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Kompetensutveckling som konkurrensmedel: En kvalitativ intervjustudie med fokus på förskollärarstudenters och förskollärares uppfattning av kompetensutveckling som konkurrensmedel
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Competence development as a mean of competition : A qualitative interview study with focus on preschool teacher student's and preschool teachers' perception of competence as a mean of competition (English)
Abstract [sv]

Studiens syfte handlar om huruvida kompetensutveckling kan fungera som konkurrensmedel när en kommun har för avsikt att attrahera och behålla förskollärare. Bakgrunden inleds med vilka kompetenshöjande insatser kommunen arbetat med för att bli en attraktiv arbetsgivare. Det efterföljs av en teoretisk beskrivning om hur kompetensutveckling kan fungera som konkurrensmedel samt skolan som attraktiv arbetsgivare. Metoden som användes vid insamlandet av data var semistrukturerade intervjuer. Forskningsansatsen inspirerades av fenomenologin och styrde sedan arbetet med insamlandet av data samt val av analysmetod. Då urvalet innefattade två grupper; förskollärare och förskollärarstudenter skapades en intervjuguide för respektive grupp som utformades efter studiens syfte och frågeställningar. I studiens resultat framkommer samtliga intervjupersoners upplevelse av att kompetensutveckling är något positivt. Förskollärarna såg det som en avgörande faktor vid val av arbetsgivare medan förskollärarstudenterna värderade exempelvis lön som en faktor av större betydelse. I resultatet lyfts andra övergripande faktorer som exempelvis arbetsklimat, stöd från chef och storlek på barngrupper vilka även styr intervjupersonernas val av arbetsgivare. Det lyfts också möjliga kommunspecifika utvecklingsområden samt generellt för förskolor. 

Abstract [en]

The purpose of the study is to explore whether competence development can serve as a competitive advantage when a municipality intends to attract and retain preschool teachers. The theoretical background begins with which competence enhancements the municipality has worked with to become an attractive employer. Then follows a theoretical description of how competence development can serve as a means of competition and schools as attractive employers. The method used in the collection of data were semi-structured interviews. The research approach was inspired by phenomenology and functioned as a guideline during the work with the collection of data and choice of method of analysis. Since the selection of participants for the study consisted of two groups; preschool teachers and preschool teacher students, an interview guide for each group was created that was shaped by the study's purpose and questions. The result presents the interviewees' experiences of competence development as a positive thing. The preschool teachers expressed it to be a deciding factor in their choice of employer while the preschool teacher students stated that salary is a factor of major importance. The result also presents other general factors that are of great importance; work environment, support from managers and size of child groups which all also affect the interviewees' choice of employer. Other potential areas to further develop for the municipality and its kindergartens are also brought up.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 33 p.
Keyword [en]
attract, retain, preschool teacher, competence development, means of competition
Keyword [sv]
attrahera, behålla, förskollärare, kompetensutveckling, konkurrensmedel
National Category
Other Social Sciences not elsewhere specified
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-30061ISRN: JU-HLK-PEA-1-20160009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-30061DiVA: diva2:931482
Subject / course
HLK, Education
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-06-01 Created: 2016-05-27 Last updated: 2016-06-01Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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