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Förbättra pålitligheten i leveranser till kund genom att använda SCOR-modellen
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Improve delivery reliability to customer using the SCORmodel (Swedish)
Abstract [sv]

Syfte – Studiens syfte är att bidra till kunskap om hur SCOR-modellen kan användas för att identifiera och förbättra en kritisk process i ett orderflöde med avseende att höja pålitligheten i leveranser till kund. För att uppfylla syftet har det brutits ner i tre delmål.Delmål 1: Att kartlägga det nuvarande orderflödets materialflöde och informationsflöde.Delmål 2: Att utvärdera orderflödet med hjälp av SCOR-modellen och identifiera en kritisk process med avseende att höja pålitligheten i leveranser till kund.Delmål 3: Att analysera den kritiska processen utifrån SCOR-modellen och identifiera förbättringspotential med avseende att höja pålitligheten i leveranser till kund.Metod – För att uppfylla studiens syfte genomfördes en fallstudie på Expedit AB. Litteraturstudier utfördes för att skapa ett teoretiskt ramverk. Insamlingen av empirin bestod av intervjuer, dokumentstudier och observationer. För att analysera data användes mönsterpassning samt analysverktygen flödeskartläggning och orsak-verkan-diagram. Vid beräkningar användes SCOR-modellens beräkningsmetoder.Resultat – Genom intervjuer, observationer och flödeskartläggning kunde det första delmålet uppfyllas och illustreras. Utvärderingen resulterade i att inköpsprocessen identifierades som den kritiska processen då 55% av avvikelserna kopplade till pålitlighet i leverans till kund var relaterade till inköpsprocessen. De identifierade problemområdena i den kritiska processen var bristande kommunikation, variationer, bristande standarder, felaktig orderregistrering och externa avvikelser. SCOR-modellens praxis för inköpsprocessen kunde lösa bristande kommunikation, variationer, felaktig orderregistrering samt externa avvikelser. Bristande standarder löstes genom kompletterande teori och därmed kunde syftet uppfyllas.Implikationer – Denna studie har visat hur en kritisk process i ett orderflöde kan identifieras och förbättras med avseende på att höja pålitligheten i leveranser till kund. Studien har bidragit till att stärka nuvarande teori.Begränsningar – Studien innefattar en enfallsstudie men det hade varit önskvärt att använda sig av en flerfallstudie för att höja generaliserbarheten hos studien. De flesta intervjuer bygger mestadels på följdfrågor och detta sänker reliabiliteten hos studien då dessa frågor är beroende av respondentens svar.

Abstract [en]

Purpose – The purpose of this thesis is to develop an understanding on how a crucial process can be identified and how to make it more efficient in order to increase delivery reliability to customer using the SCOR-model. To fulfil the purpose it has been broken down into three parts:Part 1: To map the current order flow with material flow and information flowPart 2: To evaluate the order flow using the SCOR-model and identify a crucial process in order to increase delivery reliability to customerPart 3: To analyze the crucial process using the SCOR-model and identify areas of improvement in order to increase delivery reliability to customerMethod – In order to meet the purpose of thesis, a case study has been conducted on Expedit AB. Literature studies were performed to create a theoretical framework. To gather empirical data, interviews, document studies and observations was conducted. To analyze the empirical findings pattern matching was used and also analyze tools such as flow mapping and cause-and-effect-diagram. The supply chain operations reference model calculations methods were used to make calculations.Findings – The first part of the purpose was accomplished through interviews, observations and was illustrated in a flow map. As a result of the evaluation of the order flow the purchasing process was identified as the crucial process. This conclusion was made since 55% of the deviations was related to the purchasing process. Five areas of improvement were identified within the crucial process was lack of communication, variations, lack of standards, incorrect order registration and external deviations. In order to handle problems related to lack of communication, variations, incorrect order registration and external deviations the SCOR-models purchasing practices were used. In order to handle problems related to lack of standards additional theories where used and by doing so the purpose could be fulfilled.Implications – This study has shown how a crucial process in an order flow can be identified and how to make it more efficient in order to increase delivery reliability to customer. The study has contributed to strengthening existing theories.Limitations – This case study only consist one case instead of several which would have increased the generalizability of the study. A majority of the conducted interviews are mostly based on supplementaries, this lower the reliability of the study since these questions are based on the respondents answers.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 55 p.
Keyword [en]
Order flow, material flow, information flow, reliability, Supply Chain Operations Reference Model, SCOR, crucial process
Keyword [sv]
Orderflöde, materialflöde, informationsflöde, pålitlighet, Supply Chain Operations Reference Model, SCOR, kritisk process
National Category
Transport Systems and Logistics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31822ISRN: JU-JTH-IGA-1-20160054OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31822DiVA: diva2:972637
Subject / course
JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-30 Created: 2016-09-21 Last updated: 2016-09-30Bibliographically approved

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