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  • 1.
    Abolhosseini, Shahrouz
    et al.
    College of Engineering, TEMEP, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    The main support mechanisms to finance renewable energy development2014In: Renewable & sustainable energy reviews, ISSN 1364-0321, E-ISSN 1879-0690, Vol. 40, p. 876-885Article, review/survey (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Considering that the major part of greenhouse gases is carbon dioxide, there is a global concern aimed at reducing carbon emissions. In addition, major consumer countries are looking for alternative sources of energy to avoid the impact of higher fossil fuel prices and political instability in the major energy supplying countries. In this regard, different policies could be applied to reduce carbon emissions, such as enhancing renewable energy deployment and encouraging technological innovation and the creation of green jobs. This study compares three main support mechanisms employed by governments to finance renewable energy development programs: feed-in-tariffs, tax incentives, and tradable green certificates. Considering that many of the promising technologies to deploy renewable energy require investment in small-scale energy production systems, these mechanisms could be used to enhance renewable energy development at the desired scale. Employing a carbon emission tax or emission trading mechanism could be considered ideal policies to mitigate emissions at the lowest cost. The comparison of feed-in-tariffs and renewable portfolio standard policies showed that the former is good when a policy to develop renewable energy sources with a low level of risk for investors is considered. However, the latter is an appropriate policy when a market view policy is applied by the government. Finally, considering technological progress and the cost reduction for power generation by renewable energy sources, we suggest that support mechanism policies should be reconsidered from the financial point of view. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  • 2.
    Andreas, Seiler
    et al.
    SLU.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut och Calluna AB.
    Mörkertal i viltolycksstatistiken: resultat från enkätundersökning och analyser av olycksdata2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Hidden statistics in wildlife-vehicle collision data – results from a drivers’ questionnaire and database analyses

    Among the most common causes of road accidents in Sweden are collisions with wild animals, especially ungulates. Over 50,000 ungulate accidents per year have been reported during the past 5 years and the numbers are steadily in-creasing since the 1970-ies. Despite regular campaigns, extensive investment in wildlife fencing and other preventive measures, and in contrast to declining game bag in moose and roe deer, accident statistics increase faster than what can be expected from increased traffic alone. It is obvious that wildlife-vehicle accidents in Sweden are not under control. Major contributing factors are defi-ciencies in data and uncertainty in statistics. It is well known that not all accidents are reported or show up in the official statistics, but the correction factor still used by the Swedish Transport Administration is based on over 35 years old data when traffic and wildlife conditions had been different. A better knowledge of where and when and how frequent wildlife-vehicle collisions occur is needed to more effectively plan and target mitigation actions.

    This project provides updated estimates of the hidden statistics in wildlife-vehi-cle collision data and identifies uncertainties and problems in current statistics. This was done by: i. a survey with car drivers, ii. an analysis of wildlife-related accident statistics on human injuries in the Swedish Traffic Accident Data Ac-quisition (STRADA), and iii. a comparative analysis of accident report statistics from the police and from hunters provided by the National Council on Wildlife-Vehicle Collisions (Nationella Viltolycksrådet).

    To estimate how often drivers do report and refrain from reporting wildlife-ve-hicle accidents to the police, we conducted a publicly available online-survey during Nov. 2013 to Dec. 2014 that was answered by 3981 respondents. We asked the respondents about their knowledge of and experience with wildlife-ve-hicle accidents and requested details on the most recent incident they experi-enced after 2004. More than half of all respondents (65%) reported to have been involved in wildlife-vehicle collisions at any time and around 20 % of these indi-cated that the accident was never reported to the police. About 45% of the re-spondents declared that they experienced traffic accidents with wildlife after 2004, and the proportion of non-reported incidents was estimated to between 9% (public respondents) and 19 % (control groups). We recommend therefore assuming that about 15% (± 5%) of the incidents will not be known by the police. Compared to studies from the late 1970-ies, these hidden statistics appear hence much smaller today.

    After that an incident has been reported to the police, however, there are further important sources of data loss. Depending on how the incident has been classified in the report, the records are manually transferred to secondary databases such as the traffic accident register (T-RAR). Incidents where wildlife was not the immediate cause of the accident may not be classified as wildlife-vehicle collision and thus not be found in the of-ficial police statistics. This loss has not been quantified but is estimated to be around 2%.

    Traffic accidents with human injuries (about 1.6% of all wildlife accidents) are reported to the database STRADA. Our analysis showed that on average 37% of all game-related injury accidents during 2003- 2012 was not classified as a wild-life accident and therefore probably neither was listed as such in the official police statistics.

    In most cases (74%) when an accident with wildlife is reported to the police, they notify a contracted hunter to take care of the injured animal. The hunter in turn issues a report with detailed information on the location, time and animal species. Not all of the reports (84%), however, contain complete and accurate in-formation that can be used for spatial analyses of accidents. In addition, hunt-ers’ reports seem to be biased towards larger roads and underestimate the num-ber of accidents on private and tertiary roads by about 12%.

    Technical problems in the police data system during 2012-2015 resulted in the loss of an unknown number of reported wildlife-vehicle accidents. This is why in some regions and in some years, more hunter reports were issued than police records exist. We estimate that this loss may accede 11% on average.

    In simplified terms, police statistics on wildlife-vehicle accidents during 2010 - 2015 may stand for about two-thirds of the truly occurred accidents, while hunter reports that are used in spatial analyses represent about half of the true accident frequency. However, this rule of thumb should be used cautiously as there are substantial differences in the hidden and lost statistics between the years, counties and species.

    Thus, the various shortfalls in these statistics have a significant impact on the overall estimate of wildlife-vehicle collision numbers. Depending on the data sources and on how statistics are used, different biases and data losses must be considered. Some of the causes can be easily overcome as they relate to deficien-cies in registration routines and database management. We therefore recom-mend a systematic check of the databases and improved control during registra-tion and classification of reported cases. We advocate that the different inde-pendent databases are linked through a common event ID. We also suggest de-tailed studies of how accidents are recorded and interpreted in order to better prevent future data loss.

  • 3.
    Björn, Emma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Stenström, Lovisa
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Altoray, Erich
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Small and Medium Sized Food Producers - how are they affected by the trading blocs and the distributors’ own brands?: A case study of three SME in the food industry2007Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: The Swedish food industry has changed dramatically during the last decades and to become and remain as a player has become a demanding task for several of the small and medium sized enterprises (SME). The trading blocs have increased the development of their own brand (DOB) and this has given the SME new competition but also the possibility to produce these products for the trading blocs. In addition to this the trading blocs have be-come more and more centralized and to strengthen their position in nego-tiations and other aspects which are important for the trading blocs.

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to increase the understanding of how the trad-ing blocs, with their development of their own brand, affect the Swedish small and medium sized producers in the food industry. It is also to look into what kinds of strategies that are used by the SME in order to tackle the competition from the distributors own brands.

    Method: To fulfill our purpose a qualitative approach has been used for this thesis. Seven different interviews have been done, either by phone or face to face, with the three largest trading blocs and with four the SME in Sweden, three producing and one distributing company.

    Conclusion: The focus on low prices and the trading blocs’ stronger, central position on the market have made the competition more intense. To be or remain as a player on the market it is important for the SME to be a supplier to the trading blocs. However, since there are many players striving to become a supplier it is a tough situation and the price becomes an important factor. The trading blocs want low prices and keep pushing the suppliers to keep them low, or even lower them. This price focus is a major issue for the SME, and the DOB have become an important mean for the trading blocs to keep prices low. Due to scenarios like this it is very important for the SME to have strategies in place and the most common and most efficient is the bypass and flanking attack strategies. These two strategies are intense and keep the SME alert when it comes to product development and new innovations.

  • 4.
    Gren, Ing-Marie
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Calluna AB.
    Costs of traffic accidents with ungulates in Sweden2017Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic accidents with ungulates pose a serious problem in many countries, and there is a need for predicting accidents and costs at a large scale for an efficient management of the accidents. Based on the assumption that traffic accidents are determined by traffic volume and ungulate population sizes, this study provides a relatively simple method for calculating and predicting costs of current and future traffic accidents with roe deer, wild boar, and moose in Sweden. A logistic population model is assumed for all ungulates, and econometric methods are used for predicting vehicle accidents with panel data on traffic accidents, traffic load, bags, hunting licenses, and landscape characteristics for each county and year during 2003-2015. The calculated total discounted cost of traffic accidents over a period of 15 years is relatively stable around 1300 million SEK per year in present value (which corresponds to 0.03% of gross domestic product in 2015), but the allocation of costs among ungulates differs. Costs of vehicle accidents with moose account for the largest share of the cost (44%), but accidents with wild boar show the most rapid increase over a 15 year period because of the estimated relatively high intrinsic growth rate and the recent establishment of this animal in several counties. The predicted costs are, however, sensitive to the assumption of future hunting pressure and traffic volume.

  • 5.
    Hallberg, Jennny
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
    Hem- och konsumentkunskap i grundskolan: En studie om ämnets värde och status bland lärare och elever2011Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med detta arbete är att undersöka hur lärare och elever värderar ämnet hem- och konsumentkunskap (HK) jämfört med idrott och hälsa (IDH) i grundskolan. Undersök-ningen görs ur ett genusperspektiv och resultatet kommer även att jämföras med politikers värdering av ämnet. De frågeställningar jag utgått ifrån är följande:

     Hur värderarlärare och elever HK i förhållande till IDH?

     Finns det några skillnader mellan kvinnliga och manliga lärares syn på HK och IDH, och vilka är dessa i sådana fall?

     Finns det några skillnader mellan flickors och pojkars syn på HK och IDH, och vilka är dessa i sådana fall?

    För att få fram elevers och lärares värderingar kring skolämnena har en kvantitativ under-sökningsmetod använts. Resultatet visar att HK varken har hög eller låg status bland lärare och elever då ämnet i genomsnitt placerar sig i mitten bland alla ämnen. Värt att notera är att IDH, som är den manliga motsvarigheten till det kvinnliga HK-ämnet, får hög status i skolan då det ses som ett viktigt hälsoämne. Hälsoaspekten, som har en framträdande roll även i HK-ämnet, uppmärksammas dock inte av deltagarna i studien.

  • 6.
    Hedman, Magnus
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Bäckmark, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineering.
    Planerad bostadsbebyggelse på Strandängen, Jönköping2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    In Jönköping County, and in particular Jönköping City, there is at the moment a greathousing shortage. Housing and property owners want to get more housing in existingbuildings and build new homes to get Jönköping to grow and become something outof the hub in the middle of southern Sweden. There has Vätterhem had a major role,as the largest housing company in Jönköping Municipality.

    Vätterhem plans for new construction of up to 800 apartments on a plot of land atVätterns western shore about 1-2 km north of Jönköping. These 800 apartments arespread over two phases, 400 apartments per phase. This report deals with an overviewof a proposal for a planned housing development in this location for phase one of theproject (400 apartments).

    On the basis of a complete field inventory, where the prevailing conditions, housingand vegetation were inspected, we have discussed various proposals, of which two arepresented in this report. The laws and regulations that concern this area and theproximity to the railroad with all its implications have also been considered. Themunicipality planning documents for the area Kortebo/Strandängen has been veryhelpful when much larger areas eventually will be developed.

    The question of whether the exploitation level is going to be high or low have beendiscussed heavily, but considering the name of the site, “Strandängen” (Swedish forbeach/shore and meadow), we have chosen to put this level relatively low. For heavyexploitation of this area where public transportation to the city in the current situationis not at its best the need for a car for the residents fairly quickly occur, and thereforethey also need a parking space. Parking above ground requires a lot of space andparking garages under ground is considered to be too costly. This lowered the level ofexploitation and we choose to maintain the beauty of nature and the pleasant hikingalong the lake.

    We have made a proposal that we believe is at a comfortable level where the natureand the built environment go hand in hand, an area where people can live and thrive along time. The proposal resulted in a total of 286 apartments of the originallyrequested 400, where none of the houses are higher than four stories. If the heights ofthe buildings are increased the number of apartments increases very rapidly, but alsothe need for parking. Therefore, this was a conscious choice to locate the buildings inthis way, so that nature still plays a major role in the area.

  • 7.
    Häggmark Svensson, Tobias
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
    Gren, Ing-Marie
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
    Andersson, Hans
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala.
    Jansson, Gunnar
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Stockholm.
    Costs of traffic accidents with wild boar populations in Sweden2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Traffic accidents with wild boar have increased rapidly over the last years in Sweden. This paper calculates and predicts costs of current and future accidents, totally and for different Swedish counties, based on estimates of wild boar populations. A logistic population model is assumed, and econometric methods are used for calculating populations with panel data on traffic accidents, traffic load, and landscape characteristics for each county. The results show an average growth rate of 0.48, which varies between 0.39 and 0.52for different counties. This, together with predictions on changes in traffic load, forms the basis for calculations of costs of traffic accidents for a 10 year period. In total, the predicted costs can increase from 60 million SEK in 2011 to 135 or 340 million SEK in 2021 in present value depending on hunting pressure. The variation in cost increases is, however, large among counties, increasing by tenfold in Stockholm and Södermanland where the wild boar populations are relatively small and by approximately 50% in counties with mature populations.

  • 8.
    Ippoliti, Elena
    et al.
    Sapienza University of Rome.
    Moscati, Annika
    Rossi Brunori, Argeo
    Un’ ipotesi per l'uso delle risorse ambientali2008In: Paysage TopscapeArticle in journal (Refereed)
  • 9.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Kollisioner och olyckor med rådjur i Sverige under 10 år (2003–2012): variation i tid, geografi och kostnader2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal for this project was to create a 10-year overview of the number of deer collisions in Sweden and accidents variation in time, geography and cost, both in terms of property damage and personal injuries. Accident statistics were gathered from NVR (National Wildlife Accident Council, data on collisions), Strada (fatalities and injuries in Swedish Traffic Accident Data Acquisition) and Ofelia (collisions at railway). The results show that the number of deer collisions has increased over the 10-year period and that the increase has been much greater in the northernmost counties and Gotland. The number of deer collisions is higher during the early summer (May–June) and winter (October–December), whereas the number of fatalities and injury accidents is highest during the summer. The number of deer collisions varies during the day, but most accidents occur in the morning and evening for both property damage and personal injury accidents. For fatalities in accidents with roe deer, there are more than twice as many compared to the officially reported numbers, and the number of serious injuries is 177% higher than the official records. It is likely that the official statistics are also underestimating the number of fatalities and injuries from wildlife accidents caused by moose, deer and wild boar. This study shows that the total cost of roe deer collisions and accidents in 2012 exceeds 1 billion SEK, of which approximately 70% account for the cost of property damage.

  • 10.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Antonson, Hans
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Mobilitet, aktörer och planering, MAP.
    Driving behaviour responses to a moose encounter, automatic speed camera, wildlife warning sign and radio message determined in a factorial simulator study2016In: Accident Analysis and Prevention, ISSN 0001-4575, E-ISSN 1879-2057, Vol. 86, p. 229-238Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    In a driving simulator study, driving behaviour responses (speed and deceleration) to encountering a moose, automatic speed camera, wildlife warning sign and radio message, with or without a wildlife fence and in dense forest or open landscape, were analysed. The study consisted of a factorial experiment that examined responses to factors singly and in combination over 9-km road stretches driven eight times by 25 participants (10 men, 15 women). The aims were to: determine the most effective animal–vehicle collision (AVC) countermeasures in reducing vehicle speed and test whether these are more effective in combination for reducing vehicle speed; identify the most effective countermeasures on encountering moose; and determine whether the driving responses to AVC countermeasures are affected by the presence of wildlife fences and landscape characteristics. The AVC countermeasures that proved most effective in reducing vehicle speed were a wildlife warning sign and radio message, while automatic speed cameras had a speed-increasing effect. There were no statistically significant interactions between different countermeasures and moose encounters. However, there was a tendency for a stronger speed-reducing effect from the radio message warning and from a combination of a radio message and wildlife warning sign in velocity profiles covering longer driving distances than the statistical tests. Encountering a moose during the drive had the overall strongest speed-reducing effect and gave the strongest deceleration, indicating that moose decoys or moose artwork might be useful as speed-reducing countermeasures. Furthermore, drivers reduced speed earlier on encountering a moose in open landscape and had lower velocity when driving past it. The presence of a wildlife fence on encountering the moose resulted in smaller deceleration.

  • 11.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    et al.
    Calluna AB.
    Gren, I-M.
    IMA Miljöekonomi.
    Seiler, A.
    SLU.
    Johansson, Ö.
    Uppdatering och nya effektsamband i effektmodellen för viltolyckor2018Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Wildlife-vehicle accidents in Sweden are a growing problem that causes killed and injured humans, damage to vehicles and killed animals. Wildlife-vehicle accidents have socioeconomic costs that need to be quantified to calculate the cost-benefits of measures to prevent the accidents, for example game fencing or animal passages. The effect-model for wildlife-vehicle accidents was developed in the 1980s but is currently obsolete due to developments in road safety, changes in wildlife populations, data systems, knowledge and research. The existing effectmodel is based on the risk of accidents per km road per county in three traffic flow categories and divided into moose and summed up for deer and reindeer. This project aims at updating the effect-model for wildlife-vehicle accidents by including current data on wildlife collisions, considering various species of wildlife (elk, deer and wild boar) and several variables that may be of significance to the accidents: such as: population size, road standard, traffic load, vehicle speed, and landscape type. The work has mainly been divided into three parts. The first part involved the development of a model including wildlife accidents, traffic load and population size/growth and landscape variables, as well as cost estimates based on different model scenarios in long-term forecasts. Another part involved GIS analyzes of updated wildlife-vehicle accident statistics; accident rate per km road, AADT5 , road standard and fencing, and new estimates of unknown cases. The third part comprised presenting new values for damage and risk consequences (percentage probabilities for fatalities and personal injuries) for vehicle accidents in recent years. The results for the first part of the project show that wildlife-vehicle accidents will increase by 12% from 2015 to 2030, mainly due to a doubling of wild boar accidents, whereas the risk of accident with elk and deer decreases slightly. In the case of reduced hunting pressure, the results show that it is theoretically possible that wildlife accidents will instead increase by 50%. Estimated costs of game accidents in 2030 (ASEK 6) vary between 1 707 and 7 556 million SEK, depending on assumptions about hunting and injury costs. Accidents with deer are responsible for most of the accidents throughout the period, but accidents with wild boar increase most in all scenarios. Cost estimates of wildlife accidents for Västra Götaland and Skåne in a long-term forecast are included as examples. The GIS analyzes on data from 2010-2016 show that wildlife-vehicle accidents has increased constantly since 2003 and that the increase in accidents over the years occurs at a faster rate than the increase in traffic load. On minor roads accidents will increase synchronously with the traffic volume up to approximately 5 000 AADT. On larger roads, accident frequency will decline with increased traffic load. The accident frequency is highest on medium-sized roads but decreases on traffic-heavy roads and on high-speed roads. Updated values for damage consequences were based on data from STRADA6 and NVR7 2010-2016 and police reported accidents (except for calculating RPMI8 values). The results show that killed and injured persons in moose and roe deer/deer accidents have decreased and adjustments in the new values are suggested. For damage consequences, new values for moose accidents are suggested while previous values have been kept for deer and are proposed to use wild boar. Finally, assumptions in the effect-model and results based on road safety development, relevant wildlife issues, and some selected aspects regarding the implementation of the effect-model are discussed.

  • 12.
    Karltun, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    En beskrivning av styckningsarbete och dess förutsättningar i Sverige 20082008Report (Other academic)
  • 13. Larsson, Christer
    et al.
    Askerlund, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Disciplinary Research.
    Fredriksson, K
    Kjellbom, P
    Palmgren, M.G
    Sommarin, M
    Widell, S
    Vad har grundforskningen att erbjuda växtförädlarna?1990In: Sveriges utsädesförenings tidskrift, ISSN 0039-6990, Vol. 100, no 3, p. 180-183Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 14.
    Larsson, Ida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Lagerborg, Erik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    LOGISTIKTEORIER FÖR LAGERFUNKTIONER OCH LAGERSTYRNINGSMETODER INOM MJÖLKPRODUKTION2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of the report was to enhance the understanding of logistics within dairy production by investigating if theories of logistics concerning inventory functions and inventory management methods can be applied to dairy production, and if those theories can be used to analyze the costs for materials management. The research question was:

    What kind of inventory functions and inventory management methods are used within dairy production?

    The objective of the report was formulated as:

    To investigate if logistics theories concerning materials management can be used to analyze the costs of fodder inventory?

    Theories concerning inventory functions and inventory management where collected. To see if these theories could be applied to dairy production four interviews were conducted with different dairy production producers. From those four, two were selected for further research. At those two producers more interviews were held and the authors complemented the interviews with document studies. The gathered data where calculated and analyzed.

    Both inventory functions and inventory management methods were identified and therefore a cost analysis of the warehouse could be made. The findings of the report shows that it is possible to use the theories presented and that they should be used to develop dairy production.

  • 15.
    Lilja, Joakim
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Magnusson, Bo
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Utbildning lyfter på locket till kunskap2010In: Biodiverse, ISSN 1401-5064, Vol. 15, no 3Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 16.
    Magnusson, Bo
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Praktisk naturvård och traditionell kunskap i Skaraborg2012In: Skaraborgsnatur: årsskrift för Skaraborgs naturskyddsförening, Skövde: Skaraborgs läns naturskyddsförening , 2012, Vol. 49, s. 55-61, p. 55-61Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 17.
    Magnusson, Bo
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Lilja, Joakim
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Landskapsvårdens hantverk - ett geografiprogram?2010In: Geografiska Notiser, ISSN 0016-724X, Vol. LXVIII, no 4, p. 197-199Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 18. Magnusson, Bo
    et al.
    Nolin, Lina
    Söderström, Mats
    Stenberg, Bo
    Information fusion in precision agriculture2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Magnusson, Bo
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Saltzman, Katarina
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Hantverkare i landskapet?2011In: Hantverkslaboratorium / [ed] G. Almevik, L. Bergström, E. Löfgren, Mariestad: Hantverkslaboratoriet, [Göteborgs universitet] , 2011, Vol. s. 148-155, p. 148-155Chapter in book (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Magnusson, Bo
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet.
    Wetterlind, Simon
    Sigvald, Roland
    Solbreck, Christer
    Eckersten, Henrik
    The Bird cherry-Oat Aphid: Towards Localised Pest Management Models2006In: Precision Technology in Crop Production Implementation and benefits, NJF Seminar:390, 2006Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 21.
    Nilsson, Pia
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics, Finance and Statistics.
    Ängs- och betesmarkers betydelse för fastighetsvärden2010Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Jordbruksverket är förvaltningsmyndighet för det svenska landsbygdsprogrammet som har som övergripande målsättning att bidra till en ekonomisk, ekologisk och socialt hållbar utveckling av landsbygden. Politiken på området inriktas bland annat mot att ge stöd för kollektiva nyttigheter som finns på landsbygden och som många gånger är beroende av ett aktivt lantbruk. De svenska ängs- och betesmarkerna är ett sådant exempel på kollektiva nyttigheter som kan komma många till del, inte endast ägaren av marken. Syftet med den här studien är att analysera frågan om huruvida värdet av dessa kollektiva nyttigheter går att spåra i priser på fastigheter som har närhet till ängs- och betesmarker.

  • 22.
    Popovic, Djordje
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Product Development, Production and Design.
    Off-site manufacturing systems development in timber house building: Towards mass customization-oriented manufacturing2018Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for housing in Sweden has been showing a constant increase over the past couple of years. However, this situation might change in 2018 since there are indications that the increase in demand will reach its peak. On the other hand, the use of timber as a load bearing structure has become more popular in the multi-family house building sector. It is competing with concrete and steel frames, and its market share might even reach 50% by the year of 2025. Adding the involvement of customers in house design decisions and a high level of customization, the conclusion is that timber house building must continue the development towards mass customization. There is a lack of knowledge on how mass customization is developed and implemented regarding off-site manufacturing systems. In this thesis, a contribution is made to manufacturing system development in timber house building by proposing a novel approach to aligning off-site manufacturing systems to the requirements of production strategy, market needs, product design, and manufacturing processes. The proposed conceptual framework is a synthesis of the knowledge gained from three empirical studies and different methods found in theories of changeable manufacturing systems, mass customization, and manufacturing system development. The research purpose addressed by the presented work, is to increase the knowledge on how the development potential of off-site manufacturing systems can be identified in mass customization-oriented timber house building. Case study research was applied to gather the empirical data. The data collection and analysis methods used in the empirical studies can be useful when discussing the potential improvements. However, these data are not comprehensive enough in terms of presenting a holistic view of off-site manufacturing and consideration of the market as well as variation in product and processes. Therefore, a comprehensive set of requirements is proposed in the conceptual framework together with a step by step description of how the development potential of off-site manufacturing systems can be identified.

  • 23.
    Röös, Elin
    et al.
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Carlsson, Georg
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Alnarp, Sweden.
    Ferawati, Ferawati
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Hefni, Mohammed
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden and Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt .
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO). Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics.
    Tidåker, Pernilla
    Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Witthöft, Cornelia
    Linnaeus University, Kalmar, Sweden.
    Less meat, more legumes: prospects and challenges in the transition toward sustainable diets in Sweden2018In: Renewable Agriculture and Food Systems, ISSN 1742-1705, E-ISSN 1742-1713Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Western diet is characterized by high meat consumption, which negatively affects the environment and human health. Transitioning toward eating more plant-based products in Western societies has been identified as a key instrument to tackle these problems. However, one potential concern is that radically reducing meat in the current diet might lead to deficiencies in nutritional intake. In this paper, we explore a scenario in which meat consumption in Sweden is reduced by 50% and replaced by domestically grown grain legumes. We quantify and discuss the implications for nutritional intake on population level, consequences for agricultural production systems and environmental performance. The reduction in meat consumption is assumed to come primarily from a decrease in imported meat. We use data representing current Swedish conditions including the Swedish dietary survey, the Swedish food composition database, Statistics Sweden and existing life cycle assessments for different food items. At population level, average daily intake of energy and most macro- and micro-nutrients would be maintained within the Nordic Nutrition Recommendations after the proposed transition (e.g., for protein, fat, zinc, vitamin B12 and total iron). The transition would also provide a considerable increase in dietary fiber and some increase in folate intake, which are currently below the recommended levels. The transition scenario would increase total area of grain legume cultivation from 2.2% (current level) to 3.2% of Swedish arable land and is considered technically feasible. The climate impact of the average Swedish diet would be reduced by 20% and the land use requirement by 23%. There would be a net surplus of approximately 21,500 ha that could be used for bioenergy production, crop production for export, nature conservation, etc. Implementation of this scenario faces challenges, such as lack of suitable varieties for varying conditions, lack of processing facilities to supply functional legume-based ingredients to food industries and low consumer awareness about the benefits of eating grain legumes. In sum, joint efforts from multiple actors are needed to stimulate a decrease in meat consumption and to increase cultivation and use of domestically grown grain legumes.

  • 24.
    Sahlberg, Mikael
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Utveckling av en universell laddare2007Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose with this thesis work has been to investigate the possibilities to develop, manufacture and introduce a new universal charger. The aim has been to be able to charge as many models of as many different products as possible, including cell phones, cameras, laptops, MP3-players etc. The work would lead to a product proposal.

    By an examination of existing patents and products, has the market been reviewed. The conclusion is that there already are big amount of universal chargers in the international market. Yet there are only a few products that inspire safety, have a multiple charging function and which are for stationary use. Those properties became fundamentals in the specification. With a technical analyse and a customary review were more parameters included.

    The result is a stationary product that can be used to charge both a laptop and several smaller electronic products. By using a method that is called tip technology can the right charging conditions be guaranteed. With a micro processor and with tips which are specific for each product can mostly all sorts of products and models be charged.

    The work has also included mechanical design, CAD and the build of a prototype.

  • 25.
    Salim, Roaa
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Exploring aspects of automation decisions: A study in the Swedish wood products industry2017Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The wood products industry is important to Sweden's prosperity, and is currently facing several challenges by increased global competition. To avoid the gradual decline of the industry’s contribution to the country’s revenues and employment opportunities, the Swedish wood products industry needs to increase the proportion of the raw material that is refined. New and efficient manufacturing technologies are essential to support this development. The implementation of automation in manufacturing needs to be supported by conscious and well-defined strategies. However, currently, there is a lack of knowledge regarding automation decisions in this industry. Therefore, the purpose of this thesis is to increase knowledge regarding which aspects should be taken into account when automation decisions are considered in the wood products industry. Three research questions are addressed: (1) What is the current state of manufacturing operations in the wood products industry? (2) What are the potential opportunities for automation in the wood products industry? And (3) What challenges can arise from automation in the wood products industry?

    The results presented in this thesis are based on four research papers. The first paper provides an overview of the current state of manufacturing operations in the wood products industry. The second paper examined the impact of the raw material on manufacturing operations in the wood products industry. The third paper assessed how the levels of automation in manufacturing impact operational performance. The fourth paper examined automation opportunities and challenges to gain a better understanding of the reasoning behind automation decisions in the industry.

    In general, it is concluded that automation decisions in the wood products industry tend to be based on “gut feeling” and previous experience with automation rather than well-defined decisions and strategies. This is due to inadequate knowledge and familiarity with automation technologies in manufacturing. Furthermore, the findings showed that different aspects of manufacturing interact and impact each other. For this reason, it is essential to take into account other aspects of manufacturing when considering automation decisions.

  • 26.
    Svangren, Henrik
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Konceptstudie av kassadisk B10/B112007Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Magister), 20 points / 30 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This master’s thesis report is a summary of the analysis performed together with ITAB Shop Concept located in Jönköping, Sweden. As a last element of the Master’s program at the School of Engineering, this 20 point level D thesis project has been the final work to bring my education to an end.

    ITAB Shop Concept expressed an aspiration that the Shop Counter Program B10/B11 should undergo an analysis to point out and possibly lead to improvement.

    Through interviews and data collection proposals for possible improvements has been drawn up and the analysis points out current deficiencies. By following the idea generation, proposals to solutions for every individual problem is presented. These proposals are weighted and compared to specified requirements.

    The result is built up through a number of changes in the Shop Counter Program, partly by suggestions on reduction of part, but also how the Shop Counter can be re-designed.

  • 27. Trygg, Martina
    et al.
    Karltun, Johan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Bjelkvik, Peter
    Grundläggande metoder för planering1999Report (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 28.
    Vestling, Veronika
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    Forsberg, Viktoria
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Global Studies.
    The livelihoods of female seaweed farmers: A study about women's experiences of old and new techniques of seaweed farming on Zanzibar, Tanzania.2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Seaweed has been hit hard by climate change around the world. The island of Zanzibar, which is the world’s third biggest exporter of seaweed, is one of the places where seaweed is affected. 80 percent of the seaweed farmers on Zanzibar are women who are directly affected by climate change since they are making a living from seaweed farming. New efforts to tackle the impact of climate change on seaweed has been made on Zanzibar through the SEA PoWer project which is a new technique of growing seaweed and enables twenty-four female seaweed farmers to grow in deep and cooler waters instead of the more traditional way which is in shallow waters. The aim of this study is to, from a livelihood perspective, examine women’s experiences and perceptions of the old versus the new techniques of farming seaweed on Zanzibar, Tanzania.  The research questions for this study focus on finding out the women’s experiences and perceptions of the changes in the techniques in relation to opportunities for livelihoods through seaweed farming. Furthermore, this study investigates if women experience conflicts of interest with men regarding the use of ocean space. Semi-structured interviews with eleven women who have used the new technique of growing seaweed were conducted and the results was analyzed in the light of previous research, through the definitions of livelihood and gender, and the theoretical concept of feminist political ecology. The result has shown that all women experienced improvements in their livelihoods through the new technique of seaweed farming. One clear improvement was that there were no negative health effects when using the new technique. The study also found that there are no conflicts of interest between men and women regarding the use of ocean space when using the new technique of seaweed farming. The women had a positive view on the future and had high expectations, they had already noticed positive effects on their livelihoods in form of social, human, physical capital and health.  

  • 29.
    WANG, YILI
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Pan, Qiaoqun
    Obstacles or Opportunities? Branding for Overseas Wenzhounese in Italy2010Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    With  the development of Chinese  economy  and market,  the Chinese brand  is going out  of China, more  and more  overseas Chinese  enterprises  have  attracted  attention outside of China. Among all these overseas Chinese, a group of people called Wenzhounese, famous for Wenzhou Model they created in China, bought back the dynamic industry cluster in regions in Italy. Blooming Chinese  brands  are  increasing  in  the corner  of  streets  and  their  industrial  clusters  range  from  leather  shoes  and  bags  to electric parts, apparel and so on. The purpose of this study is to explore whether the Chinese Wenzhounese immigrant companies in Italy perceive that they have particular common problems and/or benefits in branding themselves in Italy. Through analysis of the role of the brand management in these companies under the context of European/developed market, we aim to find which internal and external factors influence these obstacles and opportunities.

1 - 29 of 29
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