Prehospital factors associated with an acute life-threatening condition in non-traumatic chest pain patients - A systematic review
2016 (English)In: International Journal of Cardiology, ISSN 0167-5273, E-ISSN 1874-1754, Vol. 219, 373-379 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Background: Chest pain is a common symptom among patients contacting the emergency medical services (EMS). Risk stratification of these patients is warranted before arrival in hospital, regarding likelihood of an acute life-threatening condition (LTC).
Aim: To identify factors associated with an increased risk of acute LTC among patients who call the EMS due to non-traumatic chest pain.
Methods: Several databases were searched for relevant articles. Identified articles were quality-assessed using the Scottish Intercollegiate Guidelines Network checklists. Extracted data was analysed using a semi-quantitative synthesis evaluating the level of evidence of each identified factor.
Results: In total, 10 of 1245 identified studies were included. These studies provided strong evidence for an increased risk of an acute LTC with increasing age, male gender, elevated heart rate, low systolic blood pressure and ST elevation or ST depression on a 12-lead ECG. The level of evidence regarding the history of myocardial infarction, angina pectoris or presence of a Q wave or a Left Bundle Branch Block on the ECG was moderate. The evidence was inconclusive regarding dyspnoea, cold sweat/paleness, nausea/vomiting, history of chronic heart failure, smoking, Right Bundle Branch Block or T-inversions on the ECG.
Conclusions: Factors reflecting age, gender, myocardial ischemia and a compromised cardiovascular system predicted an increased risk of an acute life-threatening condition in the prehospital setting in cases of acute chest pain. These factors may form the basis for prehospital risk stratification in acute chest pain.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 219, 373-379 p.
Acute coronary syndrome, Chest pain, Emergency medical services, Prehospital, Risk assessment
Cardiac and Cardiovascular Systems
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31251DOI: 10.1016/j.ijcard.2016.06.066ISI: 000380817400064PubMedID: 27352210ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84976329676OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31251DiVA: diva2:952791