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  • 1.
    Acheampong, Faustina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Vimarlund, Vivian
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Informatics.
    Handheld Electrocardiogram: Does ICT Contribute to Innovation in Healthcare Delivery?2012In: Proceedings of the IADIS international conference E-health 2012: part of the IADIS multi conference on Computer Science  and Information Systems / [ed] Mário Macedo, IADIS Press, 2012, p. 77-84Conference paper (Refereed)
  • 2.
    Amare, Abel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Ghahramani, Behrad
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Framework for generalizing entrepreneurship policies from developed to developing countries: A case study on Jönköping and Mashhad2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 3.
    Andersson, Roy
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Kombination av ledningsfilosofier bäst2007In: Intelligent logistik, ISSN 1653-9451, Vol. 2, p. 23-Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
  • 4.
    Andersson, Roy
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Kvalitet ger cost cutting. Ericssons erfarenheter2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 5.
    Andersson, Roy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Hammerberg, P.
    A six sigma framework enabling collaboration across company boundaries in supply chain2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 6.
    Andersson, Roy
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Lean implementation in the geriatric care sector in Sweden2015In: International Journal of Six Sigma and Competitive Advantage (IJSSCA), ISSN 1479-2494, E-ISSN 1479-2753, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 56-71Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The aim of this research is to examine how lean has been implemented in the geriatric care sector in a municipality in Sweden. The research focuses on implementation experiences and challenges encountered. The research method used is a case study using interviews and observations for data collection. The findings indicate that there are many advantages of lean in the geriatric care sector, such as better communication, organisation and workflow. The lean implementation worked as an eye-opener and created a situation, where the employees realised a great deal of waste in the daily operations. In addition, lean tools helped to reduce the waste. The findings also indicate that there are some challenges of lean in the geriatric care sector, such as the difficulty to create long-lasting lean commitment. A lack of follow-ups, decreasing interest from senior management and lack of a holistic view were the main issues in the case organisation.

  • 7.
    Andersson, Roy
    et al.
    Högskolan i Borås, Institutionen Ingenjörshögskolan.
    Ottosson, T.
    Larsson, J.
    A Case Study: A quality approach to managing supply chain risks2007Conference paper (Other academic)
  • 8.
    Andersson, Sofia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Egger, Amanda
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Kartläggning av sjukfrånvaro på en distributionscentral2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this study is to identify patterns in the absence due to illness at a distribution center with higher absence due to illness compared to other companies in the same industry, and to investigate how managers work with routines for absence due to illness. To achieve the purpose, it has been divided into two research questions:

    1. Which patterns in absence due to illness can be found at a distribution center with higher sick leave compared to other companies in the same industry?

    2. How do managers work with routines regarding the absence due to illness at a distribution center with higher sick leave compared to other companies in the same industry?

    Method – Theories about sick leave, work environment, psychosocial health, motivation, organization and leadership were collected to fulfil the purpose of the study. A case study was carried out to collect empirical data on the basis of interviews and document studies which then were compared with the theory for further analysis.

    Findings – The study identifies patterns that were found after mapping the statistics of the absence due to illness on the case company. The result shows that women have higher absence due to illness than men, mostly younger women and older men. Permanent and temporary employees have more absence due to illness than workers on deputy posts and that employees who have worked one to three years have more absence due to illness than other groups. The mapping also shows that employees have the highest sick leave in the fall, on Mondays and only one day is most prevalent. There are clear routines regarding sick leave and rehabilitation at the case company. Improvements can be made with the documentation in the web-portal for sick leave, how the first day reporting sick should be done, and that a comprehensive action plan could be designed for managers to use. The study shows that the managers who are committed and have a higher focus on creating a good group dynamic through activities generally have lower absence due to illness. By creating a satisfying work environment where employees have the opportunity to participate, influence, take responsibility, develop and be seen and heard can therefore improve productivity, motivation and workplace health.

    Implications – A mapping of absence due to illness can improve the same work on other companies and create a greater understanding of why some groups have higher absence due to illness in the workplace than others. This case study also shows that the work environment, motivation and leadership are essential to encourage health in the workplace which can be applied on companies in several sectors.

    Limitations – Deviation may have occurred as a large amount of data during the study was processed. To do a mapping is considered generalizable but the result may differ between companies, therefore is the study not applicable in all contexts. The authors consider however that the study could be applied in general to other businesses as work environment and absence due to illness is an issue in all industries. 

  • 9.
    Aronsson, Cecilia
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Rudenstam, Sara
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Ödeen, Sofia
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Produktutveckling i stadens tjänst: en explorativ studie om design av souvenirer2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    It is increasingly important for cities to attract visitors, potential new residents and businesses. Jönköping is one of the cities working with place marketing, a strategy that intends to mediate a positive image of the city, in order to accomplish just that.

    People often have a need to preserve the memory of a trip into something tangible. Anyone visiting Jönköping encounters a souvenir choice, much like the one in many other cities. Linked to the idea of positive place marketing, our work aims to investigate how we as product developers can create a product that en¬hances the image of Jönköping based on the thought that all residents are con¬sig¬nors. Accordingly, we develop three different products from the residents' own image of the city.

    Our research questions are:

    Based on the photographs, what image of Jönköping do the ambassadors mediate of their own city?

    As designers, what in Jönköping's history versus the image of Jönköping today, can we seize in order to give products for visitors a sense of authenticity?

    As designers, how can we use knowledge of place branding in the development of souvenirs?

    We performed interviews within three different aspects: history, souvenirs and place branding, all focused on the city of Jönköping. The interviews and a work-shop formed the basis for the further design process.

    This work has resulted in three products: the matchbox Det nya Jönköping i en historisk förpackning, highlights an important part in the city's history and becomes a conversation piece. Lek dig genom Jönköping want to show visitors what the city offers, and distinguish it from others, from the on-site. Detaljerna gör staden is an every¬day object and function can get residents to begin to discover the details of their own city.

    Through the use of knowledge and theories of place branding and souvenirs, we would argue that we have found a way to actually catch the residents' image of the city in a number of products. We also believe that it would be able to apply this type of project in other locations to create more authentic and at the same time innovative souvenirs.

  • 10.
    Ates, Mehmet
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Artificial intelligence in banking: A case study of the introduction of a virtual assistant into customer service2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The usage of artificial intelligence in banking is an important theme within entrepreneurial research. The purpose of the study was to analyse the motivations, challenges and opportunities for Swedish banking institutes to implement artificial intelligence based solutions into their customer service process. The research is based on a case study of the Swedish banking institute Swedbank AB, who introduced an AI based virtual assistant (Nina) to deal with customer requests. For the qualitative study, interviews with Swedish banking customer and experts were conducted. Further, to understand the managerial motivations of Swedbank, a theory of Moore (2008) regarding innovation management was applied. The findings display that Nina improved the service spectrum of Swedbank with the potential of decreasing costs, while maintaining customer satisfaction. Further, the results displayed a high acceptance of new technologies from the customer perspective. This provides the foundation for Swedbank to introduce further artificial intelligence based services. Banking institutes and other service oriented organisations with high customer interaction can use the implications of the thesis when considering to more effectively handle customer requests.

  • 11.
    Attila, Csikós
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    Glödljus vs. LED-ljus: En rumslig analys av ljuskvalitén i hemmiljö2014Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There are still too many households in Sweden that use mostly incandescent light for lighting, using incandescent or halogen bulbs. This causes a substantial part of the unnecessary surplus of carbon-dioxide that is one of the reasons for global warming. Therefore, this degree project aims to promote a greener environment by studying and paying attention to factors that have an influence in the lighting context.

    The purpose of this degree project is to gain a better understanding of how the LED light is experienced in a home environment. The work will show how LED light source's current quality is evaluated based on individual room experiences, and if additional quality improvements are needed. The objective is to turn the public's attitude in a more positive direction where LED can contribute to a more ecologically sustainable environment.

    To investigate how LEDs are perceived in home environments an experimental study was performed which was based on the following research questions: How is LED light quality experienced compared to halogen light, how is personal wellbeing perceived in relationship to halogen and LED light, how are room experience and room character affected if halogen light is replaced by LED light in a home environment and are there any differences in these experiences between lighting designers and non lighting designers?

    Two identical test-rooms were used. They were identical in size, interior design and lighting design. Halogen bulbs were used in one room and LED lights were used in the other room. A survey was used to get answers to the questions above. The results have been analyzed and detailed room analysis was also made.

    The results showed that the light, regardless of light-source, influenced the participant's well-being and their room experience in different ways, depending on the occupational group they belonged to. It was also found that the difference in quality of light between halogen light and LED light is no longer significant. The presently available LED lights are improving and are worthy replacements for incandescent and halogen lamps.

  • 12.
    Belcic, Ema
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Pello-Esso, Beweli
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Utvecklingstrender inom specialeffekter2011Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 13.
    Brko, Admir
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Carlsson, Simon
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Förslag på effektiv materialstyrning2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [sv]

    Då konkurrensen på marknaden ökar måste företag se över sina kostnader för att kunna bli effektivare och attraktivare för kunden. En effektiv lagerstyrning har en betydelsefull inverkan på verksamheters lönsamhet och kombinationen av effektivitetsvariablerna kapitalbindning, kundservice och kostnader kan orsaka målkonflikter samt komplex lagerstyrning.

    Syftet med denna rapport är att utreda och föreslå förslag på materialanskaffningsprinciper som kan effektivisera företagets nuvarande lagerstyrning med hänsyn till säkerhetspolicy, genomsnittlig kapitalbindning samt lagerhållningskostnad per år.

    För att uppnå syftet har litteraturundersökningar gjorts parallellt med empiriska utredningar på det aktuella företaget. Datainsamlingen har skett utifrån intervjuer, observationer samt datainsamling ut företagets affärssystem. De metoder som därefter har används för att frambringa ett resultat är grundade på beprövade teorier.

    Ur företagets artikelsortiment har 1716 artiklar analyserats och klassificerats utifrån en ABC-analys med flera kriterier, volymvärde samt antal uttag från lager år 2011. Ur klassificeringen har nio olika delgrupper fastställts och artikelgrupperna har därefter analyserats vidare i syfte att få fram en lämplig materialstyrningsprincip för respektive grupp. Tjugo representativa artiklar har valts ut för djupare analys med avsikt att jämföra de föreslagna styrningsprinciperna med företagets nuvarande i avseende på genomsnittlig kapitalbindning i färdigvarulagret samt lagerhållningskostnad per år.

    Rapportens slutsats är att om företaget ändrar sin nuvarande lagerstyrning och tillämpar de föreslagna styrningsprinciperna för respektive artikelgrupp skulle besparingar göras på de analyserade artiklarna. Den genomsnittliga kapitalbindningen skulle därmed sänkas med 85 % och lagerhållningskostnaden skulle reduceras med 82 %

  • 14.
    Bäckstrand, Jenny
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Levels of Interaction in Supply Chain Relations2007Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    To be able to retain the manufacturing industry durably, in Europe in general and in Sweden in specific, manufacturing companies have to be competitive also on the global market. One way for companies to realize this ambition is to interact with suppliers and customers in different kinds of supply chains. In the dyadic relation between two companies, three different levels of interaction have been identified. To be able to enhance the competitiveness instead of requiring excess workload, the level of interaction has to be adequate for the specific company and their market conditions.

    The aim of this thesis is to clarify the characteristics of supply chain interaction, both in terms of different levels of interaction and concerning the factors affecting the appropriate level of interaction. A basic prerequisite to enable companies to select an appropriate level of interaction within their supply chain is also to clarify the present use of terminology.

    This research is conducted through theoretical studies. The theoretical findings are synthesized in order to fulfill the research objective.

    Characteristics of supply chain interaction in terms of affecting categories and factors are identified. The factors are sorted according to the category they support. An interaction framework that can be used to gain an overview over the categories and factors affecting the level of interaction in a specific situation is developed.

    The resulting interaction framework is aiming at industry applicability but is based only on theoretical studies (which in turn are based on empirical data).

    The aim is to support the interaction level decision for, primarily, small and medium sized manufacturing companies in order to increase their competitiveness.

    Despite the amount of research within the supply chain area, the question how companies should select the way to interact within their supply chain has so far been left unanswered. In this thesis, a number of categories and factors that affects the appropriate level of interaction are identified and listed.

  • 15.
    Carlsson, Emil
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Andersson Waara, Daniela
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Computer Science and Informatics.
    Varför är det en hamburgare i det högra hörnet?: En analys av CSS ramverk2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this report is to find out which frameworks and methods are most popular and most widely used, as well as web developers' views on the hamburgermenu.

    Method – In order to answer the questions in our report we used the methods quantitative statistical processing, quantitative analysis of data collected via survey and qualitative interviews with web developers. The study was conducted to find out which frameworks and methods are most popular and used most, as well as how web developers look at the hamburgermenu. This was done by analyzing the popularity and usage of different frameworks as well as interviewing web developers who work with it daily.

    Findings – The results of the report are based on the data collected through the processing of the statistics, the analysis of the survey, and the interviews performed. The result shows which frameworks are most popular and those that are most used. The following list shows the ranking:

    Most popular:

    1. Bootstrap
    2. Semantic UI
    3. Materialize
    4. Material Design Lite
    5. Foundation

    Most used:

    1. Bootstrap
    2. Foundation
    3. Materialize
    4. Material Design Lite
    5. Semantic UI

    The results of the interviews showed that most of the web developers interviewed used a framework when they created a website, either an existing or one of their own. It was also a practice to use the same framework in the company, although the way it was used was different from developer to developer. All developers had a mobile-first thought in mind, although it was not always a priority.

    It was also found in the study that everyone had a basic idea behind the choice of framework, but only one who had performed a study on which one would suit them best.

    All web developers interviewed thought that the hamburger menu was boring and bad from a user experience perspective. But everyone also agreed that because it is so widely used and has been for a couple of years, users have learned what it means and therefore fulfills its purpose.

    Implications – The use of the results is primarily linked to individuals or companies that work with web development, but can also be used by private individuals. For the report's primary target group, the results will give an increased understanding of the most used framework and an increased understanding of why these are used. Private individuals can use the result in the same way.

    Limitations – The limitations we receive in this study are that we cannot make any conclusions about companies and web developers in other parts of the country using the same framework or methods as the local ones we interviewed. Nor can we make any conclusions about why Bootstrap is the most popular and most widely used framework. We can only speculate why with the empirical we gathered through the interviews.

    A major limitation is also the lack of interviews when we only got answers from 6 of the 10 companies we contacted, of whom 4 would like to participate in the interview. More general conclusions could have been drawn if more companies had been interviewed.

    Keywords – Framework, Web Development, Responsive Web Design, Interaction Design, User Experience, Bootstrap, Foundation, Materialize, Material Design Lite, Semantic UI

  • 16.
    Carrass, Johanna
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development. 1993.
    Nordborg, Madelen
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    AB Småland: En undersökning om kanaler för återbruk åt AB Småland samt möjligheter med miljömärkningar för kommersiell handel.2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainable development has for a long time been a much spoken topic worldwide and so in Sweden. Sustainable development is about creating a social economic and cultural development and to ensure human well-being in balance with the earth´s ecological system. Nowadays sustainable consumption is also a much spoken topic. Sustainable consumption is about how humans consume, what humans consume and in what way. This means that we carefully need to choose what products to buy and use them as long as they are still alive. Because of human’s unsustainable way of using the resources from earth, we now need to stop using the linear economy and start using the circular economy. This will lower the environmental effect.

    This study aimed to investigate how AB Småland, a company in Malmö, can get customers to hand in furniture to the store for reusing. The company wants to expand their business by collecting second-hand furniture from costumers. In turn, they will sell these furniture at the company’s own auctions. The students' work was to help AB Småland to see what is required of them to get this process working, to get a flow with recycled furniture. The study included an investigation of the Miljönär-Vänlig labels’ options to facilitate consumers to make better choices for a more sustainable consumption in the future. To do research on how consumers think and act was relevant to understand why these behaviors occur in order to understand the value of marketing sustainability. The study also included previous research in the area.

    The study’s two issues:

    [1] How can AB Småland get customers to hand in furniture to the store for recycling? [2] Can a label like Miljönär-Vänlig help consumers to understand the concept for stores that work with sustainability?

    To answer the first issue of the study the students gathered data through interviews with companies that work with the durability to take note of how they solved it. To be able to answer the second issue of the study the students carried out a web survey in which the purpose was to gather information about consumers' attitudes to sustainability and their consequences of consuming. In order to underpin both issues, literatures were used and were carefully chosen to answer the purpose of the study.

    The report presents the results for the study’s two issues that both have all three data collection methods proving them.

    The result from the study’s’ first issue shows that AB Småland should focus a lot on the preparatory work and strategies that will be required to get their new part of the business to be profitable. They have got help with some parts through the proposal of a business model, SWOT analysis, competitive analysis, how to design the "Re-Mill tab" on the website, which the students produced.

    The result from the study’s’ second issue shows that Miljönär-Vänlig is a label that is not suitable for AB Småland in the current situation because it is for those operations where the main part of the business is about "fix, borrow and reuse" in order to minimize waste. It can be a good tool for stores, which work with environmental issues, in order to help the consumer make better choices. But AB Småland can create an own label that shows customers how the company works with sustainable products.

    To get AB Smålands new part of the business profitable, they should consider that it requires thorough preparation. Time is of essence and other resources are needed and the work should not be rushed. Before they start this process, AB Småland should establish and clearly review policies and their business model so everyone in the company can be initiated.

    The students have come to the conclusion that AB Småland has to work with their marketing in order to reach consumers and help them understand the company’s values and concepts.

  • 17.
    Casadesus Baldursson, Jordi Hans
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Design concept for a Multifunctional Hygiene Cabin 20142013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The project  is related to the design of a new type of Public Toilets from the company Danfo for the year 2014.

     

    The proper project follows asequential order to show how to create solution to the existing problems of these Service  and re-design the product itself to create a new look and new core values to the existing service , creating   a new product line for this kind of service in the market in this particular case the re-design  of a new type of Public Toilets for the year 2014.

     

    Following the sequential order of a  design process it is proposed a new concept of Public Toilets  which will give service to users in City’s and Landscape areas. Developing a new  style and realistic concept of Publict Toilets.  Creating  sustainable buildings  which generate the 60 % of the own used energy,  using renewable energy sources from sun and wind, reusing the rainwater and with purifying water systems, for minimum water consumption, moreover a building  design to avoid vandalism and which give different services on the exterior creating information  reunion point, for the interior is looked at  the essence of  Public Toilets and why they where designed,  creating a new concept of  a multifunctional Hygiene cabin, and resolving the existing detected problems to create a  design concept that satisfied all the stakeholders involved in  the proper artifact and combined with the innovation of the design to open new markets.

     

    A new type of Public Toilets with  new core values and which gives new services based on the conclusion and reflections of the  done research.

    It is proposed a Re-design of the Exterior and Interior  of the existing building and the design  of two  new artifacts  for the interior which resolves and gives service, creating new goals for the company  and a new style. Combined with the existing technology and production methods  and materials thinking in the future development and trends.

  • 18.
    Eriksson, Gabriella
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Zachau, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Framtagning av ekodesignat produktförslag för Ekdahls möbler2015Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    A balance between sustainable development, classic design and uniqueness can help to reduce today’s consumption. The concept of eco-design includes a product's environmental impact throughout its life cycle without compromising with other components such as quality, cost and design. Creating an innovative eco-designed product without compromising makes it highly attractive and easier for the customer to choose the right product resulting in high customer value where it will live through generations.

    The purpose of the study was to develop a unique eco-designed product suggestion, for the client Ekdahls möbler, that will be used and appreciated by many generations in which the following questions were answered;

    [1] What common factors of success represent classically designed seating furniture?

    [2] How can a unique eco-designed seating furniture be developed?

    To answer the first question of the study a document investigation followed by a connection matrix was done to determine common success factors of classically designed chairs. An interview was conducted to analyze and strengthen the success factors. The result showed that the following success factors were crucial for a classically designed seating furniture; unique, comfortable, qualitative, aesthetic, creative and user friendly which constitute the design language of the final product proposal. To answer the second question of the study a design process was applied in which the integration of eco-design tools in the form of status analysis, requirements specification, functional and lifecycle analysis and the eco strategy wheel created an environmental and tailored process for the development of the study’s product proposals.'

    By following the design process’s every step thoroughly with supplementation of integrated tools for eco-design not only a unique development process was created, but also a unique project towards an eco-designed product. Uniqueness is the success factor valued most. By living up to it as well as the other factors for success in the final product proposal, an opportunity to become desirable in the market was created and thus also increase the longevity of the product.The product radiates classic and distinctive design where the love for natural materials and quality are central. Through its optimization of environmental impact and its unique design language it is a product to proudly live with through several generations.

  • 19.
    Eriksson, Sören
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Foreign knowledge transfer in the development of aircraft industry clusters - the case of Chengdu, China2013In: Clusters And Economic Growth In Asia / [ed] Sören Eriksson, Cheltenham, UK; Northampton, Mass., USA: Edward Elgar Publishing, 2013, p. 165-181Chapter in book (Refereed)
  • 20.
    Folkesson, Phliip
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    Kjellström, Andreas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Lighting design.
    Studie om individers kontrastkänslighet och preferenser för horisontell och vertikal belysningsstyrka2009Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to survey and evaluate if the individual contrast sensitivity and preferences for horizontal and vertical lighting level correspond to the values that standard SS-EN 12464-1 recommends for the workplace- and surrounding light levels.

    This study examines if lighting should be adapted after the individuals’ need or if a general value can be found that will cover every individuals’ need for a workplace and surrounding light level. This study also examines if parameters like sex, age and/or glasses/lenses have an effect on the amount of lighting that the test subjects need. Lastly we compared the values concerning the relationship between workplace- and surrounding light levels with standard SS-EN 12464-1’s recommendations.

    The study is carried out with an experimental design that surveys 220 test subjects who were chosen by a selection of convenience. The test subjects did perform a test where they estimated their individual need for lighting in office environments regarding lighting for workplace and its surroundings. Every test subject carried out the test where they repeated the same attempt three times, to establish if the individual lighting need oscillated or if it was constant, whereupon the results were analyzed, compiled and compared to standard SS-EN 12464-1.

    The results show that the minim- and maxim value for the test subjects is between 70 – 4300 lux. The result varies with different parameters such as sex, age and glasses/lenses. We could also state that the relationship between workplace- and surrounding light levels is slightly higher than what standard SS-EN 12464-1 recommends, which should be taken into consideration when planning future lighting constructions.

    Based on the results in this study, our conclusion is that standard SS-EN 12464-1 does not cover the needs on the comfort levels that the test subjects indicated. The values that the test subjects indicated differ from the values that standard SS-EN 12464-1 recommends.

    Since there is a huge spread of the experienced need for lighting between individuals and age groups, we draw the conclusion that general values of measure can’t be applied as a standard on neither workplace- nor surrounding light levels. To fulfill the needs that users have, the lighting construction should be adapted for the individual and give a lighting flood that will fill the individual needs for workplace lighting.

  • 21.
    Fransson, Anders
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Utredning av Ljussignal som avståndsvarnare i trafiken2012Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 22.
    Friborg, Elina
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Boldt, Elin
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Identifiering och reducering av köer i samband med återbesök2013Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 23.
    Gultie, Elizabeth
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    SUPPLY CHAIN RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH RELOCATING A PRODUCTION SYSTEM IN A FOREIGN MARKET2013Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 24.
    Gustafsson, Anton
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Servin, My
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Rumslighet och Atmosfär Exteriört2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This study is a bachelor thesis that has been carried out as a part of the course in Product Development with focus Lighting Design at Jönköping University, School of Engineering spring term 2018. Every outdoor environment is unique as the seasons and the developing day which in turn makes it complex. The public urban space is frequently used by its inhabitants and visitors throughout the day. The function of lighting is therefore essential for the individual's role of wanting and daring to reside in the urban spaces also during the evening. By emphasizing the spaciousness and atmosphere of different environments along the room and the individual, more comfortable and safe places can be created for both meeting and staying on. The purpose of this study has been to get a profound understanding of how different individuals experience of spatiality and atmosphere with varied light distribution in a public exterior urbanspace. By conducting an experimental full-scale situation on a walkway/avenue in the central parts of Jönköping, four different light scenes could be studied in the same exterior room. This enabled credible and comparable data to be retrieved and then analyzed. The study results show that the human experience is individual and that its movement patterns in a room vary, depending on how the light is set. Further factors as gender, past experiences and site design contributes to how a room is experienced between individuals. It has emerged from the study that whether or not a room is viewed from within or from without perspective, the experience among the participants is perceived equally. Depending on how an environmental dimension is accentuated in terms of its height, width and depth, the perception of the actual creation of the room can be influenced. An even contrast between light and dark creates a more inviting impression, which can contribute to an increased sense of security and facilitate orientation.

  • 25.
    Gustafsson, Joakim
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Kontroll av lyftredskap i betongindustri2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 points / 15 hpStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This paper shows how instructions for the inspections of the lifting tools at Abetong were made. The most important is how the company can ensure that every lifting tool is inspected. The work was carried out at three of Abetongs factories. Abetong makes precast concrete elements, which makes them use liftingtools as a part of their daily work; most of the lifting tools are custom made for the concrete industry.

    A numeric system for the lifting tools was formed and partially implemented. A small investigation to find companies which could do the annual inspections was made. A specification for this was also written. An instruction for the daily inspection of the lifting tools was made. A signing list will be put up at each working area to ensure that the daily inspections are being done. The lifting yokes which lacks label will be risk analysed, this creates some questions about whether this is aloud.

  • 26.
    Heed, Niclas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Problem och problemhantering i orderprocessen - För företag som tillverkar kundanpassade produkter med höga kravspecifikationer2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose – The purpose of this thesis is to highlight the challenges that exist within an order fulfillment process, in companies that produce customer adapted products with high requirement specifications and how to manage these challenges. The purpose was decomposed into three questions, that all demanded an answer before the thesis could be considered as finished.

    1. How is an order fulfillment process designed in companies that produce customer adapted products with high requirement specifications?

    2. Which problems can be found in the order fulfillment process for companies that produce customer adapted products with high requirement specifications?

    3. How can these problems be managed and thereby achieve a more efficient order fulfillment process in companies that produce customer adapted products with high requirement specifications?

    Method – The thesis empirical data was collected from a case study on the company Mastec Components AB. The data came through interviews, observations and document studies. From that data the best fitted theories were decided, so it became possible to analyze the empiric data with the theories, by comparing them to each other. The thesis result was then able to get from that analyze.

    Findings – Each company’s order fulfillment process is unique, but it is possible to illustrate a general picture of order fulfillment process in companies that produce customer adapted products with high requirement specifications. Because of that every order fulfillment process is unique; its problems also are unique, but you can sort these problems into the general categories: variety, not value added activities and lacking exchange of information. If the problem unique, so is there solutions, but the thesis shows that the solution propositions also can be sorted into more general categories: eliminate waste, standardize and to streamline the exchange of information.

    Implications – This thesis implication is that you can´t, with 100 % certainty, point out any specific problem or solutions to the problems that could be transferred into other order fulfillment processes in companies that produce customer adapted products with high requirement specifications. What this thesis shows instead is that there are more general problems and solutions that can be used.

    Limitations – This thesis is limited because of its propositions of solutions just is propositions. Even if the propositions probably solves most of the problems, they are not tested and therefore you can´t say that they are really working.

    Keywords – Order fulfillment process, process mapping, variety, not value adding activities, standardization, eliminate waste, exchange of information

  • 27.
    Hilmola, Olli-Pekka
    et al.
    Lappeenranta University of Technology, Finland.
    Lorentz, Harri
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Malmsten, Jarmo
    University of Turku, Finland.
    Manufacturing strategy in SMEs and its performance implications2015In: Industrial management + data systems, ISSN 0263-5577, E-ISSN 1758-5783, Vol. 115, no 6, p. 1004-1021Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose– West European manufacturing has been going through challenging times after the global financial crisis of 2008-2009. Some countries (e.g. Sweden and Germany) have recovered from the crisis, while in others problems and job loss still persist. One of these problem countries is Finland. The purpose of this paper is to examine manufacturing strategy priorities and their performance implications in this country.

    Design/methodology/approach– During the spring of 2014, a web-based survey was conducted, targeting Finnish manufacturing companies. In this study we focus on small- and medium-sized (SMEs) companies and link survey responses to financial performance data, which is available in audited annual reports.

    Findings– Research results indicate that SME manufacturers in Finland put less emphasis in new product development, broadness of product line and after sales service, while showing high priority in delivery speed and punctuality. As the manufacturing strategy dimensions are connected to audited financial data, regression analyses reveal that superior quality is at central place for achieving higher revenues and profits. After sales service has a positive impact on revenues and new product development ability is connected to higher profits. Managing quality to meet specifications (minimum quality level), leads only into higher employment. Some evidence is shown in support of flexibility in terms of product changes having negative impact on revenue, while volume flexibility is connected to lower profits.

    Research limitations/implications– This research is limited to a single country, and is cross-sectional in nature. The primary data were combined with profit and loss statements in order to reduce common method bias.

    Practical implications– It is evident that SMEs may adapt their manufacturing strategy, with emphasis on superior quality together with properly managed after sales service and new product development activity. However, it is worrying that head count in manufacturing SMEs is not connected to same factors, as are revenue and profit. It is suggested that flexibility in labour contracts and other regulatory support measures are needed to support flexible manufacturing.

    Originality/value– Advanced economies and their remaining manufacturing companies have been receiving minor levels of interest in research. This is especially the case with SMEs, where this research tries to fill important research gap.

  • 28.
    Hällvall, Joakim
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Gill, Sebastian
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Redovisning av CRI hos Tunable White-armaturer: En undersökning av armaturtillverkares specifikation av Tunable white-armaturer2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Tunable white luminaires today form a large part of the market and are expected to increase further in the upcoming years. As many manufacturers today produce and market their own solutions to create a dynamic light, it can be hard to know what quality these solutions have and how well the technical specification is. The purpose of this study were to investigate whether the information to the user is sufficient and whether the presented data of tunable white luminaires is correct. This study is based on two parts. An experimental study where five tunable white luminaires CRI (color rendering) were measured between different CCT levels (color temperature) and then compared these to what providers have specified on their websites. The second part was a survey was conducted to 144 lighting designers based in Sweden, 52 of whom chose to answer the questionnaire. The questions concerned the presented information of tunable white luminaires as well as the importance of a good light quality focusing on CRI. The results from the authors experimental survey showed that all tunable white luminaires that where tested are changing in CRI under different color temperature intervals. The biggest difference that was measured was on manufacturer 3 where 9 CRI shifted between 2700K-6000K. A comparison could be made and showed that two of five of the suppliers specifications did not match with the authors measurements. By analyzing the answers from the survey, some conclusions could be drawn. There were very different opinions regarding the technical specifications of tunable white luminaires. Some felt that it is enough as it is today, while others felt that more information was needed. The majority considered it very important to have a good CRI when selecting tunable white luminaires in their projects. One could also see that many lighting designers wanted to present color reproduction in TM-30-15 instead of the CRI method or to present CRI at given color temperatures. What can be determined by this study is that there is a tendency for some luminaire suppliers to have worse CRI than presented. This study only measured tunable white fixtures from five companies operating in Sweden and only at 100% luminosity. However, the authors consider that this study could lead to a discussion about better specifications for tunable white luminaires, as well as giving the reader an increased understanding of the complexity of the subject.

  • 29.
    Johansson, Joel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Supported Engineering Design.
    A flexible design automation system for toolsets for the rotary draw bending of aluminium tubes2007In: 2007 ASME International Design Engineering Technical Conferences and Computers and Information in Engineering Conference: 12th Design for Manufacturing and the Life Cycle Conference (DFMLC), 2007Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    For parts suppliers in the manufacturing industry, the process of preliminary production preparation and the subsequent calculation of offers are critical business activities. A vital part of production preparation is the design of fixtures and tooling necessary for many processes of metal forming. In order for a company to give quick responses to customer enquiries or changes in prior specifications, it would be highly beneficial with a degree of automation in this design process. This implies the development of a computer based system able to capture existing design procedures and associated knowledge for the classes of tooling required for the forming process.

    In this work, an implementation for the rotary draw bending of aluminum tubing has been done to exemplify how to develop an automated design system. The system is based on heuristic knowledge developed over many years of practical experience, knowledge analytically derived from fundamental theory found in scientific literature, and rules based on empirical data from trial manufacturing. The system applies knowledge to a given specification that a skilled engineer otherwise would do manually. The system output can be used to evaluate whether a tube is producible.

    The main idea behind the system is to use knowledge objects containing information on inputs, outputs, constraints and what software are used to implement the knowledge pieces. This approach makes the system highly flexible and allows for multiple types of knowledge that might overlap. When an offering calculation is wanted, the system is set to run applicable knowledge objects for presented input data. Other objects are run when an accurate calculation for detailing is wanted for a more detailed set of input data. The system is built on readily available commercial software packages connected with a simple Visual Basic .Net program.

    When building a system of this kind, it is essential that the knowledge documentation and structure be such that the functions of the system can be easily understood by the users of the system and by future developers. Aspects of user friendliness, transparency and scalability are addressed in the summary of this paper.

  • 30.
    Johansson, Joel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Product Development - Computer supported engineering design.
    Automated Computer Systems for Manufacturability Analyses and Tooling Design: Applied to the Rotary Draw Bending Process2011Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Intensive competition on the global market puts great pressure on manufacturing companies to develop and produce products that meet requirements from customers and investors. One key factor in meeting these requirements is the efficiency of the product development and the production preparation processes. Design automation is a powerful tool to increase efficiency in these two processes.

    The benefits of automating the manufacturability analysis process, a part of the production preparation process, are shortened lead-time, improved product performance, quality assurance, and, ultimately, decreased costs. Further, automation is beneficial as it increases the ability to adapt products to new product specifications with production preparations done in a few or in a single step. During the automation process, knowledge about the manufacturability analysis process is collected and stored in central systems, thus allowing full control over the design of production equipments.

    Topics addressed in this thesis include the flexibility of design automation systems, knowledge-bases containing alternative design rules, the automation of the finite element analysis process, manufacturability analysis over several productions steps, and the determination of production limits by looping the automated manufacturability analysis process. These topics are discussed in connection with the rotary draw bending of aluminum profiles.

    It is concluded that the concept of design automation can be applied to the manufacturability analysis process at different levels of automation depending on the characteristics of the implemented knowledge. The concept of object orientation should be adapted when implementing a knowledge-base and when developing the geometrical representations of the products. This makes a design automation system flexible enough to edit underlying knowledge and to extend the targeted design space. It is possible to automate the process of setting up, running, and interpreting finite element analyses to a great extent, enabling the design automation system to evaluate its own design proposals. It is also possible to enable such systems to consider sequences of manufacturing steps and loop them to develop decision support guiding engineers early in the design process, saving time and money while still assuring high product quality.

  • 31.
    Johansson, Joel
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Computer Supported Engineering Design.
    Design Automation Systems for Production Preparation: Applied on the Rotary Draw Bending Process2008Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Intensive competition on the global market puts great pressure on manufacturing companies to develop and produce products that meet requirements from customers and investors. One key factor in meeting these requirements is the efficiency of the product development and the production preparation process. Design automation is a powerful tool to increase efficiency in these two processes.

    The benefits of automating the production preparation process are shortened led-time, improved product performance, and ultimately decreased cost. Further, automation is beneficial as it increases the ability to adapt products to new product specifications with production preparations done in few or in a single step. During the automation process, knowledge about the production preparation process is collected and stored in central systems, thus allowing full control over the design of production equipments.

    Three main topics are addressed in this thesis: the flexibility of design automation systems, knowledge bases containing conflicting rules, and the automation of the finite element analysis process. These three topics are discussed in connection with the production preparation process of rotary draw bending.

    One conclusion drawn from the research is that it is possible to apply the concept of design automation to the production preparation process at different levels of automation depending on characteristics of the implemented knowledge. In order to make design automation systems as flexible as possible, the concept of object orientation should be adapted when building the knowledge base and when building the products geometrical representations. It is possible to automate the process of setting up, running, and interpreting finite element analyses to a great extent and making the automated finite element analysis process a part of the global design automation system.

  • 32.
    Jungström, Pierre
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Framtagning av en belysningsarmatur anpassad för badrumsmiljö2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Within the lighting industry, major focus on rules and restrictions must be followed when developing luminaires. To be able to place a lighting luminaire in a wet room certain requirements must be fulfilled. These requirements are something that must be taken into account and be followed early in the product development process.

    The study was conducted in collaboration with the company Bsweden Belysningsbolaget AB (Bsweden). Bsweden expressed a desire to receive one or more proposals for products that would expand or strengthen their product variety. The product would be included in the segment “lighting luminaries that can withstand water and are suitable for bathrooms”. The purpose of this study was therefore to develop a proposal of a lighting luminaire that could withstand water and that are suitable for bathrooms.

    The methods used were literature study, case study, competitor analysis and a design process. Literature study was carried out in the following areas; lighting theory, light sources, choice of material, electrical safety and theory about the design process. The case study consisted of document study and interviews with Bsweden and with the company Intertek Semko AB. A competitor analysis of Bsweden’s nearest competitors was also conducted. All the gathered information was then used during the design process where a design requirement specification and functional analysis was created. These were used as a guideline during the design process and to develop the result of the study.

    The result contains of a product proposal consisting a stripped and timeless lighting luminaire, adapted for bathrooms. The product proposal meets Bswedens’ requirements and the requirements in the design specification and the functional analysis; therefore the purpose of the study is fulfilled.

    Because of the existing conditions, the proposed product could not be tested in reality. If a prototype of the product would been manufactured and sent to testing, the requirements for the product could be tested and the results could therefore become more reliable.

  • 33.
    Kalantari, Meisam
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Collapsible Home: Celebrate life again2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    There has been significant increase in the occurrence of earthquakes and other disasters around the world recently. With record-breaking storms and natural disasters destroying different parts of the world, many people have to deal with the repercussions of the aftermaths; and homelessness is one of the facts of such incidence. This master thesis is aimed at creating living solution for the victims of earthquakes and other kind of disasters; natural or human-made (war), providing accommodation for homeless people after an earthquake or a housing alternative for refugees. The design of the collapsible home is basically a new concept of emergency hut for accommodating people in emergency after the event of disaster with easy assembling and quick installation feature. Considering the situation of homeless people after catastrophic disasters who need to be accommodated, the design and creation of a quick, accommodating and low-cost emergency hut is advantageous.  This project also provides a living service for both refugees and homeless people. It is low cost, modular, and easy to use. More than that it is feasible and it makes it possible to accommodate people for a longer period of time, rather than a very short temporary housing solution such as tents.  

  • 34.
    Karlsson, Lucas
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Eriksson, Sebastian
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Affärssystem som verktyg för att dokumentera, mäta, analysera och följa upp traditionella kvalitetsbristkostnader2016Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
  • 35.
    Karltun, Anette
    Linköping University, Department of Management and Engineering, Industrial ergonomics.
    Forskarstött förändringsarbete i själva verket – Att förbättra arbetssituationen för 15 000 brevbärare2007Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This dissertation illuminates researcher-supported work for change within the “Postal Service Network”, the division within Posten Sverige AB with responsibility for mail distribution to customers. The intervention has been concerned with improving the work situation of 15,000 postmen.

    The theoretical foundation consists in a form of systems thinking in which the con-cept of Man-Technology-Organisation (MTO) is employed to scrutinise the intervention process.

    The overall aim of this dissertation is to contribute to the development of know-ledge in the arena of researcher-supported work for change. It proceeds on the basis of the following objectives 1) to illustrate how systems thinking in the change process

    influences understanding of how the system’s Man-Technology-Organisation (MTO) components interact in practice, 2) to exemplify how this knowledge can be transformed in practice through the development and implementation of MTO-adapted solutions into collaboration between researchers and practitioners, 3) to exemplify empirically how forms for participation can contribute to a successful change process through the analy-sis and synthesis of both process and results.

    The research project has been conducted interactively. The interactive approach has made it possible to illuminate collaboration between researchers and practitioners in a down-to-earth and realistic manner during four project phases spread over a five-year period.

    The introductory project phase involved diagnosis of the problem. A number of proposals for action were presented by the research team, which led on to researcher-supported developmental work during a second project phase when a basis for various improvement measures was created. This involved development of both a technical and work-organisational nature to achieve efficient and healthy work processes for postmen in mail distribution. At a third project phase the entire package of measures was tested and evaluated through implementation in a pilot office. At the fourth and final phase of the project the improvements were implemented in all 602 postal distribution offices in Sweden, and the researchers performed an evaluation.

    The results show how adopting an MTO perspective on work for change increases opportunities to obtain clarity with regard to which factors influence efficiency in a pro-duction system as a whole. The cross-disciplinary research approach, in combination with researcher/practitioner collaboration, proved to be a prerequisite for creating un-derstanding of the interaction between the MTO components. Further, the dissertation shows how different forms of participation in practice can contribute to successful work for change with regard to both process and results. The extensive reporting of the inter-vention process and accounts of the shifting nature of the researcher’s role and of hin-dering and promoting factors in researcher-supported work for change constitute other important contributions to knowledge.

  • 36.
    Kempff, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Svanberg, Lena
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Att påverka trivsel och prestation med föränderligt vertikalljus2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The light affects how we perceive and understand our surroundings. In a well-planned lightenvironment, where choice of light sources, luminaire positioning and light distribution matters, we feel safe and can perform tasks in a satisfactory way. Vertical surfaces that have a separate vertical illumination gave a major impact on the attention. Vertical light appears from the general light means researches do not have as much influence on the attention as aseparate vertical light. This study research whether changing vertical light can affect wellbeing and performance positively in a structured classroom at the School of Engineering in Jönköping. The purpose is to create a deeper understanding of if a changeable vertical lightin a form of water pattern affects the human. The study uses two light scenarios; horizontal general light consisting of pendant luminaires with indirect and direct light as well as vertical lighting according to recommendations. The second scenario consists of the same level of general light with an added changeable vertical light. To answer the study's questions, a digital survey was used with emotional estimatesand performance tests. The result of the study shows that the majority of the participants experience that the changeable vertical light contributes to increased focus compared to general light only. The result shows that the majority of the participants have estimated quite interested in both light scenarios. The results of the performance test show that there is longer reaction time in the morning independent light scenario. The conclusions in the study are that changeable vertical light contribute to increased focus. It can not be determined whether a changeable vertical light contributes to increased alertness, as several factors are involved. The result shows that the majority of the participants experience the classroom as comfortable when the changeable vertical light is added to the general light. The study is too small to draw conclusions about the connection between performance and changeable vertical light. In further study, a bigger group of participants in the survey had been interesting to study. Furthermore, the survey can last for a longer period of time and at different seasons in a real environment. Age range, gender, concentration difficulties and vision loss are some aspects that can be presented in future studies.

  • 37.
    Kveselys, Donatas
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Product Development.
    Weld Producibility Assessment System: Evaluation of Producibility Assessment tools using Set-based approach in Multi-disciplinary Aerospace Design2017Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis is a continuation of design automation studies within research projects financed by VINNOVA (the Swedish Governmental Agency for Innovation Systems) and Knowledge foundation that contributed to the development of producibility assessment system at a global aerospace products supplier, GKN Aerospace Sweden. A case study was carried at the company on Turbine Rear Structure (TRS) component design of a jet engine with the main objective to evaluate weld producibility assessment tools and to demonstrate system’s performance in multi-disciplinary design environment. The context of this thesis is a set-based product design development where several studies, i.e. thermal, structural, aerodynamic etc. are carried concurrently to gather knowledge between their parameter relations. The thesis contributes to the goal of fully integrated producibility assessment in multi-disciplinary studies to support product development process.

    The problems encountered during the thesis execution involved systematic analysis setup to extract and verify CAD geometry data, assessment of meaningfulness of producibility indicators, development of semi-automated data post-processing module and relating product design to its manufacturing aspects. Commercial and in-house developed software were used extensively to demonstrate the results of the system with the help of continuous company support to mitigate indispensable bottlenecks along the way.

    The work has led to systematic improvements, determined assessment limitations and most relevant weld producibility aspects. Collected feedback to evaluate prepared demonstrator showed promising results to support product design decisions considering both performance and producibility.

  • 38.
    Käll, Nathalie
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Fransson, Rebecca
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Internet of Things påverkan på informationsflödet: En fallstudie på Saab Training & Simulation2018Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: This study aims to explore how Internet of Things could be integrated in manufacturing companies to reduce the potential inadequacy in an information flow. To achieve this, two research questions were formed: 

    1. How is the information flow designed in a manufacturing company that produces customer-specific products? 

    2. What possibilities does Internet of Things give information flow to reduce potential inadequac

    Method: A pilot study was conducted to help the authors create a picture of the study's problem area. Later a literature study and a case study were conducted. The literature study was conducted to create the theoretical framework and included areas such as Internet of Things, information, communication, information flow and information systems. The case study conducted at a large manufacturing company and was consisted document studies, observations and a focus group. The results of the study are generated through a pairing of the theoretical framework and empirical study. 

    Findings: The company's information flow was complex and contained a lot of manual management of information and communication. This turned out to create consequences for the information’s reliability, relevance, and timing. It has therefore been found that there are improvement opportunities through an integration of IOT in the information flow. A digitalization of an information flow can lead to creation of standard process and a larger and safer amount of shared information. 

    Implications: The study contributes theoretically by evaluating how IOT can contribute to innovative ways of working with information flows at manufacturing companies; this by analysing key aspects of a current information flow and IOT. Practically, the study contributes to identifying potential improvements by integrate IOT in a corporate information flow. 

    Limitations: The study is of a one-case-design which limits generalisability. Therefore, other companies may need to examine their specific requirements before taking advantage of the study. The generalization increases slightly due to the broadness of the term IOT and that it can be applied in a wide range of areas. The method chapter has been carefully designed and described to increase the study's reliability.

  • 39.
    Lee, Tzong-Ru
    et al.
    National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan.
    Kuo, Yu-Hsuan
    National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan.
    Hilletofth, Per
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management. Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Industrial Production.
    Formulation of marketing information and communication strategies in Taiwan tourism industry2015In: International Journal of Innovation and Learning, ISSN 1471-8197, E-ISSN 1741-8089, Vol. 18, no 2, p. 250-265Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this research is to formulate marketing information and communications technology (ICT) strategies for the Taiwan tourism industry. The research uses a literature review to identify 37 main problems and 57 solutions of Taiwan's tourism industry. In addition, grey relational analysis (GRA) is used to extract the most six important solutions from survey approach. For these six important solutions, marketing ICT strategies are formulated. The application of marketing ICT strategies can be used in other country's tourism industry and be adapted to other industries as well.

  • 40.
    Lenka, Sambit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Managing the Transformation Towards Advanced Service Provision: A Multilevel Framework of Servitization2018Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Product-oriented firms are increasingly moving towards providing services to customers in a bid to differentiate their offerings, increase customer loyalty, and achieve higher, more stable revenue streams. This trend of servitization is becoming ubiquitous in manufacturing firms. These firms increasingly invest resources in efforts to offer basic and advanced services. Basic services focus on supporting the functioning of the product and increasing its efficiency. But advanced services focus on helping customers achieve their desired outcomes. Providing advanced services holds potential of greater benefits for the manufacturing firms, but a closer look indicates that most firms still largely offer basic services. This is because, advanced services demand greater intensity in relationships with customers, a higher degree of customization, and a sharper focus on assisting customers in their own value creation processes.

     

    Offering advanced services is more risky, complex, and difficult to execute. Therefore, significant changes must be made in terms of company culture, structures, processes, capabilities, and business models. In fact, servitizing firms must transform almost every aspect of the way they do business – from their business strategy to their capabilities, organizational structure, culture, mindset, and business logic. This transformation towards advanced services therefore affects all levels of the firm: strategic, operational, and individual levels. Although prior studies have explored many aspects of the challenges involved in the transformation towards advanced services, they typically focus on function-specific practices without linking initiatives at other organizational levels. The literature lacks a multilevel understanding of the transformation process. Such an understanding could provide a better understanding of the transformation process, linking various aspects at multiple levels within the firm. To address this gap, this dissertation aims to improve our understanding of multilevel transformation towards advanced service provision in manufacturing firms.

     

    Based on extensive qualitative studies with 13 leading Swedish manufacturing firms engaged in servitization, this dissertation provides a framework that shows how manufacturing firms experience ambivalence (i.e. the simultaneous pull in opposite directions) during transformation and how this affects the firm at the strategic, operational, and individual levels. The dissertation provides specific insights of how individual actions enable capability building for advanced services and how capabilities for advanced services help address business model alignment problems, thereby supporting transformation towards advanced service provision. This dissertation extends our understanding of how various aspects at multiple levels within a manufacturing firm are linked during the transformation towards advanced service provision. It marks one of the initial attempts in the servitization research to provide a multilevel explanation of firms’ overall transformation from providers of products to providers of advanced services.

     

    This dissertation also uses the lens of ambivalence to provide insights into co-existing product and service orientations and their consequences during servitization. Ambivalence theories have been associated with individuals and have been applied in the sociopsychology literature. This dissertation extends these theories to the organizational context and the servitization literature. It also identifies specific capabilities that can help manufacturing firms in their transformation towards advanced services. Specifically, it redefines digitalization capability and shows how this capability is one of the most important capabilities that manufacturing firms must develop to transform into advanced service providers. This dissertation also provides a capability maturity model that can help guide the capability development process in manufacturing firms. Finally, this dissertation contributes to our understanding of the role of individuals in the transformation process within firms. This is one of the first systematic attempts to provide a microfoundation-based view of individual-level influences on higher-level outcomes in the servitization literature.

     

     

  • 41.
    Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Frishammar, Johan
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Development of integrated product/service offers through integration, or not?: A multiple case study of global manufacturing firms2015Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    In a world where advanced engineering products are commoditized, many manufacturing companies now strive to improve differentiation and profitability by offering integrated combinations of products and services known as product-service systems (PSS). Prior literature has proposed that such integrated offers be developed through an integrated product/service development process, but has so far not studied such integration in detail. To this background, our purpose is to study how integrated product/service offers actually come about. Our results are somewhat surprising, and paradoxical. Through an inductive multiple case study across eight multinational companies, we find that effective alignment-not integration-is the key to developing successful integrated PSS offerings. Thus, an integrated PSS offer seems to be reached through alignment rater than integration. The paper also identifies the key factors that inhibit integration and the various mechanisms that support alignment, and provides theoretical implications for literature and managerial implications for better development of integrated PSS solutions.

  • 42.
    Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Digitalization and advanced service innovation: How digitalization capabilities enable companies to co-create value with customers2016In: Management of Innovation and Technology, ISSN 2001-208X, no 3, p. 2-4Article in journal (Other (popular science, discussion, etc.))
    Abstract [en]

    In the context of increasing connectivity and the omnipresence of information technology in manufacturing industry, adopting digital technologies is changing the very nature of how innovation occurs and the products-services offered by manufacturing companies to their customers.

  • 43.
    Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Rönnberg Sjödin, David
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Exploring the microfoundations of servitization: How individual actions overcome organizational resistance2018In: Journal of Business Research, ISSN 0148-2963, E-ISSN 1873-7978, p. 328-336Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Servitization research has principally focused on the transition of organizational-level strategy, systems, capabilities, and processes for firms to be able to offer advanced services to their customers. Less is known of the underlying microfoundational dynamics of such transitions at the individual-level. Based on a multiple case study of six large multinational industrial firms engaged in servitization efforts, this paper identifies the tactics (i.e., evangelizing, bootlegging, leveraging, and collaborating) that individuals adopt to overcome organizational resistance to servitization. This study also presents the conditions that are necessary for individual employees to adopt these tactics. The present study provides theoretical and practical implications of the microfoundations of servitization, focusing attention on individual-level actions that affect the outcomes at the organizational-level to drive servitization efforts.

  • 44.
    Lenka, Sambit
    et al.
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Parida, Vinit
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Wincent, Joakim
    Luleå tekniska universitet, Innovation och Design.
    Digitalization Capabilities as Enablers of Value Co-Creation in Servitizing Firms2017In: Psychology & Marketing, ISSN 0742-6046, E-ISSN 1520-6793, Vol. 34, no 1, p. 92-100Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    As manufacturing companies pursue a servitization strategy, they are increasingly relying on developing digitalization capabilities to interact and co-create value with their customers. However, many lack an understanding of what constitutes digitalization capabilities and how they can create value with customers. To address these questions, the study builds on qualitative data from four industrial manufacturing firms to conceptualize three underlying subcomponents of digitalization capabilities, namely, intelligence capability, connect capability, and analytic capability. The study identifies and explains how digitalization capabilities enable value co-creation with customers through perceptive and responsive mechanisms. This study contributes to the servitization literature by showcasing how digitalization capabilities are enabling value co-creation in a business-to-business context.

  • 45.
    Levén, Christian
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Ingale, Dayabhai
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management.
    Corporate Social Responsibility: A comparatative case study of Schenker and DHL2012Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) has been around for many years and one of the first definitions of this subject was created in the 1950s. The importance of CSR has increased over the years and today there are several different models and it is a wide spread tool that companies use to improve their business within the area’s economic-, legal- and ethical responsibilities. Companies can use this both as an advantage over competitors and as a way of attracting customers and employees. One of the major points in CSR is the environment and this part is becoming increasingly important in today’s society, where global warming due to CO2 emissions is an increasing concern. Also the interdependence between organizations and society is growing in significance, which also is a reason for the increased interest in CSR.

    This thesis focuses on what CSR is, to what purpose or goal companies engage in it and how the two chosen logistics companies, DHL and Schenker, work with CSR and what differences there are between them.

    This thesis is a cross case study of two logistics companies and to acquire the needed information, the authors have conducted document studies and interviews. These document studies and interviews have provided the thesis with a theoretical framework and a deeper understanding of how two of the largest logistics companies work with CSR.

    The results show that both companies are engaging in similar manner in the environmental responsibilities, but there are some major differences in how they deal with societal responsibilities. DHL uses its size and global presence to aid societies in need and help communities with educating their children. DB Schenker on the other hand focuses on cooperation’s with universities and also donates funds to schools and non-governmental organizations. 

  • 46.
    Lindhe-Rahr, Robert
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Sáez Mata, Alejandro
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Logistics and Supply Chain Management (CeLS).
    Revisiting the Concept of Value Stream Mapping2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Value Stream Mapping is a common tool used in a lot of instances in today’s industrieswho have adopted any kind of Lean initiatives. However, Value Stream Mapping (VSM) may not always fit to the best extent and intention of the industry applying it; therefore a need for tailoring certain aspects of it have been seen in some cases where the original tool has not been enough. However there is little research on how to adopt VSM towards the tire industry, it is the case that some adaptation is needed in order to fully map the value the chain is trying to capture as seen by some authors who use VSM on other industries. This leads to conclude that further research is needed in order to see the benefits and chal-lenges in the creating of a tailored value stream tool in order to understand how it would affect the company its applied on as well as increasing the knowledge of its capabilities and drivers for it application.

    The impact this research would have is to begin bridging a gap of the usage of how a Tai-lored Value Stream Mapping (TVSM) tool would affect when applied to a specific industry. For this paper, a case study within a Tire Company located in Europe, who stated that they had issues regarding their current usage and utilization of VSM, was conducted. The com-pany has projects going all over the globe but sees a lack of initiative and success without the direct involvement of its central plant. The purpose of this research is to investigate the perceived impact as well as the benefits and challenges of utilizing a company TVSM, in-stead of a standardized one, taking into consideration both particularities of the industry, as well as the culture of the firm. Also an understanding is sought to recognize the motiva-tions that drove the Tire Company to choose a tailored approach.

    The research was conducted as a qualitative single case study involving three different sitesbelonging to the tire industry located in Europe. It is built upon both a theoretical part, comprised by a literature review of the concepts of VSM, Lean and TVSM; and an empiri-cal part derived from the case. The Empirical data was collected through semi-structured interviews as well as participant observations, supported by secondary data collected from the company in form of written documents concerning the internal training of VSM.

    The findings concluded that, the reasons for sustaining a TVSM are its ease of use, and ability to reach out and be understood by people with little to no training in VSM’s. The company fitted training documents would decrease the training needed and the time spent doing so. Some other benefits were the empowerment of employees and the sharing of knowledge across multiple sites in a standardized company language. Albeit with the chal-lenge of creating and upholding such documents and training, compelling the company to have experts with knowledge of VSM and the company processes and culture with the added challenge of also maintaining regularly updates as the company moves forward.

    Implementation of a tailored approach is practical where there has been identified that it exists a gap between different plants or departments, local or globally, regarding knowledge or experience when there is a requirement for standardisation, communication and need for change.

  • 47.
    Luplow, Michael
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School.
    Integration of heterogeneous system landscapes into an ERP-system2016Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 80 credits / 120 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    As organizations operate globally, the necessity arises to integrate the own information systems with the business partners and customers in order to communicate and operate more efficiently. Those external systems are based upon different technologies. Thus, in some cases compatibility with the own information system infrastructure cannot be guaranteed. Due to their different characteristics these systems are collectively called heterogeneous system landscape. As a response to the necessity to integrate external systems, software solutions have been developed that promise the holistic management of business processes within one specific system in an efficient manner. However, Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) systems, originally introduced as “integrated suits”, often fail to deliver the necessary integration as they were mainly focused on integrating internal business functions. Therefore, this thesis aims to explore if Enterprise Application Integration (EAI) can solve the integration dilemma. EAI offers concepts and technologies that promise to integrate software that otherwise would be incompatible. This thesis focusses on the development of an integration framework, based on EAI principles, that can be used to integrate heterogeneous system landscapes into an ERP-system. The result is a five-layer integration framework that has been developed, based on existing theoretical research from within the Enterprise Application Integration field. During an internship at the German automotive company Daimler AG, the applicability of this framework has been tested by following the methodology of Design Science Research. This method is suited to solve organizational challenges that demand the creation and evaluation of IT solutions. In order to achieve the solution, a mixed methods approach was applied, collecting data from both primary- and secondary-sources by executing a literature review, observations as well as interviews. Conclusively, the author found that the developed integration infrastructure can serve as a starting point for ERP-system integration of a heterogeneous system landscape. In a later stage of the ERP-implementation an individual customization, executed by an expert, is advised.

  • 48. Luu, John-Oliver
    et al.
    Bellamine, Morad
    Parameters that Determine the Critical Point of a Product2015Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The increasing global competition and increasing customer demands have caused many manufacturing companies operating in a high cost environment to consider locating to low cost countries. However, it is not always the best decision to locate the entire business. Some choose to locate the production to low cost countries located intercontinental while the others is content with having production sites closer. There are numerous factors that determine where a company decides to locate, a common factor is reducing cost. But the cost is directly affected by the production process and what product that it is produced into the production process. If the production process is fixed in to different locations it is important to understand what parameters affects the change of location. The purpose is to investigate the parameters that decide the critical point of when a semi-finished product should be transported from one production location to another.

    A case study was made at an industrial company to meet the purpose to investigate the parameters that decide the critical point when a semi-finished product should be transported from one production location to another. To meet the purpose the data collection consisted of interviewing and reviewing documents as research method to gather information in order to answer the 2 research questions.

    The results show that different parameters needs to be considered when deciding the critical point of the product. This includes new product development, production system with the management approach, product architecture and performance objectives. The results show that these are the most essential parameters to work with before deciding where the critical point in the production process is. In addition, analysis of the results concluded that solving the communication barriers, production measurements and project stages in the product development is the main focus before making the final decision.

    Keywords

    Production process, critical point, performance objectives, NPD, product architecture, and production localization. 

  • 49.
    Löfgren, Jonathan
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Mechanical Engineering.
    Utveckling av en båtinteriör med avseende mot miljö, materialval och upplevelse2008Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    For each day that passes, boat owners aswell as boat manufactures becomes more and more aware of environmetal effects that are linked to our actions. The knowledge of the greenhouse effect, the uncontrolled felling of the rainforest, the energy consumption and our own health have grown rapidly among the people these last few years. The recrational craft/yacht industry is a very conservative market and interiors based on tropical hardwood has historically aswell as the present time been very popular materials among the boat consumers. However, because of the raised environmental awerness, people tend to be more accepting of alternative materials. This means that the recreational craft manufacturers can develope more environmentally friendly materials in order replace the traditional materials or to introduce new materials as an selection opportunity.

    This information is some of the facts that formed this thesis and the assignment where to develope and design a new more enviromental friendly boat interior. This thesis was completed in the spring of 2008 in cooperation with Nimbus Boats AB.

    The design of the interior has focused on accenting the new materials in the right way aswell as to add a more homogeneous formlanguage to the interior.

    This repport describes the methdology and result of the thesis which resultet in a new interior design together with the three new materialcompositions named ”Eco Classic”, ”Eco Modern” and ”Eco Exclusive”.

  • 50.
    Malm, Maria
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Malmqvist, Sandra
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering.
    Vilket KONSTigt bruksförmål!: Relationen mellan konstnärliga värden och bruksvärden.2011Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    This thesis treats artistic values and utilization values. The purpose is to examine the relationship between these values and describe the design process to produce a product. We want to try to develop a product that can combine artistic values and utilization values. 

    The basis for the choice of topic in our thesis is that there is a general problem to draw the boundaries between art and design, and what constitutes art and design in a product. There is no absolute answer on which all have different views about this. This makes it difficult to obtain a precise and specific answer. We have therefore chosen to study the concept of crafts, art, design, utilization value and originality as a foundation for our two questions.

    1. What is the relationship between artistic values and utilization values?

    2. How can these values be combined in articles for everyday use?

    The method we have used in the course of our work is to work along two parallel processes; a design process and a theoretical process. 

    Documentation of methodology and implementation has resulted in an informative text, as well as visualization of our product.                                                                      The result is a stool which was named Spool.

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