Comparing a pharmaceutical and an agro-food bioregion: On the importance of knowledge bases for socio-spatial patterns of innovation
2006 (English)In: Industry and Innovation, ISSN 1366-2716, E-ISSN 1469-8390, Vol. 13, no 4, 393-414 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
The aim of this paper is to compare the socio-spatial patterns of innovation and knowledge linkages of a biopharmaceutical and an agro-food biotech cluster. Dissimilarities can be expected based on differences in terms of historical technological regimes and sectoral innovation system dynamics between the agro-food and pharmaceutical industries in general and particularly the distinctive analytical (science-based) knowledge base of biopharmaceuticals in contrast with the more synthetic (engineering-based) knowledge base of agro-food biotechnology. Drawing on bibliometric data and case material the study compares two representative bioregions: a biopharmaceutical cluster in Scania, Sweden and an agro-food biotech cluster in Saskatoon, Canada. The empirical study supports the theoretical expectations and shows that knowledge dynamics in the agro-food cluster are more localized than in the biopharmaceuticals cluster. It is important, however, to acknowledge that these differences are relative. Both sectors display local and non-local patterns of collaboration following the general pattern for biotechnology.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2006. Vol. 13, no 4, 393-414 p.
biotechnology; drug; innovation; knowledge
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31350DOI: 10.1080/13662710601032937ScopusID: 2-s2.0-34347239323OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31350DiVA: diva2:955020