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Personer som genomgått njurtransplantation och deras skattade livskvalitet: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (university diploma), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Genom åren har njurtransplantation förbättrats och utvecklats till den bästa och mest kostnadseffektiva behandlingen för personer med njursvikt (Prihodova, et al., 2014a). Forskning har visat att behovet av njurtransplantationer ökar med 7% för varje år (Heaphya, et al., 2013). I Januari 2016 var det 646 personer i Sverige som var i behov av en njure (Livsviktigt, 2016). Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att undersöka hur personer ≥18år som genomgått njurtransplantation värderar sin livskvalitet i jämförelse med personer med kronisk njursvikt och den allmänna befolkningen.  Litteraturöversikten har genomförts utifrån en kvantitativ metod med deduktiv ansats. Sammanlagt ingick tio vetenskapliga artiklar i resultatet. Artiklarna söktes fram från databaserna CINAHL, Medline och PsycInfo. Inklusionskriterierna var att de skulle ha en kvantitativ ansatts, peer reviewed, inte äldre än 2005 samt att personerna skulle ha genomgått en njurtransplantation och vara över 18år.  Resultatet analyserades enligt Fribergs tre stegs analysmodell (2012a) och visade att ålder påverkade den upplevda livskvaliteten hos njurtransplanterade personer. Livskvaliteten ökar hos njurtransplanterade efter transplantationen i jämförelse med personer med kronisk njursvikt, men är sämre än hos den allmänna befolkningen. Litteraturöversiktens sammanställning kan bidra till att få en bättre överblick om vad som behöver förbättras inom sjuksköterskans omvårdnadsarbete i relation till njurtransplanterade personer.

Abstract [en]

Through the years, kidney transplants have improved into the best and most cost-effective treatment for people with kidney failure (Prihodova, et al., 2014a). Research has shown that the need of kidney transplant is increasing by 7% per year (Heaphya, et al., 2013). In January 2016, 646 Swedish people needed a kidney (Livsviktigt, 2016). The purpose of the literature review was to examine how people ≥18 years value their quality of life after a completed kidney transplantation in comparison to kidney failure people and the general population. Literature review has been carried out on the basis of a quantitative method with deductive approach. The result included ten scientific articles, which were sought out from the databases CINAHL, Medline and PsycInfo. The inclusion criteria was that they should be quantitative, peer reviewed, published after 2005 and include people older than 18years who received a kidney transplantation. The results were analyzed by Fribergs three steps analysis model (2012a) and showed that age seem to affect quality of life of renal transplant recipients. Quality of life increases after a kidney transplantation in comparison to kidney failure patients, but is worse than the general population. The compilation of the literature review may obtain a better overview of nursing after kidney transplantation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 38 p.
Keyword [sv]
Egenvård, kvantitativ, livskvalitet och njurtransplantation
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30424ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20160076OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30424DiVA: diva2:935138
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-15 Created: 2016-06-10 Last updated: 2016-06-15Bibliographically approved

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