Inter-firm cooperation of family firms: Past research, contradictory conclusions and future research
2014 (English)Conference paper (Refereed)
The family business literature shows a growing interest in inter-firm cooperation involving family firms. This is due to the recognition that inter-firm cooperation enables firms to develop competitive advantage through enriched knowledge and access to crucial resources and new markets by cooperating with other firms. Particularly, efforts have been made by scholars to measure how family businesses compare with non-family businesses in different aspects of inter-firm cooperation. While some scholars conclude that family firms are less likely to engage in and less successful in the inter-firm cooperation process, other scholars find support for the opposite argument. In this article we identify the causes to these contradictions in the literature, which has hitherto made coherent understanding of inter-firm cooperation difficult in the family business context. First, we organize previous studies that discuss family influence as a variable in inter-firm cooperation based on the type of inter-firm relationships and aspects of relationships discussed. Second, we synthesize the research findings into a model of inter-firm cooperation, which provides a way of understanding the previous studies within their theoretical and empirical contexts. Third, we provide an interpretation of the literature based on the model to clarify the causes of the contradictory findings and to show how previous studies provide complementary rather than contradictory conclusions. Fourth, we specify potential paths for future research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29503OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-29503DiVA: diva2:906378
74th Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management August 1-5, 2014 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania