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  • 1. Abayhan, Yasemin
    et al.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    Hacettepe University.
    Gülüm, İsmail Volkan
    “Bir standardizasyon çalışması: İntihara yönelik tutumlar ölçeği’nin Türk kültürüne uyarlanması” (The Application of Suicide Opinion Questionnaire to Turkish Culture), Istanbul/Turkey, September, 3-5 20082008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    Hacettepe University.
    Genç akademisyenlerin yeni kurulan psikoloji bölümlerinde karşılaşabilecekleri sorunlar ve çözüm önerileri (The Problems And Solutions Suggestions That The Young Academicians From Recently Established Psychology Departments May Face)2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    et al.
    Hacettepe University.
    Cirhinlioğlu, Fatma
    Özkan, Bengi Öner
    Türk örnekleminde avukat olan ile olmayanların adalete ve Türkiye’deki hukuk sistemine ilişkin sosyal temsilleri (Social representations of justice system among lawyers vs. non lawyers in a Turkish sample)2004In: Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (Hacettepe University-Journal of Faculty of Letters), ISSN 1301-5737, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 61-80Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 4.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    et al.
    Hacettepe University.
    Coştur, Recai
    Sorumluluk Yüklemesi Çerçevesinde Öfke ve Sempati Duyguları ile Yardım Etme ve Saldırganlık Davranışları (Judgments of Responsibility, Feelings of Anger/Sympathy and Social Conduct of Help-giving and Aggression)2007In: Türk Psikoloji Dergisi (Turkish Journal of Psychology), Vol. 22, no 59, p. 15-37Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present study was aimed to test in the domains of prosocial (help giving) and antisocial (aggression) behavior in a Turkish sample, consisting of 887 Hacettepe University students (463 males and 424 females). The results revealed that the social conduct theory within the perspective of judgments of responsibility was partially confirmed in the Turkish sample. The findings implied that both the help giving and the aggressive behaviors could be taken into consideration in the same conceptual framework. Generally, the expected cognition-emotion-behavior sequence was observed; hence, the attributional thoughts of responsibility/controllability determined the emotional reactions of anger and sympathy and these emotional reactions, in turn, directly influenced helping and aggressive behaviors. Indeed, for aggression, the results also indicated that cognitions of perceived controllability had only an indirect effect on aggressive behavior mediated by the emotions of anger and sympathy; there was no direct influence of cognitions on behavioral reactions. Hence, the results partially confirmed the cognition-emotion-behavior theory of social conduct for aggression in which an additional direct influence of cognitions on behavioral reactions was also present as postulated by Weiner (1995). On the other hand, for help giving, the findings were consistent with the literature confirming the theory which proposed that thoughts determined the feelings of anger and sympathy and these feelings, in turn, determined the actions.

  • 5.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    et al.
    Hacettepe University.
    Deniz, Şahin
    Hacettepe University.
    Aydın, Orhan
    Hacettepe University.
    Saldırgan Olan ve Olmayan Çocuklarda Düşmanca Niyet Yükleme Yanlılığının Cinsiyete Bağlı Olarak İncelenmesi (Hostile attributional bias in aggressive and nonaggressive children)2005In: Türk Psikoloji Dergisi (Turkish Journal of Psychology), ISSN 1300-4433, Vol. 20, no 55, p. 43-59Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the present study was to examine the hostile attributional biases of aggressive and nonaggressive boys and girls among primary school children. The status of aggressiveness was assessed with a peer nomination instrument for a sample of 529 (230 girls and 293 boys) fifth grade children. Participants were presented with 11 ambiguous pictures with negative outcomes. For each picture a questionnaire with multiple choice answers was administered to measure the child's tendency to attribute personal/impersonal causality, positive/negative intentions and hostile attributional bias. A 2 (aggressive/nonaggressive) x 2 (sex) ANOVA was used to analyse the data. Results indicated that aggressive children attributed more personal causality, negative intentions to the ambiguous negative outcomes represented in the pictures than to the nonaggressive children. In relation to different forms of aggression such as physical, passive and the verbal, the findings showed some variability. Physically aggressive children displayed more hostile attribution than the nonaggressive ones. On the other hand, the form of passive aggressiveness was not significant in relation to the aggressiveness/nonaggressiveness status. On verbal aggression form, aggressive children indicated a propensity toward hostile attribution when compared to the nonaggressive types. A main effect of sex was obtained; boys attributed more personal causality, more negative intention and hostile attributional bias when compared to girls. All of the results were in line with literature.

  • 6.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    et al.
    Hacettepe University.
    Güvenç, Gülden
    Kız ve erkek ergenlerde saldırgan ve olumlu sosyal davranışlar ile yaş, ilişkisel bağlam ve kişiler-arası duyarlılık arasındaki ilişkiler (Relations Between Age, Parental and Peer Attachment, Interpersonal Reactivity, Aggressive and Prosocial Behavior of Adolescents)2006In: Hacettepe Üniversitesi Edebiyat Fakültesi Dergisi (Hacettepe University-Journal of Faculty of Letters), Vol. 23, no 2, p. 233-264Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 7.
    Aktaş, Vezir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Tepe, Yeliz Kındap
    Cumhuriyet UniversitySivasTurkey.
    Persson, Roland S.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Investigating Turkish university students’ attitudes towards refugees in a time of Civil War in neighboring Syria2018In: Current psychology (New Brunswick, N.J.), ISSN 1046-1310, E-ISSN 1936-4733Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Thousands of refugees have immigrated to Turkey because of the current Civil War in neighboring Syria. This is causing tensions between refugees and locals. These increasingly negative attitudes towards the incoming victims of conflict are of particular interest. The present study, therefore, aimed at determining the premises of the emergence of such negative attitudes. The research sample consisted of university students who all studied at various faculties at Cumhuriyet University in the Turkish province of Sivas. Data were collected by the Attitude Scale Towards Refugees, the Patriotism Attitude Scale, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index, and the Cirhinlioğlu Religiosity Scale. Data were analyzed by Independent Sample t-tests as well as using Stepwise Regression Analyses. Results showed that the feeling of empathy correlated negatively with negative attitudes towards refugees, while blind patriotism, religiosity, and having nationalist/conservative orientations, correlated positively. Men were found to be more negative than women. The feeling of empathy was the most prominent factor in predicting the nature of attitudes towards refugees. Religious doctrine and distancing oneself from conservative and patriotic perspectives appeared to be effective in potentially preventing the development of negative attitudes. In conclusion, research results are discussed in the light of relevant literature.

  • 8.
    Algeskog, Linda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Jalakas, Birgit
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Enhetscheferna och HR:s samverkan: En kvalitativ studie om förväntningar på HR-funktionen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka enhetschefernas förväntningar på HR-funktionen inom den offentliga sektorn, samt kartlägga om dessa förväntningar även stämmer överens med vad som var möjligt i en viss organisation. Studien som genomfördes var kvalitativ och semistrukturerade intervjuer tillämpades under datainsamlingen. Studien utfördes med ett bekvämlighetsurval vilket resulterade i att åtta enhetschefer inom två kommuner valdes till studien (n=8). Detta medförde att studien riktades mot fyra huvudsakliga HR-funktioner. Data från de semistrukturerade intervjuerna bearbetades med en tematisk analys. I studiens resultat framkom det fyra aspekter angående enhetschefernas förväntningar på HR. Aspekterna som framställdes var samverkan, kommunikation, problematik och HR-funktion. I studiens slutsats framkom det att enhetschefernas förväntningar på HR delvis stämde överens med vad som var möjligt inom de två utvalda organisationer.

  • 9.
    Alimoradi, Z.
    et al.
    Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Golboni, F.
    Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Griffiths, M. D.
    International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Department, Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom.
    Broström, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Lin, C. -Y
    Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Hong Kong.
    Pakpour, Amir H.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Research Institute for Prevention of Non-Communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran.
    Weight-related stigma and psychological distress: A systematic review and meta-analysis2019In: Clinical Nutrition, ISSN 0261-5614, E-ISSN 1532-1983Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background & aims:

    Individuals who are overweight or who have obesity are likely to perceive or experience unfriendly treatment (i.e., weight-related perceived stigma) from different sources such as work colleagues because of the stigma towards excess weight. People who are overweight may accept such stigma and devalue themselves (i.e., weight-related self-stigma).

    Methods:

    A systematic review and meta-analysis was conducted to examine the relationship between weight stigma (including weight-related self-stigma and weight-related perceived stigma) and psychological distress (including depression and anxiety) using random-effects meta-analyses. Utilizing five academic databases (PubMed, Scopus, WOS, Embase and ProQuest) and keywords related to weight stigma and psychological distress, empirical studies focusing on the association between weight stigma and psychological distress were selected. The timeline for the searched papers was from the inception of each database to the end of August 2019.

    Results:

    Eligible studies (N = 30; 25 on weight-related self-stigma and eight on weight-related perceived stigma) were analyzed with a total of 9345 participants experiencing weight-related self-stigma, and 15,496 experiencing weight-related perceived stigma. The pooled associations were moderate between weight-related self-stigma and psychological distress (corrected Fisher's Z = 0.40 for depression; 0.36 for anxiety) and between perceived stigma and depression (Fisher's Z = 0.44).

    Conclusions:

    Results of the meta-analysis demonstrated that weight stigma is associated with psychological distress. The comprehensive search of the literature and rigorous methodology employed are the two major strengths in the present study. Because self-stigma and perceived stigma are different concepts, their associations with psychological distress should not be merged together. 

  • 10. Almqvist, Lena
    et al.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Jakobsson, Enar
    Barnens hälsa kräver mer än frånvaro av sjukdom2005In: Psykologtidningen, ISSN 0280-9702, no 8, p. 12-15Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 11.
    Alpteg, Jacob
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Le, Nini
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vem är lyckligast?: En kvantitativ jämförelse av studenter som arbetar och studenter som inte arbetar under sina studier2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studenter som arbetar vid sidan av sina studier tvingas balansera de olika rollerna inomarbetslivet, privatlivet och studentlivet, vilket kan medföra stress och minskad livstillfredsställelse. Syftet med denna studie var således att undersöka om det fanns någon skillnad i upplevd lycka bland studenter som arbetar vid sidan av sina studier och studenter som enbart studerar. Urvalet bestod av 397 studenter vilka förvärvades genom ett bekvämlighetsurval samt ett snöbollsurval. En kvantitativ enkätundersökning tillämpades för att uppfylla syftet. Enkäten bestod av en kombination av Oxford Happiness Questionnaire (Hills & Argyle, 2002) och Satisfaction With Life Scale (Diener, Emmons, Larsen & Griffin,1985). Data från enkäten analyserades med enkel linjär regressionsanalys, ANOVA samt medelvärdesanalys. Resultatet visade att studenterna som hade en anställning hade ett signifikant högre medelvärde på lycka, i jämförelse med studenterna som enbart studerade. Ansatsen för denna undersökning har inte varit att hitta ett heltäckande svar på hur den myriad av psykologiska processer som utgör lycka samspelar, utan istället varit att identifiera hur de tillsammans påverkar en specifik del av en individs livspussel, nämligen arbete, och huruvida detta i sin tur påverkar den upplevda lyckan. Denna studie hade även för avsikt att belysa det forskningsgap med avseende på lycka och balans som råder gällande populationer med säregna arbets- och familjeförhållanden.

  • 12.
    Andersson, Adam
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Condric, Mateo
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Avgående högskolestudenters upplevelser av sin anställningsbarhet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie av avgångsstudenter vid Högskolan för Lärande och Kommunikation, Jönköping University.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Anställningsbarhet är ett begrepp som avser en individs faktiska eller upplevda kunskap, dennes kompetenser, egenskaper och erfarenheter som sedan är avgörande i frågan om att få, behålla eller byta anställning. I denna kandidatuppsats var syftet att undersöka avgångsstudenters upplevelser av sin anställningsbarhet vid Högskolan för Lärande och Kommunikation, en del av Jönköping University, vårterminen 2016. En kvalitativ undersökning med abduktiv ansats har genomförts, där nio intervjupersoner ingått. Intervjuerna som genomfördes var semistrukturerade och samtliga intervjuer spelades in samt transkriberades, för att därefter analyseras med ”Constant comparative method”. Resultatet visade att intervjupersonerna till stor del resonerar och diskuterar kring samma teman nämligen, utbildning, arbetslivserfarenhet och personliga egenskaper, då de beskriver sina upplevelser kring anställningsbarhet. Utöver detta anser intervjupersonerna att det är individen som har det största ansvaret gällande den egna anställningsbarheten.

  • 13.
    Andersson, Adrian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ljungman, Niklas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    HR-personal och chefers upplevelse av beslutsprocessen i kompetensbaserad rekrytering: En kvalitativ fallstudie i en offentlig verksamhet2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna empiriska studie syftade till att inom en stor offentlig verksamhet undersöka HR-personal och chefers upplevelse av rekryteringsmetoden kompetensbaserad rekrytering, hur de olika bedömningsverktygen användes i praktiken och hur beslutsprocessen påverkades av metoden. Studien intog en psykologisk utgångspunkt och var en kvalitativ fallstudie konstruerad genom semistrukturerade intervjuer. Ett målstyrt urval gjordes för att problemformuleringen skulle stämma in på deltagarna, var sedan ett bekvämlighetsurval gjordes för att ta fram tio (n = 10) respondenter. Urvalet var fördelat på fem HR-personer och fem chefer, med fördelningen tre män och två kvinnor från varje yrkesgrupp. Kvalitativa semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med samtliga deltagare utifrån en konstruerad intervjumall, varpå resultaten analyserades med inspiration från analysmetoden tematisk analys. Studiens resultat visade att HR-personalen och chefernas upplevelse av kompetensbaserad rekrytering var positiv. Metoden beskrevs som en kvalitetssäkring som genom de olika bedömningsverktygen producerade en likvärdig helhetsbild av kandidaterna, undvek psykologiska fällor och underlättade beslutsprocessen.

  • 14.
    Andersson, Petter
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    Petersson, Marcus
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    En undersökning av projicerat ljus i inomhusmiljö2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 15.
    Andersson, Tina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sjölin, Matilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Balans mellan arbete och privatliv hos anställda vid en statlig myndighet: En kvantitativ enkätstudie2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka upplevelsen av balans mellan arbete och privatliv hos anställda vid en svensk statlig myndighet. Detta gjordes genom att mäta den upplevda balansen och dess påverkan av flexibelt arbetssätt, kön, hemmaboende barn samt ledande befattning. Studien var kvantitativ med en deduktiv ansats. En webbaserad enkät skickades ut till anställda på myndigheten och data från N = 205 respondenter analyserades med hjälp av oberoende t-test, tvåvägs-ANOVA, envägs-ANOVA samt Welch’s ANOVA. Studiens resultat både bekräftar och strider mot tidigare forskning på området och bidrar med en nutidsbild av upplevelsen av balans mellan arbete och privatliv hos anställda vid en statlig myndighet. Resultatet visade signifikanta skillnader i den upplevda balansen både beträffande flexibelt arbete, kön och huruvida medarbetare hade hemmaboende barn. Inga signifikanta skillnader påvisades beträffande ledande befattning.

  • 16.
    Ankarberg, Jonas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Uhrbom, Christopher
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Socialt stöd och dess påverkan på arbetstillfredsställelse - en kvantitativ fallstudie2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet i studien var att undersöka vilken påverkan socialt stöd har på arbetstillfredsställelsen. Till detta undersöktes även vilken påverkan ålder, kön, utbildningsnivå, anställningsform och arbetet i grupp har på arbetstillfredsställelsen. Resultatet analyserades mot Herzbergs tvåfaktorteori om arbetstillfredsställelse. Resultatet beräknades med hjälp av Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) och bygger på en enkätundersökning (

    n=136) med hjälp av bekvämlighetsurval i en statlig myndighet. Regressions- och korrelationsanalyser av data användes. Reliabilitetstest för studien visar på god reliabilitet av enkätverktygets huvuddelar, arbetstillfredsställelse (α=0.87) och socialt stöd (α=0.79). Resultatet visade att chefens stöd påverkade arbetstillfredsställelsen positivt och att stödet från medarbetarna påverkade i negativ riktning. För övriga faktorer visade resultatet på positiva samband mellan arbetstillfredsställelse och ålder samt anställningsform. De som hade lägre utbildningsnivå upplevde signifikant högre grad av inre arbetstillfredsställelse.

    Nyckelord: Arbetspsykologi, arbetstillfredsställelse, socialt stöd, tvåfaktorteorin

  • 17.
    Antonson, Hans
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Mobilitet, aktörer och planering, MAP.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Ahlström, Christer
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Samspel människa, fordon, transportsystem, MFT.
    Experiencing moose and landscape while driving: a simulator and questionnaire study2014In: Journal of Environmental Psychology, ISSN 0272-4944, E-ISSN 1522-9610, Vol. 41, p. 91-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Animal vehicle collisions (AVC's) have large economic, medical and ecological consequences but have rarely been studied with respect to driver behaviour. The aim of this study was to investigate different AVC-relevant landscape settings (vegetation cover), with and without game fencing and in combination with encountering moose. Twenty-five participants took part in an advanced driving simulator experiment. The results show that neither the presence of a game fence nor vegetation was found to affect driving speed, speed variability, lateral position or visual scanning in general. When a moose appeared at the side of the road, the drivers reacted by slowing down earlier and reducing their speed more when no game fence was present. Furthermore, the speed reduction when a moose was present was significantly larger when the vegetation was sparse. Game fencing made drivers feel at ease whereas dense vegetation was experienced as more stressful.

  • 18.
    Antonsson, Denise
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Johansson, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hur vill nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor arbeta?: En kvalitativ studie av den idealiska arbetssituationen2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att kartlägga och redogöra för hur nyutexaminerade sjuksköterskor beskriver sin bild av en idealisk arbetssituation. Studiens ämnesområde fann inspiration i kriterierna för en god organisatorisk och social arbetsmiljö enligt Arbetsmiljöverkets föreskrifter (AFS 2015:4). Semistrukturerade intervjuer utgjorde underlaget för studien. Intervjufrågorna syftade till att undersöka hur respondenterna såg på sin nuvarande arbetssituation utifrån psykosociala aspekter för att sedan följas upp av frågor hur den skulle kunna förbättras och upplevas mer ideal. Intervjuerna analyserades med hjälp av tematisk analys där återkommande mönster från transkriberingsmaterialet sammanställdes i teman. Resultatet visade att en ideal arbetssituation utgörs av starka sociala band, rikligt med tid för återhämtning samt en reducerad arbetsbelastning. Studieresultatet bidrog till en ökad förståelse för vad dessa sjuksköterskor önskar i yrkesrollen. 

  • 19.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell. Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Göransson, Sara
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Stockholms universitet, Psykologiska institutionen.
    Arbetsuppdrag och återhämtning i välfärdstjänstearbete2015In: Arbetsmarknad & Arbetsliv, ISSN 1400-9692, Vol. 21, no 2, p. 7-25Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [sv]

    Artikeln beskriver ett uppdragsperspektiv på arbete, det vill säga en fokusering på hur ett arbetsuppdrag formas och är sammansatt med avseende på resurser och krav med betydelse för att kunna genomföra uppdraget på ett bra sätt. I studien undersöks hur förutsättningarna för att utföra arbetet, i termer av arbetskrav och resurser i arbetet, hänger samman med återhämtning inom välfärdstjänstearbete i två kommuner. Uppdragsförutsättningarna har ett relativt högt förklaringsvärde gentemot återhämtning men de ingående variablerna bidrar i olika grad.

  • 20.
    Artman, Josefine
    et al.
    Jönköping University.
    Rentorp, Evelina
    Jönköping University.
    Vilka attityder har nästa generations arbetskraft till etnisk mångfald?: En kvalitativ studie av högskolestudenter2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att undersöka vilka attityder högskolestudenter har till etnisk mångfald. Studien var kvalitativ och underlaget utgjordes av semistrukturerade intervjuer. Ett bekvämlighetsurval tillämpades och totalt deltog 17 respondenter (n=17). Det insamlade materialet analyserades genom en tematisk analys som resulterade i tre huvudteman: rädsla, samhörighet och den etniska mångfaldens inverkan för organisationer. Studiens resultat visade att samtliga respondenter hade en positiv attityd till etnisk mångfald. Samtliga respondenter ansåg att mångfald bör främjas inom svenska organisationer för att organisationerna ska kunna bli innovationsrika, konkurrenskraftiga och tillfredsställa en bredare marknad samt tillvarata den kompetens som mångfalden innebär.

  • 21.
    Arvidsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Centre for Research & Development, Uppsala University/Region Gävleborg, Sweden.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    The Relationship Between Intelligence Quotient and Aspects of Everyday Functioning and Participation for People Who Have Mild and Borderline Intellectual Disabilities2018In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 31, no 1, p. e68-e78Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    This study explored the relationship between intelligence quotient (IQ) and aspects of everyday functioning/participation in individuals (age 16–40) who have a mild/borderline intellectual disability (IQ 55–85).

    Method

    Correlations were examined between IQ and (i) self-rated (n = 72) ability, participation as performance (how often an activity is performed), important participation restriction (not/seldom performing an activity perceived as important) and general well-being and (ii) proxy-rated (n = 41) ability and participation as performance.

    Results

    No significant correlations between IQ and any of the explored measures were found. However, the effect sizes of the correlations between IQ and ability were considered as small but not negligible.

    Conclusions

    The results support the notion that IQ is a poor predictor of general aspects of everyday functioning in persons with mild/borderline intellectual disability. The result indicates that self-ratings partly generate other information than proxy ratings which may be important for assessments of supportive requirements and diagnosis.

  • 22.
    Asaker, Antonella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Ali Salah, Alina
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Upplevelser av etnisk diskriminering: En kvalitativ studie av den svenska arbetsmarknaden2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Denna studie undersökte upplevelser av etnisk diskriminering på arbetsmarknaden hos

    arbetslösa första och andra generationens invandrare. Studien hade en kvalitativ ansats

    och semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes. Urvalet bestod av ett bekvämlighetsurval

    med nio arbetslösa respondenter från olika länder. En tematisk analys genomfördes och

    visade åtta upplevelseaspekter som utgjorde resultatet av vad lagligen definierad

    diskriminering är: utländskt utseende, utländskt namn, språkfärdigheter,

    religionstillhörighet, kompetens, kallelse till intervju, anställningsformer samt inställning.

    Att uppleva sociokulturella utmaningar bidrog till pragmatiska resultat av att ha en främmande kulturell identitet. Genom att få både sin kulturella samt professionella

    identitet utmanad, bidrog det till en negativ inställning hos majoriteten av

    respondenterna. Detta överensstämmer med tidigare forskning som visat att upprepade

    upplevelser av etnisk diskriminering bidrar till ett sämre välbefinnande. Förslag till

    framtida forskning är att utföra kvantitativa studier för att exempelvis undersöka hur

    etnisk diskriminering påverkar arbetslösas fysiska och psykiska hälsa över en längre

    tidsperiod för att bidra med en djupare förståelse av ämnet.

  • 23.
    Aspler, Simon
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Van Mansvelt, Lucas
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Vad söker studenter i sitt framtida arbete?: En kvantitativ studie av högskolestudenter vid Jönköping University2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to examine what job attributes students at The School of Health and Welfare (HH) and The School of Engineering (JTH) in Jönköping preferred in the choice of their future employer. Furthermore, it was investigated whether sex and the choice of school influence students’ job attribute preferences. The study had a deductive research approach and quantitative data were collected by a delivery and collection questionnaire, which was handed out in classes at JTH and HH. The selection method consisted mainly of a random cluster sample with some elements of a convenience sample and the findings in this thesis are based on 346 students preferred job attributes conducted through a survey. One-way ANOVA, Mann-Whitney U and Univariate analysis was made to analyze collected data. The top five job attribute preferences among students was “work I like doing”, “friendly people to work with”, “a secure job”, “good working conditions”, and “opportunities to use my abilities”. A significant level at p= .05 was applied and showed significant differences in separate job attributes for both sex and school. By categorizing the job attributes the results showed that the internal job attributes was more preferred than the external job attributes. The result of this study contributes valuable information by which job attribute students prefer in their choice of their future employer and could be used by organizations to identify the target group which is inquired for.

  • 24.
    Augustsson, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Petersson, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Jag trivs bäst i öppna (kontors) landskap: En kvalitativ fallstudie av ett svenskt stort företag2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med föreliggande kvalitativa fallstudie var att kartlägga anställdas upplevelser av kontorslandskap i ett stort svenskt företag och undersöka om uppfattningen verkligen är så negativ som en stor del av forskningen visar. Med utgångspunkt i de teman som tidigare forskning belyst sammanställdes en samtalsguide vilken låg till grund för datainsamlingen. Totalt genomfördes samtal med 12 anställda vilka tillhörde samma avdelning. Vid analys av data kombinerades en pragmatisk- och tematisk analysmetod varpå fyra teman urskildes. Resultatet visade å ena sidan att störningsmoment i kontorslandskapet stundom försämrade koncentrationsförmågan och produktiviteten. Å andra sidan främjade kontorslandskapet lärande, snabb och enkel kommunikation samt samspel mellan anställda. Då nackdelarna vägdes mot fördelarna framställdes kontorslandskapet som övervägande positivt. Studien gick således i linje med tidigare kvalitativ forskning men skiljer sig från kvantitativ som främst belyst bristerna med kontorslandskap. För att fånga kontorslandskapets komplexitet finns behov av ytterligare kvalitativ forskning.

  • 25.
    Bannon, Brittany L.
    et al.
    Univ Utah, Salt Lake City, USA.
    Dahl Aslan, Anna K.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping).
    Pedersen, Nancy L.
    Karolinska Inst, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Reynolds, Chandra A.
    Univ Calif Riverside, USA.
    Illness behaviors mediate the link between social support and functional decline in the Swedish Adoption Twin Study of Aging2018In: Annals of Behavioral Medicine, ISSN 0883-6612, E-ISSN 1532-4796, Vol. 52, no Suppl. 1, p. S314-S314Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 26.
    Baumer, Sonja
    et al.
    University of California San Diego, Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, La Jolla, CA, United States.
    Ferholt, Beth
    University of California San Diego, Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, La Jolla, CA, United States.
    Lecusay, Robert
    University of California San Diego, Laboratory of Comparative Human Cognition, La Jolla, CA, United States.
    Promoting narrative competence through adult-child joint pretense: Lessons from the Scandinavian educational practice of playworld2005In: Cognitive development, ISSN 0885-2014, E-ISSN 1879-226X, Vol. 20, no 4, p. 576-590Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper examines the effects of the playworld educational practice on the development of narrative competence in 5- to 7-year-old children. The playworld educational practice is derived from play pedagogy and the theory of narrative learning, both developed and implemented in Scandinavia. The playworld practice consists of joint adult-child pretense based in a work of children's literature, discussion, free play, and visual art production. When compared to children under a control intervention (conventional school practices without pretend play), children who participated in the playworld practice show significant improvements in narrative length, coherence, and comprehension, although not in linguistic complexity. These findings provide further evidence concerning the role of pretense in the narrative development of young children.

  • 27.
    Bendroth, Philip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Servenius, Oskar
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Studenters upplevelse av social och organisatorisk arbetsmiljö: En enkätstudie om skillnader mellan individuella faktorer hos studenter på Jönköping University2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The study's purpose was to map differences between individual factors and the perception of the social and organizational work environment among students at Jönköping University. The social and organizational work environment in this study is based on six different segments: demands, control, social support, balance between studies and free time, health and wellbeing and offensive behavior. The study is quantitative and is based on a cross-sectional design with a deductive approach. In March 2017, an online survey was distributed to students with a study pace of 75 % or more at the university. The survey generated 1324 responses with at response rate of 19,3 %. The data were analyzed with Independent Sample t-test, Independent One Way ANOVA and Kruskal Wallis ANOVA. The results showed that particularly women, older students, international students who are not part of an exchange program, Swedish students and students from the Health and Technical Schools, perceived the social and organizational work environment more negatively than their comparison groups. The segment, health and wellbeing, showed the lowest mean score of all the segments. The study's results confirmed existing theories with the exceptions that the older students experienced the social and organizational work environment more negatively than the other students, and that the exchange students perceived it more positively. For further research the authors suggests qualitative studies to identify the causes of the differences that showed significant results.

  • 28.
    Berg, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Collin, Victoria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Arbetet med stressrelaterad ohälsa: en kvalitativ intervjustudie av HR-representanters upplevelser2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka ett urval erfarna HR-representanter inom offentlig verksamhets upplevelser av att arbeta med stressrelaterad ohälsa. För studien valdes en kvalitativ forskningsmetod bestående av semistrukturerade intervjuer med efterföljande tematisk analys. Ett snöbollsurval ledde till åtta deltagare (n=8) fördelat på sju organisationer. Stressrelaterad ohälsa är en vanlig orsak till sjukskrivning i dagens samhälle och en del i gällande arbetsmiljölagstiftning. Analysen resulterade i fyra övergripande teman; stress, arbetsmiljö, ambitionsnivå och HR-funktionens roll. Resultatet visade att stress är ett komplext ämne. Många gånger beror stress på annat än arbetets utformning såsom till exempel privatliv eller höga ambitioner hos medarbetare. Den sociala och organisatoriska arbetsmiljön spelar också roll för den upplevda stressen och det är HR:s uppgift att ge chefer rätt förutsättningar för att bedriva arbetet mot stressrelaterad ohälsa.

  • 29.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Psykologen i åldringsvården1975In: Psykologi i praktiken: del 1, Stockholm: Psykologiförlaget , 1975, p. 173-176Chapter in book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 30.
    Berg, Stig
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Psykologiskt åldrande1983In: Kritisk psykologi, ISSN 0280-039X, no 3, p. 4-8Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 31.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Bramstång, Mats
    Om psykologi för arbete i social service1985Book (Other academic)
  • 32.
    Berg, Stig
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.
    Mårtensson, Ewert
    Åldrandets psykologi1975Book (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 33.
    Berglund, Kristina J.
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg.
    Balldin, Jan
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry of the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg .
    Berggren, Ulf
    Department of Psychiatry and Neurochemistry of the Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg .
    Gerdner, Arne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. SALVE (Social challenges, Actors, Living conditions, reseach VEnue). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Behavioural Science and Social Work.
    Fahlke, Claudia
    Department of Psychology, University of Gothenburg .
    Childhood Maltreatment Affects the Serotonergic System in Male Alcohol-Dependent Individuals2013In: Alcoholism: Clinical and Experimental Research, ISSN 0145-6008, E-ISSN 1530-0277, Vol. 37, no 5, p. 757-762Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Reduced central serotonergic neurotransmission has been demonstrated in individuals with excessive alcohol consumption and/or alcohol dependence. Childhood maltreatment has also been found to have a negative impact on central serotonergic neurotransmission. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of childhood maltreatment on central serotonergic dysfunction in alcohol-dependent individuals.

    Methods: Adult men with a diagnosis of alcohol dependence (n=18) were recruited from outpatient treatment units for alcoholism. Central serotonergic neurotransmission was assessed by a neuroendocrine method, that is, the prolactin (PRL) response to the selective 5-HT reuptake inhibitor citalopram. Childhood maltreatment was assessed retrospectively by the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire.

    Results: Alcohol-dependent individuals with childhood experience of emotional abuse had significantly lower PRL response compared with those without such abuse (3 +/- 5 and 64 +/- 24mU/l, respectively; t=6.51, p<0.001). Among those who reported childhood emotional abuse, 4 of 7 individuals had flat PRL responses in comparison with none in those with no report of such abuse (p<0.01).

    Conclusions: This is the first study to show that self-reported childhood maltreatment, in particular emotional abuse, in male alcohol-dependent individuals is associated with a quite dramatic (more than 90%) reduction in central serotonergic neurotransmission. It should, however, be noted that the number of individuals is relatively small, and the results should therefore be considered as preliminary.

  • 34.
    Bergman, Amanda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hammar, Ellinor
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Upplevd arbetsrelaterad stress: En explorativ studie av krav, kontroll, socialt stöd och dess inverkan2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studien undersökte faktorerna arbetskrav, arbetskontroll och socialt stöds inverkan på arbetsrelaterad stress. Ett bekvämlighetsurval gjordes på ett privat företag (n=101). Det instrument som användes i studien bestod av utvalda frågor ur den korta versionen av QPS-Nordics frågeformulär för psykologiska och sociala faktorer i arbetslivet (Arbetslivsinstitutet, 2000). De frågor som valdes ut behandlade de faktorer som hade relevans för studien. Den andra delen av enkäten bestod av utvalda påståenden från Kjellbergs och Wadmans (2002) Stress-Energi-formulär. Resultatet från Stepwise regressionsanalys visade att arbetskrav hade en signifikant effekt på arbetsrelaterad stress (β = 0,51, t(9) = 5,86, p = 0,000). Slutsatsen blev att organisationens utformning och chefens roll var av betydelse för respondenterna för att motverka höga arbetskrav och på så sätt förebygga arbetsrelaterad stress. Tjänstemännen anses inte ha ett ”spänt- eller iso-spänt” arbete utifrån vad som beskrivs i Karasek och Theorells (1990) krav-, kontroll- och stödmodell.

  • 35.
    Bergström, Matilda
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Fredriksson, Hanna
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Medarbetares arbetstillfredsställelse på ett byggföretag: En enkätstudie2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this study was to investigate employees' work satisfaction at a construction company and if the employees' working position, age and length of service were the basis for differences in work satisfaction. The participants in this study included all employees (= 116) at a Swedish medium-sized construction company and the respondents were selected through a convenience sample. To collect data, the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (Weiss, Dawis, England & Lofqvist, 1967) was used and it consists of three subscales: intrinsic, extrinsic and general work satisfaction. The study's reliability was ensured by Cronbach’s Alpha, which showed .83. Continuously, the result was obtained through a one-way ANOVA analysis for all variables. The results showed that the work position had a significant impact on intrinsic work satisfaction (= .004) and general work satisfaction (= .036), and that age had a significant impact on intrinsic work satisfaction (= .009) and general work satisfaction (= .020). The study concluded that length of service did not have a significant impact on work satisfaction (= .550, n.s.). This suggests that work position and age are relevant factors in relation to employee's work satisfaction and since previous research has shown that work satisfaction contributes to countless benefits, these factors should not be neglected by organisations.

  • 36.
    Berrio Rueda, Diana
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Echeverria Monsalve, Angelica
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Hoyos Jaramillo, Andres
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Managerial practices and perception of how music affects customers’ shopping behaviour: an insight from clothing retailers:  2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    Several researchers have studied atmospheric factors like crowding, col-ours, music and olfactory cues and tested their effect on shopping behav-iour. In the particular case of the influence of music in consumers‟ be-haviour, several notable observations have been made.

    Yet, the majority of the studies have focused on the phenomena of the music and the influences of its different factors towards consumers‟ be-haviour but little research has focused on managerial awareness of such effects on its consumers. Thus, there are still a lot of doubts about man-ager‟s practices and perception regarding the use and effects of atmos-pheric music.

    In line with the approaches mentioned above, this thesis intends to fill this gap in the literature through the attainment of two objectives: the first one is to study what exactly clothing retailers are doing in terms of atmospheric music and the second objective is to examine their implicit theories about the impact of the music on consumers‟ shopping behav-iour.

    Purpose

    The purpose of this thesis is to study managerial practices and percep-tions of how music affects customers‟ shopping behaviour in clothing retailers in Sweden.

    Method

    This study employs a qualitative method. The Data was obtained through semi-structured face to face interviews with managers and staff of clothing retailers in Jönköping. These interviews were conducted in clothing stores located in the two main commercial areas of the city where the majority of the stores were located.

    Conclusions

    Our research found that in the big retailers the atmospheric music is used in a more systematically way than in the small ones. This level of sys-tematization is directly related to the level of centralization in decision-making and to the size of the store.

    On the other hand, with regards to our second objective we found thatnot only managers but also the salespersons working in the clothing stores have a high degree of knowledge about how music affects their customer´s shopping behavior. Some of their implicit theories coincided with what previous researchers have found while others didn´t.

  • 37.
    Bertills, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Praktiknära utbildningsforskning (PUF), Didactics in Social Sciences.
    Different is cool! Self-efficacy and participation of students with and without disabilities in school-based Physical Education2019Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Self-efficacy predicts school achievement. Participation is important for life outcomes. Functioning affects to what degree you can participate in everyday life situations. Participation-related constructs such as self-efficacy and functioning work both as a means of participation and as an end outcome. Learning takes place in this interrelationship. How relationships between participation and these constructs vary, depending on whether impacted by disability or not, how they develop over time and outcomes of these processes need to be explored.

    Method: In this three-year longitudinal study developmental processes of student self-efficacy (PE specific and general), aptitude to participate and functioning were explored. The context is school-based Physical Education (PE) in mainstream inclusive secondary school in Sweden. Data was collected from student and teacher questionnaires and observations of PE lessons. Students self-rated their perceived self-efficacy, aptitude to participate and functioning in school years seven and nine. Teachers self-rated their teaching skills. Student engagement, teaching behaviors, interactions and activities in Swedish school-based PE were observed in year eight. Relationships between the constructs and how they develop over time were studied in a total sample of 450 students (aged 12,5-15,5). Specifically focusing on three student groups, students with diagnosed disabilities (n=30), students with low grades in PE (n=36), and students with high grades (n=53) in PE.

    Results: Adapted instruments to measure self-efficacy (PE specific and general), aptitude to participate in PE, and functional skills (physical and socio-cognitive were developed and validated. PE specific self-efficacy is closely related to the aptitude to participate and has effects on student engagement and general self-efficacy. Over time PE specific self-efficacy increase in adolescents, but students with disabilities initially responded negatively if their PE teachers rated their teaching skills high. They were also more sensitive to the social environment, which was associated with PE grades over time. During this time the relationship between perceived physical functional skills and PE specific self-efficacy accelerated for students with disabilities. They were observed to be equally highly engaged in PE lessons as their peers. However, students with disabilities were observed to be closer to their teacher and tended to be less social and alone than their peers. Observed teaching skills as measured by level of alignment with syllabus, and affective tone when giving instructions showed differences in complexity and efficiency. Students in the study sample were more engaged in high-level teaching and were more frequently in communicative proximity to their teacher. In conditions of high-level teaching, teachers gave more instructions and used more materials for teaching purposes. Lessons were more often structured into whole group activities and lessons were more focused.

    Conclusion: PE specific self-efficacy measures students’ perceived knowledge and skills in PE and is related to students’ aptitude to participate, general self-efficacy and functioning. The overall findings imply that the developmental processes of perceived self-efficacy (PE specific and general), aptitude to participate and functioning differ between the student groups. PE specific self-efficacy and socio-cognitive functioning improve over time in all groups. Stronger associations of PE specific self-efficacy with aptitude to participate and functional skills, and weaker with general self-efficacy were found in students with disabilities compared to their typically functioning peers. Individual factors are vital to learning, but students with disabilities seem to be more sensitive to environmental factors than their peers. The aptitude to participate declines in students with disabilities, probably due to their experience of having physical restrictions. However, while participating in PE, they were similarly relatively highly engaged as their typically functioning peers. Instructions in PE indicate differences in complexity and efficiency of PE teaching. More complex lesson content requires more  instructions and more purposeful materials. Time was used more efficiently in high-level teaching conditions. Lessons were more focused and had more flow, leaving students with less time to socialize. Space was also used more efficiently, and teachers were closer to their students. Indicating that more individual support, feed-back and feedforward was provided. Students with disabilities were more frequently close to their teacher than their typically functioning peers. The use of more whole group formats indicate that teaching is more differentiated in high-level teaching. When activating students physically, teachers may choose simpler self-sustaining activities, i.e. sports games. Small group formats may be used for individual development of motor skills or drills.

  • 38.
    BILGIN, IDIL
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    The consequences of perceived discrimination on internalizing mental health outcomes for immigrant adolescents in OECD countries: A systematic literature review2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In the last few decades the focus of immigration flows has been predominantly toward member countries of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). Immigration is a process full of challenges, and perceiving as being discriminated by host country natives is one of the biggest difficulties for the immigrants. This challenge is especially represented in immigrant adolescent population due to their higher sensitivity of perception of others. Thus, perceived discrimination characterized as being a significant negative consequence resulting internalizing mental health outcomes for immigrant adolescents. Therefore, the aim of this study is to conduct a systematic literature review in order to identify and discuss the findings of the existing studies that focus on the consequences of perceived discrimination on internalizing mental health outcomes for immigrant adolescents in OECD countries. The systematic review included 16 studies for data extraction. The results showed that perceived discrimination has significant negative consequences on internalizing mental health outcomes for immigrant adolescents in OEDC countries resulting in higher levels of: depression, anxiety, psycho-somatization, post-traumatic stress disorder, and obsession-compulsion symptoms. However, within this relationship, there are also moderating and mediating variables. Self-esteem, familism and cognitive appraisal of discriminatory events were characterized as mediators. Parental support, adherence to traditional family values, acculturation, transcultural identity, older age, higher socioeconomic status (SES), and ethnic identity were characterized as moderators. It is recommended that the negative consequences of perceived discrimination on internalizing mental health outcomes should be taken into consideration on societal levels and in mental health fields when planning interventions and therapies for immigrant adolescents. Additionally, further research in this field should be conducted in other OECD countries with different immigrant groups in order to increase the generalizability of the findings.

  • 39.
    Birkfeldt, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Haglund, David
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Psykosocial arbetsmiljö i en svensk fordonsindustri: En kvantitativ studie av upplevelser och individuella skillnader2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att studera huruvida upplevelsen av psykosocial arbetsmiljö skiljer sig mellan medarbetare i en svensk fordonsindustri beroende på individuella faktorer. De individuella faktorerna som studerades var kön, ålder, anställningsform och född i Sverige /inte född i Sverige. Totalt bestod studiens deltagare av 1412 medarbetare (1065 män och 347 kvinnor). Deltagarnas ålder sträckte sig från 18–65 år (M = 40.2 år, SD = 12.47). Studien var av kvantitativ art och var en tvärsnittsstudie. Ett webbaserat frågeformulär användes som forskningsinstrument, vilket konstruerades genom mjukvaruprogrammet esMaker. Enkäten baserades på den korta versionen av Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire II (Pejtersen, Kristensen, Borg & Bjorner, 2010). I studien inkluderades dimensionerna krav, kontroll, socialt stöd, konflikt mellan arbete och privatliv, värderingar samt hälsa och välbefinnande. Kvantitativa data analyserades med hjälp av t-test med oberoende mätningar och one-way ANOVA med Tukey post hoc test. Resultatet visade att upplevelsen av psykosocial arbetsmiljö skiljde sig bland annat i det avseendet att kvinnor upplevde sämre hälsa och välbefinnande än män, medarbetare i åldern 18–29 år upplevde lägre krav och högre socialt stöd än äldre samt att tjänstemän upplevde högre konflikt mellan arbete och privatliv än kollektivanställda. Däremot påvisades inga signifikanta skillnader mellan medarbetare födda i Sverige och medarbetare födda utomlands. Således konstaterades att upplevelsen av psykosocial arbetsmiljö skiljer sig beroende på de individuella faktorerna kön, ålder och anställningsform.

  • 40.
    Björck-Åkesson, Eva
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Kunskapsfrukt utan kärna2008In: Pedagogiska magasinet, ISSN 1401-3320, no 2, p. 32-35p. 32-35Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 41.
    Black, Melissa H.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Chen, Nigel T.M.
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Long Pocket, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Iyer, Kartik K.
    School of Mechanical Engineering, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Lipp, Ottmar V.
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Long Pocket, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Bölte, Sven
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Tan, Tele
    Cooperative Research Centre for Living with Autism (Autism CRC), Long Pocket, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.
    Girdler, Sonya
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Mechanisms of facial emotion recognition in autism spectrum disorders: Insights from eye tracking and electroencephalography2017In: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews, ISSN 0149-7634, E-ISSN 1873-7528, Vol. 80, p. 488-515Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    While behavioural difficulties in facial emotion recognition (FER) have been observed in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), behavioural studies alone are not suited to elucidate the specific nature of FER challenges in ASD. Eye tracking (ET) and electroencephalography (EEG) provide insights in to the attentional and neurological correlates of performance, and may therefore provide insight in to the mechanisms underpinning FER in ASD. Given that these processes develop over the course of the developmental trajectory, there is a need to synthesise findings in regard to the developmental stages to determine how the maturation of these systems may impact FER in ASD. We conducted a systematic review of fifty-four studies investigating ET or EEG meeting inclusion criteria. Findings indicate divergence of visual processing pathways in individuals with ASD. Altered function of the social brain in ASD impacts the processing of facial emotion across the developmental trajectory, resulting in observable differences in ET and EEG outcomes. 

  • 42.
    Black, Melissa H.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Parsons, Richard
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Tang, Julia S. Y.
    School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Morris, Susan
    School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Lee, Hoe
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy, Social Work and Speech Pathology, Curtin University, Perth, Western Australia, Australia.
    Disembedding performance and eye gaze behavior of adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder2019In: Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, ISSN 1750-9467, E-ISSN 1878-0237, Vol. 66, article id 101417Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Atypical visual perception in individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) may contribute to superiority in disembedding tasks. Gaze behavior has provided some insights in to mechanisms underlying this purported superiority in children, however evidence is limited and requires additional investigation.

    Method: The performance and gaze behavior of 27 adolescents with ASD and 27 matched typically developing (TD) peers were examined during the Figure Ground Subtest of the Test of Visual Perception Skills-third edition (TVPS-3).

    Results: Compared to their TD counterparts, adolescents with ASD were no different in accuracy, however, had a longer response time. Differences in gaze behavior were also observed, characterized by adolescents with ASD spending less time viewing the incorrect and target figures, and spending a greater proportion of time viewing irrelevant areas of the stimuli compared to TD adolescents.

    Conclusions: Results suggest that while altered visual perception was observed, this did not contribute to superiority in disembedding tasks in adolescents with ASD. Future research is required to elucidate conditions under which altered visual perception may contribute to behavioral superiority. 

  • 43.
    Blane, A.
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Lee, H. C.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Lee, M.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Parsons, R.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    The cognitive and socio-demographic influences on driving performance and driving cessation in post-stroke drivers2016In: Advances in Transportation Studies, ISSN 1824-5463, no 38, p. 75-90Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Driving is a complex activity requiring highly integrated cognitive and perceptual functions that can be negatively affected following a stroke. The decision to continue or cease with driving after a stroke may not be exclusively dependent on deficits in cognitive and motor abilities. Instead, it is possible that social supports, alternative means of transportation, education level, income, self-regulation ability and the awareness of personal health problems may also influence the decision.

    Aim: The aim of this research was to explore the influence of personal and socioeconomic factors, in addition to existing cognitive impairment, on the decision of post-stroke adults to return to driving.

    Method: A case control design was employed to compare driving performance of 48 individuals who had experienced a stroke and 22 volunteer healthy control participants. Half of the post-stroke cohort (N=24) had continued driving and the other half had ceased driving. Socio-demographic and driving-related cognitive performance data were collected to characterise the comparison groups before driving performance was assessed in a driving simulator.

    Results: Overall, the post-stroke groups did not perform as well as the control participants in the cognitive and driving assessments. The perceived ability to drive after a stroke was not significantly correlated with participants'€™ actual driving ability. Post-stroke adults were more likely to continue driving if they reported having a tertiary level education and a greater income.

    Conclusion: The decision to return to driving after a stroke is a complicated, multifactorial process. This study confirms previous research, which found that cognition and driving performance are impaired poststroke. The findings also suggest that post-stroke drivers'€™ decision to return to driving was not linked to their ability to drive, but more to socio-demographic and environmental factors. Further screening tools and assessments to identify those at risk when returning to the road post-stroke are required. 

  • 44.
    Blane, Alison
    et al.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Lee, Hoe C.
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Willstrand, Tania Dukic
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute (VTI), Human Factors, Göteborg, Sweden.
    Assessing Cognitive Ability and Simulator-Based Driving Performance in Poststroke Adults2017In: Behavioural Neurology, ISSN 0953-4180, E-ISSN 1875-8584, article id 1378308Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Driving is an important activity of daily living, which is increasingly relied upon as the population ages. It has been well-established that cognitive processes decline following a stroke and these processes may influence driving performance. There is much debate on the use of off-road neurological assessments and driving simulators as tools to predict driving performance; however, the majority of research uses unlicensed poststroke drivers, making the comparability of poststroke adults to that of a control group difficult. It stands to reason that in order to determine whether simulators and cognitive assessments can accurately assess driving performance, the baseline should be set by licenced drivers. Therefore, the aim of this study was to assess differences in cognitive ability and driving simulator performance in licensed community-dwelling poststroke drivers and controls. Two groups of licensed drivers (37 poststroke and 43 controls) were assessed using several cognitive tasks and using a driving simulator. The poststroke adults exhibited poorer cognitive ability; however, there were no differences in simulator performance between groups except that the poststroke drivers demonstrated less variability in driver headway. The application of these results as a prescreening toolbox for poststroke drivers is discussed.

  • 45.
    Blomqvist, Albin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Svensson, Jonatan
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Socialsekreterares intentioner till egen uppsägning: En tvärsnittsstudie av psykisk ohälsa och psykosocial arbetsmiljö2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Studiens syfte var att undersöka det eventuella, prediktiva förhållandet mellan de psykosociala arbetsmiljöfaktorerna krav, kontroll och stöd, psykisk ohälsa och intentioner till egen uppsägning (IEU) bland socialsekreterare anställda i en medelstor kommun i södra Sverige. Studien är av kvantitativ art och har utgått från en tvärsnittsdesign. Genom en webbaserad enkät som skickades till samtliga socialsekreterare i kommunen samlades data in angående de aktuella variablerna. Efter bortfallsanalys uppgick den totala svarsfrekvensen till 37% vilket innebar att 102 respondenters besvarade enkäter inkluderades i studien. Insamlade data analyserades genom en hierarkisk multipel regressionsanalys vars resultat visade att krav positivt predicerade IEU medan kontroll, stöd och högre ålder predicerade IEU negativt, samt att psykisk ohälsa inte predicerade IEU. Noterbart var att stödet hade ett avgörande, prediktivt förhållande till IEU. För vidare forskning föreslogs longitudinella studier för att bekräfta den aktuella studiens prediktiva förhållanden.

  • 46.
    Boberg, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Martinsson, Matilda
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Det gränslösa arbetslivets villkor: En blandstudie om hur tjänstemän i en global organisation upplever och hanterar flexibla arbetsvillkor2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Det moderna arbetslivets utveckling har bidragit till införandet av flexibla arbetsvillkor, vilket medfört ett ökat ansvar för medarbetaren att själv styra över sin arbetssituation och dra gränser mellan arbete och privatliv. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka om det fanns några skillnader mellan tjänstemän med en gränsdragningspreferens för segmentering respektive integrering, när det kom till upplevelse och hantering av flexibla arbetsvillkor i en global organisation. I studien tillämpades ett målinriktat urval som resulterade i n = 192. Skillnader mellan grupperna studerades med hjälp av en blandstudie, där både kvantitativa och kvalitativa data inhämtades med hjälp av en webbaserad enkät. Data analyserades dels genom envägs variansanalys (ANOVA) i SPSS och dels genom en tematisk analys, för att kunna studera skillnader från olika infallsvinklar. Resultaten av de olika analyserna visade att det fanns skillnader mellan segmenterare och integrerare i upplevelse och hantering av de flexibla arbetsvillkoren. Skillnader mellan grupperna kunde framförallt påvisas när det flexibla arbetsvillkoret IT-tillgänglighet undersöktes. Sammantaget kan det konstateras att de skillnader som hittades, i de flesta fall, hade en tydlig koppling till det som i tidigare forskning fastställts som typiska karaktärsdrag för segmenterare respektive integrerare.

  • 47.
    Bolin, Linnea
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Sanna, Börjesson
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Självbedömning, intention och platsannonser: En kvantitativ studie av könskodningens påverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The present quantitative study aimed to examine if gendered wording in a job advertisement has an impact on reader’s self-assessment of being a qualified candidate and the intention to apply for the job. A total of 37 participants, who at the time were working with recruitment and human resources, answered an online survey. The survey contained two job advertisements which each were gendered in a feminine or masculine direction. The advertisements were used to examine the effects of gendered wording. One-Way ANOVA and Pearson Correlations were used for the analysis. The result showed no significant effect of gendered wording in job advertisements and the reader’s self-assessment of being a qualified candidate and their intention to apply for the job. This is contradictive to previous research about gendered wording and job advertisement. The results of this study may be affected by the current study’s formulation of the gendered worded job advertisements. The results indicated that the two gendered worded job advertisements of this study were too similar. It is therefore recommended to enhance the gendered wording in future research. Furthermore it is suggested to examine which words that are considered gendered in the Swedish language. 

  • 48.
    Boren, T.
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Axelsson, Anna Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Profound intellectual and multiple disabilities2014In: JARID: Journal of applied research in intellectual disabilities, ISSN 1360-2322, E-ISSN 1468-3148, Vol. 27, no 4, p. 371-371Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 49.
    Bratt, Johanna
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Commercial Law.
    Harmonisering i ljuset av mänskliga instinkter2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 50.
    Brun Nilsson, Anita
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Maslan, Alma
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Rekrytering och framgångsrikt företagande: En kvalitativ studie av rekryteringsprocess hos lönsamma företag2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Abstract

    The ability to constantly keep evolving and converting is critical to both the employer and society's growth. This study endeavors to examine how successful enterprises take into account some of the key factors that are – according to previous research results – important in the recruitment context. The results are based on questionnaire data collected through a survey of twelve successful enterprises in Jonkoping county with turnover of >499 million Swedish crowns. In addition, data collected through a case study consisting of one in-depth interview with one of the twelve successful enterprise as well as analyses of this enterprise documents, are used. Sex distribution among the participants in the survey is 2:1, namely eight males and four females. The material were categorized and analyzed thematically from an index of central themes by a constant comparative method, which in conclusion generated and proposed five key themes as important in coming to terms with the increasing probability of successful personnel selection: recruitment methods, selection criteria, branding, discrimination and diversity, and corporate culture.

    The known recruitment patterns are issues discussed first. Then follows a focus on a) the recruitment practices of successful employers and b) whether a clear link between their recruitment practice and business success can be identified. It is a qualitative study, consisting of a literature review, a questionnaire survey as well as a case study of the recruitment process among employers who are rewarding.

    Keywords: psykologi, personalvetenskap, framgång, samhällsvälfärd, anskaffning av personal, human resources.

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