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Att leva med diabetes typ 1: En litteraturöversikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Diabetes typ 1 är en vanligt förekommande kronisk sjukdom. Att leva med diabetes typ 1 innebär att alltid behöva planera sin vardag. Sjuksköterskans roll handlar om att ge personcentrerad omvårdnad och uppmärksamma personen som lever med diabetes typ 1. Empowerment är ett centralt begrepp i diabetesvården som handlar om att personen ska uppleva egenmakt i sin livssituation.

Syfte: Att beskriva personers upplevelse av att leva med diabetes typ 1 utifrån ökad egenkontroll.

Metod: En litteraturöversikt med kvalitativa artiklar. Sökningarna resulterade i sju artiklar som analyserades induktivt utifrån Fribergs femstegsmodell.

Resultat: Att leva med diabetes typ 1 innebar noggrann planering och rutiner i vardagen. Genom att acceptera sjukdomen och uppleva kontroll i sin situation ökade hanterbarheten. Att leva med diabetes typ 1 kunde innebära en ständig oro och rädsla för hypoglykemins följder samt långsiktiga komplikationer orsakade av hyperglykemi. Närstående hade en betydelsefull roll i att motivera och hjälpa personen med diabetes.

Slutsats: Personer med diabetes typ 1 upplever sin vardag på olika sätt, det framkommer både upplevelser av hanterbarhet och upplevelser av begränsningar. Sjuksköterskan har därför en viktig roll i att identifiera och bekräfta dessa upplevelser hos personen som lever med diabetes typ 1. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Diabetes type 1 is a common and chronic disease. Living with type 1 diabetes can be a big adjustment in a person's everyday life. The nurse’s responsibilty lies within a personcentred care and it is important to see the person behind the disease. The person living with diabetes need to experience empowerment in their lives and therefore empowerment is a key concept in diabetes care.

Aim: To describe a person’s experience of living with diabetes type 1 by enhanced empowerment.

Method: A literature review with qualitative articles. 7 articles  from the search was found, which was analyzed inductively by the five step model of Fribergs.

Results: Living with type 1 diabetes meant careful planning and routines of the everyday life. By accepting the disease, it would also be manageable and it indicated the feeling of superiority in life. Living with the disease could cause a constant anxiety and fear of the complications of hypoglycaemia and the long-term complications of hyperglycaemia. Relatives had an important role and contributed with a feeling of safety in those who had diabetes type 1.

Conclusion: The daily life of people with type 1 diabetes is experienced in many different ways. The nurse has an important role to identify and acknowledge the feelings that the person with diabetes type 1 is experiencing. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 26 p.
Keyword [en]
empowerment, experience, limitations, manageability, qualitative
Keyword [sv]
begränsningar, empowerment, hanterbarhet, kvalitativ, upplevelse
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30317ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20160090OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30317DiVA: diva2:933975
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-15 Created: 2016-06-07 Last updated: 2016-06-15Bibliographically approved

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