What Determines a Region’s Capacity to Integrate Refugees?: A Study of the Swedish Municipalities’ Characteristics and their Relationship with Integration
Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
The current refugee crisis has affected many European countries, not least Sweden with the highest number of asylum applications per capita. The crisis has brought an intense discussion on how refugees should be allocated, both across the EU member states and on a sub-national level, and it has undoubtedly put current dispersion policies on trial. Through a study of Sweden’s 290 municipalities, this thesis aims to identify certain characteristics of a host region that facilitates integration, in order to see whether current dispersion policies are optimal, and if not, how they could be altered. Through simple and multiple OLS regressions certain characteristics have shown a clear relationship with integration (positive or negative), while some have been deemed irrelevant. As dispersion policies suggest, a larger population seems to facilitate integration. Also labor market conditions are as expected important, but it seems that the situation for youths is more relevant than the general condition. Finally, it seems as though an ethnically fractionalized population facilitates integration, although the process is aggravated as the refugee influx increases. As surprisingly little research has been conducted on this field, this thesis has only laid the foundation for the topic and further research is necessary. Still, the research has induced some doubts regarding the optimality of current dispersion policies, and this thesis suggests that additional factors should be taken into consideration when dispersion policies are elaborated.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 39 p.
Economic Integration, Integration Capacity, Refugees, Dispersion Policies
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30456ISRN: JU-IHH-NAA-1-20160055OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30456DiVA: diva2:935670
Subject / course
2016-06-01, 20:05 (English)
Kravtsova, Viktoriya, Assistant Professor in Economics
Klaesson, Johan, Assistant Professor in Economics