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Kulturell kompetens inom barnhälsovården: Sjuksköterskors beskrivningar av sin kulturella kompetens
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Cultural competence in child health care services : Nurse's descriptions of their cultural competence (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Utvecklingen mot ett mer mångkulturellt samhälle speglas i barnhälsovårdens verksamhet. Detta gör att sjuksköterskor behöver ökad kulturell kompetens för att kunna anpassa omvårdnaden i arbetet med barn och familjer med utländsk bakgrund. Syftet var att undersöka sjuksköterskors beskrivningar av sin kulturella kompetens i mötet med barn och familjer med utländsk bakgrund inom barnhälsovården utifrån Campinha- Bacotes modell om kulturell kompetens. Metod: Kvalitativ deskriptiv design användes och åtta sjuksköterskor intervjuades. Materialet analyserades med en kvalitativ deduktiv innehållsanalys baserad på Campinha- Bacotes (2002) modell om kulturell kompetens inom hälso- och sjukvård. Resultat: Sjuksköterskor inom barnhälsovården har främst genom erfarenhet erhållit kulturell kompetens och önskar vidareutveckla den. De beskriver en osäkerhet i mötet med familjer med utländsk bakgrund beroende på kulturella skillnader och språkbarriärer. Sjuksköterskorna beskriver en oro att inte upptäcka eventuell utvecklingsförsening eller ohälsa hos barnen och att inte kunna erbjuda kulturellt anpassad omvårdnad. Slutsats: I barnhälsovårdens strävan att erbjuda lika hälsovård till alla barn behöver sjuksköterskor ha en ökad kulturell kompetens och resurser för att kunna erbjuda kulturellt anpassad omvårdnad.

Abstract [en]

Background: The development of a more multicultural society is reflected in primary child health care services. This means that nurses need increased cultural competence to modify their health care work with children and families with a foreign background. The aim is to explore nurses' descriptions of their cultural competence in encounters with children and families with a foreign background in child health care based on Campinha- Bacotes model of cultural competence. Method: Qualitative descriptive design was used and eight nurses were interviewed. The material was analysed with a deductive qualitative content analysis based on Campinha- Bacotes (2002) model of cultural competence in health care. Findings: The nurses in child health care services mainly acquired cultural competence through experience, and desires to further develop it. The nurses describe an insecurity in the meeting with families of foreign origin due to cultural differences and language barriers. A fear of not detecting development delays or disorders in the children and not being able to provide culturally appropriate care are described by the nurses. Conclusion: In child health care services efforts to provide equal health care to all children, nurses need to have a greater cultural competence and resources to provide culturally appropriate care.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 22 p.
Keyword [en]
child health services, cultural competence, nurse, nursing
Keyword [sv]
barnhälsovård, kulturell kompetens, omvårdnad, sjuksköterska
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-31018ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-2-20160119OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-31018DiVA: diva2:945669
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-07-05 Created: 2016-07-02 Last updated: 2016-07-05Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • de-DE
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