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Samband mellan psykisk ohälsa och alkoholkonsumtion samt rökning: Sjuksköterskans sjukdomsförebyggande och hälsofrämjande arbete
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (One Year)), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Correlations between mental illness and alcoholconsumption and smoking : The nurse's disease prevention and health promotion (English)
Abstract [sv]

Sjuksköterskan kommer i sitt arbete i kontakt med patienter som mår psykisk dåligt och som också brukar alkohol eller tobak. Syftet med denna studie var att undersöka sambandet mellan psykisk ohälsa och alkoholkonsumtion samt rökning hos 40-, 50- och 60-åriga män och kvinnor. Studien hade en kvantitativ deskriptiv design och var en retrospektiv tvärsnittstudie. Data som användes var ett redan inhämtat material från Hälsolyftet som genomförts i två län i södra Sverige år 2014. Dataanalysen gjordes i Pearson`s Chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Student´s t-test och en-vägs ANOVA. Som statistiskt program användes SPSS version 11.0. I resultatet framkom att det inte fanns något samband mellan psykisk ohälsa och alkoholkonsumtion samt rökning. Det framkom intressanta mönster när enskilda variabler studerades. Även om inget samband sågs är det viktigt för sjuksköterskan att ha kunskap om psykisk ohälsa, alkohol och rökningens effekter och hur de påverkar varandra. Kunskapen bidrar till en bättre identifiering och behandling av samband mellan psykisk ohälsa och alkohol samt rökning.

Abstract [en]

The nurse in her work comes in contact with patients with mental illness and who also consume alcohol and tobacco. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between mental illness and alcohol and smoking at 40-, 50- and 60 year old men and women. The study had a quantitative descriptive design and was a retrospective cross-sectional study. The data that were used was material already obtained by the Health Initiative conducted in two counties in southern Sweden in 2014. The data was done in Pearson`s Chi-square test, Kruskal-Wallis test, Student's t test and one-way ANOVA. As a statistical program, SPSS version 11.0 was used. The result showed that there was no correlation between mental health and alcohol consumption and smoking. Although no association was seen, it is important for the nurse to have knowledge of mental illness, alcohol and smoking, and how they affect each other. This knowledge contributes to a better identification and treatment between mental illness and alcohol consumption and smoking.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 16 p.
Keyword [en]
nursing, living habits, adults, conversation, quantitative
Keyword [sv]
omvårdnad, levnadsvanor, vuxna, samtal, kvantitativ
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30582ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-2-20160116OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30582DiVA: diva2:937886
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-27 Created: 2016-06-16 Last updated: 2016-06-27Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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  • apa
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