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Reshoring - En returbiljett till Sverige
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Abstract

Purpose – The aim of this study is to investigate Swedish companies’ motives and difficulties when reshoring. In order to fulfil the purpose, the following two questions were formulated:

1. What are Swedish companies’ motives for reshoring? 2. What difficulties do Swedish companies experience when reshoring?

Method – The methods used in the data collection were literature review and case study. The case study consisted of interviews and document studies, which were conducted at four companies that either have reshored or are planning to. The literature review was based on a previously developed model, which were revised and updated. The collected empirical data was then analysed against the theoretical framework and thus formed the findings of this study.

Findings – The findings of the study indicates that Swedish companies do not only have one motive or experience one difficulty when reshoring, instead there is a combination of several. Most of the identified motives are connected to the supply chain, and that is because the supply chain was not taken into account when offshoring. The following motives were confirmed by all companies: increased logistics and transportation costs, lack of delivery performance, increased demand for customization, and that innovation/R&D will suffer because of the long distance to production. The most distinctive difficulties Swedish companies experience are: great economic differences between countries, lack of or limited access to qualified personnel in Sweden/the region, lack of access to internal resources such as finance or workforce, limited capacity and difficulties to develop a good basis for decision. Furthermore, the study identified several new motives/difficulties that were not previously identified in the literature. This confirms that the research on reshoring is limited and that more studies are needed to cover the existing gap.

Implications – The theoretical implication is that the findings covers a part of the existing research gap on reshoring. The practical implication is that this study contributes to Swedish companies with knowledge of other Swedish companies' reshoring experiences. The study's social implication is that the findings indicates that society must support Swedish companies that wants to reshore by educating people with the required competence.

Limitations – Only four companies were investigated, which can be considered as a limitation. If additional companies were studied, more motives and difficulties would likely be confirmed, which would have strengthened the study's findings further.

Keywords – Reshoring, motives, difficulties, location decisions 

Abstract [sv]

Sammanfattning

Syfte – Studiens syfte är att undersöka svenska företags motiv och svårigheter med reshoring. För att uppfylla syftet har följande två̊ frågeställningar formulerats:

  1. Vilka motiv har svenska företag till reshoring?

  2. Vilka svårigheter upplever svenska företag i samband med reshoring?

Metod – De metoder som användes vid datainsamlingen var litteraturstudie och fallstudie. Fallstudien bestod av intervjuer och dokumentstudier, vilka genomfördes på fyra fallföretag som antingen har eller planerar att reshora. Litteraturstudien utgick från en tidigare framtagen modell som reviderades och uppdaterades. Insamlad empirisk data har därefter analyserats mot det teoretiska ramverket och detta har legat till grund för studiens resultat.

Resultat – Studiens resultat visar att svenska företag inte endast har ett motiv till reshoring eller upplever en svårighet i samband med reshoring utan att det är en kombination av flera olika. Flest motiv kopplas till försörjningskedjan, vilket beror på att denna inte beaktades vid offshoringbeslutet. Följande motiv bekräftas av samtliga fallföretag: ökade logistik- och transportkostnader, bristande leveransförmåga, ökat krav på kundanpassning samt att innovation, forskning och utveckling blir lidande på grund av långt avstånd till produktion. De mest utmärkande svårigheterna som identifierats är stora ekonomiska skillnader mellan länder, avsaknad eller begränsad tillgång till kvalificerad personal i Sverige/regionen, bristande tillgång på interna resurser såsom finansiering och arbetskraft, begränsad kapacitet samt svårigheter att ta fram ett bra beslutsunderlag. Vidare identifieras flera nya motiv/svårigheter som inte tidigare identifierats i litteraturen. Detta bekräftar att forskningen om reshoring är begränsad och att fler studier krävs för att täcka det gap som finns.

Implikationer – Studiens teoretiska implikation är att resultatet täcker en del av det gap som finns i forskningen kring reshoring. Studiens praktiska implikation är att denna studie bidrar till svenska företag med kunskap om andra svenska företags erfarenheter med reshoring. Studiens sociala implikation är att resultatet visar att samhället måste stödja svenska företag som vill reshora genom att utbilda människor med den kompetens som efterfrågas.

Begränsningar – Studiens begränsningar innefattas av att endast fyra fallföretag undersökts. Om fler fallföretag studerats hade troligtvis fler motiv och svårigheter bekräftas, vilket hade stärkt studiens resultat ytterligare.

Nyckelord – Reshoring, motiv, svårigheter, lokaliseringsbeslut 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [sv]
Reshoring
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30575ISRN: JU-JTH-IGA-1-20160024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30575DiVA: diva2:937769
Subject / course
JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management; JTH, Industrial Engineering and Management
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-17 Created: 2016-06-15 Last updated: 2016-06-17Bibliographically approved

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