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Restoring integrity—A grounded theory of coping with a fast track surgery programme
Centre of Elective Surgery, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being, ISSN 1748-2623, E-ISSN 1748-2631, Vol. 11, article id 29864Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectives: The aim of this study was to generate a theory conceptualizing and explaining behavioural processes involved in coping in order to identify the predominant coping types and coping type-specific features.

Background: Patients undergoing fast track procedures do not experience a higher risk of complications, readmission, or mortality. However, such programmes presuppose an increasing degree of patient involvement, placing high educational, physical, and mental demands on the patients. There is a lack of knowledge about how patients understand and cope with fast track programmes.

Design: The study design used classical grounded theory.

Methods: The study used a multimodal approach with qualitative and quantitative data sets from 14 patients.

Results: Four predominant types of coping, with distinct physiological, cognitive, affective, and psychosocial features, existed among patients going through a fast track total hip replacement programme. These patients’ main concern was to restore their physical and psychosocial integrity, which had been compromised by reduced function and mobility in daily life. To restore integrity they economized their mental resources, while striving to fulfil the expectations of the fast track programme. This goal was achieved by being mentally proactive and physically active. Three out of the four predominant types of coping matched the expectations expressed in the fast track programme. The non-matching behaviour was seen among the most nervous patients, who claimed the right to diverge from the programme.

Conclusion: In theory, four predominant types of coping with distinct physiological, cognitive, affective, and psychosocial features occur among patients going through a fast track total hip arthroplasty programme.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 11, article id 29864
Keywords [en]
Coping preferences, self-management, fast track programme, orthopaedic surgery, grounded theory, integrity, education level, self-reported health status
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31881DOI: 10.3402/qhw.v11.29864ISI: 000369148300001Local ID: HHJADULTISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31881DiVA, id: diva2:974641
Available from: 2016-09-27 Created: 2016-09-27 Last updated: 2017-11-21Bibliographically approved

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Fridlund, Bengt

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