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Faktorer som påverkar egenvården hos personer som lever med hjärtsvikt
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Factors affecting self-care in person's living with heart failure (English)
Abstract [sv]

Hjärtvikt är en vanligt förekommande kronisk sjukdom i Sverige som ger symtomen trötthet, andfåddhet och ben svullnader. Personers förmåga att utöva en god egenvård är en mycket viktig del, och kan öka livskvalitén och överlevnaden vid hjärtsvikt. Litteraturgenomgången tyder på att det hos vissa personer med hjärtsvikt finns en bristande förmåga att utöva egenvård. Syfte: Att beskriva och identifiera vilka faktorer som påverkar personers egenvård vid hjärtsvikt. Metod: En litteraturöversikt med kvalitativ ansats utfördes. Totalt 10 studier granskades och analyserades med hjälp av Fribergs femstegsmodell. Resultat: Ur granskningen och analysen kom fem subteman fram som sedan delades in i två huvudteman. Huvudteman blev sociala faktorer och hälsofaktorer. Resultatets underteman blev miljöfaktorer, erfarenhet och kunskap, relationer och stöd, emotionella uttryck samt fysiologiska faktorer. Några av de faktorer som redovisades i resultatets olika underteman var ålder, tillgänglighet, nedstämdhet och bristfällig kunskap, de faktorerna påverkade egenvården hos personer. Slutsats: Det är viktigt att som sjuksköterska vara medveten om att olika faktorer kan ha olika betydelse för personens egenvårds hantering, vikten av personcentrerad omvårdnad är tydlig

Nyckelord: hjärtsvikt, omvårdnad, egenvård, egenvårdshantering

Abstract [en]

Heart failure is a common chronic disease occurring in Sweden. Symptom that can arise is fatigue, shortness of breath and edema. The ability to practice a good self-care is a really important part and can increase the quality of life and the survival with heart failure. A review of previous studies suggests that some person’s with heart failure have a lacking ability to practice an adequate self-care. Purpose: The purpose of the study is to describe and identify the factors that influence a person’s self-care in heart failure. Method: A literature review with a qualitative approach was carried out. A total of 10 studies was reviewed and analyzed with the use of the five step-model created by Friberg. Result: Out of the survey and the analysis, five subthemes were found which later were divided into two themes. The themes that were created were social factors, and health factors. The subthemes of the result were factors in the environment, experience and knowledge, relations and support, emotional expression and physiological factors. Some of the factors that will be found in the subthemes are, age, availability, depression and lack of knowledge, which was factors that gave an impact to the self-care of a person. Conclusion: It is important as a nurse to be aware of the fact that different factors could have various meanings for a person’s self-care management, the importance of person-centered-care is very clear.

Keywords: heart failure, self-care, nursing, self-care management

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. , 23 p.
Keyword [en]
heart failure, self-care, nursing, self-care management
Keyword [sv]
hjärtsvikt, omvårdnad, egenvård, egenvårdshantering
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-27997OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-27997DiVA: diva2:855500
Subject / course
HHJ, Nursing Science
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-10-07 Created: 2015-09-21 Last updated: 2015-10-07Bibliographically approved

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