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  • 1.
    Abrahamsson, Sara
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Palmberg, Hampus
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Children with Intellectual Disabilities and Their Perceived Participation in Everyday Life Activities: A descriptive study conducted in Addis Abeba, Ethiopia2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Children with intellectual disabilities living in developing countries are vulnerable to participation restrictions. Few studies have been made regarding their own perspectives. Aim: To describe how children in a low income country aged 13-17 with an intellectual disability perceive their participation in everyday life activities. Method: This bachelor thesis was conducted as a descriptive study and had a quantitative approach. Participants were collected through a non-probability, goal-oriented consecutive sampling. Data were collected by using “Picture my Participation”, an instrument designed as a structured interview with quantitative questions. The data were analyzed with IBM SPSS Statistics 21. Tables and diagrams were made in Microsoft Excel 2013. Result: The activity that the children participated in most frequently was “Daily routines at home for personal care (dressing, choosing clothing, hair care, brushing teeth)”. The activity that most children prioritized as most important, and they were most involved in was “Organised leisure activities”. “Services and policies” and “Social environment” were the factors seen as “Facilitators” to participation, whereas “Family attitudes” was seen as a “Barrier” to participation. Conclusion: The children perceived their participation in the prioritized activities as high and experienced few barriers in the context of participation.

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  • 2.
    Adolfsson, P.
    et al.
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Disability and Habilitation, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Lindstedt, H.
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Disability and Habilitation, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Pettersson, I.
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Hermansson, L. N.
    School of Health and Medical Sciences, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Janeslätt, G.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Disability and Habilitation, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Perception of the influence of environmental factors in the use of electronic planning devices in adults with cognitive disabilities2016In: Disability and Rehabilitation: Assistive Technology, ISSN 1748-3107, E-ISSN 1748-3115, Vol. 11, no 6, p. 493-500Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Adults with cognitive disabilities often have difficulties in dealing with the complexity of everyday life. With cognitive assistive technology (e.g. electronic planning devices [EPDs] and individual support), they can bring order to their often chaotic life. Assumptions are that environmental factors influence with non-use of EPDs.

    Objective: To explore how adults with cognitive disabilities perceive the influence of environmental factors in the use of EPDs.

    Methods: A reference group with experience of use of EPDs assisted the researchers. Twelve adults with cognitive disabilities and experience of using EPDs participated. An interview guide was implemented covering environmental factors according to the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Qualitative content analysis was applied in the analyses.

    Results: Five categories and two themes emerged, which were integrated into a model of facilitating factors influencing the use of EPDs. Measures to prevent or eliminate negative influences of the device use are important to be taken.

    Conclusions: Professionals need more knowledge about EPDs, while users need individual adaption of the EPDs. EPDs need to be user-friendly, manageable and work in any seasons.

    Implications for Rehabilitation: The users should have access to specially trained prescribers. There is a need for development of user-friendly and manageable products to function in any climate. Knowledge is lacking on how to implement the users in all stages of the prescribing process. Prescribers should increase knowledge in the use of EPDs to influence the attitudes of the social environment.

  • 3.
    Ahl, Gullan
    Högskolan i Örebro.
    Reliabilitets- och validitetstestning av ADL-instrument RAINBOW - ett teamdokument1998Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ett nytt instrument utvecklades från Katz´ ADL-index, vilket visat sig vara ett allt för grovt instrument, för att kartlägga patientens aktivitetsförmåga och självständighetsutveckling. Bedömningsinstrumentet innehåller patientdata samt kategori-index och kom att kallas RAINBOW på grund av att instrumentet är i fyrfärgstryck. En kontroll av det nykonstruerade team-instrumentet utfördes i syfte att mäta dess tillförlitlighet. Mellanbedömar reliabilitet mellan oberoende bedömare har prövats. Validiteten har analyserats på 4 patienter ur materialet och jämförts med Katz´ ADl-index. Studien, som bestod av parvisa oberoende bedömningar, utfördes av sjuksköterskor, sjukgymnaster och arbetsterapeuter. 40 patienter deltog i studien.

    Delaktivitetsbedömningarna uppgick till 950 och innehöll 36 avvikelser. Resultaten visade på 96 % samstämmighet i bedömningarna. Den kvalitativa analysen visade, i jämförelse med Katz´ ADL-index, att RAINBOW kategori-index gav utförligare information om patientens självständighetsnivå samt hjälpbehov. I denna studie bedömdes endast strokepatienter, men då begreppen som ingår i instrumentet kan anses allmängiltiga, torde det även kunna användas på andra diagnosgrupper. En gemensam rehabiliteringsterminologi gav teamarbetet en ökad kvalitet gällande bedömning, planering samt utvärdering av den enskilde patientens aktivitetsförmåga.

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  • 4.
    Ahlgren Kvist, Cia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Karlsson, Linda
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Hundens betydelse inom arbetsterapin: - Hur hundar kan främja och motivera till meningsfulla aktiviteter2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet var att beskriva hur arbetsterapeuter arbetar i aktivitet med vård- och terapihund och upplevd nytta med detta. Metoden som valdes var en kvalitativ induktiv ansats med semistrukturerade intervjuer. Elva arbetsterapeuter rekryterades genom ett bekvämlighetsurval via grupper på Facebook. Telefonintervjuer och intervjuer via personligt möte spelades in och transkriberades för att slutligen analyseras med hjälp av en kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet mynnade ut i ett övergripande tema som var: Arbetsterapeuten och hunden som ett stöd till meningsfulla aktiviteter, vilket resulterade i tre huvudkategorier som var: nytta, aktivitet och kommunikation, samt 14 underkategorier. Slutsatsen av examensarbetet var att hunden kunde vara användbar i att motivera patienter till aktivitet samt att aktiviteter tillsammans med och för hunden kändes mer meningsfulla.

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  • 5.
    Ahlsgård, Linn
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dept. of Rehabilitation.
    Callenryd, Emelie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dept. of Rehabilitation.
    Hur beskrivs aktivitetsbalans i studier med kvantitativ design?: En Scoping Review2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: More research is getting produced regarding ”occupational balance” (OB) in the field of occupational therapy. Studies lifts associations to occupational balance in different areas of life but there’s still few studies that conclude these associations. Congregated knowledge is needed in the occupational therapist daily preventive, restorative and maintaining work. Aim: To describe the current research about associations to OB in quantitative studies. Method: The study design was a scoping review. Data was collected from Cinahl and Medline. Twenty articles were included and analysed through numerical and thematical analysis. Results: The thesis resulted in five themes and eleven sub-themes describing associations to OB. Following five themes were created: Health and wellbeing, sociodemographic, activity, interpersonal factors, environmental factors. These themes resulted in eleven sub-themes with associations to OB: Health, life quality and life satisfaction, personal factors, variating personfactors, employment, family and social relationships, children with special needs, problematic internet use, social information, isolation, and satisfaction with occupational performance. Conclusions: A persons health, relations and daily activities have shown a relationship to occupational balance. Personal characteristics and surrounding environment of which the person belongs seems to relate to occupational balance. Occupational balance has shown associations to many parts of the human life.

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  • 6.
    Ahlstedt, Emelie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Christensson, Jill
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Djurens och naturens betydelse i arbetsterapeutiska interventioner: Arbetsterapeuters upplevelser av djur- och/eller naturunderstödd rehabilitering för personer med stressrelaterad ohälsa2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose was to describe occupational therapists' experiences of animal- and/or nature-based rehabilitation for people with stress related illness. 

    The Method was of qualitative design with an inductive approach. A purposive sampling in combination with a snowball sampling was used when recruiting participants. The study group was based on ten occupational therapists in Sweden. Collection of data was implemented by individual semi structured interviews. Data analysis was performed with a qualitative content analysis. 

    The result culminated into a theme: The importance of animal and nature in rehabilitation for people with stress related illness. Five categories where identified: The calming effect of the animals and nature, Mindfulness, Unpretentious rehabilitation, Occupational balance, The symbolic significance of nature, with associated 13 subcategories. 

    The conclusion drawn was that occupational therapists experienced that the participation of animal and/or nature in occupational interventions was effective in rehabilitation of stress related illness. The result indicated that the animal and nature help the patients to calm down, unwind and being conscionably present. Pervading the occupational therapists described that the animal and nature have positive effects on the patients' health and recovery.

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  • 7.
    Ahlstrand, Inger
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Linköping university.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Linköping university.
    Low levels of pain impact on valued life activities in women and men with Rheumatoid Arthritis2013Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 8.
    Ahlstrand, Inger
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. ADULT.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Linköping University.
    Börsbo, Björn
    Linköping university.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Smärta och dagliga aktiviteter vid Reumatoid artrit ur ett patientperspektiv2011Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Smärta vid Reumatoid artrit (RA) ärett välkänt symtom som orsakar lidande ochaktivitetsbegränsning. Traditionellt mäts smärtainom reumatologin som smärtintensitet på enVisuell Analog Skala (VAS). Kunskapen kring hurpatienter med RA upplever smärta och dess konsekvenser är begränsad. Patientens egenbeskrivning behövs som underlag för behandlingsplanering och för att utveckla nya metoderför att beskriva problematiken.Syfte: Syftet med studien är att beskriva smärtavid RA ur ett patientperspektiv med fokus på hursmärtan påverkar dagliga aktiviteter.Metod: Patienter med diagnostiserad RA i syd-östra Sverige identifierades via Svenska Reumatologiregistret. Urvalet baserades på minst 5 årssjukdomsduration och minst 40 mm smärtintensitet på VAS vid de två senaste besöken på reumatologklinik. Sammanlagt 33 patienter, 7 män och26 kvinnor, deltog i sju fokusgrupper. Gruppernaformades utifrån kön och ålder. Intervjuguideninnehöll frågor som: Hur beskriver patienter medRA sin smärta? Vad påverkar smärtan? Vilkakonsekvenser har smärtan för aktivitetsutförande,aktivitetsbalans och undvikande av aktivitet? Enkvalitativ innehållsanalys görs.Resultat/förväntat resultat: Analyser hittills visar patienternas frustration över att inteklara det man vill eller behöver göra, beroendeav andra, minskade möjligheter till delaktigheti sociala sammanhang. Och närståendes betydelse. Analyserna visar att smärtan är relaterad till Göteborg6-8 april 201134trötthet, stress och sinnesstämning och att arbeteeller andra aktiviteter medverkar till att glömmabort smärtan och uppehålla förmåga. Analysenslutförs under hösten.Konklusion: Denna studie förväntas genererany angelägen kunskap om och förståelse försmärta.

  • 9.
    Ahlstrand, Inger
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Department of Rheumatology and Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Department of Rheumatology and Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Norrköping, Sweden.
    Self-efficacy and pain acceptance as mediators of the relationship between pain and performance of valued life activities in women and men with rheumatoid arthritis2017In: Clinical Rehabilitation, ISSN 0269-2155, E-ISSN 1477-0873, Vol. 31, no 6, p. 824-834Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: To study whether personal factors (self-efficacy and pain acceptance) mediate the relationship between pain and performance of valued life activities in persons with rheumatoid arthritis.

    METHODS: Persons with rheumatoid arthritis for at least four years (n = 737; 73% women) answered a questionnaire measuring self-efficacy, pain acceptance, performance of valued life activities, and self-rated pain. Relationships among these constructs were explored using univariate and multivariate analyses. Structural equation modelling was then used to examine the mediational role of personal factors on the relationship between pain and performance of valued life activities.

    RESULTS: A direct negative association between pain and performance of valued life activities was identified (Beta = .34, P < .001). This suggests that people with rheumatoid arthritis who had higher levels of pain has increased difficulties in performing valued life activities. Self-efficacy and activity engagement component of pain acceptance mediated the relationship between pain and performance of valued life activities, however the pain willingness component of pain acceptance did not influence participation in valued life activities.

    CONCLUSION: These findings highlight the importance of considering personal factors, such as pain acceptance and self-efficacy, in facilitating participation in valued life activities.

  • 10.
    Ahlstrand, Inger
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Wagman, Petra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Hakansson, C.
    Lund Univ, Div Occupat & Environm Med, Lund, Sweden.
    Bjork, M.
    Linkoping Univ, Dept Rheumatol, Linkoping, Sweden.
    Occupational balance and its relation to performance of valued life activities in persons with rheumatoid arthritis in working age2018In: Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases, ISSN 0003-4967, E-ISSN 1468-2060, Vol. 77, no Suppl. 2, p. 186-186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background Experience of balance in everyday activities where work is an essential part is important to health and well-being, as has also been observed in previous studies in people with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). The Valued life activity scale (VLA-swe) is a questionnaire in which patient’s first report if the separate activities are valued or not to perform and secondly difficulties to perform these activities. Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) focuses on satisfaction with the amount and variation of occupations.

    Objectives The objectives were to 1) describe the relationship between performance of valued activities and experienced occupational balance, and to 2) identify aspects associated with low occupational balance in persons with RA.

    Methods 368 persons (age 18–65 years, 77% women) with RA responded to a questionnaire measuring occupational balance (OBQ) and performance of valued life activities (VLA-swe). Other aspects of interest were activity limitations measured by Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ), pain (measured by VAS), continuous stress (stressed continuously for more than a month during the last 12 months), children at home, education, and living situation. The relation between OBQ and performance in VLA across genders and Workers/Non-workers were analysed using non-parametric correlation analyses. To identify the impact of different aspects on the likelihood that participants would report lower occupational balance, OBQ was analysed using workers/nonworkers, stress, gender, age, pain and difficulties performing valued activities as independent variables in logistic regressions models. The study was approved by the Regional Ethics Committee (Dnr2011/452–31).

    Results The OBQ was significantly related to difficulties to perform valued activities reported by VLA (r=-0.41, p<0.001). Having more difficulties performing valued activities was the strongest predictor of lower occupation balance and increased the risk of reporting lower occupation balance with nearly five times (OR=4.54, p 0.001). Continuous stress increased the risk of having lower occupation balance more than three times (OR=3.27, p<0.0001) than those who not reported being stressed. The other variables show no significant impact on the likelihood that the participants would report lower occupational balance.

    Conclusions The results showed support for the relationship between occupation balance and performance of valued life activities and highlights to identify what’s important for the individual and to assume that in the rehabilitation. The results also show the importance of ability to manage stress, in order to enable for retaining ability to work and achieve high occupational balance.

  • 11.
    Ahlström, Olle
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Sundström, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Gig-arbetares aktivitetsbalans och hälsa i ensvensk kontext2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Idag finns lite kunskap om gig-arbete och hur arbetsformen påverkar individer verksamma inom gig-ekonomins aktivitetsutförande. Syfte: Syfte med studien var att beskriva gig-arbetares aktivitetsbalans och hälsa samt beskriva kontexten för gig-arbete och arbetsutförandet. Metod: En kvantitativ tvärsnittsstudie som kombinerats med en observation inspirerad av fallstudiemetodik. Deltagarna rekryterades genom bekvämlighetsurval. Målgruppen var gig-arbetare verksamma i gig-ekonomin som utgör de okvalificerade uppdragsbaserade arbetena som utförs lokalt. Tio gig-arbetare deltog i studien. Data samlandes in via enkät och observationer på sociala medier och i reell miljö. Databearbetning skedde genom deskriptiv statistik och kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Studiens resultat visar att helhetsupplevelsen av gig-arbete är bra men deltagarna skattar aktivitetsobalans. I helhet skattar gruppen sin hälsa som god. Det visar på slutna svårtillgängliga grupper av gig-arbetare på sociala medier där diskussionerna till stor del handlar om arbetsmiljö och arbetsorganisation. De som skattar god hälsa är de gig-arbetare som arbetar 40 timmer eller mer i veckan och tjänar 20 000kr eller mer per månad. Slutsats: En stor andel i gruppen upplever bristfällig tillfredställelse med tid för aktiviteter utanför arbetet. Det finns aktivitetsobalans bland deltagarna men grupper upplever sin hälsa som god. De flesta har arbetsformen som primär inkomstkälla och det är en spridning av inkomstnivån.

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  • 12. Al Akayshee, Sara
    Arbetsterapeutiska interventioner för barn med ADHD En scoping review2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Algurén, Beatrix
    et al.
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för klinisk neurovetenskap och rehabilitering.
    Lundgren Nilsson, Åsa
    Sunnerhagen, Katharina
    Göteborgs universitet, Institutionen för neurovetenskap och fysiologi, sektionen för klinisk neurovetenskap och rehabilitering.
    Christensson, Lennart
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Faktorer av betydelse för självupplevd hälsa hos personer med stroke – en prospektiv uppföljningsstudie2008Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 14.
    Algurén, Beatrix
    et al.
    Institute for Health and Rehabilitation Sciences (IHRS), Unit for Biopsychosocial Health, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich, Germany.
    Lundgren Nilsson, Åsa
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
    Sunnerhagen, Katharina S.
    Functioning of patients with first-ever stroke six weeks after admission – a report from Sweden applying the International Classification of Functioning (ICF)2007Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 15.
    Almberg, Maria
    et al.
    Mobility Centre Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Selander, Helena
    Mobility Centre Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Marita
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Vaz, Sharmila
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Ciccarelli, Marina
    School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy and Social Work, Faculty of Health Sciences, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.
    Experiences of facilitators or barriers in driving education from learner and novice drivers with ADHD or ASD and their driving instructors2017In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 20, no 2, p. 59-67Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Little is known about whether individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or attention deficit hyperactive disorder (ADHD) experience any specific facilitators or barriers to driving education.

    Objective: To explore the facilitators or barriers to driving education experienced by individuals with ASD or ADHD who obtained a learner’s permit, from the perspective of the learner drivers and their driving instructors.

    Methods: Data were collected from 33 participants with ASD or ADHD, and nine of their driving instructors.

    Results: Participants with ASD required twice as many driving lessons and more on-road tests than those with ADHD. Participants with ADHD repeated the written tests more than those with ASD. Driving license theory was more challenging for individuals with ADHD, whilst individuals with ASD found translating theory into practice and adjusting to “unfamiliar” driving situations to be the greatest challenges.

    Conclusion: Obtaining a driving license was associated with stressful training experience.

  • 16.
    Almgren, Malin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Olsson, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Aktivitetsbalans hos gymnasieungdomar2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ungdomar spenderar stor del av sin tid i skolan och upplever en minskad tid till fritid på grund av skolarbete. Tiden utanför skoltid är viktig för återhämtning och för att upprätthålla aktivitetsbalansen samt motverka stressrelaterad ohälsa. Syftet med studien är att beskriva aktivitetsbalans i relation till den tid eleven spenderar på skolarbete utanför skoltid och stress. Studien har en kvantitativ design, 46 deltagare rekryterades genom ett icke-slumpmässigt bekvämlighetsurval. Deltagarna besvarade påståenden kring aktivitetsbalans med Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) och kompletterande frågor om tid spenderad på skolarbete utanför skoltid och stress. Deskriptiv statistik, Spearman´s rank correlation och Mann-Whitney U-Test användes för att sammanställa data. Resultatet visar att deltagargruppen uppnår generellt låga totalpoäng i OBQ. Kvinnor skattar betydligt lägre aktivitetsbalans än män. Generellt anger hela deltagargruppen många studietimmar/vecka, och kvinnor anger fler studietimmar/veckan än män. Majoriteten av deltagarna upplever stress. Deltagare som inte upplever stress anger alla höga poäng på påståendet balans mellan vila, återhämtning och sömn. Slutsatsen för studien är att flertalet av deltagarna upplever låg aktivitetsbalans. Det är inte troligt att det finns en relation mellan skolarbete utanför skoltid och ungdomars aktivitetsbalans. 

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  • 17.
    Almén, Izabell
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Rydin, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Äldres upplevelse av delaktighet under Coronapandemin: En kvalitativ intervjustudie2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syftet med studien var att beskriva äldre personers upplevelse av delaktighet under Coronapandemin. Metoden som användes var en kvalitativ intervjustudie med semistrukturerade intervjufrågor. Informanterna rekryterades genom ett bekvämlighetsurval. Dataanalysen gjordes genom kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultatet visade på att äldre personer upplevde en förändring i hur deras vardagsliv såg ut, med mer händelselösa dagar då aktiviteter ställdes in, samt att de inte fick möjlighet att träffa vänner och familj i samma utsträckning som tidigare. Likaså upplevde de att de hade blivit placerade i en “gammal och skör” grupp som de inte kan identifiera sig med. Däremot hade de på många sätt kunnat anpassa sin vardag genom att bland annat utföra aktiviteter utomhus, samt använda sig av digital teknik och telefon i större utsträckning än tidigare. Slutsatsen var att äldres upplevelse av delaktighet har främst påverkats negativt av Coronapandemin, då bortfallet av aktiviteter och möjlighet att träffa vänner och familj har lett till en minskad livskvalitet. Trots att många har kunnat anpassa sina aktiviteter finns en stor längtan tillbaka till livet så som det var innan Coronapandemin.  

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  • 18.
    Alnervik, Anitha
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Linddahl, Iréne
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Sätt värde på arbetsterapi: En studiecirkel i evidensbasering av arbetsterapi2006Other (Other academic)
  • 19.
    Alnervik, Anitha
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Linddahl, Iréne
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Value of occupational therapy - about evidence-based occupational therapy2011Other (Other academic)
  • 20.
    Andersson, Elin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Andersson, Ebba
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Sensorisk integrationsåtgärd i form av ett sinnesrum för barn med intellektuell funktionsnedsättning, ADHD och/eller autism: En översiktlig litteraturstudie/ “Scoping Review”2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Children diagnosed with intellectual disability, ADHD och autism may experience that they have a reduced participation in their social network and the community. These diagnoses have symptoms that may have negative impact on the performance in the daily activities. According to studies, one of the symptoms that has an impact on the occupational performance for these children is the sensory processing of the stimuli in the child’s environment. The purpose of this bachelor thesis was to describe how a multisensory room can be used as an intervention for children with intellectual disabilities, ADHD and/or autism to increase participation. The bachelor thesis was a Scoping Review where 20 articles and chapters from a book was included. Inclusion criteria for the articles was studies about children to the age of 18 years, diagnosed with ADHD and/-or autism, use of a multisensory room and sensory processing in children with ADHD and autism. The articles could be a quantitative-, qualitative-, or systematic review studies. The reference lists of the systematic reviews studies were reviewed to exclude that an article wasn't already reviewed. The articles would be written in Swedish or English, published between 2005 and May 2018, would be available in full text and peer reviewed, The results describes how a multisensory room can be used as an intervention for the population of the bachelor thesis, the effects and how the multisensory room offers different stimuli that can satisfy the child’s sensory needs. This can contribute to a positive effect by increasing the occupational performance and participation. The conclusion is that occupational therapists can use multisensory rooms as an intervention and it can be offered to children with ADHD and autism and it shows a positive effect on their participation in their occupational performance.

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  • 21.
    Andersson, Jessica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Isacson, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Hästens inverkan på den psykiska hälsan: En scoping review2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 22.
    Andersson, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dept. of Rehabilitation. Jönköpings kommun.
    Törnberg, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dept. of Rehabilitation. Jönköpings kommun.
    Arbetsterapeutiska interventioner för individer med multipel skleros- en scoping review2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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  • 23.
    Andersson, Paulina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Roos, Elina
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsterapeuters insatser inom suicidprevention2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    During 2017, 1,189 people died due to suicide in Sweden. Suicide is a complex problem and a multifaceted approach is required to prevent suicide. The aim with this study was to describe occupational therapists’ perceptions and experiences regarding suicide prevention and how occupational therapists’ competence can be used in work regarding suicide prevention. A qualitative study including three focus groups and an individual interview with a total of eight occupational therapists were conducted. Data was therefore analysed using qualitative content analysis. Two categories were revealed in the result: Suicide prevention in practice and Treatment and knowledge about suicidal patients. The participants have not earlier reflected on their role in suicide prevention and experience a fear and insecurity in the meeting with suicidal patients. The concepts meaningfulness and participation are emphasized as important. The therapeutic alliance is the basis for the patient to want, or dare, to talk about suicidal thoughts and/or suicidal behaviours. The participants also emphasize the importance of taking the patient's focus and having an inside perspective. The conclusions are that occupational therapists need training regarding suicide prevention to further clarify their roles, and to feel safe in the meeting with suicidal patients. Occupational therapists, with their competence, can deepen and broaden the understanding of suicidal actions and promote the individual’s mental health in the long term to prevent suicide.

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  • 24.
    Andersson, Vilma
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Tidblom, Alma
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Being involved in the community:  A qualitative study of social inclusion for people with physical disabilities in Mexico2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study was to describe participant experiences of how a rehabilitation centre can facilitate social inclusion for people with physical disabilities in Mexico. This research was a qualitative interview study with a semi-structured interview approach. Ten participants were recruited using purposive sampling. The participants were individuals with physical disabilities, including both mobility and visual impairments, who had a connection with the rehabilitation centre. Content analysis was used while examining the collected data. The result consisted of one main category ‘individual experiences of achieving social inclusion’, four categories; ‘being supported by a community’, ‘acceptance of disability’, ‘the centre's work and its effect in the society’ and ‘the importance of work’. Each category contained several sub-categories. In conclusion, the rehabilitation centre facilitates inclusion through work opportunities and the sense of belonging to a community which has a positive impact on persons with a disability. Changing attitudes in the society by raising awareness about disability and generating an acceptance of one’s disabilities were important facilitating factors. 

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  • 25.
    Andersson, Yvonne
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Erikson, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Förändringar i aktivitetsmönster och välbefinnande hos äldre efter flytt till särskilt boende: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om äldres självupplevda förändring2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Aim: The purpose of the thesis was to describe older adults (65 and older) perceptions about changes to their occupational patterns and wellbeing after a move to a special care facility. Method: A qualitative interview with semi-structured questions and estimated wellbeing on a VAS-scale was performed on ten older adults living in special care facilities. The sampling was a convenient sampling with a secondary purposive sampling. The sampling of participants was made from two separate special care facilities, one in a city and one in a town. A qualitative data analysis was performed to analyses the collected data.  Results: The result showed that the participants perceived changes to both occupational patterns and wellbeing after a move to a special care facility. The participants perceived that they had more recreational activities or leisure activities and less household chores or mustdo-activities after moving to a special care facility. Many meaningful physical activities had become hard to perform and had been replaced with less demanding activities.  Conclusion: Occupational patterns and estimated wellbeing was affected by the move to a special care facility. The aspects of aging were perceived to affect the change as well.

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  • 26.
    Anehall, Carola
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Thongchai, Ming
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Aktivitetsbalans och stress hos gymnasieungdomar på yrkesprogram i gymnasiet: En jämförelse mellan könen2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    High school youths experience a lot of stress, mainly because of studies. The mental illness among young people increases and girls are significantly more stressed than boys. Stress can affect the study motivation negatively and can lead to interruptions that delay entry into the labor market. The aim of the study was to survey occupational balance and stress among girls and boys at vocational programs in high school. A quantitative study in the form of a survey was conducted with 50 respondents at various upper secondary schools in southern Sweden. Spearman's rank correlation coefficient (rho)was used to analyze whether there was any relationship between occupational balance and stress. The majority of respondents had medium occupational balance (39) or higher, there was no statistically significant difference in occupational balance between the sexes. There was a statistically significant difference in perceived stress between the sexes, girls perceived more stress than boys. There was a statistically significant relationship between occupational balance and perceived stress in girls. To enable for young people to maintain or improve occupational balance can be a way to promote and prevent stress and other mental illness.

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  • 27.
    Anton, Helgason
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Interventioner för äldre personer med fokus på existentiell hälsa2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Interventions for elderly people with a focus on existential health - A scoping review.Background: The elderly population will increase, which means an increased need for care and support to ensure that good health can be maintained. The concept of health includes physical, mental and social well-being. It is becoming increasingly common to also consider an existential dimension in terms of health. Interventions aimed at existential health have shown a positive result. The duty of occupational therapists is to work client-centered and strengthen each patient's emotional and physical well-being based on each individual's unique conditions. Spirituality is part of every human being and is therefore an important part of occupational therapists to consider. Purpose: To map and describe interventions for elderly people with a focus on existential health. Method: A literature study in the form of a scoping review has been used. Articles have been collected through searches in the databases AMED, CINAHL and PubMed. Eleven articles have finally been used in the work and the result has been reviewed and analyzed numerically and thematically. Results: The interventions have been mapped and described in the following categories: place for the interventions, spiritual interventions, interventions aimed at meaning and purpose of life, communication-based interventions aimed at existential health and the care providers' education and execution of interventions aimed at existential health. Conclusion: Individually designed interventions aimed at the existential health of elderly people give a positive result in the form of better physical and mental health. The feeling of having a purpose and a meaning with life is important and gives the individual an increased well-being. Further research needs to be done.

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  • 28.
    Areskoug Josefsson, Kristina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Fristedt, Sofi
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ARN-J (Aging Research Network - Jönköping). Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. IMPROVE (Improvement, innovation, and leadership in health and welfare).
    Occupational therapy students’ views on addressing sexual health2019In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 26, no 4, p. 306-314Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Sexual health is an important issue in daily life, but little is known about occupational therapy (OT) students’ views on these matters.

    Aim: To explore occupational therapy students’ views on addressing sexual health in their future professional role.

    Material and methods: A descriptive qualitative study involving 37 OT students in 5 focus groups was performed and analyzed using content analysis.

    Results: Three categories: ‘Sexual health is part of occupational therapy and but not of the OT educational program’; ‘Need for knowledge to identify and intervene related to sexual health problems’; and finally, ‘Communication about sexual health—unknown, untried, but necessary’, formed the theme, ‘Willing to try, wanting to know more, and recognizing not only the difficulties and challenges but also the importance of sexual health in OT practice’.

    Conclusions: OT-students consider sexual health as part of OT-practice, but experience lack of knowledge of sexual health related to disease/disability, cultural diversity, and age and sexual orientation. Educational programs need to cover these matters, including how to address sexual health in OT-practice, to enhance OT’s future competence related to promotion of sexual health for clients.

    Significance: Knowledge on students’ views are vital to guide education on this important, rather neglected, area. 

  • 29.
    Argentzell, Elisabeth
    et al.
    Lunds universitet, avd för arbetsterapi och gerontologi.
    Håkansson, Carita
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Eklund, Mona
    Lunds universitet, avd för arbetsterapi och gerontologi.
    Experience of meaning in everyday occupations among unemployed people with severe mental illness2012In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 49-58Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background. Knowledge about how people with severe mental illness find meaning in non-work occupations is important in order to develop programmes of meaningful daily occupations for this group.

    Purpose. To examine the meaning daily occupations may bring to those who are severely mentally ill and unemployed.

    Methods. Twelve unemployed people with severe mental illness were interviewed regarding their experience of meaning in daily occupations.

    Findings. Meaning was experienced in a balance between occupations that helped the informants control their mental illness. Themes of meaning were: feeling competent and being socially engaged, having routines and being productive, being creative and seeking knowledge, and taking care of body and mind. Substitutes for paid work were found in occupations such as taking care of the household or being productive at a day centre.

    Implications. People with severe mental illness should be allowed to play an active role in their rehabilitation process, using the occupational therapist for forming daily routines, creating a balance between work-like and restful occupations, finding occupations that meet one’s skills and training social behaviour. Besides, work-related occupations should be emphasized in the rehabilitation.

  • 30.
    Aronsson, Gunnar
    et al.
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Nylén, Eva Charlotta
    Division of Work and Organizational Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Ishäll, Lars
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, Lifelong learning/Encell.
    Lindfors, Petra
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    Sverke, Magnus
    Department of Psychology, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.
    The long arm of the job – work characteristics and recovery windows in social welfare work2019In: International Journal of Workplace Health Management, ISSN 1753-8351, E-ISSN 1753-836X, Vol. 12, no 1, p. 15-27Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: Social welfare work contains elements that may be difficult for employees to put out of their minds when the working day ends, which may affect the recovery. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the length of recovery in relation to different work characteristics and to two types of welfare work.

    Design/methodology/approach: All 1,365 employees, excluding managers, of two municipality administrations were invited to a survey study. Of these, 673 (49 percent) responded. After adjusting for partial missing, the effective sample included 580 employees (43 percent). Retrospective ratings of four recovery windows were analyzed: recovery after one night’s sleep, weekends, shorter holidays and vacations.

    Findings: Employees with a university education were less recovered than those with a shorter education. For those with a university education, the long arm of the job mainly involved failures regarding qualitative job demands (task difficulty). For those with a shorter education, quantitative job demands (too much to do) were most prominent for their prolonged recovery. Feedback from managers had consistent and positive associations with all four recovery windows among employees with a university education, but not among those with a shorter education for whom instead having too much to do and social support had significant spillover effects.

    Originality/value: The identified differences may relate to employees with a university education having more problem-solving tasks, which may result in a higher need of work-related feedback but also in difficulties detaching from work. Thus, education and job characteristics have differential associations with self-rated recovery. 

  • 31. Artursson, Daniel
    Upplevelser från vuxna personer med ADHD inom aktiviteterna arbete och utbildning.: -En scoping review.2021Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms can persist throughout life and have an impact on health, job opportunities, education, and financial health. Adults’ experiences with ADHD are a knowledge gap and studies are often presented without a person’s story of experience. Aim: The aim was to map relevant literature that describes experiences in productive activities in adults with ADHD. Method: A scoping review was used, and search was done in four research databases. Results from ten articles were described with a directed content analysis, and Model of Human occupation (MoHo) theory. Results: The adults with ADHD described how activities in work and education were affected by volition from habits and routines, how the environment has an impact on the person’s volition and performance capacity. Conclusion: If there was interest in a task or that joy comes from performing the activity, then it facilitates the opportunity to be productive for that person. The social environment has an impact on how people with ADHD perceive themselves and how tasks and activities are done. Strategies could improve execution but also be demanding and create a sense of exclusion for the person.

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  • 32.
    Arvidsson, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Johansson, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
    Hur kvinnor i arbetsför ålder upplever hur utmattningssyndrom påverkar deras aktivitetsmönster och aktivitetsbalans: Ett kvalitativt examensarbete2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 33.
    Arvidsson, Patrik
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Janeslätt, Gunnel
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Wennberg, Birgitta
    Center for Social and Affective Neuroscience, Department of Biomedical and Clinical Sciences, Linköping University, Linköping, Sweden.
    Lidström-Holmqvist, Kajsa
    University Health Care Research Center, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Holmefur, Marie
    School of Health Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Örebro University, Örebro, Sweden.
    Hayat Roshanay, Afsaneh
    Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.
    Evaluation of the group intervention “Let’s Get Organized” for improving time management, organisational, and planning skills in people with mild intellectual disability2023In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 30, no 8, p. 1257-1266Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Limited time management skills cause problems in daily life for people with mild intellectual disability (ID) and “Let’s Get Organized” (LGO) is a promising manual-based occupational therapy group intervention aiming to support management skills.

    Aims/Objectives: To evaluate the applicability of the Swedish version of LGO-S by i) exploring enhancements in time management skills, satisfaction with daily occupations, and aspects of executive functioning in people with time-management difficulties and mild ID, and ii) describing clinical experiences of using the LGO-S for people with mild ID.

    Material and methods: Twenty-one adults with mild ID were included. Data were collected pre-/post-intervention and at 3- and 12-month follow-ups with: Swedish version of Assessment of Time Management Skills (ATMS-S), Satisfaction with Daily Occupation (SDO-13), and Weekly Calendar Planning Activity (WCPA-SE). There were few follow-up participants (n = 6-9).

    Results: Significant change in time management skills that maintained at 12-months follow-ups. Significant increase in regulation of emotions at 12-month follow-up. Results at 12-months follow-up indicated sustainability in outcomes as measured by ATMS-S. A non-significant positive trend was observed in other outcomes between pre- and post-intervention.

    Conclusions and significance: LGO-S seems applicable for improving skills in time management, organisation and planning also for people with mild ID.

  • 34.
    Augustine, Lilly
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dept. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Lygnegård, Frida
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dept. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Adolfsson, Margareta
    Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dept. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    The utility of the International Classification of Functioning construct as a statistical tool – operationalizing mental health as an indicator of adolescent participation2022In: Disability and Rehabilitation, ISSN 0963-8288, E-ISSN 1464-5165, Vol. 44, no 16, p. 4220-4226Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background

    The ICF provides a common scientific language for the study of health and functioning. Adolescent mental health, operationalized as engagement in life situations, is one aspect of functioning. Engagement as mental health has a bi-directional relation with environmental factors.

    Aim

    To test the statistical utility of the International Classification of Functioning (ICF) classification in coding adolescent mental health and mental health problems.

    Methods

    Using data measuring mental health in a representative Swedish sample of 12-13-year-olds linking responses to the classification codes. The internal structure of the classification system constructs was tested using factor analysis.

    Results

    A factorial solution could be found for most chapters indicating that the ICF framework and coding system could be used; however, the variance explained was quite low. Linking worked better at code-level, rather than chapter level. Items measuring risk behavior or risk factors are loaded in separate constructs.

    Conclusions

    When coding items for statistical purposes, code-level rather than chapter level is to be preferred. Also, participation in risk behavior loads in separate factors indicating that these behaviors are separate from other types of participation.

    Implications for rehabilitation

    Considering some challenges with varying level of detail in the ICF-CY's chapters, the framework can be used to identify the content of mental health questionnaires to be used in rehabilitation. To provide more detailed information in rehabilitation addressing mental health, a code-level solution is more appropriate than a chapter level solution. Despite the use of same ICF-CY codes, negative participation, i.e., risk behavior, measures a different dimension than positive participation, is especially relevant in rehabilitation addressing mental health.

  • 35.
    Axelsson, Julia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Asp, Sisan
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Barns delaktighet i organiserade fritidsaktiviteter stärker, utvecklar och skapar gemenskap: En kvalitativ studie.2019Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background, mental health has declined among children in Sweden and many of them does not meet the recommendation for physical activity. The importance of leisure activities is relatively well researched from the perspective of children, however, the parent’s view is less studied. The purpose of the study was to describe parent’s perception of the importance of children’s participation in organized leisure activities. The method used was quantitative design with semi structured interviews. Purposive sampling was used, where 11 participants participated. The material was processed using qualitative content analysis. The result gave a varied perception of the importance of participation in leisure activities for children. It was about the importance of community, development and lessons from the leisure activities. The self-confidence children received during leisure activities, the importance of confirmation and the physical value also had significance. The need of limitations also emerged. Conclusion, the variation but also the similarities in the result have given an in-depth picture of the subject. The common description was that the leisure activity provided joy, development, well-being and a context. The hope is that the study will lead to a greater extent of the use of leisure activities as a health-promoting tool for occupational therapists.

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  • 36.
    Babic, Ivana
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Department of Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsterapeutiska interventioner för personer med psykosdiagnos: - en scoping review2023Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Introduction: Psychosis diagnosis can have a negative impact on a person's activities regarding leisure, work and personal care. Lack of initiative, difficulties in maintaining concentration, processing information and difficulties with the perception of time can have negative consequences in everyday life. Aim: The aim of this study is to describe which occupational therapy interventions are available for people with a psychosis. Method: A scoping review is done to map the body of literature. Relevant keywords, inclusion and exclusion criteria and databases were selected to find relevant articles. Results: The results are presented based on OTIPM's four intervention models "Model for activity training", "Compensatory model", "Model for improving body function and personal factors" and "Pedagogical model". Occupational therapy interventions contribute to improvement in everyday activities and improvements in executive functions, negative symptoms and disease severity. Implications: The occupational therapist has the opportunity to improve and facilitate functions, lift in meaningful activities, facilitate the environment and lift in the social community with the help of occupational therapy interventions.

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  • 37. Backe, Karoline
    Improving Driving Ability After Stroke: A scoping review of interventions within occupational therapy2022Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Stroke is a leading cause of disability in the world and cognitive impairments post stroke are common. Driving is an occupation of great importance to many individuals and enables participation in society but due to cognition deficits after stroke it can be a difficult task to perform adequately. The aim of this study was to review and map interventions used to improve driving ability after stroke within occupational therapy practice. A literature search was conducted using Arksey and O’Malley's six-stage framework [1], and a search was made in four different databases. Seven articles were found and used for further analysing. Results showed two main categories of interventions. Task-specific training consisting of either simulator-based training or behind the wheel training in real traffic, and training of raw cognitive functions focused on driving related abilities. Both interventions overall showed improvement of driving ability, with task specific training being somewhat superior. Considering the easy implementation possibilities, cognitive training with specific focus on driving skills could be used in current occupational therapy practices. Larger studies might prove task-specific training to be much more superior which can then motivate more simulator-based intervention possibilities. Future studies could also focus on improving self-awareness as a factor.

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  • 38. Backman, Annika
    et al.
    Kåwe, Kerstin
    Björklund, Anita
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ. Quality improvements, innovations and leadership in health care and social work.
    Relevance and focal view point in occupational therapists' documentation in patient case records2008In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 15, no 4, p. 212-220Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The Code of Ethics for Occupational Therapists stipulates how occupational therapists should think about the profession’s central concepts in practice, where ‘Health’ is one such concept. Other guiding principles for practice are the Occupational Therapy Process Model and the ARTUR Case Record Structure. The aim of this study has been to identify and describe how occupational therapists at a hospital in Sweden documented interventions in patient case records. A stratified and random sample of one hundred case records was evaluated in relation to a checklist. The results showed that only 21 percent of the case records were complete. Often, the notes were found under the wrong keyword and 12 percent of the occupational therapy cases were indistinct and did not belong to any of the intervention categories in which occupational therapists normally intervene. Despite this, the majority of the case records reflected the ICF’s Activity/Participation component, which could be interpreted to mean that the occupational therapists held holistic health notions in line with the code of ethics. In order to improve the occupational therapists’ documentation in patient case records, further discussions of the central concepts and guiding principles for occupational therapy are required.

  • 39. Barenfeld, Emmelie
    et al.
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, Synneve
    Wallin, Lars
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Department of Health and Rehabilitation, Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology Sahlgrenska Academy, Centre for Ageing and Health—AgeCap, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.
    Promoting aging migrants' capabilities: A randomized controlled trial concerning activities of daily living and self-rated health2018In: AIMS Public Health, ISSN 2327-8994, Vol. 5, no 2, p. 173-188Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim was to evaluate the 6-month and 1-year effects of a person-centered group-based health-promoting intervention on independence in daily activities and self-rated health. The study was an RCT with follow-ups at 6 months and 1 year. A total of 131 independent living people (70+) who have migrated to Sweden from Finland or Western Balkan region were included. Participants were independent in activities of daily living and cognitively intact. They were randomized to an intervention group receiving four weekly group-meetings and a follow-up home visit, or a control group (no intervention). An overall chi-squared test was performed and the odds ratio calculated. A high proportion of the participants maintained independence in activities of daily living and improved or maintained self-rated health. However, no significant differences were found between the groups. The result indicates that the intervention was offered too early in the aging process to be able to detect effects. Methodological challenges were met during both the recruitment and implementation phases. In response to lessons learned, a multicenter design is recommended for future research in order to strengthen the findings. Furthermore, this study has contributed with experiences on both opportunities and challenges in terms of research with and about older people aging in the context of migration, as is discussed.

  • 40. Behm, L.
    et al.
    Eklund, K.
    Wilhelmson, K.
    Zidén, L.
    Gustafsson, Susanne
    Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology/Occupational Therapy, The Sahlgrenska Academy at the University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg,Sweden.
    Falk, K.
    Dahlin-Ivanoff, S.
    Health Promotion Can Postpone Frailty: Results from the RCT Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone2016In: Public Health Nursing, ISSN 0737-1209, E-ISSN 1525-1446, Vol. 33, no 4, p. 303-315Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    OBJECTIVE: Very old persons (80+) are often described as "frail", implying that they are particularly vulnerable to adverse health outcomes. Elderly Persons in the Risk Zone was designed to determine whether a preventive home visit or multiprofessional senior group meetings could postpone deterioration in frailty if the intervention is carried out when the person is not so frail. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The study was a RCT with follow-ups at 1 and 2 years. A total of 459 persons (80+), still living at home, were included. Participants were independent in activities of daily life and cognitively intact. MEASURES: Frailty was measured in two complementary ways, with the sum of eight frailty indicators and with the Mob-T Scale measuring tiredness in daily activities. RESULTS: Both interventions showed favorable effects in postponing the progression of frailty measured as tiredness in daily activities for up to 1 year. However, neither of the two interventions was effective in postponing frailty measured with the sum of frailty indicators. CONCLUSIONS: The results in this study show the potential of health promotion to older persons. The multiprofessional approach, including a broad spectrum of information and knowledge, might have been an important factor contributing to a more positive view of aging. 

  • 41.
    Berger, Sarah
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Andersson, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Children with intellectual disabilities’ perceptions of their participation in activities in everyday life – a pilot study: A minor field study conducted in Ethiopia2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Children with disabilities living in low and middle income countries’ perceptions of participation are not shown in research. These perceptions are important for providing appropriate interventions. Aim: To describe how children aged 8-12 with an intellectual disability living in Ethiopia perceive their situation regarding participation in activities in everyday life. Method: A descriptive design with a quantitative approach was used. The sample was gathered using consecutive sampling. Fifteen structured interviews were conducted, using “Picture my participation,” an instrument under development. Analyses were made using SPSS Statistics and Microsoft Excel. Results: The children perceived that they participated in activities in everyday life. There was a broad variation in the activities the children prioritized as most important. On a group level, they were very involved in these activities. The majority did not experience any barriers to perform these activities. Conclusions: The perceptions of the majority of the children were that they were involved in daily activities. They did not experience any barriers to participation. The results should be read with caution and generalization is not possible, due to the sample characteristics and that the instrument is under development.

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  • 42.
    Berggren, Catrine
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Burman, Olivia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Aktivitetens betydelse för personer med ätstörningar: En scoping review med fokus på delaktighet i aktivitet2020Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Ätstörningar är ett ökande problem i samhället och orsakar personligt lidande. Individer som drabbats av ätstörningar kan få en påverkan på aktiviteter i vardagen. Vanor, motivation och utförande i aktiviteter påverkas negativt av sjukdomen. Syftet med studien var att kartlägga hur personers med ätstörningar tillfriskningsprocess kan stärkas genom delaktighet i aktivitet. Studiens design var en scoping review. Datainsamling gjordes genom sökningar i databaserna CINAHL with full text, AMED och Psychinfo. Sökningen av litteratur resulterade i nio artiklar och åtta artiklar från manuella sökningar, vilket mynnade ut i totalt 17 artiklar. Artiklarna var publicerade mellan år 2002-2020. Artiklarna analyserades genom en numerisk analys och en tematisk analys. Resultatet visade att personer med ätstörningars tillfriskningsprocess stärktes genom delaktighet i aktivitet. Delaktighet i aktivitet bidrog till en mer fungerande vardag och gav identitet och tillhörighet. Slutsatsen är att tillfriskningsprocessen från ätstörningar stärktes genom delaktighet i aktivitet samt bidrog till balanserade rutiner och struktur i vardagen. Delaktighet i aktivitet upplevdes meningsfullt och genererade glädje.

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  • 43.
    Berggren, Monica
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Stilbrandt, Kaspars
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Att skapa tillitsfulla relationer mellan arbetsterapeut och patient: En fokusgruppsstudie i kommunala hälso- och sjukvårdsteam2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Bakgrund: Relationen mellan arbetsterapeut och patient har påvisats ha inflytande på behandlingen och behandlingsresultatet. Relationen är ett verktyg för att patienten ska uppnå sina mål. Tidigare definition om hur en bra relation är inkluderar att relationen ska vara tillitsfull. Tilliten byggs upp över tid.

    Syfte: Att beskriva hur arbetsterapeuter inom kommunala hälso-och sjukvårdsteam skapar tillitsfulla relationer till patienter.

    Metod: En kvalitativ studie där två fokusgrupper med sammanlagt sju arbetsterapeuter genomfördes. Därefter utfördes en innehållsanalys av de två fokusgruppsdiskussionerna.

    Resultat: I temat Att göra och att vara beskrivs deltagarnas uppfattningar om hur tillit skapas. Temat bygger på de tre kategorierna: Använder olika strategier, Arbetar klientcentrerat och Har ett empatiskt förhållningssätt. Deltagarna använder olika strategier beroende på om det är första mötet, fortsatt arbete eller om det är svårt att skapa tillit samt är instruerande. De arbetar klientcentrerat då de har patienten i fokus, lyssnar aktivt till patienten och skapar en jämlik relation. De har ett empatiskt förhållningssätt då de kommunicerar med ödmjukhet, visar patienten förstående samt skapar en avslappnad stämning.

    Slutsats: Deltagarna använder sig av olika strategier, arbetar klientcentrerat samt har ett empatiskt förhållningssätt för att skapa tillitsfulla relationer.

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  • 44.
    Bergh, Pia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Winberg, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Upplevd påverkan på roller i vardagslivet för personer med reumatisk sjukdom2010Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    To suffer from a rheumatic disease may cause physical symptoms such as inflammation, functional impairment and immune reactions. The disease results in consequences in the everyday life that may affect activity performance in roles.

    The purpose of this study was to describe how people with rheumatic disease can experience impact on their roles in everyday life.

    Integral method was used with match sampling on ten people with rheumatic disease. The instrument Role Checklist and semi-structured interviews were used to obtain a comprehensive and reliable picture of experiences impact in roles.

    The result was described in a table, a schematic figure and descriptive text with quotations. The study showed that a rheumatic disease had an experienced impact on roles in everyday life through functional impairments and reduced endurance. The worker-role and home maintainer influenced, since they were decreased or completely missing. People who had developed strategies did not experience as much influence on their roles.

    The authors believe that strategies can help people with rheumatic disease to maintain their roles despite sickness. Occupational therapists plays an important and crucial role by teaching strategies enabling people to engage in activities which can cause meaning and satisfaction. This promotes physical and emotional wellbeing for the person.

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  • 45.
    Bergström, A.
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden.
    El-Qasem, K.
    Hochschule Düsseldorf, Germany.
    Morville, Anne-Le
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    JOS Special Issue: Occupational Science in Europe2021In: Journal of Occupational Science, ISSN 1442-7591, E-ISSN 2158-1576, Vol. 28, no 1, p. 1-5Article in journal (Other academic)
  • 46.
    Bergström, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Waldenby, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Beskrivning av studenters aktivitetsbalans med Life Balance Inventory: Hur ser sambandet mellan aktivitetsbalans och hälsa ut?2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This Bachelor thesis aims to describe the self-rated occupational balance and health of students and to examine the correlation between them. 228 students from the nursing program and the social work program at the School of Health Sciences in Jönköping, recruited using convenience sampling, were asked to participate in the thesis by filling in the Life Balance Inventory (LBI) and two supplementary questions regarding age and self-rated health. The data was analyzed and processed in SPSS to describe the participants' self-rated occupational balance and health and to investigate a possible correlation between the two. The results showed total mean value on the LBI was 2.38 with a standard deviation of 0.26. The students had, over all, good health as over 80% rated their health as good or very good. Spearman's correlation test was used to investigate the possible correlation between self-rated health and occupational balance. The result showed a statistically significant (p = 0.001) weak positive correlation (r = 0.26). It can be concluded that the students experienced good health and occupational balance, however, no strong correlation between self-rated health and activity balance could be identified.

  • 47.
    Bergström, Maria
    et al.
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Ahlstrand, Inger
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
    Thyberg, Ingrid
    Department of Rheumatology, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Falkmer, Torbjörn
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
    Börsbo, Björn
    Division of Community Medicine, Department of Medical and Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Linköping University, Sweden.
    Björk, Mathilda
    Department of Social and Welfare Studies, Linköping University, Sweden.
    ‘Like the worst toothache you’ve had’ – How people with rheumatoid arthritis describe and manage pain2017In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 24, no 6, p. 468-476Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic inflammatory disease often associated with disability. Despite new treatments, pain and activity limitations are still present.

    Objectives: To describe how persons with RA experience and manage pain in their daily life.

    Methods: Seven semi-structured focus groups (FGs) were conducted and analyzed using content analysis.

    Results: The analysis revealed four categories: 1) Pain expresses itself in different ways referred to pain as overwhelming, aching or as a feeling of stiffness. 2) Mitigating pain referred to the use of heat, cold, medications and activities as distractions from the pain. 3) Adapting to pain referred to strategies employed as coping mechanisms for the pain, e.g. planning and adjustment of daily activities, and use of assistive devices. 4) Pain in a social context referred to the participants’ social environment as being both supportive and uncomprehending, the latter causing patients to hide their pain.

    Conclusions: Pain in RA is experienced in different ways. This emphasizes the multi-professional team to address this spectrum of experiences and to find pain management directed to the individual experience that also include the person’s social environment.

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  • 48.
    Bertilsson, Frida
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Ekelund, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Att vara ung och varken arbeta eller studera - påverkan på aktivitetsmönstret: Ett examensarbete om ungdomar utan fullständig gymnasieutbildning2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 180 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Syfte: Syftet var att beskriva aktiviteter i vardagen hos ungdomar utan fullständig gymnasieutbildning samt deras upplevelser av att varken arbeta eller studera. Metod: För genomförande av detta examensarbete användes en induktiv ansats. Det skapades en deskriptiv design med en kvalitativ ansats i form av individuella semistrukturerade intervjuer. Dessutom tillkom enstaka kvantitativa inslag efter användning av VAS. Den urvalsmetod som tillämpades i examensarbetet var bekvämlighetsurval. Utifrån en modifierad intervjuguide med utgångspunkter i det arbetsterapeutiska intervjuinstrumentet “Bedömning av Delaktighet i Aktivitet” intervjuades 13 informanter. Intervjudata bearbetades systematiskt och analyserades utifrån kvalitativ innehållsanalys. Resultat: Temat som framkom var ”möjligheter och begränsningar i aktiviteter”. Det övergripande temat skapades utifrån kategorierna: ”viktiga delar i vardagen”, ”aktivitetsobalans”, ”fråntagen möjlighet att utföra aktivitet”, ”faktorer som hindrar aktivitet” samt ”aktiviteter utan mening”. Slutsats: Informanternas berättelser har bidragit till en ökad förståelse för målgruppen. Resultatet påvisade att informanterna har skilda upplevelser kring sin situation och en påtaglig minskad tillfredsställelse med hur deras vardag ser ut kunde konstateras.

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  • 49.
    Bjelke, Anna-Lena
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dept. of Rehabilitation.
    Hopstadius, Mikaela
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dept. of Rehabilitation.
    Aktivitetsfokuserade interventioner för att motverka social isolering hos äldre personer.2022Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Title: Activity-focused interventions to counteract social isolation in elderly people.Background: Elderly people is an increasing group in society. Losses and reduced social networks are part of aging. To live in social isolation can lead to major health issues. Occupational therapists focus on activities can be used to support elderly people in the performance of meaningful activities as a part of counteracting social isolation. Purpose: To map and describe activity focused interventions to counteract social isolation in elderly people with focus on outcome. Method: A scoping review was used. Data collection was done by literature search in the databases: AMED, Cinahl, Medline, Pubmed and Psycinfo and manual searches which resulted in ten articles. Result: Articles from four countries and with different designs were identified. The goal and aim of the interventions varied and three sub-themes were identified: to prevent social isolation and/or loneliness, strengthen and keep good health and lifestyle and increase participation and fellowship. The results indicate that activityfocused interventions and their outcomes can counteract social isolation in elderly people. Conclusion: Activity-focused interventions contribute with a reduced feeling of loneliness, increased experience of belonging and a greater activity engagement. There may be a need for more occupational therapy interventions as the group elderly people in social isolation increases but further studies are required.

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  • 50.
    Bjurenius, Anna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Dammbro, Sofie
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
    Arbetsterapeuters upplevelser av Agenda 2030 i det praktiska yrkeslivet: En kvalitativ intervjustudie om hållbar utveckling i praktiken2021Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Occupational therapists' perception of Agenda 2030 in practical professional life is unexplored in occupational therapy. The world is facing a sustainability crisis and the ongoing climate change is related to human activities in everyday life, such as traveling and consumtion. To achieve change, the United Nations has created Agenda 2030 with 17 global goals. There needs to be a change in human activities in order for the goals to be met. Occupational therapists are experts in activity change and could use their knowledge to guide society to change. However, there is uncertainty in how occupational therapists carry out their work based on Agenda 2030 and sustainability. The purpose of the study described occupational therapists' perceptions of sustainable development in their work related to Agenda 2030. To investigate the experience, a qualitative study design with semi-structured interviews was used. A strategic selection and snowball selection was used. Processing of data was performed with a qualitative content analysis. Results showed that the knowledge of Agenda 2030 is limited. Occupational therapist worked towards the Agenda 2030 in some cases, but not always consciously. The informants felt that Agenda 2030 was important, they were willing to work for sustainable change, but more support is needed from employers. Politicians need to gain a better understanding of the occupational therapist's efforts in order to be able to make decisions that provide the conditions for being able to carry out sustainable work. The conclusion showed that Agenda 2030 needs to be made visible for increased knowledge and understanding, if a change is to take place.

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