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Occupational therapy culture seen through the multifocal lens of fieldwork in diverse rural areas
University of Castilla-La Mancha, Guadalupe, Spain.
University of Castilla-La Mancha, Dept Philosophy, Talavera De La Reina, Spain.
University of Castilla-La Mancha, Dept Occupational Therapy, Talavera De La Reina, Spain.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.ORCID iD: 0000-0003-3594-4805
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy, ISSN 1103-8128, E-ISSN 1651-2014, Vol. 22, no 2, 82-94 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Existing occupational therapy culture has not yet fully articulated diverse worldviews on occupation, health, and well-being and the link between them. Taking into consideration the diversity of the global world, incorporating different worldviews would be a valuable contribution to expanding the relevance of occupational therapy. Aim: The aim of this research was to analyse worldviews regarding human occupation and the link between occupation, health, and well-being among people from rural Honduras, Morocco, Burkina Faso, Tanzania, and Ecuador. Methods: This ethnographic research used three methods, i.e. semi-structured interviews, participant observations, and in-depth interviews, to collect data from 27 participantother"s in five countries. The material was analysed using a Grounded Theory approach. Results: One core category, "Occupations are social practices", was identified and it included three subcategories: "Occupation, health and well-being as a personal and community experience"; "Co-occupations, collective occupations and collaborative occupations are the most important occupations"; and "Occupation, health and well-being mutually influence each other". Conclusion and significance. The overall findings showed that taking different worldviews into account is needed for developing an occupational therapy culture that is useful globally and hosts diverse meanings and occupation-focused practices.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 22, no 2, 82-94 p.
Keyword [en]
assumption, culture, ethnography, global world, intercultural
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-28211DOI: 10.3109/11038128.2014.965197ISI: 000349663800002PubMedID: 25580632Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84923019885Local ID: HHJADULTISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-28211DiVA: diva2:862601
Available from: 2015-10-23 Created: 2015-10-23 Last updated: 2015-10-23Bibliographically approved

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Citation style
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