Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Dental anxiety and oral health in 15-year-olds: a repeated cross-sectional study over 30 years
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. Oral health. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine.
Department of Behavioral and Community Dentistry Institute of Odontology, The Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Göteborg, Sweden .
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden .
Department of Paediatric Dentistry, The Institute for Postgraduate Dental Education, Jönköping, Sweden .
Show others and affiliations
2015 (English)In: Community Dental Health, ISSN 0265-539X, Vol. 32, no 4, 221-225 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objectives: To report the prevalence of dental anxiety in Swedish 15-year-olds over a 30-year period (1973-2003) and how dental anxiety relates to oral health. Basic research design: The study used a repeated cross-sectional design. Participants: In 1973, 1983, 1993, and 2003, random samples of 96 to 107 15-year-olds were selected from the city of Jönköping, Sweden, 405 overall. Main Outcome Measures: Dental anxiety (DA) and its association with oral health (caries, gingivitis, plaque, fillings) were analysed (α=0.05). Results: The proportions of dentally anxious during the period were 38% (n=37) in 1973, 26% (n=28) in 1983, 18% (n=15) in 1993 and 13% (n=12) in 2003 a clearly decreasing trend with time. The strongest predictor of DA was gender, with girls reporting higher levels of DA. In three of the four examination years, adolescents with DA had more filled permanent surfaces than those without DA. Those with DA had a greater caries experience only in 1973. No associations were found between DA and plaque or gingivitis. Multivariate logistic modelling confirmed that DA decreased over time and that girls had higher levels of DA. Conclusions: This study showed a clear decrease in DA in 15-year-olds over a 30-year period, with a greater proportion of girls being more dentally anxious. The results also indicate a relationship between DA and oral health; the dentally anxious having more filled surfaces and, only in 1973, more decayed tooth surfaces.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 32, no 4, 221-225 p.
Keyword [en]
adolescence, dental anxiety, oral health, dental caries, prevalence, Sweden
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-26499DOI: 10.1922/CDH_3625Stenebrand05ISI: 000366755800007PubMedID: 26738219Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84949810474OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-26499DiVA: diva2:811226
Available from: 2015-05-11 Created: 2015-05-11 Last updated: 2016-03-24Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Dental anxiety among 15-year-olds: Psychosocial factors and oral health
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Dental anxiety among 15-year-olds: Psychosocial factors and oral health
2015 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

AIM: The overall aim of this thesis was to examine the associations between dental anxiety, experiences of dental care, psychosocial factors and oral health among 15-year-olds, and to analyse changes in the prevalence of dental anxiety over time.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: The thesis was based on two cross-sectional epidemiological studies in Jönköping, Sweden. Papers I, II, and III were based on a random sample of 15-year-old individuals. The total sample consisted of 221 individuals. Six questionnaires were used, one included items of background data, while the others were psychometric instruments measuring dental anxiety, temperament, general anxiety and depression, general fearfulness and attitudes to dental care. Paper IV was based on the Jönköping studies, a series of epidemiological studies from 1973, 1983, 1993, and 2003 in which random samples of 15-year-old individuals were included. The total sample consisted of 405 individuals. Questionnaires including background data and dental anxiety were used and clinical data were collected.

RESULTS: Of the 15-year-old individuals 6.5% were classified as dentally anxious with girls proportionally more fearful than boys (Papers I-III). Dental anxiety correlated significantly with three of the temperament dimensions; emotionality, activity and impulsivity. Reported pain or unpleasant experiences during dental care treatment were clear predictors concerning dental anxiety (Paper I). Both symptoms of general anxiety and depression were significantly correlated with dental anxiety after controlling for other potential risk factors (Paper II). Dental anxiety was associated with both general fearfulness and with attitudes to dental care, where the strongest predictor of dental anxiety was general fearfulness (Paper III). A trend analysis over the 30-year period showed a gradient of statistically significantly decreasing dental anxiety prevalence, from 38.1% in 1973 to 12.8% in 2003. Over the period the 15-year-old individuals with dental anxiety had significantly higher number of filled tooth-surfaces than those with no dental anxiety, and also more caries in 1973. There were no such differences concerning plaque and gingivitis (Paper IV).

CONCLUSIONS: Dental anxiety in 15-year-olds correlated with experiences of dental care, psychosocial factors as well as to oral health. Specifically, pain experiences related to dental care, attitudes to dental care and general fearfulness seem to have the strongest impact on dental anxiety. Dental anxiety showed a clear declining change over time. More girls than boys reported dental anxiety. The thesis shows that dental care providers need paying attention on providing a supportive dental care situation, in which the patients should not experience pain. One part may be adequate local anaesthesia during operative dentistry or similar dental treatments. Another part may be a good oral health to prevent negative experiences of dental care. There is a need for the understanding of psychological factors associated with dental care procedures.

Abstract [sv]

SYFTE: Det övergripande syftet med denna avhandling var att bland 15-åringar undersöka sambanden mellan tandvårdsrädsla, erfarenheter av tandvård, psykosociala faktorer och oral hälsa, samt att analysera förändringar i förekomsten av tandvårdsrädsla över tid.

MATERIAL OCH METOD: Avhandlingen baseraspå två epidemiologiska tvärsnittsstudier i Jönköping. I arbete I, II och III redovisas studier av 221 slumpmässigt utvalda 15-åriga individer. Deltagarna besvarade frågor avseende bakgrundsdata, tandvårdsrädsla, temperament, ångest och depression, generell rädsla samt attityder till tandvård. Arbete IV bygger på Jönköpingsstudierna, från 1973, 1983, 1993, och 2003, där sammanlagt 405 slumpmässigt utvalda 15-åriga individer ingick. Datainsamling gjordes med hjälp av frågeformulär, bestående av bakgrundsdata och tandvårdsrädsla, samt kliniska data.

RESULTAT: Resultatet i arbete I, II och III visade att 6,5% av ungdomarna rapporterade hög tandvårdsrädsla, där en övervägande andel var flickor. I arbete I visade tandvårdsrädsla samband med tre av temperamenten; emotionalitet, aktivitet och impulsivitet. Rapporterad smärta eller obehagliga upplevelser under tandbehandling var tydliga prediktorer avseende tandvårdsrädsla. I arbete II visade både symtom på ångest och depression samband med tandvårdsrädsla, sedan effekterna av andra potentiella riskfaktorer hade kontrollerats för statistiskt. I arbete III visade tandvårdsrädsla starkt samband med både generell rädsla och med attityder till tandvård, där den starkaste prediktorn för tandvårdsrädsla var generell rädsla. I arbete IV visade en trendanalys en statistiskt säkerställd minskning gällande förekomsten av tandvårdsrädsla, från 38,1% år 1973 till 12,8% år 2003. Ungdomarna med tandvårdsrädsla hade signifikant fler fyllda tandytor än ungdomarna utan tandvårdsrädsla under 30-årsperioden, och år 1973 även mer karies. Det fanns inga sådana skillnader avseende plack och gingivit.

SLUTSATSER: Resultatet visar att tandvårdsrädsla är relaterat till smärtsamma erfarenheter av tandvård, generell rädsla, och oral hälsa. Resultatet visar också att tandvårdsrädsla hos 15-åringar har minskat över tid och är vanligare hos flickor. Resultaten pekar på att tandvårdspersonalen har en viktig uppgift i att unga tandvårdspatienter inte utsätts för smärtsam behandling. Framtida forskning av intresse kan vara hur olika sätt att administrera lokalbedövning kan förändra uppfattningen av smärta och nivåer av tandvårdsrädsla.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: School of Health Sciences, Jönköping University, 2015. 77 p.
Series
Hälsohögskolans avhandlingsserie, ISSN 1654-3602 ; 59
Keyword
Adolescents, cross-sectional, dental anxiety, experiences of dental care, oral health, prevalence, psychosocial factors, Erfarenheter av tandvård, oral hälsa, prevalens, psykosociala faktorer, tandvårdsrädsla, tvärsnittsstudie, ungdomar
National Category
Dentistry
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-26500 (URN)978-91-85835-58-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2015-06-12, Forum Humanum, Jönköping, 09:30 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2015-05-11 Created: 2015-05-11 Last updated: 2015-05-11Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMedScopus

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Stenebrand, Agneta
By organisation
HHJ. Oral healthHHJ, Dep. of Natural Science and Biomedicine
In the same journal
Community Dental Health
Dentistry

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

Altmetric score

Total: 336 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf