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Do education and income really explain inequalities in health? Applying a twin design
Lunds universitet.
Lunds universitet.
Lunds universitet.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
2016 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Economics, ISSN 0347-0520, E-ISSN 1467-9442, Vol. 118, no 1, p. 25-48Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

We apply a twin design to examine the relationship between health and education andincome. The estimated associations between health and education and income, controlling forunobserved endowments, at the twin-pair level, are lower than estimates obtained via ordinaryleast-squares (OLS) on the same sample. Thus, OLS-based effects of education and incomeare biased, exaggerating the contribution of education and income to health inequality. Themain part of health inequality is explained by within-twin-pair fixed effects, incorporatingfamily background and genetic inheritance. It appears that education and income policieshave less to offer for reducing health inequality than is usually assumed.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 118, no 1, p. 25-48
Keywords [en]
Education, health inequality, income, twins
National Category
Social Sciences Economics and Business
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28749DOI: 10.1111/sjoe.12130ISI: 000372923800002Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84946433592OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-28749DiVA, id: diva2:888156
Available from: 2015-12-22 Created: 2015-12-22 Last updated: 2018-08-31Bibliographically approved

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