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Hypermobilitetssyndrom och rehabilitering: en scoping review för arbetsterapeuter.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 40 credits / 60 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Joint hypermobility syndrome and rehabilitation: a soping review for occupational therapists (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hypermobilitetssyndrom [JHS] är vanligt, dock råder okunskap bland hälso- och sjukvårdspersonal gällande bedömning och behandling. Syfte: Beskriva vetenskaplig kunskap inom JHS-området, problem i dagliga aktiviteter och interventioner inom rehabilitering samt belysa arbetsterapins roll vid JHS. Material och metod: Scopingstudie omfattande litteratursökning i vetenskapliga databaser, tidskrifter samt internet resulterade inkluderade 22 vetenskapliga referenser. Kartläggning av data varefter kvantitativ analys och ansats till kvalitativ innehållsanalys genomfördes. Resultat: Problem identifierades med dominans av smärta samt medföljande konsekvenser i daglig aktivitet och delaktighet omfattande person, hemliv, skola, arbete, fritid och social delaktighet. Interventioner är bland annat behandling av symptom, utbildning, träning, aktivitetsmodifiering, livsstilsförändring och miljöinterventioner. Behov  gällande prevention och multidisciplinär behandling av individer med JHS påtalas. Arbetsterapeuter har en liten representation i funnen litteratur och kunskapsluckor identifierades. Slutsats och implikationer: Arbetsterapeuters interventioner behandlar och förebygger problem som inverkar på individens dagliga aktiviteter och kan därmed bidra till ökad aktivitetsnivå, hälsa samt välbefinnande vid JHS. Mer forskning gällande interventioners effekt och effektivitet behövs ur individens såväl som ur samhällsekonomiskt perspektiv. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Hypermobility Syndrome [JHS] is common, however, there is lack of knowledge among health professionals regarding assessment and treatment. Aim/objectives: Describe scientific knowledge within JHS, restrictions in daily activities and interventions within the scope of rehabilitation and occupational therapy [OT] role. Material and methods: A scoping review with extensive literature search in scientific databases, magazines and the internet resulted included 22 scientific references. Charting data followed by quantitative analysis and an approach to qualitative content analysis was performed. Results: Problems were identified, pain dominated and following consequences in daily activities and participation within person, home life, school, work, leisure and social participation. Interventions include treatment of symptoms, education, training, activity modification, lifestyle changes and environmental interventions. Preventive and multidisciplinary treatment of individuals with JHS is stated. OT’s have a small representation of the included literature and lack of knowledge was identified. Conclusion and significance: OT interventions treat and prevent problems affecting individual's daily activities at JHS, thus may contribute to increased activity levels, health and wellbeing. Research is needed on OT-intervention efficacy and efficiency from the individual’s and economic perspective.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 61 p.
Keyword [en]
activity limitations, functional impairment, interventions, participation, rehabilitation
Keyword [sv]
aktivitetsbegränsningar, delaktighet, funktionsnedsättning, interventioner, rehabilitering
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30963ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-2-20160053OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30963DiVA: diva2:945210
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-08-23 Created: 2016-06-29 Last updated: 2016-08-23Bibliographically approved

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