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Factors related to falls, weight-loss and pressure ulcers – more insight in risk assessment among nursing home residents
Unit of Research and Development in Primary Care, Futurum, Jönköping.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Institute of Gerontology. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Ageing - living conditions and health.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-4149-9787
Lund University.
Linköping University.
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2016 (English)In: Journal of Clinical Nursing, ISSN 0962-1067, E-ISSN 1365-2702, Vol. 25, no 7-8, 940-950 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Aims and objectives

To describe how the included items in three different scales, Downton Fall Risk Index, the short form of Mini Nutritional Assessment and the Modified Norton Scale are associated to severe outcomes as falls, weight loss and pressure ulcers.

Background

Falls, malnutrition and pressure ulcers are common adverse events among nursing home residents and risk scoring are common preventive activities, mainly focusing on single risks. In Sweden the three scales are routinely used together with the purpose to improve the quality of prevention.

Design

Longitudinal quantitative study.

Methods

Descriptive analyses and Cox regression analyses.

Results

Only 4% scored no risk for any of these serious events. Longitudinal risk scoring showed significant impaired mean scores indicating increased risks. This confirms the complexity of this population's status of general condition. There were no statistical significant differences between residents categorised at risk or not regarding events. Physical activity increased falls, but decreased pressure ulcers. For weight loss, cognitive decline and the status of general health were most important.

Conclusions

Risk tendencies for falls, malnutrition and pressure ulcers are high in nursing homes, and when measure them at the same time the majority will have several of these risks. Items assessing mobility or items affecting mobility were of most importance. Care processes can always be improved and this study can add to the topic.

Relevance to clinical practice

A more comprehensive view is needed and prevention can not only be based on total scores. Mobility is an important factor for falls and pressure ulcers, both as a risk factor and a protective factor. This involves a challenge for care – to keep the inmates physical active and at the same time prevent falls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 25, no 7-8, 940-950 p.
Keyword [en]
falls; frail older; malnutrition; nursing homes; pressure ulcers; risk assessment
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28666DOI: 10.1111/jocn.13154ISI: XYZPubMedID: 26813994Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84958225443OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-28666DiVA: diva2:884285
Available from: 2015-12-17 Created: 2015-12-17 Last updated: 2017-12-01Bibliographically approved

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Ernsth Bravell, Marie

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