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Stigmatisering - Personers upplevelser av att leva med HIV/AIDS
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Stigmatization - People´s experiences of living with HIV/AIDS (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: HIV är en infektionssjukdom som kan överföras vid bland annat oskyddade samlag, via blod och transplanterad vävnad. Då det idag finns antivirala läkemedel ses HIV inte längre som en dödlig utan en kronisk sjukdom. Personer med HIV/AIDS upplever att sjukdomen påverkar den fysiska och psykiska hälsan negativt. Sjuksköterskor har bristande kunskaper om sjukdomen samt är ovilliga att ge omvårdnad till dessa personer.

Syfte: Syftet med litteraturöversikten var att beskriva personers upplevelser av att leva med HIV/AIDS.

Metod: Litteraturöversikten baserades på 13 artiklar med kvalitativ design som analyserades enligt Fribergs femstegsmodell. En induktiv ansats användes.

Resultat: Huvudtemat stigmatisering identifierades tillsammans med temat transition med tillhörande fem underteman samt temat rädsla med tillhörande tre underteman.

Slutsats: Personerna med HIV/AIDS upplevde sig stigmatiserade av närstående, i samhället och i kontakt med hälso- och sjukvården. För att stigmatiseringen ska upphöra behöver sjuksköterskor mer kunskap om HIV/AIDS. För att nå ett personcentrerat förhållningssätt behöver sjuksköterskor se personerna bakom sjukdomen samt medvetandegöra sina attityder och förutfattade meningar mot personerna som lever med HIV/AIDS.

Abstract [en]

Background: HIV is an infectious disease which can be transmitted through for example unprotected sexual intercourse, through blood and transplanted tissues. Because of today’s antiviral drugs HIV is seen as a chronic disease instead of a mortal. People with HIV/AIDS experience that the disease affects the physical and mental health negatively. Nurses have poor knowledge about the disease and are reluctant to give care to these people.

Aim: The aim of the literature review was to describe people's experiences of living with HIV/AIDS.

Method: The literature review was based on 13 articles with qualitative design which were analyzed according to Friberg’s five-step model. An inductive approach was used.

Results:  The main theme stigma was identified along with the theme transition with five sub- themes and the theme fear with three sub- themes.

Conclusion: People with HIV/AIDS felt stigmatized by family, society and in contact with health services. To reduce stigma nurses need more knowledge about HIV/AIDS. To reach a person-centered approach nurses need to see the people behind the disease and raise awareness of their attitudes and prejudices against people living with HIV/AIDS.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
HIV, AIDS, Experiences, Literature review
Keyword [sv]
HIV, AIDS, Upplevelser, Litteraturöversikt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30213ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20160063OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30213DiVA: diva2:933113
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-14 Created: 2016-06-03 Last updated: 2016-06-14Bibliographically approved

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