantitativa studier upprättades, där den första studien testade två hypoteser gällande personliga egenskapers förekomst i (N = 192) platsannonser utifrån en innehållsanalys som analyserades med frekvensanalys och Cramérs V. Den andra studien testade två hypoteser kring rekryteringsansvarigas personlighetsfaktorer och deras bedömning av lämplig kandidat genom en enkätundersökning med (N = 30) deltagande rekryterande chefer och HR-medarbetare. Enkätverktyget bestod av två delar, där första delen utgjordes av ett befintligt validerat test och del två konstruerades av författarna. Den andra studien har analyserats med Pearsons Korrelationskoefficient för att ta reda på samband mellan variablerna som mättes i enkäterna. Resultatet i studie ett visade att samvetsgrannhet var den personlighetsfaktor som förekom i majoriteten av platsannonserna. Resultatet i studie två visade att samvetsgrannhet kan ha viss betydelse vid bedömning av lämplig kandidat (r = 0,376, p < 0,05).

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  • 48.
    Caffagni, Lou
    et al.
    Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.
    Löfgren, IsabelSödertörn University, Stockholm, Sweden.Martins, GizeleUniversidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Brasil.Sartoretto, PaolaJönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Media and Communication Studies.
    The Planalto riots: Making and unmaking a failed coup in Brazil2024Collection (editor) (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Historical events often carry an air of uncertainty, like a fog that veils their boundaries. Questions arise about when the historical process leading to a coup d’état, or in the case examined in this book, an attempted coup, truly begins. How is it orchestrated? What delineates its scope? Who are the involved actors, and what fields of study and knowledge are essential for comprehending it?

    This book delves into the attempted coup that transpired on January 8, 2023, in Brasilia, Brazil, following the defeat of Jair Bolsonaro and the inauguration of his successor, President Luis Inácio Lula da Silva. On that day, thousands of extremist Bolsonaro supporters invaded, sacked, and vandalized federal government buildings in Brasília with the aim of inciting a military coup against the Lula da Silva government and reinstating Jair Bolsonaro as the president of Brazil.

    The essays and artistic interventions in this collection aim to unravel the various dimensions of this pivotal event. They discuss the origins, occurrence, and aftermath of anti-democratic Bolsonarist mobilizations, with a specific focus on the communicative and symbolic aspects of this historical occurrence.

    From examining historical aspects to exploring aesthetic meanings, communication strategies, and the dynamics of a collective unconscious, “The Planalto Riots: Making and Unmaking a Failed Coup in Brazil” provides a critical perspective on the intricate process of how an attempted coup is both constructed and dismantled.

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  • 49.
    Cajic, Nela
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Political Science.
    One Nation under God: A study on religion and politics in United States2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This essay deals with the subject on American politics and how it is affected by religion and religious leaders/organizations. The Religious right is also included as the movement has a strong attachment to the Republican party, but also the political sphere in general. A historical review is given as an introduction to this subject, and aims towards further reading. Three questions are asked; How does the religion affect the politics in Us and to which extend, Has the Religious right been able to affect politics and it that case how? And: Has the politicians used religious beliefs as arguments? Further on the two latest election in 2004 and 2008 are studied and its presidential candidates, to strengthen the hypothesis that religion is affecting the politics in United States.

     

    The Republican candidate John McCain and the Democrat Barack Obama connections to religion is upheld in this essay, and their political statements and debates are analyzed, to emphasize the influences from their religious faith.

     

    In the conclusion, facts are presented that actually shows that the religion has to an extend impact on politics and its performance. As the politicians are using religious rhetoric’s to strengthen their argumentations and speeches. 

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  • 50.
    Cimendag, Ismail
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Yalcin, Erkan
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Global marketing advertising with cultural differences: How can global companies better address cultural differences in marketing advertising in the Middle East?2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 15 credits / 22,5 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The authors realized the importance of being flexible in cultural values in the current environment of today’s economy. This environment is called ‘globalization’ that has become an interesting topic in the academic world. Beyond the different challenges, the most important challenge regarding to the thesis topic is the cultural challenge. The authors have combined these elements and  wanted to investigate how these factors influence marketing advertising in the Middle East.

    Hence, the purpose of this thesis is to reach an understanding about how cultural differences in global marketing advertising can be handled by global companies in the Middle East. 

    The findings of the thesis reflect upon the question of "how global companies can better address cultural differences in marketing advertising in the Middle East" by first understanding and respecting the culture and religion of the region, following the regulations and guidelines for advertising in every specific country, cooperating with local agencies and adapting the marketing advertising strategy with a glocal ‘think global, act local’ approach.

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    Master thesis - E. Yalcin & I. Cimendag
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