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En beskrivning av sköra äldre personers hälsoupplevelse.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

För att kunna möta sköra äldres komplexa behov bör fokus flyttas från behandling av enskilda diagnoser till ett holistiskt omhändertagande. Denna studie beskrev hur sköra äldre personer upplevde sin hälsa och vad de ansåg påverkade denna. Tio personer mellan 67-90 år, som identifierades med hjälp av ”Clinical Frailty Scale”, intervjuades. Intervjuerna analyserades med hjälp av Giorgi´s deskriptiva fenomenologiska metod. Hälsoupplevelsen hos deltagarna kan beskrivas med hjälp av sex teman: ”Betydelsen av kontakt med andra människor”, ”Fysiska och psykiska resurser och begränsningar”, ”Inre drivkraft men svårigheter att vara aktiv”, ”Miljön och dess påverkan på hälsoupplevelsen”, ”Tidens gång och dess påverkan på hälsoupplevelsen” och ”Glädjeämnen i livet”. Deltagarnas hälsoupplevelse var individuell men de var eniga om att hälsoupplevelsen påverkades både negativt och positivt. Sociala relationer, boendemiljö, trygghet och glädjeämnen var av stor betydelse för en god hälsoupplevelse. Resultatet kan ge vägledning vid val av arbetsterapeutiska interventioner och bidra till utveckling av arbetsterapiprogram riktade mot sköra äldre personer vilket kan vara en del i att skapa förutsättningar för ett förbättrat omhändertagande till gagn för individ, profession och samhälle.

Abstract [en]

To meet frail older adults´ complex needs focus should shift from single diagnosis care to a holistic care. This study described how frail older adults perceived their health and what they consider to affect that. Ten frail older adults between 67-90 years who were identified with the help of "Clinical Frailty Scale" were interviewed. The interviews were analyzed by using Giorgi's descriptive phenomenological method. Health experience of the participants can be described using six elements: “The importance of contact with other people”, “Physical and mental resources and limitations”, “Inner drive, but difficulties to be active”, “The environment and its impact on the health experience”,The passage of time and its influence on the health experience” and “joys of life”. The participants’ health experiences were individual but were commonly affected both, negatively and positively. Social relationships, living environment, safe and secure health care contacts and joys in life were of great importance. The results may guide the choice of Occupational Therapy interventions and contribute to the development of Occupational Therapy programs aimed at frail older adults, which can be a part of improved care for the benefit of the individual, profession and society.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
Activity, Comorbidity, Elderly, Occupational Therapy, Participation, Phenomenological method.
Keyword [sv]
Aktivitet, Arbetsterapi, Delaktighet, Fenomenologisk metod, Multisjuklighet
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31511ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-2-20160055OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31511DiVA: diva2:956192
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-09-01 Created: 2016-08-25 Last updated: 2016-09-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
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