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Women's experiences of Takosubo cardiomyopathy in a short-term perspective: A qualitative content analysis
Institute of Nursing, Bergen University College, Bergen, Norway.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ, Dep. of Nursing Science. Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. ADULT.
Lovisenberg Diaconal University College, Oslo, Norway.
2015 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences, ISSN 0283-9318, E-ISSN 1471-6712, Vol. 29, no 2, 258-267 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background

Takotsubo cardiomyopathy is a reversible condition mimicking acute myocardial infarction. The phenomenon is associated with emotional and physical stressful trigger events. Evidence-based patient counselling should be based on disease-specific knowledge of patient experiences.

Aim

The aim of the study was to describe women's experiences of Takotsubo cardiomyopathy in a short-term perspective.

Design

The study design was explorative and descriptive.

Method

Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 14 women diagnosed with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy, 1 day to 9 months after hospitalisation. The transcriptions underwent qualitative content analysis.

Findings

The main theme that emerged was Takotsubo cardiomyopathy as a continuous process of making sense and adapting. To begin with, understanding and coping with signs and symptoms were described as having a diversity of signs and symptoms, taking actions towards signs and symptoms, receiving treatment for suspected ST/non ST-elevation myocardial infarction diagnosis and finally being diagnosed with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy. Understanding the context of illness was expressed as getting treated for Takotsubo cardiomyopathy diagnosis and having previous stressful conditions of life. The changing perspective that emanated was a combination of having prospects and expectations and experiencing limitations. Finally, managing to live with Takotsubo cardiomyopathy was manifested as returning home with the illness and receiving follow-up health care.

Conclusion

Information on regaining prior health status and capacity within a short-term perspective may not be accurate. These women struggle and require education and counselling from healthcare professionals to comprehend and manage having a Takotsubo cardiomyopathy diagnosis. Women experiencing Takotsubo cardiomyopathy may be a target group for holistic and individual health care with a longer duration of follow-up.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 29, no 2, 258-267 p.
Keyword [en]
Takotsubo cardiomyopathy; women; patient experiences; content analysis; sense of coherence; holistic nursing
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25833DOI: 10.1111/scs.12158ISI: 000354260700007PubMedID: 24953349Local ID: HHJADULTISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-25833DiVA: diva2:786149
Available from: 2015-02-04 Created: 2015-02-04 Last updated: 2016-01-11Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
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Citation style
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