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Expressing the Self in selfies
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, School Based Research, Media, Literature and Language Didactics. Luleå tekniska universitet.
Luleå tekniska universitet.
2015 (English)Conference paper, Oral presentation with published abstract (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

This paper presents part of a project exploring how young people understand and make use of online locations. Virtual spaces are used to negotiate norms (Palo & Manderstedt, 2011), provide learning opportunities, interactivity and an understanding of spatiality, but entail risks. In Swedish curricula for compulsory and secondary school, L1 teaching includes multimodal texts (Skolverket, 2011a, 2011b). Teachers are to include text types like web texts or self-writing, the latter connected with the selfie phenomenon. We analyse teenagers’ selfies and captions from Facebook as partly fiction; the person “writes” the self through the images and captions, contributing to a text archive (cf. Derecho, 2006).Media ecology encompassing technology, communication, culture and education is a point of departure (McLuhan, 1967; McLuhan and Fiore, 1967; Ong, 2005; Bruner, 2002; Postman, 1970; Strate, 2006). The prosumer perspective is central, i.e. a consumer also producing media (Jenkins, 2006; Olin-Scheller & Wikström, 2010). Intersectional and semiotic perspectives have been adopted (De los Reyes & Mulinari, 2014; Butler, 2006 [1999]; Kress, 2010; Kress & Selander, 2012; Van Leeuwen & Jewitt, 2001). Gee (2005) provides a theoretical approach to Facebook as a semiotic domain. The preliminary results show four main categories in the material: “to girl oneself” (cf. Nilsson, 2013), “to boy oneself”, “to muscle oneself” and “to perform a life style”. Our study highlights the selfies and comments as fiction, as stories of the selves, construed and constructed, like traditional autobiographies.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015.
Keywords [en]
Virtual spaces, Self-writing, Selfies, Facebook pictures and captions, Media ecology, Intersectional perspectives, Semiotic theories, Stories of the selves
National Category
Other Humanities
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-26597OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-26597DiVA, id: diva2:812118
Conference
Digital literary studies. International Conference, Coimbra, Portugal, 2015
Available from: 2015-05-15 Created: 2015-05-14 Last updated: 2015-06-03Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

Presentation(616 kB)102 downloads
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b57843b4ea94c3eb16ab1db7a90858782c30b37d0513a72a71ec01e95de4a23c0e2b696b01d9ef6349a3ba16cf65300b47d8cd37be2c066b626eb780da16be86
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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf