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Vad personer med hypertoni upplever främjar följsamheten till livsstilsförändringar - En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
What people with hypetension experience promotes the adherence to lifestyle changes -  A literature review. (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Hypertoni var en av de främsta folkhälsosjukdomarna i Sverige 2015 och 1,8 miljoner människor beräknades vara drabbade. Den främsta behandlingen ur såväl medicinskt som omvårdnadsperspektiv vid diagnostiserad hypertoni är livsstilsförändringar. Dock har följsamheten visats låg och endast 20-30% av personerna med hypertoni uppnår behandlingsmålet med ett blodtryck lägre än 140/90 mmHg. Syfte: Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att undersöka personers upplevelser av vad som främjar till följsamhet av livsstilsförändringar vid hypertoni. Metod: En induktiv ansats av kvalitativa artiklar låg till grund för litteraturöversikten. Sju artiklar inkluderades och analyserades i resultatet. Resultat: De upplevelser som främjade följsamhet till livsstilsförändringar var upplevelser av trygghet relaterat till kunskap, miljö och ekonomi, autonomi relaterat till vanor, rutiner och livsstil, delaktighet relaterat till omvårdnaden samt samhörighet relaterat till kultur, religion och familj. Slutsats: Sjuksköterskan skulle i mötet med personer med hypertoni kunna framhäva och uppmärksamma upplevelser av trygghet, autonomi, delaktighet och samhörighet för att på så vis stötta personen mot följsamhet till livsstilsförändringar. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Hypertension was one of the main public health diseases in Sweden 2015 with approximately 1.8 million people expected to be affected. The primary treatment when diagnosed hypertension, from both a medical and nursing perspective, is lifestyle changes. However, compliance has been shown to be low, only 20-30% of people with hypertension achieve the treatment goal of a blood pressure less than 140/90 mmHg. Purpose: The purpose of the literature review was to examine people's experiences of what promotes the adherence to lifestyle changes in hypertension. Method: An inductive approach of qualitative articles formed the basis for the literature overview. Seven articles were included and analyzed in the results. Result: The experiences that promoted adherence to lifestyle changes were experiences of confidence related to knowledge, environment and economy, autonomy related to habits, routines and lifestyle, participation related to the care and affection related to culture, religion and family. Conclusion: The nurse could, in meeting with people with hypertension, highlight and draw attention to perceptions of safety and confidence, autonomy, participation and belonging, and thus support the person against adherence to lifestyle changes. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
Compliance, hypertension, lifestyle change, literature review, patient perspective, qualitative design
Keyword [sv]
Följsamhet, hypertoni, kvalitativ design, litteraturöversikt, livsstilsförändring, patientperspektiv
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30411ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20160093OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30411DiVA: diva2:935034
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-15 Created: 2016-06-09 Last updated: 2016-06-15Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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