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Att kunna anpassa livet med stomi till vardagen
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2016 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
To adjust to an everyday life with a stoma (English)
Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund: Stomi innebär en konstgjord öppning på buken. Vanligaste orsakerna till att en person får stomi är kolorektal cancer, blåscancer, chrons sjukdom och ulcerös kolit. Den stomiopererade personens vardag påverkas ofta på grund av kroppsförändringar. Dessa kroppsförändringar innebär exempelvis nya hygienrutiner samt förlust av kroppsfunktion.

Syfte: Att beskriva hur vuxna personer med stomi upplever sin vardag.

Metod: Litteraturöversikt med induktiv ansats. Insamling av kvalitativa artiklar genom sökning i databaserna Cinahl och Medline. Sammanlagt användes nio vetenskapliga artiklar i litteraturöversiktens resultat. Artiklarna analyserades med hjälp av Fribergs tre-stegsmetod.

Resultat: Tre huvudteman identifierades vilka var psykologiska aspekter, fysiska aspekter samt sociala aspekter. Under dessa framkom subteman som visade på att personer med stomi bland annat upplevde rädsla och oro i vardagen, begränsning i klädval samt aktiviteter. Resultatet visade även en påverkan i intima situationer.

Slutsatser: Upplevelse av begränsning ses som vanligt förekommande hos stomiopererade personer och påverkar deras vardag. Stöd från sjuksköterska, familj samt vänner är betydelsefullt och kan hjälpa till att hantera situationen. 

Abstract [en]

Background: Stoma is an artificial opening in the abdomen. Common reasons why a person might acquire stoma is colorectal cancer, bladder cancer, Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis. The everyday life for a person with a stoma is often affected due to body changes. These body changes mean, for instance, new hygiene routines and loss of body function.

Aim: To describe how adults with a stoma experience their everyday life.

Method: Literature review with inductive approach. Qualitative articles were collected through searches in the databases Cinahl and Medline. In total, nine scientific articles were used as a result of the literature review. The articles were analyzed using Friberg´s three-step method.

Result: Three main themes were identified; psychological aspects, physical aspects and social aspects. Under these main themes subthemes emerged that showed that people with a stoma among other experienced for instance fear and concern of everyday life, limited in choice of clothes and activities. The results also exposed an effect in intimate situations.

Conclusion: Experience of limitation is common among persons with a stoma and affect their everyday life. Support from a nurse, family and friends are significant and can help the person with a stoma to manage the situation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. , 24 p.
Keyword [en]
Stoma, self-management, transition, coping, literature review
Keyword [sv]
Stomi, egenvård, transition, coping, litteraturöversikt
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-29186ISRN: JU-HHJ-OMA-1-20160016OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-29186DiVA: diva2:897010
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2016-02-01 Created: 2016-01-23 Last updated: 2016-02-01Bibliographically approved

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