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  • 1.
    Ahacic, Kozma
    et al.
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Kåreholt, Ingemar
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology.
    Helgason, Asgeir R
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Allebeck, Peter
    Karolinska Institutet.
    Non-response bias and hazardous alcohol use in relation to previous alcohol-related hospitalization: comparing survey responses with population data2013In: Substance Abuse Treatment, Prevention, and Policy, ISSN 1747-597X, E-ISSN 1747-597X, Vol. 8, no 10Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Background: This study examines whether alcohol-related hospitalization predicts survey non-response, and evaluates whether this missing data result in biased estimates of the prevalence of hazardous alcohol use and abstinence.

    Methods: Registry data on alcohol-related hospitalizations during the preceding ten years were linked to two representative surveys. Population data corresponding to the surveys were derived from the Stockholm County registry. The alcohol-related hospitalization rates for survey responders were compared with the population data, and corresponding rates for non-responders were based on the differences between the two estimates. The proportions with hazardous alcohol use and abstinence were calculated separately for previously hospitalized and non-hospitalized responders, and non-responders were assumed to be similar to responders in this respect.

    Results: Persons with previous alcohol-related admissions were more likely currently to abstain from alcohol (RR=1.58, p<.001) or to have hazardous alcohol use (RR=2.06, p<.001). Alternatively, they were more than twice as likely to have become non-responders. Adjusting for this skewed non-response, i.e., the underrepresentation of hazardous users and abstainers among the hospitalized, made little difference to the estimated rates of hazardous use and abstinence in total. During the ten-year period 1.7% of the population were hospitalized.

    Conclusions: Few people receive alcohol-related hospital care and it remains unclear whether this group’s underrepresentation in surveys is generalizable to other groups, such as hazardous users. While people with severe alcohol problems – i.e. a history of alcohol-related hospitalizations – are less likely to respond to population surveys, this particular bias is not likely to alter prevalence estimates of hazardous use.

  • 2.
    Björklund, Ann-Christin
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Granlund, Mats
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Social Work. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD. Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
    Santacroce, Sheila Judge
    Univ N Carolina, Sch Nursing, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.
    Enskär, Karin
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    Björk, Maria
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.
    The Documentation of Everyday Functioning in Children with Brain Tumors in Medical Care, Habilitation Services and School - is There a Coherent Description?2019In: Pediatric Blood & Cancer, ISSN 1545-5009, E-ISSN 1545-5017, Vol. 66, no 4, SI, p. S437-S437Article in journal (Refereed)
  • 3.
    Burbano, X.
    et al.
    University of Miami School of Medicine, Division of Disease Prevention, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Miami, FL, United States.
    Miguez, M. J.
    University of Miami School of Medicine, Division of Disease Prevention, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Miami, FL, United States.
    Lecusay, Robert
    University of Miami School of Medicine, Division of Disease Prevention, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Miami, FL, United States.
    Rodriguez, A.
    University of Miami School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Ruiz, P.
    University of Miami School of Medicine, Department of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Morales, G.
    University of Miami School of Medicine, Division of Disease Prevention, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Miami, FL, United States.
    Castillo, G.
    University of Miami School of Medicine, Division of Disease Prevention, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Miami, FL, United States.
    Baum, M.
    Florida International University, College of Health Dietetics and Nutrition, Miami, FL, United States.
    Shor-Posner, G.
    University of Miami School of Medicine, Division of Disease Prevention, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Miami, FL, United States.
    Thrombocytopenia in HIV-infected drug users in the HAART era2001In: Platelets, ISSN 0953-7104, E-ISSN 1369-1635, Vol. 12, no 8, p. 456-461Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The present case-control study compared 26 HIV+ drug users having persistent thrombocytopenia (TCP< 150 000/mm(3)) with 54 available age, gender and HIV CDC classification matched controls with normal platelet counts. Participants were followed longitudinally over a 2-year period (1998-2000), and hematological alterations evaluated in relationship to antiretroviral treatment, drug use and nutritional (selenium) status. Demographic information and medical history, including antiretroviral treatment were obtained. Blood was drawn for complete cell blood count, T lymphocytes and viral load. Sixty-nine percent of the individuals with persistent TCP and 49% of the controls were receiving antiretrovirals. At baseline, no significant differences in CD4 existed between the two groups. Over time, CD4 cell count declined in the cases (P = 0.05) and a significantly higher proportion of the cases (38%) developed AIDS (CD4< 200 cell/mm(3)), as compared to the controls (18%, P = 0.004). A high risk for development of thrombocytopenia was observed with specific drug use (heroin 2.96 times, P = 0.0007), selenium levels below 145 mug/l (6 times, P = 0.008), and abnormal liver enzyme (SGOT) levels (2 times, P = 0.002). Together, these results indicate a number of factors that may be sensitive predictors of thrombocytopenia, which, despite antiretroviral treatment, appears to be related to more rapid disease progression in drug users.

  • 4.
    Miguez-Burbano, M. J.
    et al.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Division of Disease Prevention, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Burbano, X.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Division of Disease Prevention, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Rodriguez, A.
    Department of Medicine, University of Miama School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Lecusay, Robert
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Division of Disease Prevention, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Rodriguez, N.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Division of Disease Prevention, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Shor-Posner, G.
    Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Sciences, Division of Disease Prevention, University of Miami School of Medicine, Miami, FL, United States.
    Development of thrombocytosis in HIV plus drug users: Impact of antiretroviral therapy2002In: Platelets, ISSN 0953-7104, E-ISSN 1369-1635, Vol. 13, no 3, p. 183-185Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    With the exception of hemolytic anemia, the potential hematological toxicity of antiretrovirals (ARV) and combination treatments in HIV treated individuals has not been well established. We report, for the first time, hematological toxicity defined as thrombocytosis in 9% of the HIV+ patients receiving highly active antiretroviral treatment (HAART) being followed in a nutritional clinical trial. Participants were evaluated every 6 months during a 2-year period (1998-2000) and blood drawn for biochemical, hematological and immunological parameters. NK cells were negatively correlated with platelet counts in the total cohort (P = 0.018) and persistently elevated with ARVT. Chronic thrombocytosis was associated with significantly lower NK percentages (P = 0.005). Twenty-five percent of the patients with thrombocytosis developed a cardiovascular disease. Together, these results support the proposal that HAART may increase the risk of hematological dysfunction and impact the risk of cardiovascular disease.

  • 5.
    Nissan, Ramina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Ombole, Bella
    Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Biomedical Platform.
    Molek Diffstainer, Aerospray® Hematology Pro och manuell färgning enligt May-Grünwald Giemsa: En jämförande studie med hänseendet till färgningskvaliten, kostnadseffektivitet och tidsbesparing.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
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