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Proficiency of individuals with autism spectrum disorder at disembedding figures: A systematic review
School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
School of Occupational Therapy & Social Work, CHIRI, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia.
Jönköping University, School of Education and Communication, HLK, CHILD.
Jönköping University, School of Health and Welfare, HHJ. CHILD.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-0756-6862
2016 (English)In: Developmental Neurorehabilitation, ISSN 1751-8423, E-ISSN 1751-8431, Vol. 19, no 1, p. 54-63Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: This systematic review examines the proficiency and visual search strategies of individuals with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) while disembedding figures and whether they differ from typical controls and other comparative samples.

Methods: Five databases, including Proquest, Psychinfo, Medline, CINAHL and Science Direct were used to identify published studies meeting the inclusion and exclusion criteria.

Results: Twenty articles were included in the review, the majority of which matched participants by mental age. Outcomes discussed were time taken to identify targets, the number correctly identified, and fixation frequency and duration.

Conclusions: Individuals with ASD perform at the same speed or faster than controls and other clinical samples. However, there appear to be no differences between individuals with ASD and controls for number of correctly identified targets. Only one study examined visual search strategies and suggests that individuals with ASD exhibit shorter first and final fixations to targets compared with controls.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2016. Vol. 19, no 1, p. 54-63
Keywords [en]
Autism, autism spectrum disorder, disembedding, embedded figures, local-processing bias, weak central coherence
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25379DOI: 10.3109/17518423.2014.888102ISI: 000367546800008PubMedID: 24649841Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84964471130Local ID: HHJCHILDIS, HLKCHILDISOAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-25379DiVA, id: diva2:773237
Available from: 2014-12-18 Created: 2014-12-18 Last updated: 2018-02-16Bibliographically approved

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