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The strengths and difficulties questionnaire (SDQ) for preschool children: a Swedish validation
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD. Region Jönköpings läns landsting.
Linköping University. (SIDR-CHILD)
Linköping University.
2016 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, ISSN 0803-9488, E-ISSN 1502-4725, Vol. 70, no 8, 567-574 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: In Sweden, 80–90% of children aged 1–5 years attend preschool, and that environment is well suited to identify behaviours that may be signs of mental health problems. The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a well-known short and structured instrument measuring child behaviours that indicate mental health problems well suited for preschool use.

Aim: To investigate whether SDQ is a reliable and valid instrument for identifying behavioural problems in children aged 1–3 years and 4–5 years in a Swedish population, as rated by preschool teachers.

Methods: Preschools situated in different sized municipalities in Sweden participated. The preschool teacher rated each individual child. Concurrent validity was tested using the Child–Teacher Report Form (C-TRF) and Child Engagement Questionnaire (CEQ). Exploratory factor analysis was conducted for age groups, 1–3 years and 4–5 years.

Results: The preschool teachers considered most of the SDQ items relevant and possible to rate. For the children aged 1–3 years, the subscales ‘Hyperactivity’ (Cronbach alpha = 0.84, split half = 0.73) and ‘Conduct’ (Cronbach alpha = 0.76, split half = 0.80) were considered to be valid. For the age group 4–5 years, the whole original SDQ scale, 4-factor solution was used and showed reasonable validity (Cronbach alpha = 0.83, split half = 0.87).

Conclusion: SDQ can be used in a preschool setting by preschool teachers as a valid instrument for identifying externalizing behavioural problems (hyperactivity and conduct problems) in young children.

Clinical implications: SDQ could be used to identify preschool children at high-risk for mental health problems later in life.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 70, no 8, 567-574 p.
Keyword [en]
Mental health, preschool children, psychometrics, screening, strengths and difficulties questionnaire
National Category
Other Humanities Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28969DOI: 10.1080/08039488.2016.1184309Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84973160963OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-28969DiVA: diva2:892729
Available from: 2016-01-11 Created: 2016-01-11 Last updated: 2016-09-26Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf