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Children with intellectual disabilities’ perceptions of their participation in activities in everyday life – a pilot study: A minor field study conducted in Ethiopia
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2016 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Barn med intellektuella funktionsnedsättningars uppfattning av sin delaktighet i vardagliga aktiviteter – en pilotstudie : En mindre fältstudie genomförd i Etiopien (Swedish)
Abstract [en]

Background: Children with disabilities living in low and middle income countries’ perceptions of participation are not shown in research. These perceptions are important for providing appropriate interventions. Aim: To describe how children aged 8-12 with an intellectual disability living in Ethiopia perceive their situation regarding participation in activities in everyday life. Method: A descriptive design with a quantitative approach was used. The sample was gathered using consecutive sampling. Fifteen structured interviews were conducted, using “Picture my participation,” an instrument under development. Analyses were made using SPSS Statistics and Microsoft Excel. Results: The children perceived that they participated in activities in everyday life. There was a broad variation in the activities the children prioritized as most important. On a group level, they were very involved in these activities. The majority did not experience any barriers to perform these activities. Conclusions: The perceptions of the majority of the children were that they were involved in daily activities. They did not experience any barriers to participation. The results should be read with caution and generalization is not possible, due to the sample characteristics and that the instrument is under development.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Barn med funktionsnedsättningar som bor i låg- och medelinkomstländers uppfattningar om delaktighet är inte påvisade i forskning. Dessa uppfattningar är viktiga för att tillhandahålla lämpliga interventioner. Syfte: Att beskriva hur barn i åldrarna 8-12 år med en intellektuell funktionsnedsättning som bor i Etiopien uppfattar sin situation gällande delaktighet i vardagliga aktiviteter. Metod: En deskriptiv design med kvantitativ ansats har använts. Urvalet har samlats in genom konsekutivt urval. Femton strukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med användning av ”Picture my participation”, ett datainsamlingsinstrument under utveckling. Dataanalysen gjordes i SPSS Statistics och Microsoft Excel. Resultat: Barnen uppfattade att de deltog i vardagliga aktiviteter. Det var en stor variation i vilka aktiviteter barnen prioriterade som viktigast och på gruppnivå var de mycket delaktiga i dessa aktiviteter. Majoriteten av barnen uppgav att de inte upplevde några hinder för att utföra dessa aktiviteter. Slutsatser: Majoriteten av barnens uppfattning var att de är delaktiga i dagliga aktiviteter i hög grad och att de inte upplever några hinder för att delta. Resultatet bör tolkas med försiktighet och det är inte möjligt att generalisera resultatet, eftersom urvalet är litet och instrumentet är under utveckling.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016.
Keyword [en]
Low and Middle Income Country, Occupational Therapy, Picture my participation, Sub-Saharan Africa
Keyword [sv]
Arbetsterapi, Låg- och medelinkomstland, Picture my participation, Subsahariska Afrika
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30433ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20160033OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30433DiVA: diva2:935290
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-10 Last updated: 2016-06-14Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
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More styles
Language
  • de-DE
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  • Other locale
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Output format
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