Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
The effect of schooling on mortality: New evidence from 50,000 Swedish twins
Centre for Economic Demography, IZA, HEP, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.
Lund University, HEP Lund, Lund, Sweden.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
2016 (English)In: Demography, ISSN 0070-3370, E-ISSN 1533-7790, Vol. 53, no 4, 1135-1168 p.Article in journal (Refereed) PublishedText
Abstract [en]

By using historical data on about 50,000 twins born in Sweden during 1886–1958, we demonstrate a positive and statistically significant relationship between years of schooling and longevity. This relation remains almost unchanged when exploiting a twin fixed-effects design to control for the influence of genetics and shared family background. This result is robust to controlling for within-twin-pair differences in early-life health and cognitive ability, as proxied by birth weight and height, as well as to restricting the sample to MZ twins. The relationship is fairly constant over time but becomes weaker with age. Literally, our results suggest that compared with low levels of schooling (less than 10 years), high levels of schooling (at least 13 years of schooling) are associated with about three years longer life expectancy at age 60 for the considered birth cohorts. The real societal value of schooling may hence extend beyond pure labor market and economic growth returns. From a policy perspective, schooling may therefore be a vehicle for improving longevity and health, as well as equality along these dimensions.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 53, no 4, 1135-1168 p.
Keyword [en]
Longevity, Mortality, Schooling, Stratified partial likelihood, Twins
National Category
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31237DOI: 10.1007/s13524-016-0489-3PubMedID: 27393233ScopusID: 2-s2.0-84978035999OAI: diva2:952379
Available from: 2016-08-12 Created: 2016-08-12 Last updated: 2016-09-15Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Nystedt, Paul
By organisation
JIBS, EconomicsThe Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare
In the same journal
Public Health, Global Health, Social Medicine and Epidemiology

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 47 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link