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Assessment of modification level in En AC-46000 aluminum casting alloy using thermal analysis and microscopic evaluation
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting. (Materials and Manufacturing)ORCID iD: 0000-0002-1190-836X
Jönköping University, School of Engineering, JTH. Research area Materials and manufacturing – Casting.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-6481-5530
2015 (English)In: Light Metals 2015, 2015, p. 955-960Conference paper, Published paper (Refereed)
Abstract [en]

The quantitative methods for controlling and predicting the level of Si modification in EN AC-46000 aluminum cast alloys were examined using thermocouples (thermal analysis) and optical microscopy (image analysis). A wide range of Sr, from 37 to 486 ppm, was added to the alloy. The alloys were cast using three different molds providing different cooling rate and consequently varied microstructure coarseness. Large difference in nucleation and growth temperature of unmodified and modified alloy was found irrespective of coarseness of microstructure. The depression in growth temperature of eutectic Si found to be strongly correlated to content of modification agent as well as modification level. Thermal analysis technique was realized as a non-biased, accurate and inexpensive approach for on-line prediction of Si modification level in the EN AC-46000 alloy cast under different cooling rate.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. p. 955-960
Keywords [en]
Si modification level, Al-Si-Cu-Mg casting alloys, Thermal analysis, Cooling rates
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-26294Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84942894290OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-26294DiVA, id: diva2:799009
Conference
TMS 2015, Orlando, Florida, March 15-19, 2015
Available from: 2015-03-27 Created: 2015-03-27 Last updated: 2017-03-14Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Al-Si Cast Alloys - Microstructure and Mechanical Properties at Ambient and Elevated Temperature
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Al-Si Cast Alloys - Microstructure and Mechanical Properties at Ambient and Elevated Temperature
2015 (English)Licentiate thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Aluminium alloys with Si as the major alloying element form a class of material providing the most significant part of all casting manufactured materials. These alloys have a wide range of applications in the automotive and aerospace industries due to an excellent combination of castability and mechanical properties, as well as good corrosion resistance and wear resistivity. Additions of minor alloying elements such as Cu and Mg improve the mechanical properties and make the alloy responsive to heat treatment. The aim of this work is studying the role of size and morphology of microstructural constituents (e.g SDAS, Si-particles and intermetalics) on mechanical properties of Al-Si based casting alloy at room temperatures up to 500 ºC.

The cooling rate controls the secondary dendrite arm spacing (SDAS), size and distribution of secondary phases. As SDAS becomes smaller, porosity and second phase constituents are dispersed more finely and evenly. This refinement of the microstructure leads to substantial improvement in tensile properties (e.g. Rm and εF). Addition of about 280 ppm Sr to EN AC- 46000 alloy yields fully modified Si-particles (from coarse plates to fine fibres) regardless of the cooling conditions. Depression in eutectic growth temperature as a result of Sr addition was found to be strongly correlated to the level of modification irrespective of coarseness of microstructure. Modification treatment can improve elongation to failure to a great extent as long as the intermetallic compounds are refined in size.

Above 300 ºC, tensile strength, Rp0.2 and Rm, of EN AC-46000 alloys are dramatically degraded while the ductility was increased. The fine microstructure (SDAS 10 μm) has superior Rm and ductility compared to the coarse microstructure (SDAS 25 μm) at all test temperature (from room to 500 ºC). Concentration of solutes (e.g. Cu and Mg) in the dendrites increases at 300 ºC and above where Rp0.2 monotonically decreased. The brittleness of the alloy below 300 ºC was related to accumulation of a high volume fraction damaged particles such as Cu- Fe-bearing phases and Si-particles. The initiation rate of damage in the coarse particles was significantly higher, which enhances the probability of failure and decreasing both Rm and εF compared to the fine microstructure. A physically-based model was adapted, improved and validated in order to predict the flow stress behaviour of EN AC- 46000 cast alloys at room temperature up to 400 ºC for various microstructures. The temperature dependant variables of the model were quite well correlated to the underlying physics of the material

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Engineering, 2015. p. 76
Series
JTH Dissertation Series ; 07
Keywords
Al-Si based casting alloys, elevated temperature, microstructural scale effect, Sr modification
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-26805 (URN)978-91-87289-08-8 (ISBN)
Presentation
2015-06-05, E1405, School of Engineering, Gjuterigatan 5, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2015-06-22 Created: 2015-05-28 Last updated: 2015-06-22Bibliographically approved
2. Al-Si Cast Alloys - Microstructure and Mechanical Properties at Ambient and Elevated Temperatures
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Al-Si Cast Alloys - Microstructure and Mechanical Properties at Ambient and Elevated Temperatures
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Swedish industry is a global leader in development and manufacture of automotive and aviation components where the usage of aluminium products is remarkable. In addition to manufacturing aluminium components, casting enables low-cost and low-emission production of complex geometry components with a range of sizes. Aluminium with Si as the major alloying element forms a class of alloys representing the most significant fraction of all cast products, for a wide range of applications due to an excellent combination of castability and mechanical properties, as well as good corrosion resistance, wear resistance and recyclability. The microstructure in Al-Si alloys strongly governs their mechanical properties. Several industrial practices such as eutectic modification and alloying are well-known to improve mechanical properties. Al-Si cast alloys generally suffer a lack of ductility and poor high temperature properties due to presence of either brittle or thermally unstable phases. The aim of this work is to study the explicit role of each microstructural constituent on the behaviour of Al-Si cast alloys at room and high temperatures. The results will accordingly highlight the potential for improvement in properties of such alloys.

Casting defects have an immediate and negative effect on the properties of Al-Si alloys and reducing the overall level of defects substantially improves tensile properties. An increased cooling rate refines all microstructural features and reduces volumetric porosity which leads to substantial improvement in tensile properties (e.g. Rm and εF) at any test temperature. Modification of eutectic Si-particles (through Sr-addition) generally has a positive effect on alloy ductility. Depression in eutectic growth temperature as a result of eutectic modification was found to be strongly correlated to the level of modification irrespective of coarseness of the microstructure.

Addition of transition metals (Ni-Ti-Zr-Cr-V) to Al-Si improves tensile strength, particularly at temperatures above 200 ºC caused by formation of thermally stable intermetallic compounds. Below 200 ºC however, a substantial potential for improvement through solute-reinforcement was obtained.

A physically-based constitutive model with a wide validity range was successfully developed to describe the flow behaviour of Al-Si alloys at different temperatures, as a reliable input for finite element simulation. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, School of Engineering, 2017. p. 66
Series
JTH Dissertation Series ; 21
Keywords
Aluminium cast alloys, eutectic modification, microstructural scale effect, transition metals, room and elevated temperatures tensile properties, physically-based constitutive model.
National Category
Metallurgy and Metallic Materials
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-35185 (URN)978-91-87289-22-4 (ISBN)
Public defence
2017-04-07, E1405, School of Engineering, Gjuterigatan 5, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Funder
Knowledge Foundation
Available from: 2017-03-13 Created: 2017-03-10 Last updated: 2017-03-14Bibliographically approved

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Zamani, MohammadrezaSeifeddine, Salem

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