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  • 1.
    Aarikka-Stenroos, Leena
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Management CITER (Center for Innovation and Technology Research), Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Peltola, Tero
    Department of Industrial Management CITER (Center for Innovation and Technology Research), Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Rikkiev, Andrei
    Department of Industrial Management CITER (Center for Innovation and Technology Research), Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    Department of Industrial Management CITER (Center for Innovation and Technology Research), Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Multiple facets of innovation and business ecosystem research: the foci, methods and future agenda2016In: ISPIM Innovation Symposium, Manchester: The International Society for Professional Innovation Management (ISPIM) , 2016Conference paper (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    An ecosystem approach to innovation and business has become increasingly relevant in contemporary research but research knowledge is scattered across divergent disciplines. The aim of this study is thus, on the basis of an extensive, multidisciplinary literature review to integrate the extant knowledge on innovation and business ecosystems and analyze how they are conceptualized, analyzed, captured and depicted. By conducting a systematic multi-phase content analysis of over 230 articles selected from the Web of Science, we will build a comprehensive picture on the research streams of innovation/business ecosystem research, the used methods, foci, illustrations/visualizations of business/innovation ecosystems and build a research agenda for future research. This article contributes by providing a structured analysis on this multi-disciplinary research area, aggregating the current knowledge and generating a research agenda on innovation/business ecosystems - a theme that is emergent, multifaceted, and crucial to innovative companies as well as researchers in the fields of innovation, management, technology and marketing.

  • 2.
    Cronstam, Oliver
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Grönberg, Jacob
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Influencing Factors in the Implementation of Green Management Practices: A Qualitative Study regarding Swedish SMEs in Logistics2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The subject of green management is today relatively unexplored in existing literature, especially regarding SMEs in logistics. To bridge this gap this study aims to find what factors influence the implementation of green management for SMEs in logistics. Furthermore, this study aims to address the influential weight of these factors to create an even greater understanding within the topic.

    The chosen research method of this paper is qualitative, and the empirical data is collected through semi-structured interviews with Swedish logistic companies who have acquired the environmental management system ISO 14001. Furthermore, the research approach of this study is deductive.

    When implementing green management, this paper has found 4 factors that influence a company in various ways. What also has been found is what factors that have more influential weight and are essential to make such implementation effective.

    The study provides both theoretical and practical implications. Theoretically it fills a gap current literature and further explains SMEs in logistics use of green management. Practically companies can draw from this study to see if they work effectively with green management or better prepare for a transition. The researchers of this study suggest that the factors of influence that are presented in the empirical findings should be tested in a quantitative study with a larger sample size to better measure the effect of each one in a practical context. 

  • 3. Farmanli, Ramin
    et al.
    Mustafa, Ahmed
    Kartläggning av företagens användning av de 3R:en2018Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: To map the companies’ use of the specific 3R’s (reuse, remanufacture and recycle) as well as gain an understanding of  the cooperation opportunities between manufacturing organizations and companies that work with the 3R’s:

     

       1) What factors play a role in the companies’ use of the specific 3R’s?

       2) Which cooperation opportunities do the companies’ see from a sustainability perspective?

     

    Method: The study was based on a multiple case design which consisted interviews. The interviews were based on companies that manufacture and develop electronic and electrical equipment (EEE) and companies who are engaged in taking care of the used EEE. The study also contained different literature studies in sustainability, which further lead to the creation of the theoretical framework in cooperation with the purpose of the study. Between the theoretical framework and the study's empiricism an analysis could be carried out, which also contributed to the results of the study.

     

    Result: The study has resulted in the identification of several different factors for the specific 3R’s, together with cooperation opportunities between manufacturing organizations of EEE and companies that take care of the consumed EEE based on the specific 3R’s. Where economic sustainability, i.e. profit maximization has been the factor that has permeated a large part of the results, together with some influence from environmental considerations.

     

    Implications: The study does not establish a new theory but bases itself on existing theories that have been tested in reality through interviews. During this study, it has been clear that the economic factors are one of the most important elements that determine how companies choose to work. Profit maximization is such a big factor that it also affects and outweighs environmental considerations when placed against each other. Environmental considerations are usually less considered than profit maximization but should weigh at least as much as profit maximization during the decision-making process.

     

    Limitations:

    • The study is based only on companies located in Sweden.

    • This study does not address/treat social sustainability or social considerations.

    • The study is based on producer companies that manufacture and develop electronic and electrical products as well as companies that work with reuse, remanufacture and recycling of electronic and electrical products.

     

    Key words: Waste management, End of life, supply chain, Life cycle analysis, reverse logistic, Waste electrical and electronic equipment, reuse, remanufacture, recycle.

  • 4.
    Ghosal, Vivek
    et al.
    Department of Economics, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, New York, USA.
    Stephan, Andreas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).
    Weiss, Jan F.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Decentralized environmental regulations and plant-level productivity2019In: Business Strategy and the Environment, ISSN 0964-4733, E-ISSN 1099-0836, Vol. 28, no 6, p. 998-1011Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Using the framework provided by the Porter hypothesis, we study the impact of environmental regulations and enforcement policies on plant-level green total factor productivity (TFP) growth and its components related to efficiency change and technical change. The detailed microdata we use are from Sweden and for the pulp and paper industry. This industry is the source of significant amounts of water and air pollution and is one of the most heavily environmentally regulated manufacturing industries. Sweden has a unique decentralized regulatory structure where the manufacturing plants have to comply with plant-specific regulatory standards stipulated at the national level, as well as decentralized local supervision and enforcement. Our empirical results point to beneficial impacts of the environmental policies on plants' green TFP growth and sustainable production practices. We also find that political economy considerations are important, as the presence of the Green Party and aspects like plant size (with corresponding local and regional economic effects) matter in enforcement of the standards.

  • 5.
    Gümüş, Burcu
    et al.
    Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey.
    Varnalı, Kaan
    Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey.
    Özturkcan, Selcen
    Istanbul Bilgi University, Turkey.
    Adoption of Really New Products: Retro Appearance and the Bandwagon Effect2014In: Marketing theory challenges in emerging markets / [ed] Maja Szymura-Tyc, 2014, p. 23-Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The literature has paid far too little attention to the potential impact of retro appearance and bandwagon effect on the adoption of really new products. By integrating the retro appearance and bandwagon perspectives, we aim to contribute to the understanding of adoption of really new products. We purport that retro appearance and peer effect – familiar product appearances and observing peer usage – may attenuate the negative prejudgments towards really new products associated with perceived risks and facilitate adoption.

  • 6.
    Høgevold, Nils M.
    et al.
    Department of Marketing, Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Svensson, Göran
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Rodriguez, Rocío
    Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway.
    Eriksson, David
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management.
    Relative importance and priority of TBL elements on the corporate performance2019In: Management of environmental quality, ISSN 1477-7835, E-ISSN 1758-6119, Vol. 30, no 3, p. 609-623Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine to what extent that a selection of economic, social and environmental factors is taken into corporate consideration (importance and priority) the longitudinal aspects of sustainable business practices.

    Design/methodology/approach: This study is based on an inductive approach taking into account the longitudinal aspects and an in-depth case study of a Scandinavian manufacturer recognized for its initiatives and achievements of sustainable business practices.

    Findings: The key informants indicated that economic factors are always important when it comes to sustainable business practices, social factors are to some extent important, and the environmental factors are generally important.

    Research limitations/implications: The planning, implementation and follow-up of sustainable business practices and related efforts require a consideration of economic, social and environmental factors.

    Practical implications: The framework of a triple bottom line (TBL) dominant logic for business sustainability applied may guide the corporate assessment to plan, implement and follow-up the importance and priority of the longitudinal aspects of sustainable business practices.

    Originality/value: A TBL dominant logic for sustainable business practices adequately frames corporate efforts regarding importance and priority making a relevant contribution addressing the longitudinal aspects to complement existing theory and previous studies. 

  • 7.
    Karlsson, Daniel
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Sjögren, Eric
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
    Miljöfokuserade start-ups: En empirisk undersökning om nystartade företags förutsättningar att minska sin miljöpåverkan2017Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine what possibilities start-up companies have to work in an environmentally sustainable way, and what barriers they face in that context. The study moreover presents enabling factors which help start-ups realize opportunities and overcome barriers. To fulfill the purpose, it has been divided into two research questions, which follows:

    What opportunities and barriers do start-up companies, who want to work in an environmentally sustainable way, face?

    Which enablers can an environmentally sustainable start-up companies make use of to seize opportunities and lower barriers?

    Method: To fulfill the purpose a single case study was conducted. Empirical data was collected from a case company by semi structured interviews based on the theoretical framework. The selected case company is a start up with high focus on sustainability and the environment. A business incubator was also interviewed using semi structured questions to complement the empirical data collected from the case company. This empirical data was then analyzed against the theoretical framework which then lead to the study’s results.

    Findings: The study identified three major opportunities which help start-ups in an environmentally sustainable way: an increase in demand for environmentally products; tightened environmental regulations, and increased credibility from stakeholders. Moreover, four major barriers to environmental sustainability in start-ups were found: a low degree of market maturity; lack of financial resources and human capital; competition from established firms; and difficulties in attracting investors. In terms of enablers, the following factors were deemed instrumental in seizing opportunities and overcoming barriers: start-ups’ organizational flexibility, which allows them to rather quickly master necessary organizational change processes towards environmental sustainability; usage of environmental principles; social capital; and incubators as well as other external guidance.

    Implications: Presented opportunities, barriers and enablers are based on previous studies, the result of this study increase the understanding about how start-ups can work more environmentally focused. The empirical findings about incubators role in helping start-ups becoming more environmentally focused is an unexplored area and needs more attention in the literature. Societies can benefit from this increased understanding since it can lead to a decreased environmental impact, both on a local level by consuming less resources and a global level by slowing down the climate threat.

    Limitations: By including only one case company and one incubator combined with the qualitative research approach, the study covers a wide but shallow area. By including multiple case companies and incubators the study would have reached a higher level of generalization. Documents could have been studied in order to reach a more quantitative result with could have increased the credibility of the study. 

  • 8.
    Komatsu, Kimberly J.
    et al.
    Smithsonian Environmental Research Center, Edgewater, MD, United States.
    Avolio, Meghan L.
    Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States.
    Lemoine, Nathan P.
    Department of Biological Sciences, Marquette University, Milwaukee, WI, United States.
    Isbell, Forest
    Department of Ecology, Evolution and Behavior, University of Minnesota, Saint Paul, MN, United States.
    Grman, Emily
    Department of Biology, Eastern Michigan University, Ypsilanti, MI 48197, United States.
    Houseman, Gregory R.
    Department of Biological Sciences, Wichita State University, Wichita, KS, United States.
    Koerner, Sally E.
    Department of Biology, University of North Carolina, Greensboro, NC, United States.
    Johnson, David S.
    Department of Biological Sciences, Virginia Institute of Marine Science, William and Mary, Gloucester Point, VA, United States.
    Wilcox, Kevin R.
    Department of Ecosystem Science and Management, University of Wyoming, Laramie, WY, United States.
    Alatalo, Juha M.
    Department of Biological and Environmental Sciences, College of Arts and Sciences, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar.
    Anderson, John P.
    Jornada Basin Long-Term Ecological Research Station, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM, United States.
    Aerts, Rien
    Systems Ecology, Department of Ecological Science, Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
    Baer, Sara G.
    Department of Plant Biology, Southern Illinois University, Carbondale, IL, United States.
    Baldwin, Andrew H.
    Department of Environmental Science and Technology, University of Maryland, MD, United States.
    Bates, Jonathan
    Eastern Oregon Agricultural Research Center-Burns, Agriculture Research Service, US Department of Agriculture, Burns, OR, United States.
    Beierkuhnlein, Carl
    Department of Biogeography, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany.
    Belote, R. Travis
    Wilderness Society, Bozeman, MT, United States.
    Blair, John
    Division of Biology, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS, United States.
    Bloor, Juliette M. G.
    Université Clermont Auvergne, Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique, VetAgro-Sup, Unité Mixte de Recherche sur l'Écosystème Prairial, Clermont-Ferrand, France.
    Bohlen, Patrick J.
    Bork, Edward W.
    Boughton, Elizabeth H.
    Bowman, William D.
    Britton, Andrea J.
    Cahill, James F.
    Chaneton, Enrique
    Chiariello, Nona R.
    Cheng, Jimin
    Collins, Scott L.
    Cornelissen, J. Hans C.
    Du, Guozhen
    Eskelinen, Anu
    Firn, Jennifer
    Foster, Bryan
    Gough, Laura
    Gross, Katherine
    Hallett, Lauren M.
    Han, Xingguo
    Harmens, Harry
    Hovenden, Mark J.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Civil Engineeering and Lighting Science.
    Jentsch, Anke
    Kern, Christel
    Klanderud, Kari
    Knapp, Alan K.
    Kreyling, Juergen
    Li, Wei
    Luo, Yiqi
    McCulley, Rebecca L.
    McLaren, Jennie R.
    Megonigal, J. Patrick
    Morgan, John W.
    Onipchenko, Vladimir
    Pennings, Steven C.
    Prevéy, Janet S.
    Price, Jodi N.
    Reich, Peter B.
    Robinson, Clare H.
    Russell, F. Leland
    Sala, Osvaldo E.
    Seabloom, Eric W.
    Smith, Melinda D.
    Soudzilovskaia, Nadejda A.
    Souza, Lara
    Suding, Katherine
    Suttle, K. Blake
    Svejcar, Tony
    Tilman, David
    Tognetti, Pedro
    Turkington, Roy
    White, Shannon
    Xu, Zhuwen
    Yahdjian, Laura
    Yu, Qiang
    Zhang, Pengfei
    Zhang, Yunhai
    Global change effects on plant communities are magnified by time and the number of global change factors imposed2019In: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, ISSN 0027-8424, E-ISSN 1091-6490, Vol. 116, no 36, p. 17867-17873Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Accurate prediction of community responses to global change drivers (GCDs) is critical given the effects of biodiversity on ecosystem services. There is consensus that human activities are driving species extinctions at the global scale, but debate remains over whether GCDs are systematically altering local communities worldwide. Across 105 experiments that included over 400 experimental manipulations, we found evidence for a lagged response of herbaceous plant communities to GCDs caused by shifts in the identities and relative abundances of species, often without a corresponding difference in species richness. These results provide evidence that community responses are pervasive across a wide variety of GCDs on long-term temporal scales and that these responses increase in strength when multiple GCDs are simultaneously imposed.Global change drivers (GCDs) are expected to alter community structure and consequently, the services that ecosystems provide. Yet, few experimental investigations have examined effects of GCDs on plant community structure across multiple ecosystem types, and those that do exist present conflicting patterns. In an unprecedented global synthesis of over 100 experiments that manipulated factors linked to GCDs, we show that herbaceous plant community responses depend on experimental manipulation length and number of factors manipulated. We found that plant communities are fairly resistant to experimentally manipulated GCDs in the short term (<10 y). In contrast, long-term (≥10 y) experiments show increasing community divergence of treatments from control conditions. Surprisingly, these community responses occurred with similar frequency across the GCD types manipulated in our database. However, community responses were more common when 3 or more GCDs were simultaneously manipulated, suggesting the emergence of additive or synergistic effects of multiple drivers, particularly over long time periods. In half of the cases, GCD manipulations caused a difference in community composition without a corresponding species richness difference, indicating that species reordering or replacement is an important mechanism of community responses to GCDs and should be given greater consideration when examining consequences of GCDs for the biodiversity–ecosystem function relationship. Human activities are currently driving unparalleled global changes worldwide. Our analyses provide the most comprehensive evidence to date that these human activities may have widespread impacts on plant community composition globally, which will increase in frequency over time and be greater in areas where communities face multiple GCDs simultaneously.

  • 9.
    Kotilainen, Kirsi
    et al.
    Faculty of Business and Built Environment, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    Faculty of Business and Built Environment, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Policy influence on consumers' evolution into prosumers-empirical findings from an exploratory survey in Europe2018In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 10, no 1, article id 186Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The energy sector is in transition to a flexible and sustainable energy system based on renewable energy sources. This complex transition is affecting multiple levels in the sociotechnical system. One driver of the transition is climate change that enforces the policy push from the macro level to change the way energy is produced, delivered, and used. As part of the energy system evolution, the role of the end user in the energy sector is undergoing profound changes, and consumers are increasingly being empowered to participate actively in the production and use of energy. This article investigates how policies might affect consumers' interests in becoming prosumers of energy. We explore consumers' attitudes toward using renewable energy technologies (RET) by means of an empirical consumer survey that was conducted in five European countries. The partial least squares structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) method was utilized to analyze the survey results. Our findings suggest that both economic and non-economic policies affect consumer attitudes toward using renewable energy technologies. We conclude that policies have different effects on consumers and prosumers, who have already made the decision to adopt renewable energy solutions. Based on the findings, we propose a set of policy and managerial implications. 

  • 10.
    Kotilainen, Kirsi
    et al.
    Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Management and Business, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Management and Business, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.
    Mäkinen, Saku J.
    Industrial Engineering and Management, Faculty of Management and Business, Tampere University, Tampere, Finland.
    Ringle, Christian M.
    Institute of Human Resource Management and Organizations, Hamburg University of Technology, Hamburg, Germany.
    Exploring the microfoundations of end-user interests toward co-creating renewable energy technology innovations2019In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 229, p. 203-212Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Energy market transition, which is enabled by new affordable energy technologies and digitalization, opens novel opportunities for developing innovative energy solutions. These new technologies facilitate energy consumers to become local energy prosumers i.e. consumers and producers of energy using renewable energy sources. Hence, a central question for innovating new solutions emerges: how energy consumers and prosumers would engage in co-creating value and novel solutions with industry players? This article explores the microfoundations of energy consumers' and prosumers’ interest to participate in co-creation activities with energy industry actors. Using survey data from five European countries and by applying variance-based structural equation modeling, we find that rewards and personal characteristics influence the interest to engage in co-creation activities. Specifically, the microfoundations of the interest are built upon the need for improvements, the intrinsic rewards, and the personal adopter characteristics. Additionally, we find differing microfoundations of interest for energy consumers and prosumers. We further discuss managerial and theoretical implications of our findings and highlight avenues for future research. 

  • 11.
    Leal Filho, Walter
    et al.
    Research and Transfer Centre “Sustainable Development and Climate Change Management”, Hamburg University of Applied Sciences, Ulmenliet, Germany.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    Center for Innovation and Technology Research, Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Fedoruk, Mariia
    Department of Ecological Economics, Institute for Ecological Economics and Management, Ukrainian National Forestry University, Ivano-Frankivsk, Lviv, Ukraine.
    Iital, Arvo
    Water and Environmental Engineering Research Group, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Moora, Harri
    Stockholm Environment Institute Tallinn Centre, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Klöga, Marija
    Water and Environmental Engineering Research Group, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia.
    Voronova, Viktoria
    Water and Environmental Engineering Research Group, Tallinn University of Technology, Tallinn, Estonia.
    An overview of the problems posed by plastic products and the role of extended producer responsibility in Europe2019In: Journal of Cleaner Production, ISSN 0959-6526, E-ISSN 1879-1786, Vol. 214, p. 550-558Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Plastic products are easy and convenient for our everyday use, but their negative impacts on human health and the environment cannot be overlooked. The negative impacts and effects of plastic waste are now widely known and have been subject of much recent media coverage, both in Europe and on a global level. Faced with increasing amounts of plastic waste, the European Union as a whole and many European governments in particular, are currently revising the policy options available to cope with the problem. One of the tools which may be deployed with a view to reducing the pressures posed by plastic waste, is the Extended Producer Responsibility principle. It is considered to be one of the major waste management policy instruments that support the implementation of the European waste hierarchy. Its application may assist in fostering the collection and recycling of waste streams that contain plastic. This paper presents an overview of the problems posed by plastic waste, and outlines their environmental dimensions. It discusses the role of the Extended Producer Responsibility principle and provides some recommendations that may be useful in enhancing extended producer responsibility.

  • 12.
    Mäkinen, Saku J.
    et al.
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Valta, Jussi
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Kotilainen, Kirsi
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Prosumers’ digital business models for electric vehicles: Exploring microfoundations for a balanced policy approach2019In: Digital business models: Driving transformation and innovation / [ed] A. Aagaard, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 227-254Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Mäkinen et al. provide an indispensable view of business model opportunities for electric vehicle (EV) prosumers in the future energy market. The digitalization of energy markets has started a transformation to smart grids where information flows bi-directionally end to end between energy production and consumption. The chapter explores how prosumers can create, deliver, and capture value with EVs in future energy systems. Focusing on prosumers’ digital business models (DBMs), the chapter illustrates the complex interdependencies between various activities and actors needed in the development of an energy system. In addition to demonstrating prosumers’ EV DBMs and the current state of readiness in value creation, delivery, and capture, Mäkinen et al. develop a balanced policy approach that is based on these DBM microfoundations.

  • 13.
    Oftedal, Elin Merethe
    et al.
    School of Business and Economics, UiT–The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    Foss, Lene
    School of Business and Economics, UiT–The Arctic University of Norway, Tromsø, Norway.
    Iakovleva, Tatiana
    Stavanger Business School, University of Stavanger, Stavanger, Norway.
    Responsible for responsibility? A study of digital e-health startups2019In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 11, no 19, article id 5433Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Responsible innovation (RI) has received increased attention from policymakers and academics as a solution to grand challenges and is viewed as the main driver for innovation. The United Nations has suggested 17 Sustainable Development Goals and responsible innovation can be seen as a tool that allows the movement of society towards reducing inequality, coping with environmental challenges and sustaining countries&rsquo; economic and societal development. Our knowledge of how businesses act responsibly in solving these challenges is scarce. An inductive analysis of 14 e-health startups in Norway, shows that responsibility is highly prevalent. Entrepreneurs have instant contact with users (patients or healthcare professionals), which increases inclusiveness, anticipation and reflection as the main elements of responsibility. However, firms' contextual and strategic awareness of responsibility remains low, which means an absence of focused strategies to exercise responsibility. Consequently, entrepreneurial startups are prevented from reaching broader stakeholders and fully reflecting the knowledge obtained. Moreover, RI activities are often bundled with other activities on the "path" to successful commercialization. This paper contributes to and enriches the current RI understanding from a firm perspective and suggests some implications for practitioners as well as policymakers to enhance sustainable development in the healthcare sector.

  • 14.
    Robertson, Kerstin
    et al.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Jägerbrand, Annika K.
    Statens väg- och transportforskningsinstitut, Miljö, MILJÖ.
    Eriksson, Jan R.
    Swedish National Road and Transport Research Institute, Linköping, Sweden.
    Regional Transport Indicators Used in Sweden for Measurement, Reporting and Verification of CO2 Emissions2015In: Challenges, ISSN 2078-1547, E-ISSN 2078-1547, Vol. 6, no 1, p. 55-70Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Established practice is available as a reference for evaluating sustainable transport and CO2 emissions at national, European and global levels, but comparing corresponding systems at the regional and local levels are more challenging. Therefore, this paper analyses the use of indicators, evaluation methods and data availability at local and regional levels for applied policies and measures in transport planning. Sweden is used as a case study. Available data show that total surveys (e.g., vehicle registry data), sample surveys (e.g., interviews) or modelling can be used to develop transport indicators, and that either generated (volume generated in the area) or performed (volume in the area) traffic and transportation is estimated. However, there are limitations with all methods and the design of evaluations needs careful consideration in order to reflect changes in local and regional transport systems and to relate those changes to specific measures and policies. In most cases, survey methods need to be used in order to follow up the most common indicators. All evaluation methods need to be complemented with analyses of a baseline to determine additionality and also potential rebound effects need to be considered, which requires the application of a wider systems perspective.

  • 15.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Eco-friendliness in the brand experience of high-tech products2016Doctoral thesis, monograph (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The focus in this research is to develop a brand measurement scale for measuring how consumers experience eco-friendliness when reflecting on global high-tech brands. The aim is to examine can the eco-friendliness dimension in the brand experience of a high- tech brand be measured with a brand experience measurement scale by extending the research of Brakus et al. (2009). This research topic was selected because also high-tech companies are facing the need to analyze how consumers view the eco-friendliness of their brands in order to create greener products that could also benefit the financial performance of the company (Siegel, 2009). Eco-friendliness can be seen as an important factor for consumers when they are purchasing e.g. fast-moving consumer goods (McDonald et al., 2009) and automobiles (Kim, 2011). However, it is not still considered to be so relevant when buying consumer electronics or high-tech products and this is an area that has not been researched as extensively (McDonald et al., 2009). This dissertation focuses on this research gap and investigates how eco-friendliness can be measured in the brand experience of high-tech products.

    The approach in this dissertation is empirical and the research has been conducted as a replication and extension of the existing brand experience measurement scale (BBX scale) developed earlier by Brakus et al. (2009). The BBX scale was developed further and extended with a fifth dimension for eco-friendliness to get a better understanding of the concept of eco-friendliness in the brand experience. In the design of the study, the eco-friendliness dimension was created on the basis of the attested dimensions in the BBX model, including affective, behavioral, intellectual and sensory dimensions. The theoretical background of this dissertation is based in management of high-tech innovations and especially consumer behavior and brand management research in this domain. The research includes empirical data collected in a web survey in Finland that was analyzed by using the original BBX model and two different models portraying extensions of the BBX model that also included items on eco-friendliness.

    The contribution of this study is that theoretically brand experience was proved to have also an eco-friendliness dimension in addition to the affective, behavioral, intellectual and sensory dimensions included in the original BBX scale. This study succeeded in modelling the general brand experience of mobile phones based on the original BBX model and it was also confirmed that eco-friendliness is an additional, uniquely identifiable fifth dimension in the brand experience of high-tech brands. The implication of this finding is that high-tech companies should also take into account eco-friendliness that has become increasingly important in the management of corporate value and brands in the global competition (Mohr et al., 2010, Keller, 2013) in order to respond to the needs of green consumers (Chatterjee et al., 2010, Aaker, 2011, Kotler, 2011, Ottman, 2011, Accenture and UN_Global_Compact, 2014).

  • 16.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    et al.
    Center for Innovation and Technology Research (CITER), Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Aarikka-Stenroos, Leena
    Center for Innovation and Technology Research (CITER), Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Köppä, Leena
    Innovation Services/Y-kampus, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Langwaldt, Jörg
    Research Services, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Boedeker, Stina
    Funding Services, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland.
    Mäkinen, Saku J.
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Sustainable business model ideation and development of early ideas for sustainable business models: Analyzing a new tool facilitating the ideation process2019In: Sustainable business models: Innovation, implementation and success / [ed] A. Aagaard, Cham: Palgrave Macmillan, 2019, p. 119-150Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This chapter presents an early ideation tool, the Impact Canvas® (IC), that has been specifically designed to involve different kinds of stakeholders in the early stages of the business and research ideation process. The authors discuss how a tool can support the ideation process and how the IC tool has been designed to incorporate different elements for the development of sustainable and impactful ideas. The usefulness of the tool when cooperating in a multidisciplinary team is described. The authors report feedback from users of the tool that supports the perception of the user-friendliness and usefulness of the tool. The chapter concludes with a description of how the IC tool is being further developed to support a more multidisciplinary approach to research and business ideation.

  • 17.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    et al.
    Center for Innovation and Technology Research, Department of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Baumgartner, Rupert J.
    Institute of Systems Sciences, Innovation and Sustainability Research, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.
    Mäkinen, Saku J.
    Center for Innovation and Technology Research, Department of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Eco-friendly brands to drive sustainable development: Replication and extension of the brand experience scale in a cross-national context2017In: Sustainability, ISSN 2071-1050, E-ISSN 2071-1050, Vol. 9, no 7, article id 1286Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The purpose of this study is to explore how consumers perceive eco-friendliness in their brand experiences and how this can be measured cross-nationally. This is a replication-extension study based on an existing brand experience scale. Data were collected in India and Finland from smartphone users (N = 1008). The fitness of the brand experience model is validated cross-nationally with structural equation modeling. The empirical data consisting of consumers' responses on the Apple, Samsung, and Nokia brands confirm that there is a unique dimension of eco-friendliness in the general brand experiences of consumers, and it is generalizable cross-nationally in India and Finland. The study presents a consumer-focused measure of sustainable development that could be used to track how consumers perceive the eco-friendliness of brands. The paper links consumer experiences that guide sustainable consumption behavior to the macro-level management of sustainable development. This paper extends previous research on brand experience measurement by testing cross-nationally a scale including a dimension for measuring eco-friendliness. The brand experience measurement scale could aid companies in tracking the success of their sustainable development initiatives on the brand level.

  • 18.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    et al.
    Department of Industrial and Information Management, Center for Innovation and Technology Research, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Fritz, Morgane M. C.
    Institute of Systems Sciences, Innovation and Sustainability Research, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.
    Mäkinen, Saku J.
    Department of Industrial and Information Management, Center for Innovation and Technology Research, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Baumgartner, Rupert J.
    Institute of Systems Sciences, Innovation and Sustainability Research, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.
    Designing green marketing across industries: A conceptual framework and implications for consumers and transdisciplinary research2018In: Handbook of sustainability science and research / [ed] Walter Leal Filho, Cham: Springer, 2018, p. 581-596Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Understanding what marketing messages trigger sustainable consumer behavior is one of the key issues for companies to be able to design effective green marketing. The goal of this paper is to present a conceptual framework for a green marketing approach that includes product, industry, production processes, and supply chain specific considerations to be utilized in the design of green product marketing for the mass markets. Based on a literature review, we have created a conceptual framework with industry-specific aspects on the basis of unique features in seven industrial sectors that are of relevance to the personal needs of consumers from an environmental perspective, but are focusing on the product-specific aspects of the marketed products. The originality of this study lies in the proposition that green marketing should use the actual product features as a starting point and not focus only on green consumers. The greenness of a product should be an additional dimension that adds to the competitiveness of the product when compared to conventional products. Theoretically, we propose that a transdisciplinary approach that integrates sustainable supply chain management perspectives to green marketing would benefit companies designing green marketing approaches and consumers making green product choices. 

  • 19.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Mäkinen, Saku
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Alinikula, Petteri
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Consumers' views on eco-friendliness as a dimension of a high-tech brand2014In: Going Green - CARE INNOVATION 2014, 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    High-tech companies are facing the need to perform deeper analysis of how consumers view the eco-friendliness of their brands, in order to create green product and marketing strategies. The focus of this paper is to study whether consumers associate eco-friendliness with high-tech brands, and what kinds of consumers are most pro-environmental based on demographics. The key finding of this research is that consumers consider also eco‐friendly aspects when reflecting on high‐tech brands on four dimensions also used to measure general brand experience: the sensory, affective, behavioral and intellectual dimensions. Demographically, women consider eco‐friendliness more in association with high‐tech brands than men across all of the four brand experience dimensions. In addition, mature consumers consider on the intellectual and sensory brand dimensions more eco‐friendly aspects than young consumers. There are no statistically significant differences in the responses based on the educational background of the respondents.

  • 20.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Mäkinen, Saku J.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Exploring how brand experience measurement could be used for integrating marketing and R&D2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Based on a brand experience survey done on global mobile phone brands, we have analysed how brand experiences impact brand loyalty and are associated to prior product selections. We have created two conceptual models after doing exploratory factor analysis (EFA) on data collected from Finland (N=468). Our findings indicate that brand experiences of mobile phone brands consist of intellectual, sensory, behavioural, and eco-friendliness related aspects, and that the affective dimension that has earlier been linked to brand experiences is in fact associated more with brand loyalty. Also the perception of eco-friendliness in the brand experience can have an impact on brand loyalty and it is reflected in the product selection. Thus we suggest that integrated marketing and innovation management concentrate on improving the emotions consumers have towards a brand and measure this dimension to track how the brand has succeeded to deliver intellectual, sensory, behavioural and eco-friendliness related brand experiences.

  • 21. Saari, Ulla A.
    et al.
    Mäkinen, Saku J.
    From replication to further scale development: A case study of incorporating an eco-friendliness dimension in an existing consumer experience scale2019In: SAGE research methods cases: Part 2, London: Sage Publications, 2019Chapter in book (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This case study describes how we developed a new dimension for measuring eco-friendliness in an existing brand experience measurement scale. We also replicated the original scale to test its generalizability in other countries. Extensions and replications of existing frameworks are important for validating current theories and testing their reliability, even though these research approaches are not yet commonly applied in marketing and business research. In this case study, we describe the research stages that we went through when replicating and extending the scale in two different countries: a small Western country and a large non-Western country. This case study also briefly presents the statistical methods we used (e.g., principal components analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling). Replications and extensions of existing frameworks with new dimensions for sustainability-related constructs could aid the field of business and management to further develop more theories on advancing sustainable business.

  • 22.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    et al.
    Department of Industrial Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Mäkinen, Saku J.
    Department of Industrial Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Measuring brand experiences cross-nationally2017In: Journal of Brand Management, ISSN 1350-231X, E-ISSN 1479-1803, Vol. 24, no 1, p. 86-104Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The need for reliable and valid metrics for tracking consumers' experiences of products and brands cross-nationally is becoming ever more important as companies are increasingly operating in international markets. Brand experiences associated with global brands can manifest themselves very differently in different parts of the world; thus, the scales developed to track brand experiences should be validated cross-nationally. This research tests and revises an existing brand experience measurement scale cross-nationally in two countries that have very different cultural settings. Based on the findings from a survey with a sample of 1008 respondents, the authors propose a revised and shortened scale that provides more reliable and valid measurement results of brand experiences of global high-tech brands. In general, the results demonstrate the need for tests on the cross-national applicability of measurement scales and, even further, they underline the importance of replication research.

  • 23.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Mäkinen, Saku J.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Baumgartner, Rupert J.
    Is eco-friendliness driving customer product choice in technology markets?2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The goal of this study is to examine how eco-friendliness in the brand experience impacts product selection, and how product selection induces green brand loyalty among customers and consumers. A conceptual model is tested with empirical data collected with a web survey on mobile phone brands. The findings of this research indicate that eco-friendliness in the brand experience influences positively product selection and green brand loyalty for some global brands. Thefindings also point out that technology firms should seriously consider their sustainability and eco-friendliness strategies in their technology commercialization activities.

  • 24.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    et al.
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Mäkinen, Saku J.
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Järventausta, Pertti
    Laboratory of Electrical Energy Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Vilkko, Matti
    Laboratory of Automation and Hydraulic Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Systä, Kari
    Laboratory of Pervasive Computing, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Kotilainen, Kirsi
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Valta, Jussi
    Laboratory of Industrial and Information Management, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Björkqvist, Tomas
    Laboratory of Automation and Hydraulic Engineering, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Laukkarinen, Teemu
    Laboratory of Pervasive Computing, Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Engaging students in cross-disciplinary research and education—A processual approach to educational development2019In: Handbook of sustainability science and research / [ed] Walter Leal Filho, Cham: Springer, 2019, p. 353-363Chapter in book (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The creation of future sustainable and efficient energy systems requires a cross-disciplinary approach in engineering education. In order for energy-related engineering students to be prepared for real-world situations after their studies, it is important that, while they are still studying, they obtain the basic skills for handling different concepts, theoretical frameworks and solution types created in the various disciplines involved. At the Tampere University of Technology (TUT), a cross-disciplinary team was formed from four different departments in three different faculties to create a platform for research and education purposes on the university campus. The purpose was to coordinate research and provide students with a wider picture and a concrete implementation of the different layers and aspects that need to be taken into account when creating innovative solutions for future digital energy systems. The creation of the platform started from a successful student ideation competition that produced many viable solutions. This paper describes the bottom-up incremental process by which the cross-disciplinary platform was created. The innovative solutions created in the student ideation competition convinced the university organization that the cross-disciplinary collaboration should have a more permanent platform on the university campus, allowing researchers and students to incorporate more sustainability and systemic aspects into their work, and having a positive impact on the sustainable energy consumption on the campus. 

  • 25.
    Saari, Ulla A.
    et al.
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Mäkinen, Saru
    Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.
    Study on the capability to measure stakeholders’ brand experiences with a consumer-centric measurement framework2016In: Global Marketing Conference Proceedings 2016 Hong Kong, July 21 - 24, 2016Conference paper (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The target of this paper is to introduce a general brand experience measurement scale that can be used to measure brand experiences of the stakeholders of a company. It is proposed that also stakeholders’ brand experiences can be measured with a measurement scale developed for consumer marketing research.

    In literature, there are various different kinds of individual brand constructs andmeasurement frameworks that have been developed for tracking consumers’ brand perceptions; however, these models have not been frequently used to measure brand-related aspects outside consumer-centric situations. The tracking of stakeholders’ brand experiences can help companies to position their brands better in the tightening global competition where also stakeholders have a critical role and can influence the performance of the company (Hult, Mena, Ferrell, & Ferrell, 2011).

    Brands are experienced via stimuli that can be either controlled by the company,including, for example, advertisements, logos, sales environments, sales packages, and services, or then they are out of their control, for example, brand related information can spread freely on the social media or by word-of-mouth (Brakus, Schmitt, & Zarantonello, 2009; Keller, 2013). Thus, it can be said that the measurement of brand experiences can give valuable information to the company on what is the status and reputation of the brand. However, it is not only the customers or consumers that have brand experiences, also stakeholders encounter brands and the way they experience them on the personal level can have a major impact on how they interact and promote the brand in other contexts. Some B2B marketing theories have brought up the importance of understanding long-term relationships between buyers and sellers, including experiences associated with the relationship (Hadjikhani & LaPlaca, 2013) as well as purchase risks (Brown, Zablah, Bellenger, & Johnston, 2011).

    Brand experiences can be measured, for example, with a measurement scale (Brakus et al., 2009) that has been extended with an eco-friendliness dimension (Saari, 2016). This model has been tested with consumers, and this paper argues that the same scale can be useful for monitoring the brand experiences of other stakeholders as well. The extended brand experience scale can be used to monitor whether consumers and stakeholders experience a certain brand to be ecofriendly, and how positively or negatively they are inclined towards the eco-friendliness of the brand experiences.

    With the raising focus on stakeholders’ important role in solving environmentalproblems, the role of stakeholder marketing becomes more critical for a company (Homburg, Stierl, & Bornemann, 2013). And in this situation it becomes also more crucial to follow up what are the brand experiences of stakeholders. The stakeholders’ brand experiences can give a strong indication is the company implementing its strategy correctly and are all the essential elements transparently and authentically communicated to the stakeholders, especially with regard to the environmental development activities that are reflected in the eco-friendliness dimension of brand experiences.Keywords: brand experience; brand .measurement scales; stakeholders’ brandexperiences; stakeholder marketing.

    References:

    Brakus, J. J., Schmitt, B. H., & Zarantonello, L. (2009). Brand Experience: What Is It? How Is It Measured? Does It Affect Loyalty? Journal of Marketing, 73(3), 52-68.

    Brown, B., Zablah, A., Bellenger, D., & Johnston, W. (2011). When do B2B brands influence the decision making of organizational buyers? An examination of therelationship between purchase risk and brand sensitivity. International Journal ofResearch in Marketing, 28 (3), 194-204.

    Hadjikhani, A., & LaPlaca, P. (2013). Development of B2B marketing theory.Industrial Marketing Management, 42(3), 294-305.

    Homburg, C., Stierl, M., & Bornemann, T. (2013). Corporate Social Responsibility in Business-to-Business Markets: How Organizational Customers Account for Supplier Corporate Social Responsibility Engagement. Journal of Marketing,77(6), 54-72.

    Hult, G. T. M., Mena, J. A., Ferrell, O. C., & Ferrell, L. (2011). Stakeholdermarketing: a definition and conceptual framework. AMS Rev, 1, 44–65.

    Keller, K. L. (2013). Strategic Brand Management. Building, Measuring, andManaging Brand Equity. (4 ed.). Essex, England: Pearson Education Limited.

    Saari, U. (2016). Eco-Friendliness in the Brand Experience of High-Tech Products. Tampere University of Technology, Tampere, Finland.

  • 26.
    Sarkhosh-Sara, Ali
    et al.
    University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
    Tavassoli, Mohammad H.
    University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran.
    Heshmati, Almas
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Department of Economics, Sogang University, Seoul, South Korea.
    Assessing the sustainability of high-, middle-, and low-income countries: A network DEA model in the presence of both zero data and undesirable outputs2019In: Sustainable Production and Consumption, ISSN 2352-5509, E-ISSN 1614-2373Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Sustainability evaluation has been an important topic for politicians and professionals for the last few decades. A data envelopment analysis (DEA) is a popular technique for evaluating the sustainability of decision-making units (DMUs). The traditional DEA models consider a DMU as black-box thus ignoring the interactions among the different processes. This study proposes a new network data envelopment analysis (NDEA) model for evaluating the sustainability of high-, middle-, and low-income countries. The proposed NDEA model allows us to evaluate sustainable production and distribution stages in a unified framework in the presence of both zero data and undesirable outputs. The results of our proposed model show that countries with high and low incomes perform well in the sustainable production stage but have a weak performance in the sustainable distribution stage. In contrast, middle-income countries have weak performance in the sustainable production stage but good performance in the sustainable distribution stage. Finally, to identify countries’ strengths and weaknesses, we also did a sensitivity analysis. Based on the results, the paper proposes solutions for reducing inefficiencies in the sustainable production and distribution stages. 

  • 27.
    Svensson, Göran
    et al.
    Oslo School of Management, Norway.
    Padin, Carmen
    Vigo University of Spain, Spain.
    Eriksson, David
    University of Borås, Sweden.
    Glocal business sustainability: Performance beyond zero!2016In: International Journal of procurement management, ISSN 1753-8432, E-ISSN 1753-8440, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 15-26Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The paper describes and debates business sustainability beyond zero emissions and neutralised impacts through compensatory performance. Our findings highlight the interconnections and interdependences of sustainability issues across contexts and through time. The vision of performance beyond zero is necessary and required to achieve glocal business sustainability. The implications also include a broadened and positioned view in the present and for the future on the emissions and impacts generated by the world of business locally and globally in relation to Earth's local and global life- and eco-systems. We argue for the future that it is necessary and required to move beyond zero to heal and restore the negative emissions and impact so far caused. The rational and contribution is an offensive and proactive view of contemporary visions and mission of glocal business sustainability performance beyond zero.

  • 28.
    Ulkhaq, Muhammad Mujiya
    et al.
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    George Joseph, Reinu Shyle
    Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Business Administration.
    Students’ attitudes towards campus sustainability: A comparison among Jönköping University, Chalmers University of Technology, and University of Gothenburg2019Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
    Abstract [en]

    The role of higher education institutions (HEIs) in promoting and supporting sustainabil- ity has outstretched over the past decades as a result of various declarations and commit- ments related to the need for sustainability in HEI. As a consequence, HEIs tried to achieve campus sustainability by integrating sustainability concept into their projects, partnerships, assessments, programs, curricula, and research. Accordingly, achieving campus sustainability is not feasible without the involvement of students as the biggest stakeholders of HEI, who have a substantial impact on sustainability by contributing to and supporting campus sustainability. This research aims to compare and analyse the at- titudes of students towards campus sustainability in relation to the influence of the uni- versity. The research was conducted at three universities in Sweden which have different environmental management system certification status, i.e., Jönköping University (JU), Chalmers University of Technology (Chalmers), and University of Gothenburg (GU). The result shows that there is a statistically significant difference in those three universi- ties in general. In detail, only ten out of twenty-two indicators of campus sustainability are different. Further analysis reports that students at GU have the highest attitudes, stu- dents at JU have the lowest ones, while Chalmers is positioned in between them. Analysis and discussion are provided to identify the reasons behind the differences and similarities.

  • 29.
    Weiss, Jan Frederic
    et al.
    Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Supply Chain and Operations Management. Centre for Young and Family Enterprises (CYFE), Università degli Studi di Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy.
    Anisimova, Tatiana Anatolevena
    Centre for Young and Family Enterprises (CYFE), Università degli Studi di Bergamo, Bergamo, Italy.
    The innovation and performance effects of well-designed environmental regulation: evidence from Sweden2019In: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 26, no 5, p. 534-567Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    This paper provides novel empirical insights into the Porter hypothesis (PH) and its dynamic nature. The PH posits that well-designed environmental regulations induce eco-innovations at polluting firms that improve both their environmental and business performance via ‘innovation offsets.’ We conduct an econometric test of this proposition, using Swedish pulp and paper plants as empirical application. Swedish environmental regulation of polluting industries provides an interesting case because it has been praised, due to containing elements of ‘well-designed’ regulations, for being conducive to accomplishing the ‘win-win’ situation of mutual environmental and economic benefits. The empirical results indicate that flexible and dynamic command-and-control regulation and economic incentive instruments have induced innovation offsets through improved energy efficiency. Our study bears important implications: empirical tests of the PH that do not account for its dynamic nature, and that do not measure ‘well-designed’ regulations, might provide misleading conclusions as to its validity.

1 - 29 of 29
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