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Age, culture, and self-employment motivation
University of Bergamo.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Center for Family Enterprise and Ownership (CeFEO).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3671-7463
Saarland University, University of Jena.
2016 (English)In: Small Business Economics, ISSN 0921-898X, E-ISSN 1573-0913, Vol. 46, no 2, 187-213 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

To study the interplay between age and culture as driver of self-employment motivation, we examine cross-sectional age differences (young to late adulthood) in self-employment desirability and feasibility beliefs across different cultures. We utilize individual-level data from the 2012 Flash Eurobarometer survey collected in 21 countries (total N = 13,963 individuals) and culture-level data from the GLOBE project. Our results from multi-level regression analyses show similar curvilinear lifespan patterns in both desirability and feasibility beliefs, with a peak in young adulthood and a strong decline toward late adulthood. This general pattern of age differences in these motivational factors, however, differs significantly across cultural dimensions of uncertainty avoidance, institutional collectivism and performance orientation. Notwithstanding the limitations of cross-sectional data, the present results indicate that individual factors motivating self-employment are systematically intertwined with, and embedded in, both age and culture. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Springer, 2016. Vol. 46, no 2, 187-213 p.
Keyword [en]
Age, Entrepreneurship, Culture, Self-employment motivation, Life-span
National Category
Business Administration
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28770DOI: 10.1007/s11187-015-9685-6ISI: 000368738300002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84944704479Local ID: IHHCeFEOISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-28770DiVA: diva2:889674
Available from: 2015-12-28 Created: 2015-12-28 Last updated: 2017-04-28Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf