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Internal and external knowledge and introduction of export varieties
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Lund University, Sweden.
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).
Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Economics. Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, JIBS, Centre of Excellence for Science and Innovation Studies (CESIS).ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8942-9393
2015 (English)In: The World Economy, ISSN 0378-5920, E-ISSN 1467-9701, Vol. 38, no 4, p. 629-654Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Firms in local industries maintain their capability to generate new export varieties by simultaneously exploiting internal and external knowledge resources. The paper introduces the notion ‘variety triplet’ to distinguish individual export varieties, where a triplet is a unique combination of a firm, a product code and a destination country. For each date, the set of variety triplets in each local industry records all remaining export varieties introduced in the past. In view of this, the paper examines how internal and external knowledge of local industries influence the industry's scope and value of export varieties. First, the paper contributes by considering a local industry's internal and external knowledge, as well as the conjunction of its internal and external knowledge sources. Second, the knowledge sources are shown to influence both the stock and the dynamics of a local industry's variety triplets, using firm-level data from Sweden.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 38, no 4, p. 629-654
National Category
Social Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-25258DOI: 10.1111/twec.12161ISI: 000353906000003Scopus ID: 2-s2.0-84927911400OAI: oai:DiVA.org:hj-25258DiVA, id: diva2:769956
Available from: 2014-12-09 Created: 2014-12-09 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Firm renewal in the regional economy
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Firm renewal in the regional economy
2017 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis consists four independent papers. In each paper the purpose is to analyse firm renewal, with special consideration to regional characteristics. Highlighted here are the knowledge available in the region where a firm is located as well as the local supply of financial intermediaries.

The first paper analyses how the interaction of firms’ internal and external knowledge, in terms of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS), is related to the intensive and extensive margins of export flows. The second paper can be considered a continuation of the first, as the focus is solely on the export of new products. Also here, the interaction of internal and external knowledge is the main focus, analysed through education types. The results of these papers suggest that the regional contexts are indeed relevant for firm renewal, as firms that benefit from being located in areas with high external knowledge already have high internal knowledge.

The third paper shifts focus to the innovation process itself by analysing how the access to the local supply of banks is related to firms’ perceived obstacles for innovation activities. The results indicate that lower access to banks increases the probability to experience problems obtaining external capital, which could be detrimental for firms’ renewal possibilities in the long run. The fourth paper focus on the creation of firms and analyses whether individuals are more or less likely to be self-employed after having children in a context where an extensive welfare system exists. The results show that individuals are less likely to be self-employed after having children than before, thus lowering the rate of firm renewal in the economy.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Jönköping: Jönköping University, Jönköping International Business School, 2017. p. 49
Series
JIBS Dissertation Series, ISSN 1403-0470 ; 118
National Category
Economics
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:hj:diva-38235 (URN)978-91-86345-80-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2018-01-12, B1014, Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, 10:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2017-12-19 Created: 2017-12-19 Last updated: 2017-12-19Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, BörjeJohansson, SaraWallin, Tina

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