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Självskattad aktivitetsbalans hos vuxna med neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
Jönköping University, School of Health Science, HHJ, Dep. of Rehabilitation.
2015 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesisAlternative title
Self-rated occupational balance in adults with neuropsychiatric disabilities (English)
Abstract [sv]

Personer med en neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning kan ha olika svårigheter som påverkar de dagliga aktiviteterna i vardagen. Aktivitetsbalans är ett begrepp som ofta används inom arbetsterapi och beskriver en individs uppfattning av att ha en tillfredsställande mängd av aktiviteter och rätt variation mellan olika aktiviteter. Det förekommer inga studier om aktivitetsbalans kopplat till personer med en neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning vad författarna har noterat. Syftet med examensarbetet var att beskriva den självskattade aktivitetsbalansen hos vuxna personer med en neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning. Den metod som användes var en kvantitativ icke – experimentell tvärsnittsstudie. Totalt deltog 55 personer i åldrarna 18-65 år. Rekryteringen skedde via bekvämlighetsurval. Data insamlades med hjälp av en enkät som innehöll instrumentet Occupational Balance Questionnarie (OBQ) samt några bakgrundsvariabler. För sammanställning av insamlad data har deskriptiv och använts. Resultatet visade att respondenterna skattade sin aktivitetsbalans lågt. Det förekom ingen signifikant skillnad i aktivitetsbalansen i förhållande till bakgrundsvariablerna kön, ålder, boendesituation, hemmaboende barn eller lönearbete. Resultatet visar att det finns ett ökat behov av arbetsterapi för att hjälpa personer med neuropsykiatriska funktionsnedsättningar att strukturera sin vardag. Då resultaten inte kan generaliseras till en större population, rekommenderar författarna ytterligare forskning kring aktivitetsbalans hos vuxna personer med en neuropsykiatrisk funktionsnedsättning.

Abstract [en]

Persons with neuropsychiatric disabilities can experience difficulties that can have significant impact on the activities of daily life. Occupational balance is a frequently used concept in occupational therapy, describing an individual’s perception of having the satisfactory amount of occupation and the right variation between occupations. There are currently no studies addressing the occupational balance rates in adults with neuropsychiatric disabilities. The aim of this study was to describe the self-reported occupational balance in adults with neuropsychiatric disabilities. This quantitative non- experimental cross-sectional study comprised a convenience sampling of 55 participants (age range 18-65 years). Data were collected from a self-rating questionnaire that contained the instrument Occupational Balance Questionnaire (OBQ) and some background variables. Descriptive statistics were used to compile the results. The results show that the participants rated their activity balance as low. Moreover no significant difference was found in the occupational balance when normalized to: gender, age, housing, child dependency and employment. These results imply that an increased utilization of occupational therapy might be beneficial for people with neuropsychiatric disabilities. The authors conclude that further research is required to more fully evaluate the rate of occupational balance in adults with a neuropsychiatric disability.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keyword [en]
occupational therapy, daily activities, neuropsychiatric diagnosis, life balance, Occupational Balance Questionnaire
Keyword [sv]
arbetsterapi, dagliga aktiviteter, livsbalans, neuropsykiatrisk diagnos, Occupational Balance Questionnarie
National Category
Occupational Therapy
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-27186ISRN: JU-HHJ-ATA-1-20150013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-27186DiVA: diva2:821094
Subject / course
HHJ, Occupational Therapy
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-06-17 Created: 2015-06-14 Last updated: 2015-06-17Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
  • apa
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  • Other locale
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