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  • 1.
    Andersson, Adam
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Condric, Mateo
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Avgående högskolestudenters upplevelser av sin anställningsbarhet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av avgångsstudenter vid Högskolan för Lärande och Kommunikation, Jönköping University.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Anställningsbarhet är ett begrepp som avser en individs faktiska eller upplevda kunskap, dennes kompetenser, egenskaper och erfarenheter som sedan är avgörande i frågan om att få, behålla eller byta anställning. I denna kandidatuppsats var syftet att undersöka avgångsstudenters upplevelser av sin anställningsbarhet vid Högskolan för Lärande och Kommunikation, en del av Jönköping University, vårterminen 2016. En kvalitativ undersökning med abduktiv ansats har genomförts, där nio intervjupersoner ingått. Intervjuerna som genomfördes var semistrukturerade och samtliga intervjuer spelades in samt transkriberades, för att därefter analyseras med ”Constant comparative method”. Resultatet visade att intervjupersonerna till stor del resonerar och diskuterar kring samma teman nämligen, utbildning, arbetslivserfarenhet och personliga egenskaper, då de beskriver sina upplevelser kring anställningsbarhet. Utöver detta anser intervjupersonerna att det är individen som har det största ansvaret gällande den egna anställningsbarheten.

  • 2.
    Andersson, Petter
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    Petersson, Marcus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    En undersökning av projicerat ljus i inomhusmiljö2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Berglund, Kristina J.
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg.
    Balldin, Jan
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry of the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg .
    Berggren, Ulf
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry of the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg .
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Fahlke, Claudia
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg .
    Childhood Maltreatment Affects the Serotonergic System in Male Alcohol-Dependent Individuals2013In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 0145-6008, E-ISSN 1530-0277, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 757-762Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Reduced central serotonergic neurotransmission has been demonstrated in individuals with excessive alcohol consumption and/or alcohol dependence. Childhood maltreatment has also been found to have a negative impact on central serotonergic neurotransmission. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of childhood maltreatment on central serotonergic dysfunction in alcohol-dependent individuals.

    Methods: Adult men with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence (n=18) were recruited from outpatient treatment units for alcoholism. Central serotonergic neurotransmission was assessed by a neuroendocrine method, that is, the prolactin (PRL) response to the selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitor citalopram. Childhood maltreatment was assessed retrospectively by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire.

    Results: Alcohol-dependent individuals with childhood experience of emotional abuse had significantly lower PRL response compared with those without such abuse (3 +/- 5 and 64 +/- 24mU/l, respectively; t=6.51, p<0.001). Among those who reported childhood emotional abuse, 4 of 7 individuals had flat PRL responses in comparison with none in those with no report of such abuse (p<0.01).

    Conclusions: This is the first study to show that self-reported childhood maltreatment, in particular emotional abuse, in male alcohol-dependent individuals is associated with a quite dramatic (more than 90%) reduction in central serotonergic neurotransmission. It should, however, be noted that the number of individuals is relatively small, and the results should therefore be considered as preliminary.

  • 4.
    Black, Melissa H.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Chen, Nigel T.M.
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Long Pocket, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Iyer, Kartik K.
    School of Mechanical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Lipp, Ottmar V.
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Long Pocket, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Bölte, Sven
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Tan, Tele
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Long Pocket, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Mechanisms of facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: Insights from eye tracking and electroencephalography2017In: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, ISSN 0149-7634, E-ISSN 1873-7528, Vol. 80, p. 488-515Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While behavioural difficulties in facial emotion recognition (FER) have been observed in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), behavioural studies alone are not suited to elucidate the specific nature of FER challenges in ASD. Eye tracking (ET) and electroencephalography (EEG) provide insights in to the attentional and neurological correlates of performance, and may therefore provide insight in to the mechanisms underpinning FER in ASD. Given that these processes develop over the course of the developmental trajectory, there is a need to synthesise findings in regard to the developmental stages to determine how the maturation of these systems may impact FER in ASD. We conducted a systematic review of fifty-four studies investigating ET or EEG meeting inclusion criteria. Findings indicate divergence of visual processing pathways in individuals with ASD. Altered function of the social brain in ASD impacts the processing of facial emotion across the developmental trajectory, resulting in observable differences in ET and EEG outcomes. 

  • 5.
    de la Peña Aguilera, Cristina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Resilience in young children at risk: A systematic literature review on the studies conducted to date and their outcomes2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children living in risk environments can experience traumatic events that could affect their future life. Providing these children with the necessary strategies to cope with adversity and to develop in an optimal way is needed in order to avoid trauma or being damaged for the rest of their lives. Because of this reason, a systematic literature review was performed with the aim to examine how resilience is defined and implemented in studies focusing on young children at risk. The search was done through five electronic databases and conducted during the spring semester of 2016. During the research process, inclusion and exclusion criteria were taken into account and different search words were used for each database. According to the inclusion/exclusion criteria a title/abstract screening was performed. Thereafter, for the articles which were not excluded a full text review screening was conducted, which led to the inclusion of 14 articles in total. Articles were analysed using a data extraction tool (protocol). All the articles were about resilience, aimed at children between 0 and 12 years old. Eight out of the fourteen were studies that evaluated the resilience degree in young children, while seven were aimed at developing resilience with specially designed intervention programmes. A range of definitions of the term resilience were found, showing that resilience can be understood as a process or as ability. On this basis, studies focused on resilience were found to be mainly of two kinds: related to observation or intervention, using different methodologies and tools to measure or develop resilience in children. The outcomes found were in line with previous research, showing the great importance of supportive relationships, developing within a certain environment and having a positive self-perception as facts that can influence the development of resilience.

  • 6.
    Gay-Perret, David
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Mainali, Anup
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Entrepreneurs Driven by the Need for Self-Fulfillment: An exploration of the origin of such a need and how entrepreneurs work towards fulfilling it2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper is a Master Thesis studying the human need for Self-Fulfillment, presented as the equivalent of Self-Actualization, in the context of entrepreneurship. The problems identified in the field are the lack of literature on Self-Actualization in entrepreneurship although it is something observed in the world, the lack of empirical data in the field of motivation, and finally the fact Self-Actualization is a need leading an individual to contribute to his or her surrounding (unlike other needs), which makes understanding its consequences and origin all the more important. Two aspects were chosen to cover the topic: tracing the origin of the need and understanding how entrepreneurs fulfill it (for those using their compa-ny for that purpose). To do so, interviews consisting of 4 themes were carried out with 12 individuals having started and running their company (both genders, various cultural backgrounds, with companies of various size, age and industry), and driven by the need to Self-Fulfill. The main findings are the fact the individual’s mindset and attitudes seem to be what enables him or her to reach Self-Actualization, and these human qualities and characteristic could be gathered under the terms “Personal Development”. Also some people felt the need to Self-Actualize before starting the venture and thus have an idea of how to contribute: the company be-comes only a step in the process. Others reached the need after starting the company and see it as a set of opportunities to Self-Actualize. In both case however, a holistic view over the firm seems to be the only way to truly actualize through it: every aspect of the business needs to be focused on helping and improvement (not just the business idea). Finally, by expanding the findings made in entrepreneurship, this paper suggests that in general, Personal Development may  lead to society’s improvement and provides some suggestions to continue the study.

  • 7.
    Hatfield, Megan
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Ciccarelli, Marina
    Occupational Therapy Program, School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Factors related to successful transition planning for adolescents on the autism spectrum2018In: Journal of Research in Special Educational Needs, ISSN 1471-3802, E-ISSN 1471-3802, Vol. 18, no 1, p. 3-14Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Adolescents on the autism spectrum often have difficulties with the transition from high school to post-school activities. Despite this, little is known about the transition planning processes for this group. This study explored predisposing, reinforcing and enabling factors related to the transition planning processes for adolescents on the autism spectrum in Australia. The PRECEDE model guided a needs assessment, in which descriptive data about transition planning processes were collected via an online questionnaire from adolescents on the autism spectrum, their parents and professionals (N = 162). Predisposing factors included: an individualised and strengths-focused approach, and adolescent motivation, anxiety and insight. Reinforcing factors included: support and guidance, skill development and real-life experiences. Enabling factors were: having a clear plan with a coordinated approach, scheduled meetings and clear formal documentation. Whilst some factors aligned with recommendations for transition planning for adolescents with disabilities in general, there were some autism-specific factors. For example: anxiety, motivation and insight were important predisposing factors, and providing choice and flexibility was an enabling factor.

  • 8.
    Hellstrom, A.
    et al.
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Hagell, P.
    Kristianstad Univ, Sch Hlth & Soc, PRO CARE Grp, Kristianstad, Sweden.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Linkoping Univ, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Ulander, M.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Clin & Expt Med, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Arestedt, K.
    Linnaeus Univ, Dept Hlth & Caring Sci, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Initial psychometric testing of the sleep condition indicator in a Swedish context2017In: Sleep Medicine, ISSN 1389-9457, E-ISSN 1878-5506, Vol. 40, no Suppl. 1, p. E129-E130Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: There are several rating scales for insomnia; however, diagnostic criteria have changed over time. This means that the usefulness and validity of earlier scales may be compromised. The Sleep Condition Indicator (SCI) is a recently designed scale, developed in the UK, based on the DSM-V criteria of insomnia. The aim of this study was to translate and psychometrically evaluate the SCI in a Swedish context, focusing on its dimensionality.

    Materials and methods: The SCI consists of eight items with 5 ordered response categories (scored between 0 and 4). A total score between 0 and 32 is calculated; higher score indicates better sleep. The SCI was distributed through a web-questionnaire to university students and 634 completed the questionnaire . First we replicated the methodology used in the original testing of the UK SCI using principal component analysis (PCA) as the extraction method with varimax rotation and Kaisers eigenvalue >1 criterion for determination of the number of factors. We then continued with a more appropriate method for ordinal data, an exploratory factor analysis (EFA), using an unweighted least squares (ULS) extraction method based on a polychoric correlation matrix. Parallel analysis was conducted to determine the number of factors. Internal consistency was estimated using an ordinal version of Cronbach's alpha.

    Results: The PCA suggested a one factor model, with eigenvalues of 5.0 for the 1st and 0.9 for the 2nd factor, explaining 62% of the variance. Loadings varied between 0.62-0.86. With the EFA (ULS), 70% of the variance was explained by the first factor. Factor loadings varied between 0.66 and 0.92. Eigenvalues for factors 1 and 2 were 5.6 and 0.8, respectively. Corresponding 95th percentile eigenvalues from the parallel analysis were 5.3 (1st factor) and 0.4 (2nd factor). Reliability (ordinal alpha) of the total SCI score was 0.94.

    Conclusions: Both models support a unidimensional SCI structure in our sample of university students. This is a prerequisite for the calculation and validity of a total SCI score. In addition, the total score exhibited good reliability. These observations support the psychometric integrity of the Swedish SCI and provide a starting point for further testing.

  • 9.
    Hill, Leah
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Functional near-infrared spectroscopy for the study of attention in children with atypical development: A systematic literature review from 2009-20172018Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Although attention has been a topic in cognitive and developmental psychology since the mid- 20th century, much is still unknown with respect to the underlying neural differences in developmental attentional trajectories, including the link between differences observed at behavioural and neurophysiological levels. One relatively new emerging method of measuring atypical attention in children is functional near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). Previously, reviews of NIRS in child development have included a wide range of developmental functions, from language acquisition to facial processing and joint attention. However, no such review has focused on the use of NIRS solely for measuring attention. The purpose of this systematic review was to provide an up-to-date synthesis of the findings.  It investigated the evidence for functional differences in attention with a specific focus on the overlap between behavioural and NIRS measures, as well as the corresponding theoretical basis and behavioural implications. A search for peer-reviewed articles was carried out in multiple databases, with thirteen studies included in the analysis. Generally, NIRS shows preliminary evidence for differences in attention for certain attentional dimensions such as response inhibition, but more research is needed to confirm differences in other dimensions such as working memory or attentional control. Behavioural measures are not always reported and only occasionally mapped on to NIRS results. Few studies include a theoretical basis of attention or the behavioural implications of the findings. Limitations and implications for future research are discussed.

  • 10.
    Hutton, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Lighting.
    Belysning för barn i biblioteksmiljö2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this thesis is to create conditions in order to plan lighting to a library room after children's needs and wishes, and to gain deeper knowledge about how children experience different lighting environments and what they perceive as good lighting. I was given the task by Huskvarna library to design a lighting plan for their children's department. This is part of the project "Library 2.1-room as a medium" that is going on at Huskvarna library since fall 2007.

     

    My questions at issue are: 1. What do children consider as good lighting in a library? 2. How do children experience different lighting environments?

     

    I have done an experimental study with both quantitative and qualitative elements. The study was conducted in the children's department at Huskvarna library. Twenty children in the ages between 10 and 12 participated in the study, which consisted of four surveys. The first three surveys were designed in the same way but were answered in three different lighting environments in the same room; 1) daylight only, 2) daylight in addition with reading lights, and 3) daylight and the existing lighting in the room. These first three surveys where designed primarily to answer the second question at issue, to get a deeper understanding of how children experience different lighting environments. The fourth survey was intended primarily to answer the first question and included statements about lighting, which the children had to consider.

     

    The results are: The children want to have a varied light in the room and do not like the high light levels as the existing lighting provide. They want reading armatures next to the seating and preferably colored lighting in the shape of decoration. I also discovered that most of the children preferred “cosy” lighting.

     

    Of the lighting environments that the children have been examining in this study, the lighting environment with reading armatures is the one that the children experience as the most positive in most aspects. The light environment that the children experience as the least positive is the existing lighting in the room.

     

    The conclusion is that the light level from the existing lighting in the library's children department is considered to high by the children in the study and should be adjusted to the children's individual needs.

     

  • 11.
    Johansson, Rasmus
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Millennials och ledarskap: En kvalitativ studie om ledarskapspreferenser på RGB2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to investigate how generation Y in RGB (fictional name) describes different leadership preferences and to further evaluate whether RGB´s recruitment strategy aligns with those preferences. A targeted selection of organization was made followed by a targeted selection of participants which resulted in eight respondents (n=8). A qualitative approach designed as a case study was conducted. The study included both unstructured and semi-structured interviews. A pilot study was carried out to get a wider view and understanding of the complexity of the organization. A complementary interview was also performed since the organization showed an interest in comparing their recruitment strategy with the participants´ descriptions of leadership preferences. The distribution of the sample was six women and two men with varying occupational roles but with two things in common, social work and the exercise of public authority. The Pilot study, main data collection and the complementary interview was analyzed using elements from both thematic- and pragmatic analysis. The result of the study showed that the overall recruitment strategy in wide terms aligned with the leadership preferences presented by generation Y. Social competence, self-awareness and presence were central aspects which were mentioned by both participants, recruitment officer and HR-consultant.

  • 12.
    Kapetanovic, Sabina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). University West, Sweden..
    Skoog, Therése
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Bohlin, Margareta
    Gothenburg University, Sweden.
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work.
    Aspects of the parent–adolescent relationship and associations with adolescent risk behaviors over time2019In: Journal of family psychology, ISSN 0893-3200, E-ISSN 1939-1293, Vol. 33, no 1, p. 1-11Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Parents’ actions and knowledge of adolescents’ whereabouts play key roles in preventing risk behaviors in early adolescence, but what enables parents to know about their adolescents’ activities and what links there are to adolescent risk behaviors, such as substance use and delinquent behavior, remain unclear. In this study, we investigated whether different aspects of the parent–adolescent relationship predict parental knowledge, and we examined the direct and indirect longitudinal associations between these aspects of the parent–adolescent relationship and adolescents’ self-reported delinquent behavior and substance use. The participants were 550 parents and their adolescent children from two small and two midsized municipalities in Sweden. Parental data were collected when the adolescents were 13 years old (mean), and adolescent data on risk behaviors were collected on two occasions, when they were 13 and 14 years of age (mean). Structural path analyses revealed that adolescent disclosure, parental solicitation, and parental control predicted parental knowledge, with adolescent disclosure being the strongest source of parental knowledge and the strongest negative predictor of adolescent risk behaviors. Parenting competence and adolescents’ connectedness to parents were indirectly, through adolescent disclosure and parental solicitation and parental control, associated with substance use and delinquent behavior. Some paths differed for boys and girls. In conclusion, confident parenting and a close parent–adolescent relationship in which adolescent disclosure is promoted, seem protective of adolescent engagement in risk behaviors.

  • 13.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    et al.
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Ganji, Maryam
    Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
    Pontes, Halley M
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK.
    Imani, Vida
    Tuberculosis and Lung Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, East Azerbaijan, Iran.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Griffiths, Mark D.
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Psychometric evaluation of the Persian Internet Disorder Scale among adolescents.2018In: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 7, no 3, p. 665-675Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Given the growing epidemiological research interest concerning Internet addiction, brief instruments with a robust theoretical basis are warranted. The Internet Disorder Scale (IDS-15) is one such instrument that can be used to quickly assess the Internet addiction in an individual. However, only two language versions of the IDS-15 have been developed. This study translated the IDS-15 into Persian and examined its psychometric properties using comprehensive psychometric testing.

    METHODS: After ensuring the linguistic validity of the Persian IDS-15, 1,272 adolescents (mean age = 15.53 years; 728 males) completed the IDS-15, Depression Anxiety Stress Scale (DASS), Internet Gaming Disorder Scale - Short Form (IGDS9-SF), and the Bergen Social Media Addiction Scale (BSMAS). Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), Rasch models, regression analysis, and latent profile analysis (LPA) were carried out to test the psychometric properties of the Persian IDS-15.

    RESULTS: Both CFA and Rasch supported the construct validity of the Persian IDS-15. Multigroup analysis in CFA and differential item functioning in Rasch indicated that male and female adolescents interpreted the IDS-15 items similarly. Regression analysis showed that the IDS-15 correlated with IGDS9-SF and BSMAS (ΔR2 = .12 and .36, respectively) is stronger than the DASS (ΔR2 = .03-.05). LPA based on IDS-15 suggests three subgroups for the sample. Significant differences in depression, anxiety, IGDS9-SF, and BSMAS were found among the three LPA subgroups.

    CONCLUSION: The Persian IDS-15 has robust psychometric properties as evidenced by both classical test theory and Rasch analysis.

  • 14.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    et al.
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Faculty of Health and Social Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Ku, Li-Jung Elizabeth
    Department of Public Health, National Cheng Kung University Hospital, College of Medicine, National Cheng Kung University, Tainan, Taiwan.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Measurement invariance across educational levels and gender in 12-item Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) on caregivers of people with dementia2017In: International psychogeriatrics, ISSN 1041-6102, E-ISSN 1741-203X, Vol. 29, no 11, p. 1841-1848Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background:: The Zarit Burden Interview (ZBI) is a commonly used self-report to assess caregiver burden. A 12-item short form of the ZBI has been developed; however, its measurement invariance has not been examined across some different demographics. It is unclear whether different genders and educational levels of a population interpret the ZBI items similarly. Therefore, this study aimed to examine the measurement invariance of the 12-item ZBI across gender and educational levels in a Taiwanese sample.

    Methods:: Caregivers who had a family member with dementia (n = 270) completed the ZBI through telephone interviews. Three confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) models were conducted: Model 1 was the configural model, Model 2 constrained all factor loadings, Model 3 constrained all factor loadings and item intercepts. Multiple group CFAs and the differential item functioning (DIF) contrast under Rasch analyses were used to detect measurement invariance across males (n = 100) and females (n = 170) and across educational levels of junior high schools and below (n = 86) and senior high schools and above (n = 183).

    Results:: The fit index differences between models supported the measurement invariance across gender and across educational levels (∆ comparative fit index (CFI) = −0.010 and 0.003; ∆ root mean square error of approximation (RMSEA) = −0.006 to 0.004). No substantial DIF contrast was found across gender and educational levels (value = −0.36 to 0.29).

    Conclusions:: The ZBI is appropriate for combined use and for comparisons in caregivers across gender and different educational levels in Taiwan. 

  • 15. Ottová-Jordan, Veronika
    et al.
    Smith, Otto R.F.
    Gobina, Inese
    Mazur, Joanna
    Augustine, Lilly
    Högskolan Kristianstad, Avdelningen för Humanvetenskap.
    Cavallo, Franco
    Välimaa, Raili
    Moor, Irene
    Torsheim, Torbjörn
    Katreniakova, Zuzana
    Vollebergh, Wilma
    Ravens-Sieberer, Ulrike
    Trends in Multiple Recurrent health complaitns in 15-year-olds in 35 countries in Europe, North America and Israel from 1994 to 20102015In: European Journal of Public Health, ISSN 1101-1262, E-ISSN 1464-360X, Vol. 25, no suppl 2, p. 24-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    BACKGROUND: Health complaints are a good indicator of an individual's psychosocial health and well-being. Studies have shown that children and adolescents report health complaints which can cause significant individual burden.

    METHODS: Using data from the international Health Behaviour in School-aged Children study, this article describes trends in multiple recurrent health complaints (MHC) in 35 countries among N = 237 136 fifteen-year-olds from 1994 to 2010. MHC was defined as the presence of two or more health complaints at least once a week. Logistic regression analysis was performed to evaluate trends across the five survey cycles for each country.

    RESULTS: Lowest prevalence throughout the period 1994-2010 was 16.9% in 1998 in Austria and highest in 2006 in Israel (54.7%). Overall, six different trend patterns could be identified: No linear or quadratic trend (9 countries), linear decrease (7 countries), linear increase (5 countries), U-shape (4 countries), inverted U-shape (6 countries) and unstable (4 countries).

    CONCLUSION: Trend analyses are valuable in providing hints about developments in populations as well as for benchmarking and evaluation purposes. The high variation in health complaints between the countries requires further investigation, but may also reflect the subjective nature of health complaints.

  • 16.
    Persson, Andreas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Björkman, Filicia
    Upplevelser av samarbete, sammanhållning, förtroende och kollegialt stöd i en statlig myndighets virtuella team: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka individens upplevelse gällande samarbete, gruppsammanhållning, förtroende och kollegialt stöd i ett virtuellt team i jämförelse med ett traditionellt team. Studien genomfördes på en rikstäckande myndighet som arbetat med virtuella team i tio år. I studien deltog sju intervjupersoner varav fyra personer var män och tre personer kvinnor som valdes ut genom ett målstyrt urval. Personerna var mellan 28 och 62 år gamla och hade haft en anställning inom vald organisation under minst två år. Personerna ingick i samma team men hade olika platsbundenheter. Data samlades in genom semi-strukturerade intervjuer och analyserades med hjälp av en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet bekräftade tidigare teori om utmaningar i utvecklande av samarbete, gruppsammanhållning, förtroende och kollegialt stöd inom virtuella team. Intervjupersonerna upplevde ett starkare samarbete, gruppsammanhållning, förtroende och kollegialt stöd för de kollegor som var samplacerade och såg därmed ingen nytta av det virtuella teamet. 

  • 17.
    Persson, Roland S.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    A bold and promising model with a few loose ends2012In: High Ability Studies, ISSN 1359-8139, E-ISSN 1469-834X, Vol. 23, no 1, p. 97-99Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18.
    Persson, Roland S
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    A voice of sanity in the arid land of dogmatic systems2015In: International Journal for Talent Development and Creativity, ISSN 2291-7179, Vol. 3, no 2, p. 65-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    No abstract

  • 19.
    Persson, Roland S.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Human Nature: The Unpredictable Variable in Engineering the Future2016In: Giftedness and Talent in the 21st Century: Adapting to the Turbulence of Globalization / [ed] Don Ambrose & Robert J. Sternberg, Rotterdam: Sense Publishers, 2016, 1, p. 65-80Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Persson, Roland S
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Pandora’s Box revisited?: On information technology, technostress, virtual addiction and the effects of information overload2001In: Perspectives on Human-Computer Interactions: A multidisciplinary approach / [ed] Mohamed Chaib, Lund: Studentlitteratur , 2001, p. 17-49Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Persson, Roland S
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    The Needs of the Highly Able and the Needs of Society: A Multidisciplinary Analysis of Talent Differentiation and Its Significance to Gifted Education and Issues of Societal Inequality2014In: Roeper Review, ISSN 0278-3193, Vol. 36, no 1, p. 43-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Does gifted education affect societal inequality, and does societal inequality suppress and/ordistort the development of high ability? Drawing from several academic disciplines and current political discourse, a differentiated use of terms used to describe the highly able is explored in this article. A social evolutionary framework is proposed as an explanation for such differentiation, which also sheds light on the questions of inequality, suppression, and distortion in relation to high ability. It is suggested that this differentiated use is prompted and defined by societal function rather than by current theories of high ability. The result of employing a socialevolutionary perspective is that high ability as giftedness becomes largely dysfunctional and unwanted, whereas high ability as talent becomes more utilitarian and much in demand. The article concludes with a brief discussion on the possible future of gifted education in this light.

  • 22.
    Sternäng, Ola
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Kabir, Zarina N.
    Division of Nursing, NVS, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Hamadani, Jena D.
    International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (ICDDR,B), Dhaka, Bangladesh.
    Wahlin, Åke
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    A cross-cultural perspective on aging and memory: Comparisons between Bangladesh and Sweden2012In: PsyCh Journal, ISSN 2046-0252, E-ISSN 2046-0260, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 69-81Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Most studies on cognitive aging have been conducted in high-income countries (mainly on Western populations). The main aim of this study was to compare the relative importance of predictors of episodic and semantic memory performance in older people (≥ 60years) from Bangladesh (n = 400) and Sweden (n = 1,098). Hierarchical regression models were used in order to study the importance of some commonly used predictors in the two countries. A main finding was that variations in age did not have much impact on episodic and semantic memory performance in Bangladesh. Instead, sex was a strong predictor for semantic memory performance. In Sweden this pattern was reversed. In the Western world, chronological age is believed to be strongly associated with memory performance in cross-sectional studies, particularly in people greater than 60 years of age. This study indicates that the difference between the two countries (in relative importance of the predictors included in this study) is mainly due to the fact that years of education is connected to age in the Western world but to sex in Bangladesh. It remains to be examined whether earlier selective survival is also responsible for the relative absence of cognitive age differences in Bangladesh.

  • 23.
    van Dijk, Lieselotte
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Interventions reducing anxiety in hospitalized children: A systematic literature review from 2010 to 20172017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A medical procedure is a threatening and stressful experience for many children. The consequent increased feelings of anxiety in hospitalized children can negatively affect their healing process, their psychological health, and their behavioural, cognitive, emotional and academic development. To limit these negative results, knowledge about interventions that could contribute to a decrease in anxiety in hospitalized children is needed. The aim of this review was to examine interventions aiming at reducing anxiety in hospitalized children that undergo a medical procedure. A systematic literature was conducted in three databases that has resulted in 10 articles that met the inclusion criteria. The 10 selected articles included a total of 11 interventions for this review. The results showed that the intervention technique Distraction was effective in reducing anxiety for most hospitalized children. The intervention technique Information provision showed both significance and non-significance and the intervention techniques Medication and Modelling showed a non-significant change in anxiety. Besides, an active distraction form and a longer duration of the intervention might contribute to the effectiveness in reducing the hospitalized child’s anxiety level. Future research needs to focus on the anxiety level of both children and their parents, in addition to the upcoming intervention use of multimedia applications. Furthermore, the characteristics of the hospitalized child and the collaboration with the child and parents should be taken into account before applying interventions aiming at reducing anxiety in hospitalized children.

  • 24.
    Wu, Tzu-Yi
    et al.
    Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
    Lin, Chung-Ying
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Årestedt, Kristofer
    Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Griffiths, Mark D.
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, United Kingdom.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center (SDH), Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Shahid Bahonar Blvd., Qazvin, Iran.
    Psychometric validation of the Persian nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale - Short Form: Does gender and hours spent online gaming affect the interpretations of item descriptions?2017In: Journal of Behavioral Addictions, ISSN 2062-5871, E-ISSN 2063-5303, Vol. 6, no 2, p. 256-263Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background and aims: The nine-item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale -Short Form (IGDS-SF9) is brief and effective to evaluate Internet Gaming Disorder (IGD) severity. Although its scores show promising psychometric properties, less is known about whether different groups of gamers interpret the items similarly. This study aimed to verify the construct validity of the Persian IGDS-SF9 and examine the scores in relation to gender and hours spent online gaming among 2,363 Iranian adolescents.

    Methods: Confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and Rasch analysis were used to examine the construct validity of the IGDS-SF9. The effects of gender and time spent online gaming per week were investigated by multigroup CFA and Rasch differential item functioning (DIF).

    Results: The unidimensionality of the IGDS-SF9 was supported in both CFA and Rasch. However, Item 4 (fail to control or cease gaming activities) displayed DIF (DIF contrast = 0.55) slightly over the recommended cutoff in Rasch but was invariant in multigroup CFA across gender. Items 4 (DIF contrast = -0.67) and 9 (jeopardize or lose an important thing because of gaming activity; DIF contrast = 0.61) displayed DIF in Rasch and were non-invariant in multigroup CFA across time spent online gaming.

    Conclusions: Given the Persian IGDS-SF9 was unidimensional, it is concluded that the instrument can be used to assess IGD severity. However, users of the instrument are cautioned concerning the comparisons of the sum scores of the IGDS-SF9 across gender and across adolescents spending different amounts of time online gaming.

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