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An Occupational Therapy Needs Assessment for an organization attending to children with autism spectrum disorder in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: To identify the occupational therapy needs for an organization attending to children with autism spectrum disorder in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2015 (English)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Syfte: Att identifiera behovet för arbetsterapi i Nehemiah Autism Center genom att utföra en behovsanalys. Metod: Mixad-metod användas för att utveckla en passande behovsanalys för att identifiera behovet för arbetsterapi. Resultat: Alla områden där en arbetsterapeut kan bidrag till valdes. Kommunikation och sociala färdigheter rapporterades mest frekvent och beteende förvaltning rankades som viktigast bland vårdnadshavare. Bland anställda, fritid och lek rapporterades mest frekvent och stresshantering rankades som viktigast. Utbildningsmöjligheter, kommunikation mellan anställda och medarbetare relation identifierades som stödjande faktorer för att uppnå målet på Nehemiah Autism Center. Stigma, religion och kulturell mångfald rapporterades som icke-stödjande faktorer för att uppnå målet på Nehemiah Autism Center. Slutsats: Det finns ett behov för arbetsterapi för att möta behovet hos barn med autism på Nehemiah Autism Center i Addis Ababa, Etiopien. 

Abstract [en]

Aim: To identify the occupational therapy needs at the Nehemiah Autism Center by completing a needs assessment. Method: A mixed-methods design was adopted to construct a comprehensive needs assessment to identify the occupational therapy needs. Result: All areas of what an occupational therapist could assist with were selected as an area of need. Communication and social skills were most frequently reported and behavior management was ranked as most important among caregivers. Among staff members, leisure and play was reported most frequently and stress management was ranked as most important. Training opportunities, communication among staff members, and co-worker relationship were identified to be supporting factors in achieving the goal at Nehemiah Autism Center. Stigma, religion, and cultural diversity were reported to be unsupportive factors in achieving the goal at Nehemiah Autism Center. Conclusion: There is a great need for occupational therapy services to attend to children with autism spectrum disorder at Nehemiah Autism Center in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
Developing country. Habilitation. Health. Horn of Africa. Low-income country. Mental health. Neurological. PEOP-model. Sub-Saharan Africa.
Keyword [sv]
Afrikas horn. Habilitering. Hälsa. Låginkomstland. Neurologi. PEOP-modellen. Psykisk ohälsa. Subsaharisk Afrika. Utvecklingsland.
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-27964ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20150023OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-27964DiVA: diva2:854443
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Presentation
2015-06-01, 17:43 (English)
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-09-24 Created: 2015-09-16 Last updated: 2015-09-24Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

OccupationalTherapyNeedsAx(1513 kB)290 downloads
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File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 1513 kBChecksum SHA-512
5a16cf594759084c50b9f96ce8e4ff6a5fabff4bd5a72e86f5d8a38a198952f8b5f81a9e6309d8206ceeb61dec3ab08ae73fc28224a4d8f5e1ab53ff099ce9ce
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

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HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation
Occupational Therapy

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